Currently, a thoroughbred pet is considered common. But not everyone can boast of a unique, extravagant breed of a pet. The caracat cat is an animal that outwardly looks like a wild one, but has a domestic and kind character.
This breed of cats is considered the rarest and most expensive in the world.
The Caracat breed is a hybrid, it was obtained by crossing a domestic cat and a wild African caracal, that is, a steppe lynx. The first crossing was carried out in Russia in 1998 by chance. After 9 years in America, scientists conducted a planned mating of the steppe lynx with the Abyssinian cat breed in order to breed an exotic creature. The experience ended with the birth of one kitten, however, the offspring were not characterized by health and stability, so the experiments were terminated.
In 2014, Irina Nazarova began to work, she crossed caracal and domestic lynx. The selection of the Russian felinologist ended in success and getting healthy kittens. Today, several types of generated karakets are known.
- F1 – is characterized by a genotype in which 50% falls on the admixture of a lynx. This offspring is the result of crossing a domestic cat with a caracal.
- F2- has 25% African wild cat admixture. This litter was the result of crossbreeding F1 and regular cats. The price of such pets is lower than the previous option, due to which it has fewer exotic features.
- F3 – the result of mating female F2 and a domestic cat. In such an animal there is only 16% of the wild representative.
- F4- considered the lowest regeneration, it was obtained by crossing F3 and a male of a different breed. From the wild breed, this kitten has only 6% of the genotype.
It is known that today on the territory of the Russian Federation there are 70 individuals of the F1 generation and 15 representatives of the F2 generation.
Caracat is called a breed, which includes characteristics of caracal and domesticated cat. This hybrid has in its genotype the best characteristics of both parents, namely: the exoticism of a wild creature and the complaisance of a pet.
The appearance of a cat of this breed is bright and memorable, much in it is adopted from the lynxfor example, the presence of black tassels on the ears.
The size of the caracat is much smaller than that of the steppe caracal, but if the animal is provided with proper care and nutrition, then its weight can reach 15 kg. When compared with other domestic cats, the caracat is much superior to them in size. In length, an adult representative reaches 0.9 meters, the height of the withers is 0.45 meters. The body of an exotic pet is characterized by muscularity and high graceful limbs. On the stomach of a cat there is a fatty fold, the main purpose of which is to protect the internal organs during battles.
The head of the animal is small when compared with the body. It has an elongated wedge shape. The eyes of the caracat are almond-shaped, they are characterized by a smart look and expressiveness. The iris is colored yellow-green. Due to the dark edging, the visual organs appear even larger. This breed inherited the fur color from the steppe lynx. The shade of wool can be either light sandy or dark brown. The lower part of the body, namely: the belly, has a lighter color.
Sometimes there are dark stripes with a contrasting color on the limbs and muzzle. Babies often have light spots that disappear with age. Kittens from the first generation are strong and tall representatives of the animal world, they cannot make any sounds other than hissing and rumbling.
Newly bred generations acquire a more domestic look and character, while retaining the color of the fur in its original form and the presence of tassels on the ears.
Caracat kittens are born with a weight of 115 grams. They have no vision, and the ears are located horizontally. On the 25th day of life, the cubs stand perfectly on their legs and begin to walk independently. By a month, their ears grow almost twice and have half-centimeter tassels. The almond-shaped eyes of a kitten are usually colored honey or blue-green.
The maturing caracat changes in color, the existing spots on the body become lighter, and the fur coat becomes more uniform.
One of the features of this exclusive breed is that they do not know how to meow, but instead, hiss, snort and whine. Babies can actively “talk” and squeak if they feel comfortable, and also hiss in case of danger. Kittens may be frightened by a new toy, the presence of a stranger or a pet. The period of adaptation to something new is fast for them. Animals have excellent hearing, so they can detect even a slight noise at a long distance.
Caracats have well-developed hunting skills, as well as a love of active games, but despite this, their character is friendly and non-aggressive. Like any other domestic cat, the animal of this breed is affectionate, loves attention to itself. They tend to want to sleep on their owner, these pets love to crush a person, rub against him and purr. Each individual is individual, but, in general, this breed is considered friendly.
At a stressful moment, the animal defends its friend, while exposing its claws and hissing.
This is an obedient, intelligent cat breed that is great for growing in a family. This representative of the animal world is quiet, it is characterized by silence in movement, even during entertainment.
Conditions of detention
Despite the fact that Caracats have wild roots, they feel great in city apartments, if they are not small. This animal loves space, it actively moves around the room, running and jumping.
It is advisable to build a playground for the cat, in which there will be a scratching post and several different levels.
Already from the age of 3 months, a pet should be taught to walk, while it should be kept on a leash so that the cat does not play and run away. Independent walking is excluded.
The cat should make its own house. The pet’s personal place should be at some height and be closed so that he has a good overview and a sense of security. The pot should contain a filler that should be changed regularly. This cat does not tolerate loneliness, if people are not at home for most of the day, he should get a companion in the form of a second cat or dog of medium or large size.
In the first days of a cat living in a new house, it is worth limiting his space a little, he is given his own bowl, tray, water, a playground with accessories and a soft bed.
The caracat’s coat is thick and short and needs constant grooming. In the spring, molting pets should be combed daily. Usually twice for 7 days. Bathing an animal should be done no more than once a quarter. This procedure does not bring hassle and problems, as karakets love water procedures. If the cat is often on the street, then he should be treated for fleas and ticks with collars, sprays, drops.
