The German Drathaar is valued by dog breeders all over the world. The dog belongs to the class of hunters, it has a lot of advantages and a very original appearance. The material of this article will be of interest to those who want to get to know this animal better.
Perhaps this will help the reader evaluate his chances as an owner and think about whether a person can give this animal everything it needs, which it needs due to natural features.
The history of the origin of dogs is controversial and heatedly discussed to this day. However, regardless of opinions, Germany is considered the birthplace of hunting drathaars. Since ancient times, hunting dogs have been bred in this country, the qualitative characteristics of which were famous all over the world. However, due to their narrow specialization, German breeders had to think about breeding dogs of a universal type. The task of the breeders was to breed animals for hunting, which at the same time had all the best characteristics of other breeds of dogs known at that time.
At the turn of the 19th-20th centuries, work with genetic material was carried out especially actively. For crossing, they used a poodle-pointer, a shtikhelhaar, and also a griffon. It was from these dogs that the first drathaars appeared. Breeders tried to develop such dogs that would be able to cope with various tasks, in addition to hunting. That is why the genetic material of local dogs was also used in the selection.
Gradually, the appearance of hunting dogs began to change. Its aesthetic indicators have improved, the animals have acquired a certain elegance. Along with this, their hunting qualities and sense of smell have increased. And yet, the breeders did not stop there, because at that time the dogs could not work in the water for a long time, the reason for which was a short coat. Hunters wanted their pets to be better protected not only from water, but also from difficult terrain.
Thus began the crossing of kurtshaars with wire-haired dogs. There was an improvement in selection between about 1850-1860. As for the griffons, it is not known for certain which species of these animals was used to improve the dignity of animals. According to one of the opinions, these were the griffons of Kortals.
The formation of the signs of the breed was completed in 1870. At this time, the drathaars were already distinguished by a characteristic hard type of wool. This woolen cover perfectly protected animals not only from bad weather and insects, but also saved from prickly branches and helped to work in water. Each puppy went through a rigorous selection for working abilities and character.
Drathaars excelled in hunting wild boars and hares. They were famous as shepherd dogs because they coped with grazing livestock. In addition, they could be guards and searchers. And yet, despite their universality, their path to universal recognition was not swift.
At the end of the 19th century, the fashion for exhibition events for dogs reached Germany. At this time, the country was under the rise of nationalism and was united, and therefore the standardization of animals began to attach special importance. Each breeder tried to breed the best dogs, people began to keep pedigree books, which led to the formal recognition of the Drathaars.
Very quickly, German hunting dogs gained popularity in Europe and already in 1920 came to the USA. However, at first, the Americans did not take the Drathaar as they deservedly, because they did not believe that the dog could be universal.
Over time, their erroneous opinion dissipated, and therefore the popularity of animals began to increase. Today, these pets are bought not only for hunting: modern breeders like them for their sociable qualities.
Drathaar is a hardy and strong animal, as evidenced by its developed and toned physique. A gun dog with versatile abilities has a rather attractive appearance. The weight of an individual representative of the breed averages from 23 to 32 kg, with females weighing less. Males are larger, their height at the withers varies from 61 to 68 cm, while females are smaller, their height at the withers is from 57 to 64 cm.
These dogs usually live 12-14 years, but under certain conditions this period may increase slightly. If the dog is not provided with proper care, its life expectancy may decrease. This may depend on various factors, including proper nutrition, regular walking, systematic preventive examinations, as well as hygiene and early detection of diseases.
The appearance of the drathaar is memorable: a representative of this breed has a so-called beard, which gives it a certain bit of brutality. Such dogs have a strict, almost military bearing, an original muzzle, due to which the dog seems too serious. In addition to a rare beard, a dog can also have a mustache, which many of its counterparts in other breeds do not have.
