Cats are the epitome of grace and independence. Self-willed beauties delight people with their softness, hiding deadly claws. For about 10 thousand years, a cat has been accompanying a person, being his companion and protector from rodents and all evil spirits. Over the centuries, approximately 200 breeds of domestic cats have been bred, among which there are miniature creatures weighing up to 1.5 kg and real giants, whose weight reaches 13 kg or more.
All cats are part of the cat family, which is divided into subfamilies large and small. Big cats include such well-known predators as:
- Snow leopards.
All other types of cats, as well as cheetahs, cougars, caracals, servals and lynxes, are included in the small suborder.
The domestic purr is a subspecies of the forest cat from the suborder of small cats. Domestic cats are not large. On average, the weight of an adult cat ranges from 3 to 6 kg, and the length of the body with a tail is about 90 cm. Cats have the most developed sense organs, compared to most animals. Developed hearing, vision, sense of smell, tenacious claws and an ideal jaw structure for a predator made an excellent hunter out of a small cute animal.
Despite the fact that the cat prefers to hunt alone, she is able to communicate with other individuals using sounds, body movements and pheromones. The range of vocal sounds produced by a cat is very wide, and the animal uses them to express emotions, often accompanying the “conversation” with movements of the tail, paws or head.
Like people, some cats are very talkative, while others are rarely heard.
The cat, over the long centuries of living next to a man, has not become completely dependent on him, retaining the ability to survive on his own. But at the same time, she is the perfect companion, soft and affectionate. It is believed that the cat is able to determine the sore spot in the owner and treat it by lying on it or by sitting next to the source of pain. Stroking the animal’s silky fur relieves nervous irritation and has a calming effect on the psyche.
The small size of the animal makes it possible to keep it even in small apartments, but in recent years, the fashion for large cats has been gaining momentum. Increasingly, cat lovers are turning their attention to breeds that can be compared with a medium-sized dog.
Such a pussy looks impressive, resembling some wild brothers not only in appearance, but also in character.
In the process of long-term selection, about 13 breeds were bred, large cats of which reach considerable sizes. Topping the list of feline giants living next to humans is the Savannah cat.
Savannah is an exotic beauty obtained by crossing a domestic cat and a serval inhabitant of the African mainland. The breed was bred in America in the early 80s of the last century, when breeders set themselves the task of obtaining an animal of the original wild color, but with a soft character.
The breed was based on a wild serval and such types of domestic cats as:
- Egyptian Mau;
- shorthair oriental;
The very first Savannah kittens were born in the spring of 1986, and after some time the breed standards were developed. Officially, the savannah was added to the list of breeds at the very beginning of the 21st century. To preserve the species, only Serval and Savannah or cats of the same breed are allowed to cross.
The height of an adult cat at the withers reaches 0.4 m, and the weight can be about 15 kg. The kitten reaches the maximum size of an adult animal by the age of three, while cats are slightly smaller than cats. The body of the savannah is oval, the neck is elongated, the legs are long, and the fur is thick and covered with spots. On a round muzzle are large eyes with a yellow-golden or greenish iris. Shaggy ears of decent size with a rounded top are set wide on a graceful head.
Savannah has calm nature and dog devotion to the owner. Cats of this species are distinguished by high intelligence and friendliness to other pets. Active animals are very fond of outdoor walks, are not afraid of water, and they need quite a lot of space in the apartment.
For cats of the breed, colors such as:
- cinnamon tabby or cinnamon (this is a new color, much lighter than chocolate brown, with a warmer red tint; the nose and paw pads of a cat with this color are pinkish brown).
The color of the animal depends on the breed of cat that was taken for the base. A feature of the savannah is that males are sterile until the 4th generation, when the indicator of the presence of serval blood in the blood decreases significantly. In kittens of the first generation, the serval blood rate is 50%, but in the next offspring it will be half as much, decreasing with each subsequent generation.
Savannah kittens are considered the most expensive in the world, and the price depends on the amount of blood of the ancestor.
