An affectionate kitty or a phlegmatic cat is a favorite animal in many homes. If you have not yet made a furry friend and are only looking at representatives of various breeds, we suggest that you get acquainted with a wonderful korat. Before making a final decision, learn about all the nuances of keeping this pet.
A bit of history
The Korat cat is a representative of a rare breed of Asian origin. Another name for korats is “si-sawat”, which means “bringing happiness” in Thai. Nakhon Ratchasima is located in the northeast of Thailand on the beautiful Korat Plateau. Due to the place of residence, the breed got its name.
Korats are mentioned in an old manuscript of the 15th century Tamra Maew (“A Treatise on Cats”, “Poems about Cats”). This book contains descriptions of 23 breeds of Thai cats that bring either happiness or misfortune. “Laos flower” (as this breed is called in Tamra Maew) is a symbol of good luck, prosperity and a rich harvest. For this reason, Korats were never sold or exchanged – they were brought exclusively as a gift to their owners.
Newlyweds at the wedding were often given cats of this breed for a happy and long family life, and high-ranking people – to attract good luck.
The traditional rain ceremony is not complete without korats, which are a symbol of a rich harvest. This breed came to America in 1959 due to the fact that the wife of a diplomat, Jean L. Johnson, brought a cat, Dara, and a cat, Nara. Korats were officially recognized in the United States in 1965. In the UK, this happened only in 1975. Nowadays, Korat cats are sacred, their export outside of Thailand is prohibited. There are only 2,000 purebred Korats in Thailand.
Korats are often confused with British and Russian blue cats. But they have an original look. In ancient times, the color of this breed was compared with the color of a rain cloud, and the color of the eyes was compared with the color of a grain of rice.
Korat cats are small in size and weigh 3-4 kilograms. The apparent fragility is deceptive. If you take the cat in your arms, then feel its heaviness. This is due to the fact that korats have a significant amount of muscle instead of fat, which gives them activity and endurance. The main characteristics of the breed are presented below.
- The shape of the head in the form of a heart (due to the convex superciliary arches). Animals have a wide and flat forehead, a well-developed chin, powerful jaws, large fangs of a predator.
- Round and wide-set eyes of a bright green color (sometimes the color of amber). The final color of the eyes is formed by 4 years. Due to this shape of the eyes, the look of korats sometimes seems naive. It is interesting that the open eyes are round in shape, and the half-closed ones resemble the eastern section of the eyes.
- Large, alert, high-set ears with sharp tips. Thick hair covers the outer edge of the ears.
- The nose is similar in shape to a lion’s, at its tip there is a small hump. This is where the Korats differ from the British.
- A small body with well-developed muscles, a beautifully arched back and a wide chest. Thanks to this, high cabinets and tables are not a hindrance for the pet.
- The front legs are shorter than the hind legs. The paws near the claws are oval in shape, the pads are dark blue or just blue.
- Thick and strong tail at the base, narrowed towards the end.
- Due to the lack of undercoat, the fur coat fits snugly to the body. All this creates the effect of silky and shiny fur, which is pleasant to stroke.
- By standards, the color of korats is blue with a silvery sheen. The nose, lips and paw pads are dark blue or lavender.
More blue tint and green eyes – such a kitten will be the most expensive.
Korats are sociable, loyal, affectionate and attached to people cats. They feel the mood of the owner well – they will cheer him up if he is sad, help get rid of stress and fatigue, and will “treat” the sore spot with their warmth. These mustaches really do not like loneliness, they begin to get bored and sad. They need a lot of love, which, in turn, they also give to the owner and members of his family. They are so devoted to the owner that they can follow him everywhere around the apartment, like a dog. They quickly find a common language with children, love to play with them.
This is a very sociable breed. But you will never hear loud and piercing screams. Their “vocabulary” consists of so many different sounds with which fluffies will explain to the owner what they want.
An expressive muzzle with intelligent eyes will also help them in this.
Korats are observant and active, they love to play very much. Therefore, you need to prepare that someone will always run around the apartment. They are also little thieves. You can find your missing things in the most unexpected places.
These cats are distinguished by a developed sense of mutual assistance and danger. Because of this, they sometimes serve as guard dogs in Thailand.
Korats have high intelligence, so they lend themselves well to training, they clearly understand who is the owner.. In relation to other animals, they can show their superiority and jealousy, they believe that the owner is their property. It is ideal to have a couple of Korats and they will entertain each other.
Korats have a small feature – they cannot stand loud sounds, screams and sudden movements, a large number of guests at home. This breed is not suitable for families with small children. The best hosts are single people who have enough time to spend time with their pet, an older couple or families with older children and no other pets.
Caring for Korat cats is not difficult, because they are clean and independent animals. But curiosity can complicate the life of korats a little – they can climb into places where the owner did not even expect to see them. Therefore, you should keep the toilet lid or aquarium closed, special nets should be installed on the windows, it is better to remove dangerous indoor plants in an inaccessible place, and at the same time check the furniture in case a little prankster gets stuck there.