The complexion of the German cops is average, the constitution is slightly dried, and these dogs are not prone to obesity. The maximum that they can afford is to gain a couple of extra pounds. Their movements are powerful, sweeping, but at the same time not without smoothness and harmony. The key point of the standard is the fact that their oblique body length is almost comparable to the height at the withers. In this case, it is allowed that the length be 3 cm higher than the height.
The shape of the head of the Drathaar is wedge-shaped and is proportional to both the sex and the height of the individual animal. The muzzle is somewhat lowered, the skull is flattened, moderately wide, rounded on the sides.
The cheekbones are pronounced, as is the transition from the forehead to the muzzle. The muzzle itself at first glance seems elongated, not devoid of massiveness.
The Drathaar’s lips are thick and tight-fitting, and have sufficient pigmentation for the coloring of the shirt. The bite of these animals is scissor-shaped, the dental formula is complete and consists of 42 teeth. The hitch is vertical without gaps. The ears are in proportion to the body, broad but not curled.
The neck is long and dryish, but at the same time muscular, has a slight arch. The eyes of purebred Germans are not too deep set, they are devoid of bulge, they are distinguished by a tight fit and pigmentation of the eyelids. The darker they are, the better. The nose with wide nostrils is usually painted in any of the colors characteristic of dogs of this breed.
The body of the Drathaar is barely stretched, and may have a sloping back. At the same time, the lower back of a purebred dog is strong and muscular. The croup is broad and slightly sloping.
The sternum is broad, distributed in breadth, the withers are noticeable, well distinguished. From the bottom of the body there is a noticeable curved line, which is explained by the tucked-up belly and the tightness of the groin area.
Drathaars have a sufficient reach of the front legs and a powerful push of the hind legs. The setting of the front and hind legs is parallel, the posture is proud. The skin of these dogs is tight-fitting, without folds. As for the coat, its structure is wiry. Moreover, this breed is not only wirehaired: the cops of this species do not suffer from water at all, as they have a waterproof undercoat.
The length of the covering hair in different dogs can vary from 2 to 4 cm. The fur coat does not hide the muscularity of the body, and due to its rigidity and density, the animal is not afraid of bad weather or possible mechanical damage. Down on the paws, the dog’s hair is shorter and thicker, but not softer. As for the characteristic beard, this hair is not long, but the toughest.
The color of the animal may vary. For example, in addition to brown-mottled with and without points, it can be black with mottling. Moreover, in this case, the color may or may not have characteristic spots. In addition to these colors, nature can give German Pointers a brownish color, which can be not only solid, but also with a mark on the sternum.
Individual representatives of the breed can be painted in a rare speck, in which the main background is white, and the marks themselves can be black or brown. Other colors are not included in the standard and are subject to disqualification.
Also disadvantages, in addition to other vicious characteristics of drathaars, are such vices as a rather weak bite, sparse hair, high back, and a sparse undercoat.
Despite the fact that dogs are considered hunting and hounds, they are distinguished by a balanced character. They are extremely intelligent and loyal to their owners. Therefore, they can become good friends or even companions, which significantly expands the circle of their breeders. Dogs can unquestioningly obey not only one owner: individual representatives of the breed obey all households.
However, it would be wrong to call these dogs universal today, because their hunting qualities often overwhelm. In view of the excellent instinct and other characteristics of these dogs, they are used to work in the Ministry of Emergencies. In addition, they can be called assistants for drug control, artists in the circus. These dogs also make excellent watchdogs.
From childhood, dogs are characterized by activity and a positive attitude. Movement is their life credo, as is the need for work. In addition to the fact that these animals are not afraid of water, they do not get wet and are not afraid of cold temperatures.
Breeders have managed to breed a dog breed that can hunt waterfowl, which is important for hunter owners. Pets do not lose their passion from childhood, and therefore their enthusiasm is quickly transmitted to all family members.
It is very difficult to remain indifferent to these funny bearded men. In difficult times, they are able to support, and on occasion they will try to pull the owner to the game, in addition, they are happy to demonstrate their tenderness and affection to the owners. However, at the right moment, the dogs quickly navigate the situation and switch to protection, showing the best security qualities and courage.
