Dogs are for the most part demanded by man as a pet. However, there are breeds whose main function is hunting. Pointing dogs are loyal and intelligent animals, whose calling will be to accompany a person when catching an animal.
Dogs of this variety have been actively used by man since ancient times. This trend was relevant not only for Europe, but also for Russia. The main task of the animals was to track game or other wild animals, as well as their “feed” to the hunter. This function is unifying for all pointing dogs, however, each breed specializes in working in different areas. That is, there are dogs that can perform tasks only on land, others work in the water, some four-legged hunters are able to combine both.
It should also be noted that pointing dogs can be kept not only for one hunt, but also for many other functions, including the protection of property or a person.
The unifying features for such animals are:
- loyalty to its owner;
- high intellectual abilities, facilitating the process of training;
- endurance of animals;
- aggression towards prey or a potential attacker;
- dogs have a rather difficult relationship with other animals, especially birds and small rodents;
- almost all cops require special training to work in a group.
All varieties of hunting dogs stand out for their indefatigable passion.when it comes to finding and catching game. As a rule, individuals of either sex are able to overcome serious distances while maintaining clarity of mind, even a long chase does not prevent them from instantly switching to another command. All varieties from birth have a balanced disposition. Usually animals are allowed to hunt closer to 7-8 months.
All types and breeds of pointing dogs belong to the 7th group in the ICA classification. Today there are many different breeds of dogs that, according to the description, will fit into this group.
However, not all animals have received recognition at the international level due to their small numbers or other important circumstances.
The division of cops occurs into two large categories:
The first category today includes about 35 breeds of dogs, all of them have received official registration of cynologists, have approved standards of conformity. Among the most popular animals, it is worth highlighting a few.
A European breed of dog with short hair, whose characteristics are constantly improved by breeders. The second name of the breed is the German shorthaired pointer. A notable feature of the cops is the preservation of their skills until old age.
Kurzhaar – a large short-haired pet, its height can reach 65-66 centimeters. The animal will have a slender and lean constitution, it is considered a universal breed in the ranking of pointing dogs, in light of the fact that it is able to work not only on land, but also in water.
These dogs can hunt and swim even in cold weather, because they have a hard coat.
Another pointer of German origin, which has been used for hunting since the 19th century. It will be smaller than the animals described above, it can work with game birds, sometimes it is used when hiking on a wild boar.
This breed includes two types of hunting dogs – wire-haired and short-haired. Animals stand out not only for their endurance and maneuverability in work, but also for their attractive exterior. The cops retain their energy and friendly attitude towards a person until old age, they treat children favorably, lend themselves well to training, but if the breeder shows aggression, the pet may experience serious behavioral disorders.
Large hunting dog, which is most often used in bird hunting. Pets of this breed are very well trained in commands and training for game, but classes with the animal should be regular. When keeping an Italian hound the main thing is to have free space where the pet can splash out its energy in motion. Such a nuance will avoid the loss of control over the four-legged assistant on the hunt.
A popular breed of cops, which can work with a person not only on the hunt, but also perform the functions of a watchman, participate in search activities. Dogs can be smooth-haired and long-haired, do not stand out for excessive aggression, are active at any age, and are suitable for keeping in country houses.
The category of island pointing dogs is represented by the following popular breeds.
A large hunter, which is notable for its unique flair, beautiful stance, as well as the ability to search for game at long distances. Such a dog appeared only in the 19th century due to the careful selection of lovers of hunting breeds.
The most popular type of setters. The animal has a medium size, excellent sense of smell. Dogs are very devoted to their breeder, not prone to showing aggression towards people. Pets look attractive, have long hair, can be of different colors, including combined variations.
Lesser Münsterländer Hound
A wonderful four-legged helper, which is capable of long-term tracking of prey, has an excellent stance, will not only be an indispensable hunting companion for the breeder, but also a faithful companion in everyday life. The small dog began to be used for hunting two centuries ago, but has already managed to earn an excellent reputation.
The dog looks very athletic, strongly attached to his breeder, has an attractive exterior and a good sense of hunting. In Europe, the animal has been used for hunting since the 17th century. A versatile hound that can live in a country house, but will need long and active walks.
The animal must not be kept on a chain. The dog is great with children.
How to choose a puppy?
Breeders of hunting dogs should be aware that the basic qualities in animals are present from birth. However, they need to be developed and directed in the right direction. When choosing a dog for hunting, first of all, you need to study the characteristics of the breed you like, since they are usually divided into universal ones, suitable for searching for game in water and on land.
Considering existing breeds, your preferences should also be based on the further maintenance of the animal. So, there are cops who simply cannot live in a city apartment, because they need space and physical activity. An important factor will be the size of the dog for ease of maintenance.