The native American breed of cats, the Maine Coon or the Manx raccoon cat, comes from the northeastern American state of Maine. The breed was obtained naturally under the influence of a harsh climate. The first mention of Maine Coons dates back to the beginning of the 70s of the XIX century, and in the list of cat breeds, Maines take fifth place. Officially, the breed standards were fixed only in 1967, and twenty years later the breed began to gain popularity.
Cats of this breed are considered one of the largest domestic cats. The height of the animal varies from a quarter of a meter to a little over 40 cm. The weight of cats is from 6 to 8 kg, cats are much lighter – 3.5-5.5 kg, but emasculated individuals are one and a half times heavier. The length of an adult individual, excluding the tail, is about a meter, and the full length is 1.20 m. The body of the longest cat reached 123 cm.
Maine Coons reach adult size by 3-5 years, unlike cats of classic breeds, which grow up by the year.
Manx kittens are born much larger than their counterparts. The smallest viable kitten in the litter weighs about 80 g, while normal newborn babies weigh an average of 150 g. At the same time, cats are much smaller than cats at an early age.
Maine Coons are long-haired breeds with short hair on the head and shoulders, and longer on the sides. Some cats develop a prominent collar around their necks. This breed is characterized by tufts of long hair between the paw pads, making it easier to walk in the snow. The thick undercoat and long coat protect against the cold and wind that Maine is famous for.
Tassels on the ears are required to keep warm.
For purebred cats, any natural color of the coat and eyes is allowed, while artificial colors are not recognized everywhere. Blue eyes or irises of different colors in cats whose color is different from white are a violation of the standards. Most often, the Maine’s coat is colored in brown or smoky tabby, known in our country as “wild”. Maine Coons live for about 13 years and are distinguished by excellent health. Of the diseases, they occasionally have genetically determined problems with the heart, muscles and joints, as well as polycystic kidney disease.
In nutrition, the raccoon cat is not capricious. There can be everything. It is desirable that ¾ of the diet is meat, and the rest of the food should include vegetables, grains, dairy and seafood, eggs and vitamin supplements. Be sure to add vitamins to the diet of kittens, even when using natural feed. You can use dry food, but only high quality, suitable for long-haired cats. Canned food can be given two to three times a week.
It is better to use iron or glass bowls, it is better to refrain from plastic because of possible allergies.
In the 16th century, the first representatives of the Siberian cat appeared beyond the Urals. It is believed that the Bukhara cat, brought to the Siberian lands by merchants and settlers, is the ancestor of the breed. Under the influence of winds, frosts and snow, cats have developed thick fur with a rich undercoat that protects against adverse weather conditions.
A strong strong animal of medium size with the makings of an excellent hunter is distinguished by a calm character. Siberian cats are wonderful family men. The cat gently cares for the kittens, and in education can replace the deceased mother. Siberians are characterized stable pairs for better offspring survival, and community ties.
And the presence of young rival friends helps the cat to keep himself in the best shape.
The first impression of a cat is that it is smooth. Everything in it has rounded outlines with smooth transitions. The rounded trapezoidal head sits on a strong rounded neck, turning into a barrel-shaped body. Round large eyes have a slightly elongated outer corner. The wide-set, rounded ears are crowned with small tassels at the tips. The thick round tail tapers slightly towards the end. Large rounded paws with tufts of wool between the pads help to run in deep snow, easily support the weight of the animal.
The weight of adult cats and cats is different: the former can weigh 6-9 kg, while the females are slightly lighter – 3.5-7 kg. But there are also giants among them, which can be more than 10 kilograms. The semi-long or long coat has a double undercoat that protects in extreme cold. Representatives of Siberians are characterized by natural coat colors, but rare, artificially obtained colors are not allowed by the breed standards.
The color of the iris can be any, and does not depend on the general color of the cat.