In the same time these dogs are not initially aggressive towards strangers. They behave with strangers warily, but this cannot be said when the dog sees his relatives. Here he is able to show a lot of his emotions and feelings. At the same time, drathaar can communicate with other pets very friendly.
A purebred German can live both in an apartment and in a private house.
However, practice shows that the dog that constantly walks in the fresh air, combining walks with feasible physical exertion, will be stronger in this case. Without them, the animal weakens and is forced to seek an outlet for its energy in other ways.
In no case should a drathaar be restricted in movement. Even walks with a German pointing dog should be special. For example, a dog can gladly accompany its owner on a bike ride or a regular sports run. Based on this, it becomes clear that the breeder of the Drathaar must also be active and athletic.
Besides, his best qualities for a dog will be organization, responsibility and will. With such an owner, the dog is always ready to run and even swim in a race. Moreover, the animal perceives such walks with special excitement, since the pet loves competitions. Therefore, activity and responsiveness to any work must be used in education and training.
Unlike many brethren of the canine family, the drathaar stands out not only for its intelligence and ingenuity, but also for its endurance and patience.
He will not spin underfoot, begging for something from the owners or urging the owner for a walk. The dog knows his own worth, but he also converges with a person quickly enough. He has an excellent memory that can be used in training.
The hearing and sense of smell of the animal are so honed that when hunting, this dog is able to easily find wounded prey hiding in a hard-to-reach place. After finding it, the dog always informs the owner about his find. As for the relationship with the master’s children, in most cases, drathaars show the qualities of experienced nannies. However, animals rarely let children sit, because they literally crave outdoor games. In winter, dogs can take the kids for a sled ride.
As for individual pets living with drathaars, in small rodents and birds, cops see potential prey. Regardless of upbringing, sooner or later the dog will hunt them. If he lives in a private house, he will very quickly destroy not only rats, but also mice (if any). This neighborhood for these dogs is unacceptable.
Among other qualities of a dog, it is worth noting the intolerance of loneliness.
In addition to the fact that an animal may miss its beloved owners, individual representatives of the breed, in the absence of owners, can turn their attention to the owner’s furniture or other items they like. Without constant contact with the owner, the dog cannot imagine its existence. Moreover, she will not survive in an aviary, especially if the owner approaches her only occasionally to feed her.
Advantages and disadvantages
Like any other animal, drathaars have their advantages and disadvantages. Among the advantages, one can note their ability to penetrate into various hard-to-reach places, which their relatives of other breeds do not have. Compared to other dogs, these dogs can hunt in any weather without hiding from rain or wind. They are silent on the hunt and, when trained, are able to collect game by the gesture or whistle of the owner.
Besides, as owner reviews show, drathaars almost always return from hunting with prey. They actively respond to the call to play and often allow children to “saddle” themselves. Drunk people are a separate category for these dogs: the mind of a dog is enough not to show aggression to a person. Drathaars prefer not to attack people who are tipsy, but to push them away with their paws.
The advantages include security features. Drathaar prefers not to let strangers into the house, unless the owner approves. The dog will growl at strangers, he will stand up to warn them, but shows his teeth and aggression only as a last resort. Another advantage of the dog is its ability to hunt not only in the warm season, but also in winter. Snowdrifts will not interfere with him if the owner is going to hunt.
Their indispensable advantage can be called the ability to cope not only with small prey. If necessary, these animals can hunt together with the owner not only for a bird, but also for a large beast. However, if the breeder is not particularly attached to the pet and shifts his training from day to day, the dog has every chance of growing up foolish, prone to pranks.
As for the dog’s ability to make independent decisions, this quality can be attributed to both pluses and minuses.
For example, this is very good during hunting, but when training an individual stubborn one, it can cause a lot of trouble and trouble for the owner. Sometimes in communication with children, the dog actively supports their offer to play pranks, which can lead to mayhem or disorder.