To care for the claws, the pet must be provided with a high-quality scratching post, for example, sisal. Such an item is safe, strong and durable. But also do not forget about shortening the claws of the animal, this should be done once every 14 days. During the procedure, it is worth using a nail cutter – a secateurs that has a protective limiter.
Among the owners of exotic cats, anti-scratches are considered a popular accessory.
Thanks to this newfangled device, you can protect furniture and other household items from the claws of a caracat. An anti-scratch consists of a material and medical glue, with which it is mounted on a claw. This accessory is safe for the cat, but may create some discomfort for the cat, as the animal will not be able to climb to any height.
There are situations when the claws are deformed or inflamed when using anti-scratches.
The hearing organs of the caracat should be examined once every 45 days. During the procedure, it is necessary to turn the cat’s ear out, fix it, and then clean it with a cotton pad. After that, a cotton swab should be moistened in boiled water and the ear should be cleaned again. It is strictly forbidden to use cotton swabs to clean the ear canal.
If discharge, raids are noticed, then it is worth taking the pet to the veterinarian.
And it is also worth wiping the eyelids of an exotic cat with a cotton pad that is dipped in tea leaves or chamomile broth. It is worth wiping the eye in the direction from the outer corner to the inner, while the eye should be closed. Purulent discharge from the visual organ of the caracat is the reason for visiting the doctor. A pet that eats raw meat products does not require brushing their teeth. The animal does not form tartar due to self-cleaning and massage on the gums.
When playing with a caracat, you should not use your hands and fingers, as an adult can harm a person without wanting to. As toys, balls and mufflers are suitable for him. The feather accessory can only be used on kittens aged 3-4 months. When choosing toys, it is better to give preference to items of high strength. If the attribute of entertainment is constantly available to the animal, then it will lose interest in it.
An excellent entertainment option for a cat of this breed is considered to be a sports complex, which is qualitatively recorded. Physical activity and energetic entertainment are important for the caracat, so the owner should take care of the equipment of the playground in advance.
Since this animal is quite smart, it quickly gets used to the toilet. Any filler can be used, for example, wood or gel. The pot should be placed in the corner of the room where the pet is constantly. There are no problems with addiction, a person does not even have to teach this animal, he does everything on his own.
It is worth knowing that if the pot is not removed in time, then the cat will not go into it.
Since the Caracat is considered a rare breed, their breeding remains a problem. On the territory of the Russian Federation, this breed is bred by one nursery, which has several subsidiaries. Each mating can be called a genetic experience, which cannot give an excellent result. In order for the caracal to fertilize a small animal, scientists create special conditions for keeping and feeding.
Proper nutrition is the basis for the normal growth and development of a pet. Particular attention should be paid to kittens in this matter. During intensive growth, they need a lot of vitamins, nutrients and vital elements. According to experts, quail and chicken head are the products that are best suited for small kittens.
From the age of one month, the cub should be given minced meat, after which – meat with a bone. By the age of 6 months, the norm for the animal will be 3 quails per day. After six months of age, the growth rate decreases, by this time beef, fish and chicken should be present in the diet.
Feeding should be done with raw meat products, without heat treatment. If the meat is frozen, then it needs to be slightly warmed up.
Caracat food should be exclusively natural, the following products should also be present in the diet:
- rabbit meat;
- lean fish;
- dairy products;
- mineral-vitamin complex with calcium and phosphorus;
- filtered or bottled water in large quantities.
It is forbidden to feed a cat of this breed with pork, products that have undergone heat treatment, smoked, sweet food or from your table.
Despite the fact that the digestive tract of the caracat has the ability to digest skins and bones, if the diet is not proper, the health of the pet can be seriously affected. After the meal is over, be sure to clean up the leftovers. An animal needs food per day, which is from 5 to 10% of its weight.
An adult can be converted to an industrial grade grain-free super premium or holistic:
- Canadian “Acana”, “Go Natural”;
- Czech “Carnilove”;
- French “Grandorf”;
- Italian Farmina N&D.
Since the steppe lynx is the ancestor of the caracat, the animal is characterized by good health and strong immunity. They also have a good digestive tract, so the cat is able to digest meat and bones.
The animal is quite resistant to extreme conditions of existence, they are able to live without water and food for a long period.
Due to the strength of the immune system, an exotic cat rarely suffers from common feline ailments. However, the owner should not forget about regular vaccination against viral infections and rabies. This is especially important if your pet regularly walks outside. There is no exact information on the duration of health of karakets, however, it is known that such a pet lives several years less than an ordinary domestic cat.
If the owner does not plan to receive offspring from the caracat, then it is worthwhile to castrate or sterilize the pet. Otherwise, the animal will be nervous, intensively mark the territory, and subsequently may get sick. Such operations go well, after 7 days the cat no longer remembers what happened. The optimal age for castration is 8-11 months. A month before the procedure, it is worth instilling a karaket, and 14 days before, it should be treated for fleas.
Within half a day before the operation, it is worth providing the cat with a hungry diet and drinking plenty of water. After castration, the animal needs rest and regular treatment of the wound with Chlorhexidine. In the first days after the procedure, it is worth feeding the pet with minced meat.
As a rule, if a kitten is bought in a cattery, then it is already neutered.
The Caracat is a difficult breed to breed and therefore quite expensive.. This calm and intelligent animal will quickly remember its name and will adhere to all the necessary rules in the apartment. Such cats never climb on the table for food and do not make noise while their owner is resting.
Video about cats of the Caracat breed, see below.