Although cats have long hair, but they can be recommended for people suffering from allergies, since Siberians are hypoallergenic. Siberians live up to thirteen years, maintaining reproductive functions until old age. Since the breed belongs to the natural, they are characterized by early maturity. Although Siberian cats mature only by the age of five, the first litter can be given already at the age of six months. But the best kittens are obtained from cats aged from one and a half to six years.
Siberians are particularly tolerant of young children, allowing them to touch themselves and being patient with pain.
They are also characterized by devotion to the owners, but it is better for strangers to be careful in dealing with this soft beauty and protect their hands from strong tenacious claws.
The Norwegian Forest Beauty is similar in character and origin to the Siberian cat. Introduced to Norway in the 16th century, the Angora cat acclimatized and adapted to survive in harsh conditions, acquiring a thick undercoat and long, smooth guard hairs with water-repellent properties.
For the first time they started talking about this breed in the 40s of the last century, but, judging by the old engravings, the Vikings kept cats similar to Norwegians for a very long time, and it was they who brought the ancestors of the breed to their current habitat. Officially, the breed was recognized in 1977 at the next FIFe meeting, when felinologists presented documents confirming the presence of three generations of Norwegian Forest cats. There are suggestions that the Norwegians are one of the ancestors of the Maine Coon cats.
Cats of this breed are large, with semi-long thick hair of different colors, not afraid of water. The triangular head is crowned with wide ears with tassels, like a lynx. The iris of oval large eyes, according to breed standards, should be in harmony with the color of the coat. Cats of this breed are characterized by the presence of a “collar”, “beard”, “pants” and a fluffy long tail, the tip of which can reach the cat’s shoulders.
The weight of adult cats can reach 10 kilograms, but this does not prevent them from running freely through snowdrifts thanks to soft wide paws with tufts of wool between the pads. Norwegian females are slightly smaller than their relatives. The Norwegian Forest Cat can go down head first, unlike cats of other breeds, and is an excellent angler thanks to its strong strong claws. Norwegian Forest Murka kittens are born healthy and reach adulthood by the age of five.
The characteristic coat appears at five months of age.
The character of the Norwegian ideal for families with children. A playful, patient, intelligent cat easily accepts the rules of living in the house, without creating big problems with hygiene habits. She is very attached to the owners, demanding attention and communication, but can sometimes play alone.
It is easy to purr and make contact with other pets, being highly tolerant. But here she is in no hurry to trust strangers, showing reasonable caution.
The Norwegian Forest is an ideal companion for humans.
The Ragamuffin or Ragged Cat is a cat breed developed by crossing Ragdolls with outbred yard cats to produce more color options. The first time cats of this breed were introduced to the world in 1994. The long muscular body of the cat rests on strong legs of medium length with large rounded paws, between the pads of which tufts of wool are visible. The tail is long and very fluffy, like the whole cat. The coat is long, thick and silky to the touch.
Cats can weigh up to 10 kg, but they remain active and playful.. Color can be anything except color-point. The nature of cats is very flexible. They are playful, easily adapt to any conditions and love to sit in the hands of their owners. A feature of the breed is the complete absence of hunting instincts, therefore, in case of danger, they hide without trying to resist. But in general it is a quick-witted cat, easy to train and able to get along with any pet.
There are no particular difficulties in caring for a ragamuffin. It is only necessary to carefully comb out the thick fur with a rich collar, and when feeding, offer special supplements to help get rid of hairballs in the cat’s stomach.
Ragdoll cats are the ancestors of ragamuffins and differ from them only in color options. The cat got its name for the ability to completely relax in the hands of the owner, sagging like a rag doll (this is how the word “ragdoll” is translated from English).
Breed author Ann Baker was a breeder of Persian cats. When creating the breed, individuals were selected with a calm, gentle character that characterizes this species.
As a result, a cat was obtained, which is very attached to a person and gives him maximum confidence.
Cats of this breed are quite large, with a long thick flowing coat, almost devoid of undercoat. Short hair on the head turns into a lush collar and lengthens all over the body, turning into a fluffy long tail. Allowed colors:
- dark gray color-point;
The wedge-shaped head with wide-set rounded ears, which have characteristic tassels at the ends, is decorated with large oval blue eyes. They are the “calling card” of ragdolls. Kittens mature at the age of four. Adult males can weigh from 7 to 10 kilos, while females are one third less in weight. Despite the playful nature, the cat never releases its claws when playing.
