Now breeding quails at home for beginners is an extremely popular topic. The eggs and meat of this small bird are valuable dietary products that are in constant demand in the market, with the right approach, this activity can become an interesting and profitable business.
Quail – breeding and keeping at home
When planning the breeding of quails in the country, try to accurately determine the tasks. Depending on the planned volumes, it is necessary to calculate the number of cages, purchased young animals and feed. Think carefully about all the cons, financial risks and benefits that home quail breeding promises for inexperienced beginner poultry farmers.
Quail breeds for breeding at home
Now many interesting breeds with promising data have been bred in different regions of the world. Experienced farmers claim that a significant difference between meat-egg and egg quails can be seen when keeping a large population of several thousand pieces. Growing at home a small number of young animals, you will get a relatively the same amount of production.
The best breeds of quails:
- Kitaverse – strong and hardy breed weighing up to 210 g, characterized by long egg production (up to 310 eggs). Buying egg and meat kittavers is an excellent choice for those who are interested in breeding quails at home for beginners.
- Japanese quail – stable egg production (up to 300 eggs), carcass weight – 130 g.
- English black quail – carcass weight up to 200 g, but inferior in egg production (up to 280 eggs).
- white english quail – in terms of egg production, they are identical to the black English breed, carcass weight up to 180 g.
- Golden Manchurian Quail – yellowish plumage, egg production – up to 220 pcs. weighing about 16 g.
- Quail pharaoh – weight of females – 300 g, egg production – up to 220 pieces.
- tuxedo quail – the plumage is dark on top, and white on the bottom, the mass of individuals is up to 160 g, egg production is 280 pieces.
Without proper conditions, it is impossible to talk about the productive breeding of birds in the garden. For beginner gardeners, the question immediately arises of building a high-quality aviary or cages. There are rules under which you can solve this problem without significant errors:
- The optimal cage sizes for quails: standard height – from 25 cm, you can proceed from dimensions of 30×30 cm for a family of 4 females and one male.
- We make a structure from a grid with small cells.
- A tray for collecting waste is installed below.
- Bedding is suitable from sawdust, clean hay or straw.
- To save space, it is recommended to build a multi-storey system suitable for its height.
Quail – care and maintenance at home
An important point for beginners is that you can not neglect the little things in poultry farming, letting the process of growing young stock take its course. Caring for quails at home according to all the rules allows you to avoid mistakes and the loss of feathered pets due to illness or poor diet. In many ways, breeding these birds resembles raising chickens, but upon closer inspection, you will quickly find many interesting nuances.
Highlights in quail breeding:
- For good egg production and weight gain, the backlight works up to 20 hours.
- The optimum temperature is 20°C.
- In winter, consider an additional heating system.
- Quails are advised to take wood ash baths to protect themselves from parasites.
- Provide fresh air into the room.
- The optimum humidity at home in a room with quails is 55% -75%.
How to feed quails at home?
Beginning poultry farmers should immediately learn that without quality nutrition, their wards will not be able to gain the desired weight and ensure a good egg yield. A balanced diet of quails may consist of ready-made feed and additional home-made products:
- Specialized quail feed.
- Crushed grain.
- Boiled eggs.
- Fresh greens.
- Crushed shell.
- Cottage cheese.
- Vegetables and fruits.
Why don’t quails lay?
If the quail stopped rushing at home, then this means that the novice farmer made a gross mistake that requires immediate correction. The list of reasons that can temporarily reduce egg production is extensive:
- Changing the type of food.
- Unbalanced diet.
- The cells are overflowing with birds beyond the norm.
- Shipping stress.
- Relocation to a new location.
- Shedding period.
- The age of females exceeds 3 years.
Quail diseases and their treatment
For novice farmers, it is extremely important to know which quail diseases are more common at home in order to quickly correct the situation with the feathered population. In addition to non-communicable diseases associated with the use of poor-quality feed, there is a long list of infectious diseases of young and adult quails:
- Newcastle disease – causes high fever, paralysis, enlarged goiter, diarrhea. Pseudo-plague is not treatable,
- Pulloz – the causative agent is salmonella, characterized by the release of white feces, heavy breathing, the chicks stand with widely spaced paws and closed eyes. There is no effective treatment, you need to replace the livestock.
- ornithosis – nasal discharge, paralysis, loss of appetite, drowsiness. Treatment is not carried out.
- Aspergillosis – a fungal disease that causes weakness, shortness of breath, the beak and paws turn blue. Antibiotics help, the drug “Hepatonic”.
- Syngamosis – infection with nematodes, causes coughing, laryngitis and suffocation. Broad-spectrum anthelmintics and prophylactic treatment are used.
- quail blindness – conjunctivitis and dry eyes caused by a lack of vitamin A. An increase in carotene in feed helps.
- Hypovitaminosis – causes general exhaustion, conjunctivitis, disheveled appearance, indigestion and death. It is required to replenish the food with vitamin components, herbs, yeast, legumes.