Korat cats are not picky about food – they eat what they give. They can be fed premium dry or wet food or homemade food. Do not feed your pet food from the master’s table, because humans and cats have different needs. Natural cat food should be balanced and healthy, consisting of the following products:
- lean meat (beef, chicken) – this is the main component;
- sea fish (1 time per week) – before eating, the fish must be thoroughly cleaned and lightly boiled to avoid infection with helminths;
- vegetables (carrots, zucchini, cabbage, cucumbers);
- fermented milk products (kefir, cottage cheese, homemade yogurt);
- chicken eggs (no more than 2 pieces per week);
- cereals (millet, semolina, rice).
In the case of feeding cats with raw meat, there is a risk of infection with parasites. To avoid this, the meat should be kept in the freezer for 2 days before eating (this is sufficient time for the destruction of parasites). Then the meat must be doused with boiling water. There must be constant access to clean water.
Korats love to be the center of attention, so they are always ready to play. A cat must have a cat house where she can practice her acrobatic tricks, and several toys that can be changed periodically.
Korats achieve significant success in the game of fetching, bringing the ball back to the owner in their teeth. You can play ping pong (rolling or throwing a ball) or make a cat maze out of fastened cardboard boxes. The main thing is to make sure that the pet does not get into situations that pose a danger to his life during the games. This often happens to Korats because of their curiosity.
Korat owners are the lucky ones. Their house will not have a lot of wool, as these whiskers do not have an undercoat, so there is no shedding. Combing once a week will help keep the silky coat in order. To prevent periodontal disease and the formation of tartar, cats need to brush their teeth with a special brush. In order for this procedure to cause less discomfort, it is better to accustom kittens to this from childhood.
Claws should be trimmed every 2 weeks. Ears should always be kept clean by checking them every week and cleaning them with a Q-tip and cotton pad if necessary. Cleanliness of the eyes is also important – dirt is removed with a special napkin or a damp soft cloth.
Korats easily get used to the tray, this is usually not a problem. There are cases when the owners taught their pets to use the toilet.
Korats are in good health and have strong immune systems. Sometimes cats can be prone to allergies, colds (due to lack of undercoat) and, in rare cases, gallstones.
There are 2 genetic diseases that representatives of this breed can suffer from:
- atelosteogenesis – incomplete or impaired formation of the bones of the skeleton;
- gangliosidosis – lag in physical development during childhood, accompanied by neurological symptoms
If the disease is transmitted from two parents, then it is, unfortunately, fatal. If the gene comes from only one parent, then the animal will be a carrier. Good care, regular preventive examinations and timely vaccination at the veterinarian will help the pet live up to 20 years.
How to choose?
Korat kitten is an expensive pleasure. Most often they are purchased for participation in exhibitions or breeding. There are no nurseries in Russia where korats are bred. The main breeding areas are Thailand, the United States and a few places in Europe. The main thing is to be vigilant and not buy a Russian Blue or a Briton instead of a silver cat. The kitten must have:
- veterinary passport;
- vaccination certificate.
When evaluating the appearance and physical condition, pay attention to the following characteristics.
- Body must be smooth, clean, free of wounds, scratches or any other skin lesions, swellings or tumors. Thick fur without bald spots covers the body. More expensive is a kitten with a more silver color.
- Tummy should be round, but not a ball (as this is a symptom of gastrointestinal diseases).
- mouth should be light pink. There should not be an unpleasant odor.
- anus – clean and dry. Moisture and sticky hairs indicate diarrhea.
- A healthy kitten is active and playful. After meals and immediately after sleep, he may be a little lethargic, and this is normal.
Breeders advise choosing an “average” kitten – one who easily walks in your arms, but without obtrusiveness.
3 months is the ideal age to adopt a kitten. He has already received from the mother-cat all the useful substances from milk necessary for immunity, the basics of education (how to use the tray and scratching post) and communication.
How to breed?
Breeding korats is a laborious and expensive undertaking. This is due to several factors.
- Mating is possible only between individuals of the same breed. Crossbreeding with other breeds is prohibited. In Russia it is difficult to find a partner with a documented pedigree.
- The need for genetic examination, which will avoid the presence of gangliosidosis and atelosteogenesis.
- Only a cat that has reached puberty is ready for mating, and this happens at the age of 4 years.
Before 10 months, a carat cat should not be knitted, as early birth can adversely affect her health. It is best to mate after 3 heats. The ideal birth rate is once a year. This will help keep your cat healthy and looking great.
Before mating you need:
- undergo a medical examination of the animal;
- carry out deworming;
- carry out the necessary vaccinations.
The usual number of kittens in a litter is 4 or 5, sometimes 9 babies are born. Gray fur and yellow eyes – this is how korats are born.
Castration and sterilization
If you’re getting a Korat for fun, then your pet can’t avoid it. The procedure is performed in a specialized veterinary clinic, under general anesthesia for 20-30 minutes. You can castrate or sterilize a pet at any age, but it is better to do it as early as possible, since it will be less traumatic for the animal psychologically and physically.
See the following video for a description of the Korat breed.