British shorthair cats and their longhaired relatives are also large cat breeds. The British are distinguished by an extremely independent character, for any reason they have their own opinion, which they can defend quite aggressively. That’s why An important step in building relationships with a future pet is his upbringing.
A strong, squat cat with a large round head, on which large, wide-open eyes and small, low ears with rounded tips are clearly visible, has a thick soft coat. Adults can weigh up to 12 kg, but these cats are prone to obesity, so it is extremely important to monitor the pet’s diet.
British cats have strong immunity, but at the same time prone to coldsTherefore, you should regularly examine the animal from a specialist. If the cat is properly cared for, then it can easily live up to 20 years, as the British belong to the breed of centenarians.
For a long time, only short-haired individuals of this species were considered purebred. But in the process of getting cats of new colors, the British were crossed with Persians and Somali cats, from which new generations received a recessive gene responsible for long hair. At first, long-haired kittens were culled, but later lovers achieved recognition of the long-haired breed of British cats, and today both subspecies exist on equal terms.
The coat of the British is smooth, with a thick undercoat, requiring careful care, especially during the change of seasons. The color of the fur coat can be any, but the British are most in demand of the following colors:
- tabby and silver tabby of various varieties.
The most common color of the iris of the British beauty is honey yellow. But there may be cats with blue eyes, usually they are point-colored individuals, and in the chinchilla purr, the iris may also have a lavender or emerald green color.
Due to their independent nature, the British do not require constant attention and can be alone for a long time.
In the 20th century, American breeders set out to get a pet that looked like a forest lynx. The breed was based on a domestic cat and a short-tailed forest cat. For a long time, the work did not give a result, until in the eighties of the last century they managed to get a kitten, the color and appearance of which resembled a forest predator. By 1995, it was possible to consolidate the necessary signs, and the breed was included in the TICA registry.
A fairly large cat weighing up to 8 kg has a massive body, standing on strong large paws, covered with thick short or semi-long (up to 2 inches) hair. The cat’s head is shaped like an inverted pear with lynx-like sideburns. The eyes are set deep and half closed, which is why their appearance resembles soft triangles. The ears are crowned with characteristic tassels. A special detail is a short tail, just like a wild counterpart.
The coat of the animal is painted in all shades of leopard color (Brown Spotted Tabby). Despite the appearance resembling a wild lynx, the pixie bob or short-tailed elf has gentle obedient character and does not require special care.
Representatives of the pixie-bob breed are considered a national treasure of America, and are practically prohibited for export to other countries of the world.
In North America, in the 60s of the XX century, a new type of large cat with a short tail began to develop, called the American Bobtail or Yankee Bob. The ancestor of this breed is a kitten found in one of the Indian reservations. The cat belonged to the aboriginal species of domestic cats that lived next to people for more than one century. They paid attention to the baby because of its beautiful coloring and the original short tail.
Already in the 70th year, breed standards were developed and the Yankee bean was recognized as a separate species. Two subspecies of the American Bobtail are now recognized: the shorthair and the longhair. Pretty strong cats weighing up to 7 kg (females can weigh much less) in appearance they resemble a forest lynx, from which the ancestor of the breed supposedly originated.
The large, almond-shaped eyes are set deep and very expressive. The tail of a bobtail can be very short, almost absent, or slightly elongated. The coat of the American Bobtail is soft and silky, with a thick undercoat. A variety of natural colors are allowed for a pedigreed cat, but the wild tabby is considered to be preferred.
Although the cat is very similar to a wild animal, she has a sweet personality. Purr is strongly attached to the place and person she chooses, and is friendly to all family members and pets living with her in the same territory. A smart, intelligent animal is easy to train and is calm about the leash.
