Pets quite often have to be transported to the veterinary clinic or to the country, in addition, many owners take their pets with them on vacation. Therefore, you need to know how to properly transport pets, as well as what documents may be needed for this.
Pets up to 8 kg are transported in portable containers or bags. Some carriers charge for the transport of animals. You can put two pets in a portable container (for example, if you have 2 cats or 2 dogs), while paying only one extra bed.
The owner is responsible for cleaning up after their pet during transportation. It is also necessary to ensure the safety of others. An owner may be denied transportation of an animal if, in the opinion of the carrier, the dog or cat is behaving very aggressively and could harm other passengers. Pets in portable containers can be located in places for hand luggage.
When traveling by train, large or medium-sized dogs should be muzzled and kept on a short leash. Cats and small dogs can be kept in the hands of the owner during the trip. In the train, you need to pay for the travel of an animal only if it is placed in the vestibule of the car. Without owners or other accompanying persons, the animal is not accepted into the carriage.
In Russia, to transport service dogs, you need to buy a fully compartment. These dogs are not allowed to be transported unaccompanied. A guide dog, along with a disabled person, goes into any carriage, while the necessary documents, except for a certificate of special training for the dog, are not needed.
On the train, the animal must present special documents. To enter European countries, a rabies vaccination mark is required. It must be entered in the veterinary passport no later than 12 months and no earlier than 30 days before the date of departure. It is also necessary to do blood test one month after vaccination.
When exporting rare breeds from Russia, permission is required from the cynological organization of the Russian Federation. The new rules for transporting animals include a list of trains that transport animals.
How to transport in public transport?
On buses and trolleybuses
Passengers can take small pets with them on public transport, and there is no need to pay for additional luggage. If the animal is large, the carrier may charge an additional fee. Animals heavier than 30 kg must be placed for the convenience of passengers in the tail section of the bus or trolleybus. A veterinary passport for a dog is not required when traveling on public transport, but dogs over 8 kg must be muzzled and kept on a short leash.
A guide dog with a disabled person is allowed without additional charge in any type of public transport, in a muzzle and on a leash.
On the subway and trains
In passenger carriages, large dogs (including guide dogs), as well as in other modes of transport, must be carried in a muzzle and on a short leash. In the metro, small animals up to 8 kg should only be in special carriers. In the train (for example, if you are going to the country on the weekend) you can transport small-sized animals without special carrying. If it is convenient for both you and the pet, then you can hold it in your arms. Dogs weighing more than 30 kg must be transported in the vestibule, fastened on a leash and muzzled.
In the train, payment for the transportation of an animal is not taken only from guide dogs. Since 2014, long-distance trains have been using only certain classes of compartments to transport animals. Russian Railways require documentation for the transported animal:
- veterinary passport with all the data (vaccinations, marks about the treatment of parasites, etc.);
- veterinary certificate (if the animal is traveling abroad).
A veterinary certificate is taken at the state veterinary clinic 1-5 days before departure and exchanged at the border crossing for an international veterinary certificate.
Since 2017, a veterinary certificate is not required when traveling within the territory of the Russian Federation (for example, if you are visiting relatives in another region).
Airlines transport animals and service dogs of the cynological service at a special rate. Not accepted on the plane:
- brachycephalic breeds;
- wild animals;
- laboratory animals;
- animals with diseases;
- fish, sea and river animals;
- large animals that, together with the carrier, weigh more than 50 kg.
Accompanying the animal during the flight must be a capable adult citizen.
Some countries have restrictions on the importation of animals, especially fighting dogs, so before planning a trip with your pet, check the requirements of the country where you are going to fly.
Before boarding the plane, all animals undergo veterinary control, so it is better to arrive at the airport a few hours before departure.
During the flight, the animal must not be released from a portable container or bag.
