Nutrient soil for aquarium plants - which one is needed for a proper start?

Nutrient soil for aquarium plants contains a large number of useful elements that provide nourishment for the root system of ornamental herbalists, for their better growth, development and overcoming stress during planting and starting the aquarium.

Do I need nutrient soil in the aquarium?

Aquarium nutrient soil, its quality indicators and balanced elements are of great importance in the start-up and life of an aquarium. On the one hand, it plays the role of an effective biofilter that fights nitrogen compounds, on the other hand, it helps the comfortable growth of certain groups of aquarium plants. Many experienced aquarists note a number of useful qualities of nutrient soil for aquarium plants, with its help:

  • there is an absorption of harmful and excessive nutrients;
  • blackening and rotting of the roots is excluded;
  • plants receive the trace elements necessary for growth and development;
  • the minerals that make up the water are balanced and do not affect the pH level.

Do I need nutrient soil in the aquarium

What is the best soil for aquarium plants?

Thinking about what kind of soil is needed for aquarium plants, proceed from what types of living organisms you plan to use, what will be their quantity, the qualitative composition of the substrate must meet the requirements for their content. For a rational choice of soil for your aquarium, you need to think in advance not only about the types of fish and vegetation, but also about the overall design, there are a few general rules that you need to consider:

  • for plants with an underdeveloped root system, soil with a fine-grained structure is needed;
  • a strong root system requires a large or medium-grained fraction;
  • the optimal soil thickness suitable for most plants is 5-7 cm;
  • an important factor is the nutritional value of the soil, choose more enriched with microelements;
  • The best soils are considered natural, natural.

The thickness of the nutrient soil in the aquarium

The soil for aquarium plants is important as a source of nutrition for the root system and as a water aerator that prevents the growth of bacteria. If the soil layer is too thin, less than three centimeters, it will not be able to prevent the growth of anaerobic bacteria. Organic matter settles in the soil so that it does not wash out of it, a layer thickness of 4-5 cm is desirable, such parameters are also suitable for a large number of plants.

You can use the method of three-layer laying the soil in the aquarium:

  • the lower part (2-4 cm) – iron-enriched laterite or gravel, interspersed with clay, is used to contain balls with additional mineral fertilizers;
  • middle layer (2 cm) – earth mixed with peat and sand, clay balls, fertilizer and nutrition can be added to it;
  • the top layer (4-5 cm) – fine gravel mixed with sand, serves to cover the previous layer, which can muddy the water, it is convenient to lay decorative pebbles or other objects on it that serve to decorate the design of the aquarium.

Starting aquariums on nutrient soils

To start an aquarium, decide on the types of living organisms that you want to see in it, and based on this, purchase or make yourself a suitable nutrient soil for the inhabitants and plants of the aquarium. The procedure for self-launching an aquarium is carried out in several stages:

  • after washing the aquarium with running water, pour soil into it, also washed and mixed with gravel, the layer is 2-3 cm;
  • install a filter and lighting system;
  • fill the aquarium with warm (within +25 degrees) water, up to half the volume. Pour carefully, without washing away the soil;
  • plant the plants, placing the tallest ones closer to the back wall, freeing up the area for swimming fish;
  • add water at room temperature to a special aquarium mark;
  • turn on the filter and lighting;
  • populate the necessary bio-cultures, which will establish the biological balance of water, you can add fertilizers, for better development of plant roots. For some time, monitor the normal operation of life support systems, temperature indicators and water conditions;
  • with the lights off (to reduce stress), lower the fish in the transport bag into the aquarium for 5-10 minutes to equalize the temperature, then untie the bag, fill it with aquarium water and release the fish;
  • on the first day of your stay in the aquarium, do not try to feed the fish, after the stress they have experienced, they may refuse to feed, it is better to do this the next morning.

launching aquariums on nutrient soils

Do-it-yourself soil for aquarium plants

Purchased nutrient soil for aquarium plants has one positive quality – it is granular, this eliminates the appearance of turbidity, but incurs additional material costs. Therefore, many novice aquarists are thinking about how to make nutrient soil for the aquarium on their own.

None of the well-known companies discloses the list of ingredients and their quantitative ratio, but the main elements used are still known. There are several required components:

  1. Organics. It can be both garden soil and manure, which perform the functions of soil mineralization and filling it with nutrients.
  2. Clay. Bears the accumulating load, prolongs the service life of the nutrient soil.
  3. Peat. Provides the right level of acidity and the best conditions for the development of plant roots.
  4. Microelements. It is better to use special additives with prolonged action, sold in stores, are used in small quantities.
  5. Activated carbon. A small amount will protect against toxins resulting from decay.
  6. Sand. Increases volume.