A cage for a small rodent must be comfortable so that the animal is comfortable inside it. Often it is equipped with houses, which is very pleasing to the animals. About what these houses can be, why they are needed, and how to choose them correctly – read on.
Why is it needed?
A house for a guinea pig is nothing more than a place of her personal space. This animal is quite shy, and therefore needs a place where it can hide in case of “danger”. In addition to the fact that the house is considered a kind of fence from others, it is a place for breeding and eating.
In fact, this is a cage accessory in which the animal can hide, eat, sleep, be alone.
This is an indispensable thing for those who have noisy neighbors, because guinea pigs are afraid of loud sounds.
In the house they feel safe, and therefore they can relax. A shy animal is poorly disposed to the owners, unsociable and looking for constant solitude.
Guinea pig houses can be classified according to several criteria. In terms of manufacturing, they can be ready-made – made in a production environment – and home-made (made from improvised material).
In addition, the products also differ in shape: it can be cylindrical, hemispherical, rectangular, square.
It is difficult to say unequivocally which product is better, because often those options that are created independently at home turn out to be more interesting in terms of design and convenience.
type of instalation
Products differ in the type of installation: modifications are floor and suspended. The choice of the correct option depends on the type and characteristics of the cell itself. Floor options in most cases do not have a bottom, while hanging-type products do. Otherwise, the differences depend only on the design. Suspended soft-type options are something like a hammock, however, more rigid.
The house can have not only one, but also two entrances, often its facades are decorated with decorative cuts of geometric shapes. Other designs are completely a reduced copy of a log house with a gable roof. According to the type of streamlining, models can be angular and with smooth or even rounded edges.
Modifications can be designed for one animal or two individuals.
Particularly spacious products provide a place for offspring inside.
Products also differ in the type of material they are made of. Often, it is this factor that determines the choice of model, which is carried out on the basis of the pros and cons of raw materials.
Wood is considered one of the best types of raw materials. Such houses are especially strong, environmentally friendly and durable. They are rarely bought, because one product can last a long time. Their disadvantage is their heavy weight and the need for careful polishing, as well as the limited color scheme.
Plywood is convenient because it is easy to process and assemble. Such products are lightweight and beautiful. However, plywood is not as practical as the original wood, and therefore less durable and can delaminate over time. In addition, it is more susceptible to rodent teeth. Another disadvantage is the limited range of colors.
Cardboard designs are notable only for the fact that they are easy to make. Unlike wood and plywood, fewer tools are used here, because you don’t need to cut anything, but you can simply cut it out with scissors.
The disadvantage of such houses is the fragility and softness, which must be eliminated with a sealant. Making cardboard houses is much faster.
These houses are unique in their own way and can be very diverse, depending on the complexity of the cut and the degree of skill of the manufacturer. They are characterized by rich colors, can create a particularly comfortable environment for the pet.
The disadvantages of a soft house made of flannel and cotton are the instability of the material to the teeth of the animal and the poor stability of the structure itself, even if there is a seal and stuffing inside. These products are not durable.
Glass options are considered an original cage accessory. In fact, they are used as containers for an aquarium. Unfortunately, breeders do not think that such houses will easily injure a pet when he wants to sharpen his teeth. Glass enters the body, which is the cause of death.
Made of plastic
Houses made of plastic are unique in their richest color range. They can have a wide variety of configurations and sizes. Sometimes such models are even created from plastic pipes. However, neither their convenience nor lightness can compensate for the harmfulness of the material itself.
If a guinea pig begins to gnaw at such a house, its digestive system is destroyed.
In order for the guinea pig to feel good inside the house, you need to pay attention to the size of the room. The average dimensions of a rectangular house can be 25 cm long, 15 wide and 15 high. The minimum values \u200b\u200bare 23x15x11 cm.
If the house is smaller, the degree of comfort of the rodent will change. If the design is needed for two pigs, its parameters should be larger.
If the product is cylindrical in shape, and this is a suspended version, it is usually small, or even completely compact. For example, the bottom of such a house can be 12, 16 and 21 cm, height – 11, 16 and 21 cm. There is no corridor inside such models, some of them are good only for small pets. Models created independently are often very spacious. This is convenient, because the animal inside can turn as it pleases without causing discomfort.
Which to choose?
When choosing a house for a guinea pig, you need to consider a number of nuances. For example, the key one will be the material. You need to look at its environmental friendliness, harmlessness to the rodent and durability. This is definitely wood or plywood without any painting (remember that an animal can gnaw it off a wooden surface).
If you want to equip the cage with a hammock, a textile option with a seal and a good shape is considered.
The price of the issue is often an indicator of quality. However, when buying, you should refer to the products of a trusted manufacturer. It is important to find a supplier that does not use poisonous glue, or worse, small staples when securing the material, which can injure the pig. The product must be impeccable in terms of quality and assembly. There should be no chips, cracks, or other defects.
You should never take a staggering option. If it is initially poorly made, then no independent gluing will fix the matter. This product will not last long. And it can at some point injure your pet.
If you are going to make a house on your own and do not know what and how best, start working from plywood. Perhaps in the future you will master the tree.
When buying, pay attention to the size of the entrance: if it is too small, it will be inconvenient for the animal to go in and out. Make sure that the house does not have too small decorative slots in which the paws of the animal can get stuck.
If possible, it is worth giving preference to the option with two inlets.
At the same time, the size of the entrances can be different, but always rounded so that the guinea pig does not get hurt.
You need to select a house taking into account the parameters of the existing cage. In standard versions, its dimensions should not be less than 40×80 cm with a height of 50 cm. If you want to purchase a hanging model made of wood, pay attention to cage accessories. It should be convenient for the animal to climb to its house, it should not bounce up, and the structure itself should not loosen in weight. As for the model, it can be either a tunnel, a ladder house, or a boudoir, or even a cover house.
Read more about the need for guinea pigs in houses, see below.