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domestic cats

Chipping cats: what is it and why is it needed?

In the age of urbanization, people do not have many opportunities and time to go out into nature and communicate with animals. Therefore, the maintenance of pets (cats, dogs, hamsters) for a modern person is increasingly becoming the only affordable alternative to living in the countryside. For safety reasons and the convenience of the owner, each animal must be microchipped.

What is chipping?

Electronic identification of animals is called chipping. This procedure is implanting a small electronic circuit with personal data under the skin of a cat. The information on it is presented in the form of a code, which is unique and consists of 15 digits. The decoding of this designation, including information about the owner and his animal, is entered into a special electronic database.

This allows you to distinguish the animal from other relatives with absolute certainty.

In the database, in addition to the belonging of the animal to a specific owner, indicate:

  • breed;
  • gender;
  • nickname
  • date of birth;
  • color;
  • personal distinguishing marks;
  • past illnesses;
  • vaccinations;
  • photo of a pet.


The structure of the code is by no means random, but strictly verified. The first three digits make up the symbol of the state. They are always separated from the three-digit manufacturer designation by zero. And only after that go eight digits inextricably. They designate just this particular animal, allowing it to be accurately identified.


After the procedure, the owner has a passport in his hands with all the data, the date of the operation, the name of the veterinary clinic, the signature and seal of the doctor. Also, all information is entered into the international electronic accounting system in the form of an animal passport. But here you need to understand that not all countries have such advanced technologies. For example, in Russia, the introduction of such identification is at an early stage of development and is carried out mainly by metropolitan clinics. As for foreign countries, there are two main databases: the European Union and the United States.


How is it carried out?


Chipping an animal looks like a small injection. It runs fairly quickly. This procedure is considered completely safe and painless; it does not cause much inconvenience to the animal. To do this, use an applicator similar to a syringe with a needle through which a capsule with a microcircuit is inserted.

Before injection, the chip shell is disinfected to eliminate negative health effects.

It is also worth noting that during this procedure, only disposable syringes are usedwhich prevents the transfer of diseases between animals. In addition, before the introduction of the chip, each pet is checked for the presence of various kinds of diseases. When they are detected and during the treatment period, chipping is not done. A contraindication is the weakened immune system of the cat.

The procedure kit includes a plastic card, similar to the one issued by banks. Chipping is performed without anesthesia. It is no more painful than vaccination. In any serious veterinary clinic, it is performed without any problems. You don’t even need to pre-apply.


Since the chip is small, it does not cause discomfort to the pet. Its length can be compared to two grains of rice. This device is the best option – a cat or a cat will not lose it. Usually the injection is made at the withers, because there the chip will not move under the skin arbitrarily.


Problems arise only with inaccurate insertion of the microcircuit; because of this, scanning the animal will take longer.


Chip Capabilities


There is a common myth that a lost cat can be found by GPS tracking the location of the chip. However, the principle of operation of this device is completely different from that of a mobile phone, and therefore remote search is not possible. The chip is activated only in one case – when a scanning device is located in the immediate vicinity of it. The rest of the time it does not transmit any signals and therefore cannot be tracked.

However, there are several other situations in which chipping is indispensable:

  • registration in a veterinary clinic;
  • identification of the owner of the found animal;
  • controversial situation (it is not clear which of the outwardly similar animals belongs to whom);
  • purebred pet insurance;
  • travel abroad.

It is worth considering the following points:

  • in the CIS countries, a very small number of veterinary clinics are equipped with equipment for reading information from a chip;
  • there are low-quality and fake chips;
  • With the advent of this device, entry into the territory of some countries with animals without chips is prohibited.


Eliminating possible problems for yourself and for your pet is quite easy. To do this, before starting the procedure, you must ask the doctor for quality certificates for the products. They also check the compliance of the chip with international standards. Being interested in this moment is important not only for confidence in the quality of electronics. Inattention to it can turn into problems when traveling abroad.


There are other precautions that minimize the risks when microchipping a cat or cat. It is undesirable to call veterinarians for chipping at home. Often such a specialist is not competent enough. In addition, the provision of this service at home may lead to the absence of chip data in the necessary accounting databases. It can also result in an infection of the pet. In this case, his health will be at risk, and treatment will cost much more than the money saved at first.


The documents must contain the name of the doctor and his signature.


It is also worth remembering about obtaining all documentary evidence for the service provided:

  • certificate;
  • a plastic card;
  • stickers in the pedigree;
  • stickers in the passport.


Modern electronics:

  • help to prevent theft of the animal;
  • prevents substitution at exhibitions and other events of this kind;
  • lasts long enough;
  • is highly reliable.


Expert opinion


Veterinarians consider chipping a harmless procedure. If the procedure is performed correctly, then:

  • there is no risk of infection (when performing the procedure in the clinic);
  • low risk of infection
  • there is no risk of shifting the device in the body;
  • The age of the animal does not matter.

It should be noted that the location of the injection point at the withers is not accidental. This prevents the cat from reaching the injection site on its own. Therefore, she will not be able to infect him when combing. The latest modifications of the chips are equipped with a thermal sensor, the information from which is also displayed in the computer when reading. This function allows the doctor not to waste time on additional temperature measurement.

Chipping a cat when traveling abroad


Before you go on a trip with a pet, you need to know in advance the rules for transporting it across the border. And it is no longer possible to confine oneself to simply vaccinating the same cat. The veterinary regulations of the main states, in addition to the list of vaccinations, also mention the presence of chips. And not just chips, but those that meet certain requirements. You can’t enter the EU with a cat without a microchip, meeting the ISO-11784 standard.

You also need to pay special attention to the correspondence of information in the chip and in the animal’s passport. If the data differs even slightly, the error must be corrected before departure. It is worth making a request to the international database of animal records. There are two main databases of this kind − Petmaxx and EuroPetNet. When all the conditions described above are met, crossing the border will not cause any obstacles.

See below for details on whether chipping is necessary.



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