In this matter, it can be taken into account that males are often larger in weight and height than females of the same breed.
When purchasing not only a beloved pet, but also a faithful assistant on the hunt, it is worth stopping at a reliable nursery. It is unlikely that you will be able to buy a good pointer in the “bird market”. Online shopping is also not worth considering. When choosing, you should personally visit the nursery, assess the situation and the content of the animals. Ideally, to see the parents of the puppy you like. Emphasis should be placed on the behavior and health of the pet in order to exclude the presence of congenital ailments.
Pointers – dogs for aesthete hunters. They are graceful, distinguished by an excellent scent, but in the search for wounded animals they can be inferior to other four-legged ones.
Spaniels and Russians are most often purchased to work with game birds, including land and water.
Shorthaired Pointers, Setters, Drathaars and Navarre Hound combine almost all the qualities of hunting dogs, therefore they are more popular.
Maintenance and care
For this group of animals, there are a number of recommendations for keeping.
- It is best to keep animals in the yard, making an additional dry and warm booth for the animal. Instead of a traditional shelter, you can use a small outbuilding, a barn. It is important that in the booth or room the pet can protect itself from the heat in the summer months, and not freeze in the winter while inside.
- Do not use a pet chain. However, in case of emergency, it should be long and light, but made of durable raw materials.
- With a cop you need to walk daily. The optimal time for a walk will be 1.5-2 hours in the morning and evening.
- When kept outdoors, it is best to use ordinary straw as bedding for a dog. However, it is subject to frequent change. The layer of grass must be changed at least once a week. Once a month it is recommended to carry out disinfection in the room where the dog lives. Typically, breeders treat surfaces with a creolin solution.
Animal feces must be removed daily.
- If the cop lives in an apartment, then she should have her own personal place equipped, where no one will disturb her. A small mattress can be used as a bed. The animal must be accustomed to its place. Daily walking for departure needs and physical activity will be mandatory. For animals living in urban apartments, spending time outdoors can be increased.
Dog care comes down to hygienic procedures relating to wool, organs of vision and hearing, cutting claws. Activities with wool cover will depend on the type of coat of the animal. As a rule, for combing out you will need a brush or a hard mitten.
Ears and eyes are subject to daily inspection, in the presence of contamination, they must be removed with a cotton pad dipped in water or hydrogen peroxide. Scheduled treatment of dogs from blood-sucking insects is carried out monthly. To do this, the animal must be washed in warm water with the addition of creolin, and then washed off with shampoo.
Pointers need regular training, otherwise the animal will become lazy, gain weight, lose its scent and stamina.
What to feed?
The diet will play a fundamental role in the lifespan and activity of the dog. It is important that the cops get enough carbohydrates and proteins from food. An approximate daily menu of an animal will consist of:
- 500 grams of fish or meat;
- 400-500 grams of cereals;
- 300 grams of vegetables;
- 2 grams of salt.
Do not forget about the drinking regimen. The dog must have free access to water. For lactating females, the daily amount of food is increased by a third, and the dog is also given milk.
It is important that portions are at room temperature, and it is better to organize meals after walking or work, but not earlier than 30 minutes, so that the pet has a little rest.
In the hunting season, the feeding schedule will be adjusted to the frequency of the pet, an increase in portions is allowed. As a rule, hunters feed the dog an hour before leaving, but offer it a small portion, later the pointer receives food during the day on vacation and in the evening after rest and hunting.
Training is a mandatory requirement for keeping cops. The movement will ensure proper blood circulation in the body of the animal, strengthen the muscle corset. Without regular training, the animal will not be able to do its job on the hunt.
The breeder regulates the duration of training, taking into account the condition of the dog. The first classes are held without excessive load, and pets who have recently suffered an illness also need gradual accustoming.
The task of the breeder is to teach the pet the basic commands, conduct training sessions on game training, and study the main signal racks with the animal. Inexperienced owners of pointing dogs are advised to resort to the help of experienced dog handlers for training.
List of nicknames
For cops, nicknames are selected based on the following points:
- consonance nicknames;
- the nature of the animal;
- hounding exterior.
Given the origin of the puppy, his name should begin with the letter that ended with the nickname of one of his parents.
Sound is important in hunting. If the nickname consists of several letters, it will be more convenient to pronounce it to give a command. The dog can be called Ray, Oma, Bib.
Having singled out the main feature of the animal, it will be possible to come up with an appropriate nickname for it, for example, Iskra, Bullet, Shaly.
Appearance will also help determine the nickname. It can be Kai, Dove, Frant, Tail.
About the character traits of pointing dogs, see the video below.