domestic hamster

What do you need to keep a hamster?


  1. Attribute Selection

Hamsters are cute, fluffy creatures that make great pets. But, despite the small size of these animals, they require special and proper care. For this reason, before you buy a hamster, you should create conditions for his comfortable living in advance. Below is a list of what you definitely need to buy a future pet:

  • cell;
  • house;
  • drinker;
  • feeder;
  • fillers;
  • toilet;
  • mineral stone;
  • wheel;
  • ball for walking;
  • toys.

Attribute Selection

The cage is the main attribute, because it is in it that the fluffy pet will spend all his time. How to choose the right cell and what you need to build on is described below.

  • Manufacturing material. It can be metal or plastic. Plastic cages are usually immediately equipped with all the necessary equipment, including a wheel, tunnels and other attributes. Of course, such an option with a complete set is not cheap. For this reason, a metal cage will be a more affordable and no less high-quality choice.
  • Dimensions. An adult must be in a cage with dimensions of at least 50×50 or 30×50 cm – this depends on the breed of the pet. A small cage will negatively affect the health of the hamster. Also, do not put your pet in a cage that is designed for a parrot or guinea pig. It must be equipped specifically for hamsters, have the appropriate size and quality.
  • Rod material. This is an important criterion, because hamsters tend to gnaw on twigs. It is better that they are made of stainless steel, do not bend or break. It is important that there is no paint on the rods, otherwise the hamster will be poisoned by harmful substances. As for the distance between the rods, it should be from 5 to 10 mm (depending on the breed of the hamster).
  • Door. Usually the cage has two doors. The pet enters and exits one of them, and the other is located at the top to make it easier for the owner to clean inside, namely: clean the feeder, toilet and renew the bedding.

You can not put two hamsters in a cage, otherwise the struggle for territory between them will be inevitable, during which individuals can injure each other. It is laid down by nature so that these fluffy animals live alone. For this reason (if the owner decided to have two hamsters), they need to be placed in different cages.

Another important point: nothing can be rearranged in the cage, even if the pet itself, according to the owner, made a mess there. Any rearrangement can threaten with serious stress for the animal. Often getting a hamster out of its permanent habitat is also not recommended.

As for the location of the cage in the apartment, it should be in a place where there is no high humidity, drafts or bright sunlight.

small house

A small pet needs a cozy corner where he would create a “nest” for himself and stock up on food. The main thing for a home is strength, safety, non-toxicity and weightiness. There are several types of houses.

  • From a tree. This option is environmentally friendly and familiar to the hamster. Shops offer a variety of designs of wooden houses – you can choose the original design.

  • Made of plastic. Here you have to make a responsible choice. It is important that the plastic is non-toxic, otherwise the hamster may get poisoned. In stores you can find a lot of plastic houses – from one-story to multi-level, with different colors.

  • from ceramics. This material is considered safe, non-toxic and durable. The hamster will not be able to move it because of the weight of the dwelling, which is a plus. As for the design, you can choose ceramic houses in the form of any fruit or mushroom.

  • Carry house. A convenient option that easily converts from a place to rest your pet into a convenient carrying bag. It will come in handy if the owner is leaving somewhere or just cleaning the cage.

  • Fabric and other houses. Sometimes the owners purchase a home in the form of a hammock or make a cardboard house with their own hands. It cannot be said that such materials are durable, because it costs nothing for a hamster to quickly gnaw its habitat.

Drinker with feeder

Not a single cage can be imagined without these important food and drink attributes for a hamster.

There may be one feeder, but it is better to stock up on two at once – the cereal mixture will be poured into one, and juicy food into the other. Feeders are made of plastic or ceramic. It is better to dwell on the ceramic version due to its weight and durability. It is worth noting that hamsters love to climb into the feeders, so it is better that there is a place in it not only for food, but also for a small pet.

As for the drinker, it is divided into several types.

  • Bowl. It is the most common and cheapest option. But it is worth noting the minus of such a drinker – it easily turns over. For this reason, the owner will have to clean the cage quite often, otherwise the raw filler will cause diseases of the fluffy pet.
  • Vacuum drinker. It is hygienic, simple and convenient. But it is important not to choose soft plastic as a material, otherwise the hamster will quickly gnaw it.
  • Automatic and ball. Such a drinker is convenient and reliable. The pet will quickly figure out how to use it correctly, so there will be no problems with adaptation. It is only important to choose high-quality material so that the drinker does not leak.
  • With pocket. Such a container has a special pocket-spout, from where the animal receives water. This option is reliable and hygienic, although the water may become contaminated from the filler, so the owner should take this into account and periodically change the water.

Fillers and toilet

You can not leave the cage without filler. There are two reasons for this: hamsters love to dig into the litter, equipping their habitat with it, and the litter eliminates the pungent smell of rodent urine. The main thing is to choose a safe and comfortable option for the animal.

Fillers can be from various components.

  • Hay. This material will be familiar to the hamster, besides, it is environmentally friendly and low price.
  • Sawdust. This option is popular among hamster owners. Only sawdust does not sufficiently absorb the smell, and the pet can scatter them around him, thereby polluting the area next to the cage.
  • Pressed sawdust. This option differs from the previous one in better absorption of odors.
  • Cellulose. If the pet is allergic to other types of filler, then you can stop at cellulose material, although it is far from being a leader in absorbing odors and moisture.
  • Corn. This option is the safest and most effective. But, accordingly, the price bar will be higher than that of the previous types.

Some owners make filler from improvised means, such as napkins. As for newspapers, they cannot be used because they contain lead. Cotton wool is also an undesirable option, because the hamster can get tangled in it, injuring the paws, up to a fracture.


Another important attribute in the cage is the toilet. Hamsters are very clean animals, so after buying a triangular plastic container, you need to place it in one corner or another. The pet will quickly get used to the toilet, and it will be easier for the owner to clean the cage. In this case, you can even purchase a model with a special scoop and filler.


Many owners wonder if a hamster really needs a running wheel. This attribute is not entertainment or a toy that you can do without. Hamsters need a wheel to keep active. These rodents love to run, but they don’t have such an opportunity in a cage.

For this reason, it is important for the owner to buy a wheel, focusing on certain criteria.

  • Dimensions. They depend on the breed of the pet. The wheel can be with a diameter of 14 to 18 cm.
  • Surface. It is on it that a fluffy pet will “turn circles”. It is important that it is not too smooth and not slatted. In the first case, the hamster will slide and fall all the time, and in the second, the pet risks injury to its paws. It is also important to pay attention to the safety of the wheel mounts.

The owner should be prepared for the fact that running in a wheel is a rather noisy activity, and a hamster can do this all night long. In the store you can buy a silent version, for example, a plate wheel. The main thing is that there is enough space in the cage for this item.

Toys and other accessories

To satisfy all the needs of a fluffy pet, the owner can buy him another accessory such as a mineral stone. It is needed so that the hamster gnaws it, thereby getting the necessary vitamins. In addition, this pebble will take care of the health of the rodent’s teeth.

In order for the hamster to safely move around the apartment outside the cage, you need to buy a special walking ball for him. So the owner will not need to worry that a small pet may get lost.

As for other toys, for example, swings, labyrinths, stairs, all these accessories are quite capable of replacing the wheel, because the main thing for a hamster is to move. Toys can be made with your own hands, but do not forget about the safety of materials and convenience for the hamster.

For what you need to keep a hamster, see the following video.