Chinchillas are popular pets that need careful care. Rodents must receive proper nutrition, otherwise various diseases may appear. Many diseases of chinchillas are successfully treated if they are detected in time.
Chinchilla diseases and their treatment
Regardless of the identified disease, it is necessary to follow the general rules regarding the care of a sick animal. It is important to know what are the diseases of chinchillas and their symptoms, as well as the main methods of treatment:
- Most diseases are accompanied by loss of appetite, but this does not mean that the rodent should be left without food. Experts recommend feeding him using a dropper or syringe without a needle. Give the animal food in a pasty state.
- An important condition is the maintenance of water balance, so if the chinchilla refuses water, it must be forcibly watered using a pipette or syringe. In case of diarrhea, it is recommended to use an isotonic solution, which is available in a veterinary pharmacy, and you can also make it yourself by adding 1 teaspoon of salt to 250 ml of water.
- In the diet for any illness of a chinchilla, there should be more vitamins, so it is best to purchase a special vitamin complex and add it to the feed.
- It is important to keep the animal’s cage clean, and also wash the feeder and drinker.
constipation in chinchilla
A similar problem is extremely rare and is evidenced by small hard feces. In addition, when probing the abdomen, hard places can be detected. It is worth noting that constipation for chinchillas is a fatal disease, as it can cause a rupture of the intestinal wall. In most cases, it is observed in pregnant females and young animals. Causes include: infection, poor nutrition, lack of water, stress, lack of mobility and noise.
Treatment for constipation in chinchillas depends on when the problem was discovered. If no more than a day has passed, then you can give the animal fresh grass, more fruits and water. If constipation continues for several days, then treatment should be started. The best medicine in this case is Regulax. It should be added to water three drops per 0.5 l. If all else fails, be sure to contact your veterinarian.
Deprive a chinchilla
If you find bald and flaky areas on the skin, you must use special tools. In many veterinary pharmacies, you can find the drug “Vakderm”, which is sold in ampoules, and it is administered intramuscularly. For the treatment of lichen in chinchillas, consider the following rules:
- Use an insulin syringe to inject into your thigh. Dial the drug in the second division.
- The best time for an injection is morning. Pinch the thigh with two fingers and insert the needle shallowly so as not to reach the bone.
- The vaccination should be repeated after two weeks. After injections, the body of the animal receives protection from depriving for a year.
This disease develops in animals that live in cages with a mesh floor. It is recommended to periodically check the soles of the hind feet, which may develop cracks, where a staph infection can get. Symptoms and treatment of chinchilla diseases is important information for rodent owners, as some diseases are fatal. If pododermatitis is detected, it is necessary to lubricate the paws with Dermozolone or Streptocide. Spend lubrication twice a day for several days until the complete disappearance of the disease.
Chinchilla has a cold
Rare, but possible, are colds that develop due to hypothermia or exposure to a draft. The following symptoms will indicate the presence of the disease: heavy breathing, sneezing and wet nostrils. When figuring out how to help a chinchilla with a cold, it is worth pointing out the need to use antibiotics in the form of injections. In most cases, the duration of treatment is five days. The veterinarian should select the drug.
The presented disease is associated with the teeth and there are two types of disease: when the animal has sharp edges of the molars or when the incisors do not grow correctly. Such pathologies are found in the third year of life and can be inherited. The main cause of slobbering is the incorrect structure of the jaw. After some time, sharp teeth begin to injure the inner cavity of the mouth, thereby increasing salivation, hence the name of the disease.
When drooling, you need to see a doctor. Under anesthesia, the specialist will cut off the sharp edges of the teeth, using a drill, break off and grind them. This prolongs the life of the pet for six months, and then the edges will grow again. If the growth of the incisors is impaired, then the doctor cuts them with wire cutters. It will only help for a few months. Teeth will not grow normally and there is a risk that the animal will die from exhaustion.
Diseases of chinchillas – gnawing wool
There are cases when rodents on themselves or relatives gnaw out shreds of wool. More often this happens due to stress, for example, after transportation, when planting another animal or pregnancy. If the chinchilla gnaws out the hair on the sides, then it is better to deposit the animal and cover the cage with a dark cloth. When after five days the rodent behaves calmly, it means that soon the fur will grow back. If the problem persists, then the reason may lie in the lack of vitamins and it is recommended to give the chinchilla a more saturated diet. If there is no result, it is recommended to consult a doctor.
Injuries in chinchillas and their treatment
An animal can be physically injured as a result of a fall, an unsuccessful jump or a fight. Such diseases of chinchillas should not be treated on their own.
- More often, wounds form on the head, ears, back, abdomen and sides. Damage sites should be treated with hydrogen peroxide or lubricated with Levomekol.
- If fractures are found, it is best to consult a veterinarian to determine the exact location of the injury. With a closed fracture, a splint is applied for a week and a half. Keep in mind that chinchillas can bite off a broken limb, so you need to give animals painkillers so that the paw does not bother. If the chinchilla is sick and has an open fracture, then the foot will have to be completely removed.
- To anesthetize wounds, “Lidocaine” is used in the form of a spray or injection. After the operation, the animal needs antibiotics for a week to avoid infection and infection.