It is noticed that the Yankees do not like loneliness and are hard to endure a change of residence.
Due to the size and active nature Yankee beans are best kept in private homes or large apartments, where they will have room to play. But you need to carefully monitor that the animal does not run away, carried away by the awakened hunting instinct. Also, cats try to take a leading position, even if for this they have to fight with fellow tribesmen.
Due to the fact that the breed is based on a wild animal, Yankee beans have excellent health. Cat care is simple, consisting of combing and bathing. Yankees can live up to 15 years if they are cared for properly and avoid stressful situations. Today, the American Bobtail is the pride of the United States, and official kennels are located only in America.
At the end of the last century, an aboriginal cat was brought to the mainland from the Kuril Islands, distinguished by a short pom-pom tail. They named this cat the Kurilian Bobtail.
The animal has a muscular body with a slightly arched back and strong legs on round paws. A large trapezoidal head is crowned with wide-set, medium-sized ears with a rounded tip. The eyes, slightly slanted to the bridge of the nose, have an iris that harmonizes in color with the general color of the coat. The weight of an adult male can reach 9 kg, cats weigh a little less.
Since the Kuril cat is of natural origin, it is distinguished by excellent health and the absence of genetic diseases. A distinctive feature of this breed is a tiny, from 30 to 80 mm tail, decorated with long hair, forming a shaggy ball. A tail shorter or longer than the specified parameters is a violation of the breed standards adopted in the USSR in 1991.
Today, two subspecies of the breed are registered: semi-longhair and shorthair cats. The coat of the Kuril Bobtail is silky, with a weak undercoat. Many colors are allowed, except for chocolate of any shades, lilac, fawn, acromelanic. The character of the island purr is similar to that of a dog. She is devoted, can carry out some commands, even bring things. The cat is attached to one, maximum two people who will enjoy its full trust.
The rest of the household will be treated friendly, but nothing more.
Cats are active, playful, but have a rather controversial character. Despite their dislike of water, they are excellent anglers. The saying that curiosity is not a vice, but a source of knowledge, fits the Kuril Bobtail. What are they actively using?
It is forbidden to mate Kurilian Bobtails with other thoroughbred and not very individuals in order to preserve the breed. And for new representatives of the breed, whose pedigree on the mainland does not have its own line, it is necessary to confirm that they were taken from the Kuril Islands.
A decent-sized murk with an unusual love for water for cats has been known for a very long time. Representatives of this species are found on the shores of Lake Van, located on the Armenian Highlands in Turkey. There is an assumption that the first white-red beauties were brought to Europe by the Crusaders, who were returning from their campaigns.
Officially, the formation of the breed began in the 60s of the last century, when the first breeder of Van cats, Laura Lushington, brought a couple of kittens with an amazing character and beautiful coloration from her trip to Turkey. The parameters of the species were entered into the breed registry in 1971.
Turkish Vans are distinguished by a muscular structure of a large body with a rectangular, tapering to the sacrum, back. The limbs of medium length end in large round paws with pink pads, between which tufts of wool are visible. Small, fluffy ears are located on the wedge-shaped head. Amber, copper, and blue irises are allowed for a purebred cat, but heterochromia is also allowed. The body length of an adult cat from the pink nose to the tip of the tail reaches 1.2 m, and the weight is from 6 to 9 kg. Kittens are noticeably smaller in size, and a third lighter in weight.
The semi-long, silky coat of the Van has no or very sparse undercoat, which is very convenient for drying quickly. The classic color of the fur coat is white, with a red or cream tail of medium length. Small spots are allowed. Additionally, colors are allowed when black, blue or tortoiseshell is present instead of red. Colored spots can be located on the head or on the back in the area of \u200b\u200bthe right shoulder blade, and a fluffy tail is also necessarily colored.
The fluffiness of a pet only increases with age, but due to the lack of undercoat, there are no problems with care. Also, the water-repellent properties of a cat coat lead to the fact that the dirt simply does not stick to the beautiful purr. The character of a thoroughbred cat is quite independent, but at the same time friendly and energetic. The animal loves communication, can “talk” with pets for a long time and clearly express its needs. Vanirs are good-natured towards all members of the family, but they are most emotionally attached to one person.