Consider the following features:
- Small dogs, cats and birds you can take it with you in the cabin, dogs weighing more than 8 kg are transported only in the luggage compartment (except for guide dogs). On the guide dog you need to provide the carrier company with documents confirming the disability, as well as documents for the dog, confirming that it has undergone special training.
- Aggressive dog breeds placed in reinforced containers.
- Canine service dogs can be in the cabin for passengers (a muzzle and a leash are required), there are no restrictions on the breed and weight of the animal.
How to carry in a car?
If you are traveling with your pet in a car around the city, then there are no special transportation rules in this case. When traveling long distances you need:
- microchip the animal when exporting abroad;
- collect a package of documents from the veterinary clinic (veterinary certificate, veterinary passport with notes on vaccinations at the appropriate time, treatment against parasites);
- provide documents from the official cynological organization that the animal has no breeding value.
It is better to accustom the animal to riding in a car gradually, preferably from an early age. Your pet should be familiar with the special carrier. If you make a stop, be sure to walk the dog on a leash: this way you will not cause discomfort to others, and the dog will not get lost in an unfamiliar area.
If you are traveling alone with your dog and there are no strangers nearby, there is no need to use a muzzle: it will make it difficult to breathe, especially in hot weather.
It is better to transport cats in a special carrier, which can be opened no earlier than after 30-40 minutes, when the animal gets used to the movement and the new environment for it (if the cat is not accustomed to driving in a car). In winter, it is recommended to ventilate the car at stops so that the air is fresh. Dogs in the car may need a seat mat (waterproof and washable). For a puppy, you can buy a special diaper.
cats carry the road better in carriers with holes for air. In winter, it is better to choose a bag made of dense fabric. In an emergency, it is better to put an absorbent diaper on the bottom of the carrier.
rodents can be transported in a cage, on the bottom of which put a special absorbent diaper, there must be food and water in the cage.
birds must be transported in a cage. So that the pet is not afraid, a special protective cape is put on the cage, but loosely so that there is access to fresh air.
If you plan to travel with your pet, you need to teach him to carry in advance. You can do test drives in the car, put the carrier at home, and reward your four-legged friend if he comes in on his own and spends some time there. For cats and small breeds of dogs, a soft and comfortable bike bag is suitable, in which animals can also be transported.
Dogs and cats need a soft, comfortable collar (if they are accustomed to it) that the animal cannot remove on its own. A tag with the name of the animal and your phone number should be attached to it. On the carrier in which your pet will be transported, you need to stick a sticker with your data and the name of the animal.
If you are flying on a plane with transfers, then you most likely will not have the opportunity to see your pet until the final stop. That’s why there should be a sticker on the carrier, where a request is written in different languages to check and, if necessary, add water, as well as words in transliteration that will help calm the animal. With short transplants, it is better not to open the cage.
Before the trip, the animal must be fed 4 hours in advance with the food that you usually give, do not overfeed.
In a special drinker, the animal must have water. During the flight, the dog should not be given food or bones, so as not to provoke vomiting due to motion sickness or stress.
Adult animals can survive several hours of flight without food, kittens and puppies can be given their usual food.
Before the trip, you need to take a good walk with the dog so that the animal falls asleep. Remember the time of the last visit to the tray before leaving, during a trip / flight in a carrier, you can use a highly absorbent bedding. Stress can cause dogs to chew on bedding, so train your pet in advance not to do this. Due to nervous shock, animals may not go to the toilet for more than a day.
It is better for a cat to cut its claws before the trip. You need to have veterinary drugs with you for first aid. It is best to consult with your veterinarian about what to bring with you. To minimize stress, you can put your favorite toys or things soaked in the usual smell in the carrier.
Before the trip, it is better to introduce cats to noisy places and large crowds of people, so the animal will understand that it will always return home with the owner. Brachycephalic breeds (Pugs, Pekingese, Bulldogs, Persians, British) do not tolerate stress well: it can cause difficulty breathing and death. Airlines may refuse to transport such animals.
In the next video, you will find the rules for transporting pets in transport.