The parrot is a bird of tropical origin. Distinctive features are the motley color of plumage, a lively disposition and the ability to imitate human speech. This genus of birds is marked by a large number of subspecies.
In most regions of the world, it is used as a decorative pet. For commercial purposes, it is bred and kept on specialized industrial and private farms.
Specific requirements are imposed on the characteristics of the feed and the conditions of keeping exotic birds at home. As a home for a parrot and a means of isolating it from the environment, lattice cell. This device allows you to provide the appropriate conditions for a comfortable life, while maintaining the ability to communicate with the outside world, since captive-bred parrots are extremely social.
There are various modifications of cages for a parrot, differing in the presence of certain functionalities. Some copies may cost $1,000. Along with them, budget models are supplied to the zoo market, available to the average buyer. In addition, following the instructions, you can design a cage with your own hands, which will allow you to take into account the individual characteristics of a particular bird and save money.
The main criteria for the quality of a cage for a parrot are – size, material and design.
The physiology of any bird is a set of biological characteristics that necessitate the absence of restrictions on freedom of movement. Some properties of their body indicate a dependence on constant physical exertion. The cell size is calculated taking into account this fact.
Parrots are representatives of the genus of birds that are extremely sensitive to external influence factors. They easily succumb to diseases, have a hard time molting and periods of physiological craving for reproduction. Along with this, one can note their exactingness to the materials from which the cage is made. Their environmental friendliness and safety are important.
The physical condition of the parrot directly depends on the design features of the dwelling. Some cages are designed with additions to enable the birds to meet their energy needs and access water and food. These additions include:
- spinning wheels;
- hanging hoops;
- various toys and more.
The shape and materials from which accessories are made must also comply with environmental and safety standards.
There are various modifications of parrot cages that you can assemble with your own hands at home. Before assembly, it is necessary to prepare the appropriate materials and tools.
Tools and materials
The list of materials directly depends on certain types of cell design. Their differences from each other come down to the difference in the configuration of the case. Common types of cells include:
- lattice with an all-metal body;
- cellular all-metal;
- lattice combined;
- cellular combined;
- plastic, wooden.
The all-metal housing is a structure assembled from a metal mesh with a square cell or lattice sheets interconnected by spot welding or other fastening materials.
The combined version of the case combines a wooden or plastic frame that holds a lattice or mesh material. In this case, the mesh can be made of plastic, and the bars of the lattice can be made of wood.
The best option for cell design is combined. Its features allow you to assemble the fixture without unnecessary material costs using a minimum set of tools.
To assemble the birdcage shown in the photo, you will need the following list of materials:
- metal mesh with a square cell, the cell size should not exceed 20 mm;
- planed wooden slats, the average parameters of the slats are 15×30 mm;
- plywood or fiberboard up to 5 mm thick;
- consumable metal products – self-tapping screws, finishing nails, hinges, perforated mounting angles, drills.
The mesh, which will be used as the main material for the cage walls, must have minimum dimensional characteristics. This will reduce the weight of the entire structure and facilitate the assembly process.
The size of wooden slats is not fixed. As this material, rails with various sizes can be used. In this case, it is important to take into account the factor of the weight of the structure. The narrower and thinner the wooden components, the lower its final weight. It is undesirable to use unplaned wood. The presence of bumps, splinters and wood dust can adversely affect the condition of the bird, which will be kept in a cage.
For the arrangement of the bottom of the structure, it is recommended to use fiberboard. This material has several advantages over plywood. At least one side of the fiberboard is coated with a water-repellent layer, which provides the best performance in these conditions, since the bottom of the cage is the final surface on which bird droppings and other waste products of their life activity fall.
Consumable metal products must comply with the parameters of wooden materials. For example, self-tapping screws after screwing in should not protrude from the other side. The pitch of their threads must be selected taking into account the minimum risk of splitting the wood at the time of screwing. The width of the mounting metal corners must match the width of the wooden slats. The protrusion of the corners beyond the perimeter of the frame is unacceptable.
The values of the diameters of the drills must correspond to two values: 1) the diameter of the head of the screws, 2) the diameter of their threaded part, divided by 2.
