Hamsters are one of the most popular pets. Rodents do not require special care and attention, but at the same time they do not stand out for their longevity. There are certain hamster diseases that can harm animals and be dangerous to humans.
What diseases do hamsters have?
The success of treatment for rodents depends on how quickly the disease was determined, so it is important to monitor the condition of your pet. Many illnesses in pet hamsters are accompanied by symptoms such as slightly closed or cloudy eyes, dull and ruffled coats, dirty genitals, weight loss, lethargy, sluggishness, and refusal to eat. There are a number of rules that need to be done if the presence of any disease has been detected:
- If a person breeds several animals, then the sick rodent must be removed, since the disease can be contagious. In addition, in isolation, the hamster will be easier to recuperate. Keep watching the rest of the animals.
- Be sure to disinfect the house, toys, containers for drinking and water, that is, all items that the sick animal has come into contact with. Throw away leftover food and bedding.
- Seek advice from a doctor, as many diseases of hamsters cannot be identified and cured on their own. It is not recommended to choose drugs without consultation, because rodents are sensitive to some drugs.
Hamster tongue prolapse
A similar problem can be the result of a number of diseases, and among the most common are:
- Ulcers and abscesses. Such diseases occur as a result of mechanical injuries, infections and reduced immunity. The prolapse of the tongue disappears after the underlying disease is cured. For treatment, the doctor will prescribe a healing ointment and a course of immunomodulators.
- Problems with teeth. Tongue prolapse is a symptom of dental disease in hamsters. Rodents grow teeth quickly, so solid food should be included in their diet. If there is a problem, then the jaw will not close, and in addition to the prolapse of the tongue, there will be increased salivation and refusal of food. You can’t do without the help of a dentist.
Hamster rectal prolapse
This problem can be observed as a result of constipation. If timely treatment is carried out, then the rectum can be returned to its place without problems and amputation can be avoided. Describing the diseases of hamsters and their treatment, it is worth pointing out that in the presence of such a problem, it is imperative to rid the animal of constipation.
- For therapeutic purposes, it is recommended to give the rodent an enema by injecting Baxopan and paraffin oil into the anus. In order not to damage the delicate mucous membrane, it is recommended to entrust the procedure to a veterinarian.
- After the enema, it is worthwhile to massage the abdomen. Laxatives are prohibited.
Cystitis in a hamster
Rodents are susceptible to hypothermia, so the risk of developing a urinary tract infection is high. With this disease, the animal drinks a lot and often goes to the toilet, and an admixture of blood can be seen in the urine. In addition, the rodent behaves strangely, squeaks during bowel movements, and bald patches may appear on its hind legs. Treatment of this hamster disease is carried out with antibiotics prescribed by a specialist. Recovery in most cases occurs within six days. It is important at this time to provide the animal with warmth and plenty of fluids.
Eye diseases in hamsters
The eyes of rodents have a convex shape, which contributes to the ingress of infections into them. In most cases, the problem occurs when the animal escapes from the house and walks around the dusty corners of the house. Hamster eye diseases are caused by malnutrition and are considered allergic. More often than not, it’s all about the high consumption of fruit. Symptoms of eye disease include discharge, sticky or closed eyelids, lethargy, and refusal to eat. If it is not possible to go to the veterinarian, then hamster eye diseases should be treated according to the following rules:
- First, assess the situation and if the discharge is purulent, then there is an infection and you need to isolate the animal. Clean the cage and disinfect all items.
- At the pharmacy, purchase special drops, for example, Albucid, and instill 1-2 drops in each eye up to four times a day.
- The diet of hamsters with such a disease should be only natural, that is, the basis is cereals, but a small piece of chicken is also allowed.
Skin diseases in hamsters
There are several diseases that can occur in rodents:
- At demodicosis the animal does not feel itching, and therefore does not scratch itself, but at the same time, skin scabs and dandruff can be seen on the surface of the skin and wool. Treatment is carried out on an outpatient basis using drugs prescribed by a doctor.
- If the hamster constantly eats dry food, then a disease such as alopecia or focal alopecia. To cope with the problem, include raw vegetables, fruits and herbs in the animal’s menu.
- About availability eczema dry hair, scales and wounds will testify. Stress and allergies provoke problems. Be sure to change the bedding, replacing it with sawdust or hay. Treat problem areas twice a day with “Fuciderm” or “Zoomekol”. Often such a disease is confused with infection by parasites, so it is better to consult a doctor.
- When the animal’s immune system is weakened, it is possible to develop a disease such as dermatophytosis. In this case, peeling scales, ulcers and scabs are visible. Lubricate problem areas with antiseptic ointments, for example, “Imaveral” or “Fungin”. The doctor will prescribe immunomodulators, and if there is an infection, antibiotics.
- Scabies the hamster is accompanied by severe itching and the appearance of red spots on the body. A sick animal must be isolated, but a course of treatment is also recommended for relatives as a preventive measure. Scabies can be transmitted to humans, so inspect the animal with gloves. It is recommended to treat the cage with a hot solution of caustic 4% sodium. In the rodent, cut out the hair at the damage sites, and treat the redness with sulfuric ointment or special powder.
Diseases of hamsters – tumors
In older rodents, tumors may appear, which can be both benign and malignant. The main symptom of hamster disease is swelling that increases in size. If the formation is benign, then it is removed if the growth causes discomfort to the animal. In case of malignant tumors, euthanasia is carried out. As a preventive measure, foods rich in nitrates and amines should be excluded from the pet’s diet, replacing them with broccoli, carrots and cauliflower.
Diseases of Djungarian hamsters
Many choose miniature rodents as pets, which quickly get used to hands and are playful. Symptoms and diseases of Djungarian hamsters are no different from other species, but they can have hereditary genetic diseases: type 1 diabetes and malignancies. In this case, the animal will drink a lot, and the urine will have an unpleasant pungent odor. Even with such a disease of hamsters, they eat a lot, but the weight is reduced.
Diseases of Syrian hamsters
This type of hamster can carry all the diseases discussed above, but a disease called “wet tail” is also common. This is a serious problem that can lead to the death of a rodent. The main symptom is watery diarrhea, but there is also food refusal, rectal bleeding, and irritability. Describing the diseases of Syrian hamsters and their treatment, it is worth noting that if you find the above symptoms, you should consult a doctor. The specialist will select the appropriate antibiotics.
Diseases of hamsters dangerous to humans
There are a number of diseases that can be dangerous for the human body:
- A disease of hamsters is transmitted, such as tuberculosiswhich cannot be determined in an animal without a special study.
- The disease is dangerous for pregnant women toxoplasmosiswhich can be contracted through any discharge.
- Transmitted to man ringwormwhich is indicated by crusts on the skin and hair loss.
- Finding out which diseases of hamsters are transmitted to humans, it is worth mentioning and listerosiswhich is manifested in a rodent by a loss of coordination and balance.
- A dangerous disease is an infectious ectromelia, which in a few hours after infection leads to the death of the animal. First, there is swelling of the limb, then their gangrene and death. The problem can affect the ears, muzzle and tail.