[ad_1]

The cat is arguably the most popular pet, and for good reason. After all, this is a surprisingly cozy, affectionate creature. If you are looking for a not too capricious and friendly breed, pay attention to the Anatolian cat. It has long been in demand in many countries, including Russia. Perhaps their appearance will seem ordinary to many, especially in comparison with the new original breeds, but their character, love for people is amazing. Otherwise, Anatolians are called Turkish cats, they owe this, of course, to their historical homeland.

Origin story

The Anatolian cat was once a wild cat and led a free life in the east of Antalya. Pride in the origin of this breed is still characteristic of the Turks. At first, Lake Van was the habitat of free cats, then a rather long chain of evolution and change took place, then the cat was domesticated. As a result of these processes, the Turkish breed was formed. In modern Turkey, there are quite a lot of wild cats of this breed, they have strayed from people and run wild. Nevertheless, there are still a lot of purebred representatives.

The official recognition of the cat took place in the mid-90s of the XX century, despite the fact that Turkish cats have a very long history. At this exhibition, the breed made a strong impression on many breeders in Europe, after which the Anatolian cat began its victorious march through different countries. The Turkish Shorthair entered the pedigree list in 2000.

Description

The external features of this short-haired cat breed are not too remarkable:

  • the size is average, the weight is variable – from 3 to 6 kg, depending on the sex, males, of course, are larger;
  • the muscles are developed, the skeleton is extremely strong, therefore the appearance of the cat is squat, stocky type;
  • even kittens already have a strong build, grow very quickly if they are properly cared for and fed;
  • the outline of the back of a straight type;
  • the pelvis is smaller than the front of the body;
  • the neck is quite powerful, the tail and paws of an adequate size to the body are medium;
  • head like a triangle, medium size;
  • the muzzle is distinguished by a pronounced chin and prominent cheekbones;
  • the area of ​​the head and ears has original pigmentation, which is separated by light stripes;
  • ears are straight, high, with fluff inside, wide at the base, the ends are rounded;
  • eyes of a very unusual almond-ellipsoid shape, slightly squinting;
  • the coat is short, elongated on the tail, but not too much, the coat is harsh, thinned, crispy;
  • wool perfectly repels water, so they do not need a lot of time to dry;
  • the undercoat is not very pronounced;
  • the suit is allowed varied, with a darkening of the tail.

Character features

First of all, the owners note such qualities of pets as cheerfulness, active behavior, they are very curious, like to run and play. The character is extremely lively, playful at any age. They love to communicate with the owners, so they become very loyal friends of a person and even family members. These cats love water, which distinguishes them from the entire cat tribe, so they bathe with pleasure, especially since they dry out at an incredible speed.

It doesn’t matter much how big your family is, Anatolians will fit in perfectly, but you need to be prepared for the fact that they will choose one master for themselves, whom they will obey. With this person they will spend almost all their time and will clearly give preference to him in any situation.

Their chosen one will constantly see the cat rubbing against his legs, purring, purring, jumping on his knees, waving his tail. Anatolian cats know how to frown, if you carefully follow their muzzle, you can notice this. Anatolians meow in a special way, the sounds are very reminiscent of a bird’s cry or chirping, while their voice is not sharp, but soft, melodic, quiet.

Turkish shorthair cats are very smart, their intelligence is high. To teach them to go to the tray or perform some tricks, tricks is quite simple. They superbly obey commands and show zeal in training.

Cats can show their owner that they have cause for concern. If your kettle boils or you forget to turn off the tap, your cat will find a way to let you know.

Color options

According to the standards, the color of the Anatolian cat can vary, the range of acceptable colors is quite wide: gray, white, red and others. At the same time, there is an important feature, without which the cat will not receive a certificate – the correspondence of the color of the body and tail in favor of darkening the latter. The most common colors:

  • grey;
  • black;
  • white;
  • blue;
  • ginger;
  • tortoiseshell.

The variability of colors, however, does not allow for a Siamese, chocolate or cinnamon color. In this case, the pigment can lie down in different ways: tabby, tricolor, bicolor. As for the color of the eyes, there is no color that would not be allowed by the standards, white cats most often have a different shade of eyes.

Conditions of detention

Cats, in principle, are able to keep themselves clean, this is one of the cleanest creatures in the animal kingdom. Anatolians are neat, so they always look great, neat and beautiful. This does not mean that they do not need help with care. In order for the appearance of the cat to always be spectacular, it is necessary to carry out certain procedures.

  • Combing. Although the coat is of a short type, it still needs to be combed out weekly, especially during the shedding period. Use a special tool – a soft type brush with frequent teeth. When the animal sheds, it is necessary to increase the number of combing.
  • water procedures. They bathe cats when the need arises, there is no strict regulation, but not more than once a month. Since Turkish cats love water and often ask to bathe, you need to proceed from your own abilities, you can bathe more often if you have time. There are Anatolian cats who are constantly ready to sit in the bathroom and jump to those who are about to take a shower.
  • Ear cleaning. This procedure is best done every 2 weeks or more often with cotton pads, sticks and Chlorhexidine. Movements should be neat, thoughtful.
  • Eye cleaning. Daily eye care is a must. You need to clean with a cotton pad, which is pre-soaked in warm water, tea leaves, herbal infusion, decoction, eye care liquid – to choose from.
  • claws. You need to cut your nails about once or twice a month, you can’t start this process, since Anatolians have very hard claws and fast-growing ones. The procedure is performed with nail clippers. In addition, make sure that the cat has somewhere to sharpen its claws. If this is not done, interior items will be used: a sofa, carpets, armchairs, table or chair legs
  • Teeth. After about a day or two, you need to brush your pet’s teeth with a special paste and brush. It does not require rinsing and is purchased either at pet stores or veterinary pharmacies.