In the absence of training, the animal may behave indifferently towards cats. In some cases, in the absence of other prey, he can drive the cat. If the puppy is socialized early, this problem usually does not arise. The negative point is the jealousy that the animal can show in relation to the owner. If other dogs or cats live in the house, it may seem to some drathaars that those pets get more attention.
Among other shortcomings, one can also identify a tendency to shoot in rare representatives of this breed. This is explained not so much by a bad attitude on the part of the owner, but by his inattention to the needs of the pet. Fresh emotions and sensations are vital for a dog; without adventures, it suffers. A dog that feels lonely can gnaw on shoes and ruin household items.
However, the formation of his character occurs during training and education, and therefore any healthy and strong-willed person can grow a true friend out of a pet. As for health, these dogs have a predisposition to certain hereditary diseases.
For example, they often have hip dysplasia, diabetes, and hypothyroidism. Among other common ailments characteristic of dogs of this breed, one can note such problems as aortic stenosis, melanoma and cataracts.
Main differences from other dogs
Drathaar has its own differences from other brothers of the canine family. For example, if we compare with the kurtshaar, then these dogs are both cops. However, the hair of the drathaar is longer, in addition, the kurtshaar freezes in winter, despite the density of its fur coat. The differences between these dogs lie in behavior: the shorthaired pointer is more frivolous and not so aggressive towards the beast. In some ways, he is even friendlier.
The muzzle of the drathaar has a beard, while that of their brethren is covered with fine hair. If we compare the sizes of the dogs of the two breeds, they are almost the same, but outwardly the Drathaars seem to be larger. Another difference is the degree of ease of training: it is easier to learn and raise a kurtshaar, since representatives of this breed do not question the appropriateness of any command uttered by the owner. As for the nature of the mestizo, the dogs are similar in the need to realize their own energy. They constantly need to move, they are full of excitement and thirst for adventure. However, kurtshaars are prone to dog fights.
If we compare the drathaar with the husky, then breeders have different opinions. Both dogs are considered universal. However, due to practice, any animal can be trained on a certain type of game. Laiki are good for hunting fur-bearing animals, elk, wild boar, bear and game birds. However, they do better with medium-sized prey.
The owner of the dog should choose based on what exactly he is going to hunt. Therefore, to call any animal the best or the worst would be wrong. Experienced breeders believe that both dogs have excellent flair, but they hunt for different prey, which explains the key selection criteria. Both the husky and the drathaar silently pursue the prey, and when it is detected, the husky gives a voice, the drathaar takes a stance in anticipation of the command of the owner.
Convinced fans of drathaar believe that he is better. If the dog is trained on a large animal, when it is detected, it gives a voice to the owner, attracting his attention. Some types of huskies are used as sled dogs. However, if daily training with physical activity is vital for a Drathaar, Laika does not need daily exercises. But it is difficult for her to live in an apartment, and besides, she does not hunt badger and fox.
As for the differences between the Drathaar and the Spaniel, there are some nuances here. According to breeders, hunting with a spaniel is different from the behavior of a pointing dog. Spaniels do not always work with a stand, while the German is more versatile in hunting. He works on both birds and animals, but without direct contact with large dangerous animals.
Some spaniels do not bring game, others find it in the bushes and give it to the owner. Others fix the wounded animal with their paws to the ground, but do not finish it off. As hunter owners note, spaniels often pick up prey on the move, and with barking.
They can also accompany the hunter all the time with a ringing bark, while the drathaar does not allow itself to create unnecessary noise. He moves quietly, without frightening the prey, correlating his work with the commands of the owner.
The choice of a nickname for a pet must be approached thoroughly. Not every nickname that dog breeders use today will match the character and appearance of this dog. The first thing to consider is the fact that the name should not be long. Animals quickly remember short nicknames, and it is enough that the nickname consists of two (maximum three) syllables. At the same time, the nickname should not be soft, cat-sounding.
