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Havana

Main characteristics:

  • Name synonyms: Havana Brown, Oriental Chestnut, Oriental Brown Plain, Foreign Brown Plain, Berkshire Brown, Reading Brown, Swiss Mountain
  • Country of origin: USA, UK
  • The breed is obtained by crossing: is the result of crossing Siamese cats with dark brown markings with black shorthair cats
  • native breed: No
  • What felinological organization is recognized?: TICA, CFA, ACFA
  • General form: well developed musculature
  • The size: average
  • Weight, kg: 2.5-4.5
  • Wool: short, thin, silky, shiny, tight to the body, velvety to the touch
  • Wool length: shorthair

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There are over 100 cat breeds worldwide. Some of them have long been known all over the world, while others, despite their long existence, are only gaining unprecedented popularity today. A striking example is the Havana cat breed, which today can be seen in almost all countries of the world.


Origin story


In the middle of the 20th century, the English Baroness von Ullman set about breeding a new breed of cats with a solid brown color and an oriental external type. Then all the eminent breeders began their work on breeding the breed so desired by the Baroness.

To do this, first in England, and then in the United States, Siamese cats were crossed with a wide variety of breeds. As a result of incest between Siamese and black shorthair cats, the Havana breed was born. In 1964, it was officially recognized in the United States.

Currently, such felinological organizations as TICA, CFA, ACFA have officially recognized Havana. Alternative titles:

  • havana brown;
  • reading brown;
  • Swiss mountain;
  • chestnut oriental;
  • Berkshire Brown;
  • foreign/oriental brown plain dyed.

The Havana is not categorized as a native breed. Currently, two subspecies of this breed are distinguished – with a brown or lilac color.


Appearance


These cats have an average build, and their weight ranges from 2.5 to 4.5 kg. The body is oblong, muscular with long legs. The havana looks much more massive than its Siamese progenitor, but at the same time there is no heavy perception of this animal. He has a normal skeleton and well-developed muscles.

The head is elongated, quite massive. In cats belonging to the English variety, there is no clear border of the cheeks and there is a smooth transition from the forehead to the muzzle. The head itself has the same shape as in all cats of the oriental type. The representatives of these animals, belonging to the American variety, have a wedge-shaped head and clearly defined cheeks. The muzzle has a narrowed shape, with a pronounced pinch behind the whiskers. When viewed in profile, a recess located at the transition of the forehead to the nose is clearly visible.

A distinctive feature of cats of this breed are their eyes. They are large and can only have a green color, however, any shades. Set slightly obliquely, close to the bridge of the nose. It is acceptable that in cats under the age of one year, the color of the eyes can be any other. However, if after 12 months from the moment the kitten appeared, it has not changed to green, such animals cannot be considered purebred.

The ears of cats are large, widely spaced and directed in different directions. Both inside and outside, they are covered with a small amount of short hair.

The havana has small, compact, oval-shaped feet with small pads. The tail is rather long, narrow at the base, with a noticeable rounding at the end.

Wool is very pleasant to the touch, velvety. It is short, thin, shiny and close to the body. The undercoat of cats is very short. In animals that have a purple color, it is a little thicker.

The color of the coat is brown with varying degrees of intensity. Depending on the species, felinological organizations can only recognize cats with a dark chocolate coat color or, conversely, with brown, which has a reddish tint. It is also allowed that brown wool may have a lilac tint. In newborn kittens, the color may be heterogeneous, but with the so-called false tabby pattern. However, according to the requirements for the year of the animal’s life, it must completely disappear, and the coat must have a uniform color.


Character and behavior


Havanas are very active and agile cats. They love to play and often do it completely on their own. The animal is very trusting, it quickly gets used to people and remains faithful to them for life.

In any new room, these cats adapt easily and quickly. However, they value peace and comfort, so the pet should always have its own quiet corner. Havana is an easily trained animal that loves to walk. It won’t be hard to train him on a leash.

These cats are distinguished by their peaceful nature and friendliness. However, in relation to strangers, they always behave wary. Havana gets along well with pets, especially cats. These pets maintain the best contact with representatives of the Siamese and British breeds.

Havanas are quite talkative and categorically do not tolerate loneliness. But they easily find contact even with very young children and are able to become real nannies.


Advantages and disadvantages


Havana cats are considered among the most unpretentious in the world. Their main advantages include:

  • soft and friendly character;
  • unpretentiousness in care;
  • lack of need for special feeding;
  • the possibility of keeping both in an apartment and in a private house;
  • ease of training.

However, like other breeds, the Havana has its drawbacks. The main ones are:

  • high susceptibility to dental diseases;
  • difficulty in bathing;
  • intolerance to loneliness.

However, according to experienced breeders, if you properly care for a cat and organize its habitat, these shortcomings become almost invisible.


Maintenance and care


Havana should live in comfortable conditions in a residential area. This breed is absolutely not suitable for keeping on the street. Caring for an animal is quite simple and comes down to the following rules:

  • once a week it is necessary to comb the cat with a soft brush;
  • twice every seven days it is stroked with wet hands to reduce the intensity of molting;
  • once every 10-20 days, havana’s eyes and ears are wiped with a damp cotton pad dipped in warm water;
  • once every two weeks, hygienic cleaning of the oral cavity is carried out with a special tool selected by a veterinarian.

In the event that the animal does not walk on the street at all, once every six months (kittens once every 3 months) it must be bathed using a special shampoo. After taking a bath, the animal’s hair is dried with a warm towel.

To care for the claws, you can either purchase a special scratching post, or regularly take your pet to cut the claws. Otherwise, the cat may injure the owner or herself.


Nutrition Features


The appearance of cats of this breed, their health and life expectancy are directly dependent on nutrition. Veterinarians and breeders recommend feeding the Havana only with specialized premium premium foods. Such nutrition will saturate the pet’s body with all the necessary substances.

Feeding completely natural food is also allowed. However, in this case, the diet should be compiled by a specialist and it is absolutely impossible to deviate from it.

It is best to feed the animal strictly by the hour, but clean drinking water should always be freely available. In this case, it is better to choose a bowl wide, as cats like to scoop up water with their paws while drinking.


Health and disease


Havana must visit the veterinarian regularly, not only for vaccination campaigns, but also for preventive examinations. From their ancestors – Siamese cats – these animals inherited a tendency to the following diseases:

  • dental;
  • cardiovascular;
  • kidney failure.

Only a specialist with a timely examination can see the problem and solve it at the initial stage.

In addition to vaccinations and examinations, Havanas need regular deworming, which must be carried out under the supervision of a doctor.

In general, the Havana is one of the best cat breeds for those who want to acquire a true faithful and loving friend for many years. The ease of keeping these cats and unpretentiousness to the conditions of detention allow almost every person to become the owner of such a pet.



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