Due to the playful nature of a large cat, it is not suitable for keeping in small apartments. She needs a lot of space for play and movement. The cat loves to walk very much, calmly treats the leash and harness. In a private house, she can fence off an aviary, where she can run freely even in winter. A distinctive feature of the Turkish van is his love for water. Cats love to swim, bathe or just lie in the water. They like to watch the trickle of water flowing from the faucet. At home, the Vans enjoyed playing in shallow water and fishing.
The blue-gray shorthaired beauty Chartreuse is a cat of French blood, who began her journey around the world from the monasteries belonging to the Carthusian order. They are located in the Chartreuse mountains in France. One of the mountains belonging to the Chartreuse massif was called the “Mountain of Gray Cats”, and still bears it.
Medium-sized cats with a powerful squat physique lived at the monasteries as early as the middle of the 16th century. At first, Cartesian cats had green eyes, but in the process of selection and recognition of the breed, individuals with honey-colored eyes were bred. This feature of the cat was genetically fixed, and current cats should have a smooth, shiny coat with a thick undercoat equal in length to the guard hair, gray-blue in color, and dark amber eyes without a single green glimmer. The weight of adult cats is about 7 kg, cats reach the 5-kilogram mark.
The nature of the cat corresponds to the place of their initial habitat. Calm, untalkative purrs have a quiet voice that does not disturb the tranquility of the monastery. Their slightly arrogant appearance does not match the good-natured, balanced temperament. The independent nature of the cat allows them to be kept by people who are forced to leave the pet alone for a long time. Characteristic of the Chartreuse degree and slowness of movements doesn’t stop them from being successful hunters.
Since the Chartreuse is a rather old breed of cats obtained naturally, individuals of this species can boast excellent health and the absence of genetic abnormalities.
Another representative of large domestic cats is chausie (housey). A relatively young breed obtained artificially. In order to obtain an animal that looks similar to a wild one, the Abyssinian cat was crossed with a wild reed cat. The resulting offspring gave rise to a new species. But the breed is not genetically fixed, and to preserve it requires a constant infusion of fresh blood.
Representatives of Hausi have a strong muscular body, based on long limbs with large paws. A medium-sized head is crowned with large ears with tassels. Almond-shaped eyes have a golden or greenish iris. The coat of the Chausie is only short, dense, and can have three color options:
- black ticket-tabby;
- silver tabby ticket;
The first two options are the most natural for the wild ancestor of the breed.
First generation kittens are most similar to jungle cat, and are not suitable for keeping in apartments. They are very mobile, do not like to sit on their hands at all, they can show aggression if something does not suit them. When playing, chausies can jump quite high, therefore, for the maintenance of cats of this breed, it is required to build a large aviary so that they have where to frolic.
The second generation of kittens is already a little calmer. Adult cats can gain weight of 10 kg or more, which does not prevent them from being good hunters, cheerful and playful. Chausies of any generation easily get along with people and other pets. They can get along well with a dog. They appreciate attention from a person and are very devoted to their owners.
Guinness World Record holders
There are many among the big cats and record holders worthy of entering into the Guinness World Book of Records.
Among them is the world’s largest domestic cat of the Maine Coon breed. By the time they reach adulthood (Maine Coons mature by the age of five), Stewie, and that is the name of the pet, from the nose to the tip of the tail has grown to 1 meter 23 cm and 19 mm. This record was made in the Guinness book after neighbors and acquaintances of the owners often began to pay attention to the huge size of the pet. And Stewie is the owner of the longest tail in the world among domestic cats. Its length is 415 mm, while the average length of this process in cats is about 300 mm.
One of the longest cats is also registered in Russia, whose total length is 1 m 20 cm. The Maine Coon cat, nicknamed Pinochet, lives in Novosibirsk and is an unofficial record holder. One of the loudest cats on the planet is the British Smokey, owned by the Adams family.