On information portals today, breeders are offered a huge number of options for nicknames for dogs, but, unfortunately, not all of them are worthy of choice. For example, from the list of possible options, it is worth immediately removing insulting nicknames such as Dirty, Devil, Dirty, Bes, Shaitan, Khmyr, Rakshas (demon among the Indians). Color should not be perceived as something dirty and inappropriate.
It is easy to understand what name a dog can choose by looking at it. Options such as Demon, Rolf, Makr do not suit him unambiguously, while the nicknames Gray, Count would be quite appropriate. Excluded options for the names of family members or friends, as well as nicknames for team names. You should not call a thoroughbred animal such nicknames as Sharik, Polkan, Chuk, Gek.
Also, do not give them cat nicknames (for example, Pushok, Marsik, Barsik), including those ending in “ks” (Max, Zeus, Marx), because a consonant nickname will serve as a reason for the dog’s attention when someone calls the cat. And even more so, you don’t need to call the dog Apollo, Sultan, Chubais, Yermak, Mephistopheles, Obama, Trump, or any other political (historical) figure.
Nicknames such as Archie, Spike, Tucker, Toby, Loyd, Chester, Zack, Jack, Fry, Luke are suitable for a boy Drathaar. The nicknames Ron, Winch, Georges, Hayk, Cooper, Diego, Rain, Tao are no less appropriate.
As for the drathaar girls, there are also some nuances here. For example, it is not good to give a dog stupid nicknames like Gavka, Shavka, Chucky, Moska, Masya, Tosya, Zita, Dusya, Lusya. Surely the owner would not have liked it if his parents had called him Goofy or Mudblood. When choosing a nickname, you need to take into account the status of the dog, and therefore the name should sound beautiful, sonorous.
For example, a girl can be called Jess (Jesse), Zara, Richie, Chasey, Roxy, Remy, Rhonda, Sophie, Chloe. In addition, nicknames Emma, Terra, Trace, Sheila, Gretta are good options. If you want sonority and status, you can pick up a name shortened from the long one indicated in the pedigree.
You should not associate nicknames with hunting (for example, such options as Excitement and Attack are completely unsound). Nicknames Shelly, Salma, Karo are quite harmonious.
Conditions for keeping
To throw out the dog’s energy, the pet must be walked at least twice a day on the street. During the walk, the dog should have time not only to play, but also to run, and therefore five-minute walks are not at all suitable for it. In addition, the animal needs to realize the potential of the hunter. And if the owner for some reason cannot take the dog hunting, it must be replaced by visits to a special club where the pet will fully show his talents and skills.
On average, the duration of a total walk per day should be at least two hours. Moreover, the animal does not need walking, and therefore the time allotted for a walk must be used rationally. For example, it may be a combination of play with training. An animal needs to run at least 2 km per day. In addition to physical activity, the pet also needs information. In addition, he loves not only to run and work, but also to dig in the ground, as well as to look for something.
The owner must prepare in advance for the arrival of the puppy in the house. For example, an animal needs its own corner, its own things and utensils. Own couch is also needed so that the animal understands its place from childhood.
This is a basic rule that a pet learns from young claws. In addition to bedding, the dog should have its own toys. They can be typical, street or even edible, so that, along with brushing your teeth, the animal has the opportunity to moderate its hunting ardor.
How to choose a puppy?
To choose a purebred Drathaar puppy, you need to go to the breeder with a photo, a clear idea of the breed standard. It is even better to invite a specialist to purchase, who will only need one glance to understand how the puppy was kept, whether he is healthy, how active and whether he is suitable for training on a specific type of prey.
The appearance of the puppies of the German Pointing Dog is quite original. Babies have a big head, a typical baby body and a guilty look. Sometimes he even seems sad, his forehead is slightly elongated, his paws seem large, but in general his physique is proportional. By 1.5 months, puppies quickly gain weight, and for some individuals at the time of purchase, it ranges from 6 to 10 kg.
