Canary - maintenance and care, how to take care of the best songbird?

Lovers of bird singing like the canary, keeping and caring for such a feathered friend is a special responsibility. Melodious voice, colorful plumage, the ability to duplicate various sounds brought her worldwide fame. Good care and proper maintenance will help to have a cheerful and cheerful singer in the house.

Canary birds – species

Birds belong to the order of passerines, they come from the Canary Islands. Breeders have bred a huge number of their species with a variety of colors and manner of singing. The canary bird has a body size of 12-14 cm, often has a yellow color. There are three main types:

  1. Singers. They are of the greatest interest to amateurs. The basics of the songs are knees, reminiscent of the murmur of water, dull peals, gurgling, gurgling, the sound of a flute, bell or bell, nightingale trills. The most famous among the singers are the German Harz Roller, the Belgian Malinois, the Spanish Timbrados and the Russian Oatmeal. Males sing more beautifully than females.
  2. singing canaries

  3. Colored. They have different colors – yellow, brick, orange, brownish, gray, from plain to variegated.
  4. colored canaries

  5. Decorative. They are distinguished by a different body shape, plumage and dimensions – these include humpbacked, curly, crested, curly, painted species.
  6. decorative canary

How many years canaries live at home?

On average, the life expectancy of canaries at home is 10 years; with impeccable care, a bird can reach a 15-year milestone. The fundamental factors of a long life are quality food and a suitable environment. In the old days, it was believed that singing signals the health of the singer. The more beautiful and longer the trills, the more comfortable the feathered friend lives in captivity.

Canary – conditions of detention

Birds need care from the owner. Keeping canaries at home is most comfortable in small cages. They are placed in bright places where there are no drafts and scorching sunlight. Canary – maintenance and care:

  • placing them together with other brothers (especially with large ones) in the same room is undesirable – songbirds are very shy;
  • feathered trapping, sudden movements, screams are very afraid. From this they experience stress and may die;
  • the bird is released to fly around the room. At the same time, the windows are curtained with a cloth, basins of water are hidden so that the pet does not drown, as well as hot irons and pots;
  • at night, the dwelling can be covered with a thick cloth so that the pet is not disturbed by extraneous noise;
  • daylight hours for them should be 14-16 hours – then the birds eat well and sing. If the birds are kept in shaded places, they do not have time to eat the daily ration of food, their feathers fall out. In winter, songstresses include lamps that provide additional lighting.

Canary – keeping temperature

In the room where canaries live, it is necessary to maintain a constant temperature of 16-18 ° C, it is better to position the cage so that the birds do not lack fresh air. High humidity, a sharp change in heat and cold are dangerous for the body of birds – they can fall ill. Therefore, keeping canaries in the kitchen is not recommended. In summer, it is advisable to move the birds to the loggia or to the garden – they like to take air baths.

Cage for keeping canaries

To accommodate a single bird, you need a small metal cage with dimensions of 45x30x25 cm. The dwelling for breeding individuals should be larger – 70x30x40 cm. It is better to choose a square or rectangular shape of the house – in a round shelter, the singer feels unprotected. A canary bird cage should contain the following equipment:

  1. Retractable tray. It helps to clean up and not disturb the bird during the procedure. Otherwise, the pet is stressed and worried.
  2. River sand. Imposed on the bottom of the dwelling, it promotes excellent digestion.
  3. drinkers 10 cm in diameter and 5 cm high.
  4. Three feeders. For grains, mineral supplements and soft foods.
  5. 2-3 perches with a diameter of 1-1.5 cm from the branches of fruit trees, which must first be doused with boiling water.
  6. Flat bowl for bathing. Singers love water sessions. The bathing suit is attached from the outside of the cage, after each procedure it is removed.

canary cage

How to care for a canary at home?

A room canary does not require much care, care and maintenance consist in feeding, disinfecting the home. Without proper cleaning of the home, the singer can get sick and die. Caring for canaries at home should be as follows:

  • drinkers and feeders are washed daily and wiped dry;
  • once a week, the cage is cleaned with detergent;
  • once a month, the dwelling and inventory are disinfected with kerosene;
  • water is changed 2 times a day;
  • they give feathered baths twice a week, there should be fresh water in the vessel;
  • dirt from the perches must be removed with a knife and hot water.

Canary – maintenance and care of birds:

  • the tips of the claws for pets are shortened with manicure tongs by 2 mm as they grow;
  • in July – September, the bird molts, while it may stop singing. At this time, she needs care – a menu enriched with vitamins and an abundance of sunlight. Birds are placed on a balcony or in a summer aviary.

How to feed a canary at home?

Feeding canaries at home is simple, the basic part of their menu is grain – seeds, oatmeal, flax seeds or dry mixes, which are in a specialized department. The daily volume is 1-1.5 tsp per individual (during the molting season – 2 tsp). Periodically, boiled cereals are introduced into the menu – rice, millet, mixed with grated carrots, chicken eggs, bread crumbs.

Shells, chalk, calcium gluconate, charcoal are suitable as mineral supplements. Additionally give green fodder:

  • lettuce, spinach;
  • parsley;
  • apples;
  • cabbage;
  • bell pepper.

Diseases of canaries, their treatment

With poor care and nutrition, birds can become ill. Canary diseases – symptoms and treatment:

  1. Inflammation of the eyes. It is manifested by secretions, the eyelids are washed with a solution of boric acid or chamomile infusion, in severe cases antibiotics are needed.
  2. Diarrhea. Diarrhea occurs after an overabundance of soft food. Care consists in the use of strong tea, activated charcoal, antibiotics with boiled water (supronal, terramycin).
  3. Cold. Manifested by coughing, shortness of breath, nasal discharge and cloudy eyes. Treatment is carried out with infrared radiation, heat, drinking with antibiotics.
  4. Obesity. When overeating, songbirds become inactive, they shed poorly. It is necessary to provide them with a diet – a week on millet, to give them the opportunity to fly.
  5. Smallpox. A dangerous virus, recognized by yellowish nodules on the head, intermittent breathing. The bird is removed, the dwelling is disinfected, there is no chance to save the pet. Vaccination is given as a preventive measure.
  6. Diseases of the legs. Manifested by white growths on the paws. The legs are lubricated with streptocid or tar ointment.
  7. Ticks. Birds constantly clean their feathers, weaken. Removed with insecticides.

canary diseases their treatment

Reproduction of canaries at home

Before breeding canaries at home, they select a pair of energetic and mobile birds aged 1-4 years. They are strengthened by feeding, they are given eggs 2-3 times a week, a lot of greens. Straws, blades of grass to build a nest are placed in the mating house and a couple is planted. After a week, the female will begin to lay one egg per day (there will be 3-5 in total), hatching them. Chicks appear on the thirteenth day. The mother starts feeding them egg food. On day 10, their eyes open, on day 12, feathers unfold, on day 18, they leave the nest. A month later, it is already possible to distinguish females from males.