One of the most popular inhabitants for the aquarium is the lalius fish. Due to their bright appearance, such pets are an interior decoration, and their peaceful disposition allows them to be kept in groups. Their small size and low maintenance make them a good choice for beginners.
Description of lalius
This pet is also known as the thread bearer, or dwarf gourama. Aquarium fish lalius has characteristic features:
- body length – 6-8 cm;
- the shape of the fish is flattened on the sides;
- silver-blue head;
- large fins slightly elongated backwards at an angle;
- pectoral fins resemble threads;
- the tail is short;
- the color of males is bright with stripes;
- males have luminous dots on their bodies.
How to distinguish a female lalius from a male?
Unlike other fish, the difference between the male and female lalius is significant. Select the following options:
- The body length of males is 1.5 cm longer.
- Males are brightly colored, in addition they have blue and red stripes arranged vertically. The females are endowed with silvery scales.
- The anal and dorsal fin of the male fish has a more elongated end.
- The abdomen of females is fuller, which is due to future spawning.
- The nature of females is much calmer. This difference is especially evident during the mating period.
Types of lalius
There are many varieties, among which the most popular are:
- neon red. Selection form of dwarf size. The body is oval with a blue dorsal fin.
- cobalt. Lalius fish are painted deep blue and grow up to 6 cm in length. The fins at the bottom of the head resemble threads.
- Coral. Endowed with a characteristic stripe. This species spends a lot of time on the surface of the water.
- Rainbow. Males have bright stripes in color close to scarlet. Females are unremarkable grey-brown.
- Blue. Fish lalius with a body of bright light blue. Occurs rarely.
- Emerald. Green body with bright reddish stripes. This is the most popular species of these fish.
Maintenance and care of lalius
This type of fish can live normally in small containers. Proper maintenance of lalius requires filling the aquarium with algae, which will not only grow from the bottom, but also float on the surface of the water. In addition, it is important to comply with the conditions:
- The optimal size of the aquarium for a pair of lalius is 40 liters.
- Suitable temperature for normal life is + 23 … 27ºС.
- The acidity of the water is 7.0 pH.
- Lighting should be intense.
- The soil for the reservoir is better to choose a dark color, its appearance is not important.
- Strong filtration is a must.
To breathe, fish often float to the surface, it is important to provide them with access to clean air. Due to shyness, it is recommended to place the aquarium in a quiet place where there is no fuss and loud sounds, which is important for their full life. It will be interesting to know how long the laliuses live in an aquarium. When creating suitable conditions, the average period of life is 4 years.
Lalius fish – compatibility
This type of fish is very shy, so in a small aquarium it is better to keep them as the main inhabitant. It is better to plant medium-sized and peaceful fish in a large container. Compatibility of lalius with other inhabitants of the reservoir looks like this:
- some types of barbs;
- small cyprinids;
- small catfish and tetras.
In order for the fish to adapt more easily to new conditions or neighbors, it is recommended to fill the aquarium with plants for shelter. In addition, they should have a place where they can hide if necessary. When flocking during the mating period, it is better to seat males in different aquariums so that they do not fight for territory.
What to feed lalius?
The key to high-quality keeping of fish is good nutrition, which should be balanced and varied. The following types of food should be included in the diet:
- dry: dried gammarus, daphnia and others;
- sublimated: mixtures consisting of different ingredients;
- frozen: bloodworm, daphnia and others;
- alive: grindal, brine shrimp and so on;
- “food off the table”: seafood, lettuce, spinach, zucchini.
Breeding lalius requires knowledge of the rules of feeding. Frequency – 1-2 times a day, depending on the age of the pets. Fish eat from the surface of the water, so it is important to choose food that swells slowly. All that is needed to satisfy hunger is eaten by laliuses in the first 5 minutes, the rest must be removed. It is important to remember that fish are prone to overeating, so it is regularly recommended to arrange fasting days for them.
Reproduction of lalius
The fish are ready for the appearance of offspring when they grow up to 5 cm in length. Breeding lalius at home is a simple matter if you know the rules:
- Before spawning, the couple is intensively fed and only then they are deposited.
- The female is moved first, for about a week she will get used to a new place.
- Then, in the dark, a male is planted. He starts building a nest of penna with plant material added.
- Lyalius, the female starts playing with the male, luring him under the created structure.
- Spawning occurs with close contact, when sperm and eggs are released at the same time.
- The female sinks to the bottom, and the eggs rise to the built nest. Everything that does not fall into the right place is neatly collected by the male.
- After spawning, the female is removed, the father takes care of the offspring.
- The incubation period lasts 1.5 days, as soon as the fry begin to swim, the male is removed.
Diseases of lalius
When creating poor living conditions or frequent stress, the fish can get sick or die. Lyalius fish is susceptible to diseases:
- Dark spots on the body. Appear as a result of the attack of harmful bacteria. Additional symptoms of the disease are an increase in the abdomen and spotting.
- Furunculosis. Symptoms are darkening of the color and redness of the pectoral fins.
- Pseudomonosis. Symptoms are an increase in the abdomen and ruffling of the scales.
- Aeromonosis. Inflammation of the fins.
With minor symptoms, therapy is to improve living conditions. In addition, you can add various solutions or special medicines that the veterinarian prescribes to the water. Minerals and vitamins are added to the diet of lalius, which will help increase immunity to various diseases. However, if the fish could not be saved, you must immediately transplant the rest into another container and carry out the prevention of the disease. The aquarium is thoroughly washed with antiseptic preparations.