In our country, about 800 purebred individuals are registered, but the number of livestock increases only slightly over the year. When choosing a baby, you need to pay attention to a number of factors, starting with the pedigree of the parents. The documents must contain three marks on passing tests, evaluated in points. The more points, the better, exhibition diplomas with “excellent” marks are also welcome.
Puppies are usually taken from the kennel when they are 45 days old. At the same time, the baby you like should be active, his coat should shine, his eyes should be clean, and the auricles should be pink. You can’t take babies who have discharge under the eyes, a swollen stomach, dandruff is found, and a collapsed back. In addition, you should not buy a puppy with matted hair, which indicates its poor maintenance and doubtful quality care.
What to feed?
The feeding scheme of a drathaar can be different. For example, it can be natural food, pelleted food, or a reasonable combination of both. However, whatever the type of nutritious diet, there should not be both prepared and dry food in the same meal. As for “drying”, such food is more convenient, because it does not need to be cooked. It is enough to choose the right one from a series of holistic or premium feeds.
It should contain a lot of natural meat, which is usually indicated on the packaging. Cheap feed is made from meat meal, which at best contains offal or chopped hooves. Given that there is nothing useful in them, it is undesirable to take them for your pet.
As a rule, dogs that eat cheap food for a long time are prone to liver disease and digestive upset.
It is impossible to buy feed by weight for the reason that after opening a large package, it begins to oxidize. The more it is on the store counter, the worse its quality will become, as well as freshness. The best solution is to choose a small package of granular product for active wire-haired dogs. At the same time, it is undesirable to take the same food every time, because the animal needs variety in food.
Besides, feed, unlike natural food, less is required per feeding, since this product is concentrated. However, it is balanced, it contains vitamins and nutrients. When buying such a product, you need to pay attention to the age category for which it is designed. In addition to it, it is necessary to provide the dog with constant access to fresh water, and therefore a bowl of water should be in the kitchen all the time.
If the decision is made to feed the animal with natural food, we must not forget that it must be saturated with vitamins and minerals. The menu should contain products such as lean meats, seasonal vegetables, kefir, cottage cheese. In addition, you need to regularly feed your pet with buckwheat, rice and oatmeal. At least once a week, the dog should be given eggs.
Puppies need to be fed more often than adult dogs. As a rule, after their purchase, babies are fed about 4-5 times a day. As the animal grows older, they are fed less frequently, gradually reducing the frequency of meals and increasing the amount of food consumed. It is better to feed your pet at the same hours in the morning and in the evening. If the puppy is fed “dry”, the pellets are soaked at first so that they do not harm the formation of teeth and do not cause pain to the puppy.
The daily allowance of food is calculated based on the weight and age of the pet. It is divided by the number of feedings.
With ready-made food, this is easy, as manufacturers indicate the recommended dosage on the product packaging. Natural food is selected with the condition that, along with cereals and vegetables, the dog eats meat every day.
In the nutritional diet of young individuals, there should be veins, cartilage, as well as a scar necessary for the formation of canine joints. In addition, you will have to provide your pet with vitamin complexes, which are selected not only based on the age of the animal, but also taking into account its state of health. It is impossible to overfeed the hunting pointer, since excess weight in some cases can cause systemic diseases.
The list of prohibited foods that are contraindicated for these dogs includes any sweets, spicy and smoked foods, fried and raw sausages, sausages, pickles and tubular bones. Dogs should not be fed before training or physical activity. You can not treat them with food from your table or put their food on the plates from which family members eat. Animals should have their own dishes, and there should be three bowls: for liquid, food and “sour milk”.
How to care?
Pet care will consist in observing basic hygiene and general rules that are followed for all types of dogs. For example, this is regular care for hair, teeth, claws, ears and eyes. In addition, it is necessary from early childhood to provide the pet with frequent examinations by a specialist, timely administration of the vaccine and antiparasitic treatment. It is important to show the animal to a specialist not only when it is sick, but also for prevention purposes.