Turkish cats willingly go to the tray, which they quickly get used to, they don’t have to pick it up according to the pet’s tastes, any toilet of sufficient capacity will do for them. As for fillers, it all depends on your capabilities and desires.

The only recommendation is to buy paper or wood-based litter for small Anatolians so that an accidentally eaten granule does not harm the kitten. The main thing is to regularly change the filler, otherwise the animal will start looking for other places.

Cats of this breed can and should be walked, as by nature they are very freedom-loving. Ideally, it is better to have such a cat for owners of private houses so that the pet can regularly walk in a fenced area. If you live in an apartment, you should take care of a special leash.

What to feed?

One of the most pleasant character traits of the Anatolian cat is unpretentiousness in food, which was formed during their free life and self-sustainment. This cat is a predator by nature and knows how to get food, despite the fact that he has become a domestic cat, these traits are ineradicable. If desired, cats can be fed with ordinary food or special dry and other types of food. If you prefer a natural menu, then the diet should include foods such as:

  • beef, turkey, boiled veal;
  • boiled chicken;
  • rabbit meat;
  • cheese, cottage cheese;
  • by-products of various types;
  • fish scalded with boiling water;
  • boiled eggs;
  • dairy products;
  • cereals;
  • boiled vegetables;
  • occasionally raw meat.

The gastrointestinal tract of cats perfectly digests natural products, while cats quite easily get used to different types of food. Meat can not be boiled, frozen, and then poured with boiling water. It is very important to water the animal on time, fresh water should be available around the clock, it needs to be changed every day, not allowing it to stagnate. It is better to organize feeding in this way – for kittens 5 meals a day, for adult cats – two meals a day.

Portions should be full, large. Sometimes it is worth taking vitamin courses, including appropriate supplements in the diet.

Appetite, as a rule, in healthy cats is very good, but they are not prone to obesity – they move a lot and are very active by nature. Overfeeding does not threaten them, as they finish eating after saturation. If it is important for you to navigate by numbers, then on average 30 grams of feed should fall on 1 kg of animal weight. Protein food should be 4/5 of the total diet. At the same time, cats need carbohydrates and fats. It is more convenient for both the animal and the owners if the cat is accustomed to a certain feeding time. Give him food at the same time, what is not eaten must be immediately removed.

What should be excluded from the diet completely:

  • sweets, such as sweets or cookies, buns, chocolates;
  • salty food, as well as flavored with seasonings;
  • fatty meats, such as pork;
  • fried food.

It should be remembered that for both growing cats and adults, a balanced diet is very important. If you are not indifferent to the health and development of your pet, you should take care of proper nutrition. If there is no time for this, it is better to opt for special feeds, wet or dry. So you save the cat from problems with the gastrointestinal tract, kidneys, urinary tract.

Health

Thanks to the genes of their ancestors, Anatolian cats are very strong and have excellent health, their immunity copes well with parasites, viruses and infections. These troubles happen to them infrequently. And serious illnesses are all the more rare for representatives of this breed. With proper care, a cat can live with you for more than 15 years.

If your plans do not include breeding the breed, it is better to castrate or sterilize the pet. Sterilized after the animal is 8 months old, and preferably up to a year. The maximum age for this procedure is 2 years, after this milestone health problems may arise. Castration is carried out in the period from 10 months to 2 years. It is important to carry out these manipulations before the cat matures and his habits are formed. In addition, the younger the cat, the faster he will get on his feet. Early surgery is also not recommended, otherwise it will cause developmental delay.

After the operation is done, it is necessary to provide the pet with full care in order to prevent possible complications. Entrust your little friend only to a trusted doctor, and after the operation, follow these rules:

  • the cat needs peace, save the animal from the noise;
  • there is a danger that the pet will lick the seams too actively, and they will disperse, so provide it with a special blanket belt;
  • food can be given only after 12 hours;
  • daily check the condition of the seams, treat them with Chlorhexidine or peroxide;
  • stay nearby, do not let us move too actively;
  • you can give painkillers if the veterinarian has given the go-ahead and indicated the dosage.

Urgently consult a doctor if the cat is unconscious for a long time, does not eat for more than three days, the seam is soaked, festered.

For the purchase of an Anatolian cat, you need to contact only trusted breeders, catteries. Anatolians are bred in Greece, Germany, Holland, Ukraine, Belarus, Russia. There are no nurseries in our country, but there are quite a few breeders specializing in this breed.

You can learn more about the intellectual abilities of Turkish cats from the video below.

[ad_2]