In accordance with the names of the selected materials, a list of tools is prepared:
- sawing devices for wood (hacksaw or electric jigsaw);
- drill, screwdriver;
- a hammer;
- metal scissors;
- sandpaper medium grit;
- Phillips screwdriver;
- measuring instruments (tape measure, ruler);
- PVA glue;
- other related names.
In order to make a cage for a parrot with your own hands, detailed drawings are drawn up. They must indicate the dimensions of all the constituent parts of the structure. The availability of drawings will allow the preparation of parts and subsequent assembly with maximum accuracy, which will ensure acceptable quality of the product and its proper appearance.
Make a list of parts, consisting of groups of elements, the dimensions and purpose of which are the same.
- Wooden components are sawn from the workpiece in accordance with the specified dimensions. The cut points are sanded with sandpaper to a smooth state. The presence of chipped wood and splinters is excluded.
- Metal grid cut with scissors for metal in accordance with the established dimensions. It is unacceptable to leave open cells at the edges of the mesh web. The cutting points of the mesh links are processed with sandpaper to eliminate the possibility of injury during the assembly process and harm to the parrot.
Procurement of parts according to the principle of grouping facilitates assembly and reduces the time spent on it.
The assembly of the structure is made according to the modular principle. Walls, top and bottom parts are assembled separately. Wooden slats are interconnected in accordance with the drawing instructions. In order to avoid cracking the wood in the places where the screws are screwed in, a mounting hole is drilled using a drill, the diameter of which is half the diameter of the threaded part of the self-tapping screw.
In addition, a hidden recess is drilled into which the head of the self-tapping screw sits. For this, a pen drill with a diameter equal to the diameter of the cap is used. The feather drill allows drilling without chips, as well as ensuring the cone shape of the sweat, which will ensure the quality of the fit of the self-tapping screw head in it.
The metal mesh is attached to the frames of the rails with the help of finishing nails. Their advantage lies in the presence of a small head, softness of the material and the ability to control the working length. The nails are driven into the slats in such a way that, when bent, they can overlap the bars of the mesh at the point of their contact. The frequency of driving in nails will be optimal if they are driven through 1-2 mesh links.
The assembled components are assembled into a single structure. Perforated metal corners are used as parts that reinforce the strength of the joints, which are screwed with screws of the appropriate length.
Self-tapping screws tend to gradually unscrew as a result of the tree’s susceptibility to expansion-contraction processes, due to its reaction to temperature changes and the degree of air humidity.
To eliminate this factor, to strengthen the strength and increase the durability of the joints, it is necessary to dip the threaded part of each self-tapping screw in PVA glue before screwing.
On one side of the cage, a frame should be equipped, providing for the installation of a door. It consists of two rack circuits. The outer contour is the base to which the door frame is attached.
The hinges that hold the door on themselves must be on the outside. So you can limit the ability of the bird to have access to iron parts.
The design of the cage should provide for the presence of a double bottom. The first is a metal mesh, and the second is fiberboard. When designing a cage, it is necessary to take into account the availability of access to the second bottom. This will allow regular cleaning of the cage.
Watch the video tutorial on making a do-it-yourself parrot cage below.
The construction of a parrot cage is not limited to assembling the main frame. For a full life, a bird needs availability of food and water supplies.
To equip these devices, you can use the properties of the metal mesh from which the cell walls are made. Containers for water or feed are hung on mesh cells using homemade hooks made of durable wire.
The container supplying water – a drinking bowl – should be located outside the cage. Inside there is only a stand in which liquid accumulates.
For a comfortable stay of a parrot in a cage, you need to equip a perch. To do this, you can use a homemade crossbar, which lies with its edges in the grid cells located on opposite walls. In most cases, there is no need to permanently fix the perch. It is periodically removed for cleaning from litter.
The simplest additional device in a parrot cage is a swing. They are made from two pieces of steel wire. On both sides of each segment, loops are bent. A wooden crossbar is threaded into one pair of loops, on which the bird will sit, and the other pair of loops is fixed on the ceiling of the cage while maintaining the possibility of a pendulum move.
A homemade parrot cage is extremely easy to assemble. Does not require special tools and rare materials. Its independent production allows you to take into account the characteristics of the room in which it will be installed, and the characteristics of a particular bird.