As for the care of a fur coat, it will not be difficult due to the structure and length of the coat. If other dogs have to comb out dead hair for a long time for the new hair to grow normally, and also to rid it of tangles, none of this is needed here.
Even during the molt, which usually happens twice a year, the drathaar does not shed too much hair. If the dog lives in an apartment with dry and warm air, molting can last almost constantly.
In order for his coat to be updated in a timely manner, the breeder needs to comb the pet with a special comb no more than once a week. During molting, the frequency of procedures should be increased to two times a week. Considering that all combs are not suitable for this dog, it is necessary to buy an option with metal teeth, choosing an accessory for grooming, taking into account the size of the dog, the length of its coat and its density. If the comb is not matched correctly in the store, it will increase the time to comb out dead hair and can make the procedure painful.
Drathaars are rarely bathed (mostly once every six months). However, if the dog returned from a hunt or a walk too dirty, washing is indispensable. Breeders should also take into account such a feature as the loss of stiffness of the fur coat and its natural qualities with frequent bathing with zoo shampoo. If desired, the pet will never refuse to splash in an open pond.
The dog’s ears need to be inspected constantly, as they get dirty, ridding the shells of sulfur. If in these areas the owner detects inflammation or an unpleasant odor or liquid, the dog must be immediately taken to the veterinarian. It is also necessary to engage in eye hygiene to prevent the likelihood of clogging and inflammation. About once a week they are wiped with a damp cotton pad dipped in a weak solution of tea or chamomile.
After walking, it is necessary to wipe and inspect the dog’s paws for wounds, splinters and cracks. If the paw pads are covered with cracks, this indicates a lack of fat, and therefore vegetable oil must be included in the nutritious diet.
In addition, cracked pads must also be lubricated with vegetable oil. Once a month, it is necessary to treat the animal with antiparasitic agents for fleas and ticks.
Education and training
As practice shows, the earlier the owner starts training the puppy, the better and faster the pet is trained. To memorize the simplest commands, a puppy needs no more than 2-3 training sessions. The pet remembers the commands “sit”, “voice”, “lie down”, “stand” and “no” instantly. He does not need to constantly reinforce the acquired skills, because the dog remembers these commands all his life.
Drathaars can please their owners with presents in the form of caught rats or field rodents. Their mentor should be firm and serious in education. However, there can be no question of any abuse of the authoritarian style of communication with a dog.
The pet feels very subtly where and when the owner shows weakness, and therefore can quickly seize the initiative in his paws, starting to manipulate his owner.
Courage is instilled in the dog from childhood, encouraging the puppy’s courage in training, his fear of shots and the type of prey, no matter how large its dimensions are. The baby remembers the smells of gunpowder and gun salvo while hunting, far from public places and civilization. At the initial stage of training, the puppy should hear shots at a distance of about 200 m from him. If they do not scare him, the distance between the pet and the shot is gradually reduced.
The first training is best done under the guidance of a dog handler or a huntsman. Often, the curriculum includes swimming lessons in open water. Since some puppies are afraid of water since childhood, learning to swim should be gradual, played with some kind of game.
Monotony in training is unacceptable, as is rough handling. In such cases, the pet loses respect for its owner and ceases to see him as his idol.
Lessons should be combined with dashes, games and tasks for ingenuity. Puppies can be trained to carry items at 5 months old. He is ready for fetching when he learns to immediately and correctly respond to the commanding voice of the owner. In the first training lessons, a stuffed bird is used, which the dog must learn to bring at the request of the owner.
On average, a pet should bring about four types of prey to the owner. In this case, the technique of training can be presented in the form of an imitation of hunting. Here the dog is trained in perseverance, taking a stance, as well as waiting for the command of its owner. It is good if from childhood the pet is taught to hunt not only waterfowl, but also pheasant and hare.
For the Drathaar breed, see below.