The purring of a cat reaches a power of 92.7 decibels, and is able to drown out the sound of a Boeing taking off.
The Missy Maine Coon cat boasts the longest mustache on earth among domestic muroks. This beautiful cat lives in Finland, and strikes others with vibrissae 190 mm long (on average, in cats, the length of the whiskers reaches 70 mm). The Savannah Island Trouble cat, who lives in one of the states of America, was recently recognized as the tallest representative of domestic cats. Its height at the withers reached 483 mm.
Of the long-lived cats, a Maine Coon cat named Rubble, who lives in the UK, is known today. He was born in 1988, and according to unverified information, he is still alive today.
How to choose?
Often, future owners, choosing a pet for themselves, do not think about the consequences, being tempted by cute kittens. But when choosing a large cat, it is necessary to take into account several important factors, so that later you do not repent of your deeds and do not look for new owners or a place of residence for your pet. Therefore, before you decide to take a kitten home, familiarize yourself with the features of the chosen breed and the conditions for its maintenance. Consult with experts, take a closer look at the behavior of adult animals, and only then make a decision.
If you are a busy person who is often away from home, then calm cats that do not require special attention, such as the Chartreuse or British cat, will suit you. For families with children, playful cats with a patient character should be chosen, especially if there are small children in the house. In this case, you should pay attention to the Siberian cat or ragdoll.
The former are very patient with babies, while the latter always play only with “soft” paws.
In a private house with the possibility of building an aviary, you can take Chausie, Bobtail or Turkish Van. They are very active and require a lot of free space to play.
The purpose for which a kitten is chosen is also of great importance:
- as a pet;
- for breeding;
- to participate in exhibitions.
In the first case, any cat you like is suitable, while for participation in exhibitions it is important to pay attention to the compliance of the cat with breed standards. After all, any, even the most insignificant defect, reduces the likelihood of obtaining recognition. For breeding, health and compliance with the breed by external signs are important.
Minor defects that are not inherited do not matter for reproduction.
Pedigree cats must have a metric, pedigree and veterinary passport. All breeders who officially breed cats of certain breeds have a metric for each kitten. Not everyone has pedigrees, but the new owner, if he plans to take part in exhibitions with his pet or become a breeder, is obliged to obtain a kitten’s pedigree so that there will be no problems with recognition in the future.
A veterinary passport is required in order to monitor the health of the pet and mark the vaccinations made. The presence of a veterinary passport is necessary when transporting an animal, especially if you have to fly by plane. It is also impossible to transport a cat across the border without this document. But anyway, before choosing a kitten, you should listen to yourself: are you ready to let a rather independent and self-willed creature into your house and your life, which can become your most faithful friend and devoted admirer.
Domestic cats of large sizes are gaining more and more fans because of their unpretentiousness.
The most difficult thing in keeping cats of these breeds can be the area of \u200b\u200ba residential building, which will be inhabited by a small domestic predator of large sizes. Most large cats carry the genes of wild animals that require large hunting spaces. Active, mobile, playful, big cats require frequent walks in the fresh air, where they can throw out excess energy and satisfy their hunting instincts.
The diet for such representatives of the purr should becomplete and balancedso that the high weight set by the breed standards does not go into the category of obesity. Best food for cats natural feed, which includes meat of different varieties, seafood, eggs, cereals, vegetables and dairy products, you also need to add vitamins. But you can also use high-quality dry food, occasionally supplementing it with canned food. Feed should be chosen, focusing on the breed of the cat and the length of its coat. For cats with thick undercoats drugs that prevent the formation of hairballs in the stomach.
Animal care consists in combing the fur coat. If the cat lives in an apartment, then you can sometimes wash it and cut its claws. But most often, these cats are able to take care of themselves, keeping themselves clean, especially those living in an aviary.
Another important requirement for keeping cats is love: love your pets, respect them, and they will repay you with trust and devotion.
You can learn how to make a cat happy by watching the video below.