When purchasing a hamster, in any case, you will also have to think over a dwelling for him – an ordinary cage or a full-fledged house. The second, by the way, is quite possible to make it yourself and thereby get a multifunctional design by spending a minimum of money. There are also variations of small houses that are simply placed inside the cage and are used more for playing.
A home for a hamster, made by hand, should have several mandatory areas: where the rodent will sleep, eat and store supplies. In addition, it is important not to ignore the toilet, bedding, the opportunity to play and carry out hygiene procedures. From toys, experts recommend purchasing a running wheel, the size of which depends on the size of the animal, well-ventilated tunnels, hammocks or swings, as well as details that allow teeth to be developed: wooden sticks, twigs, mineral stones.
For drinking, you will need a drinking bowl, which will serve as an ordinary bowl. For food, it is worth taking a couple of containers – for wet and dry options. We must not forget about pressed sawdust.
Of course, what size a home-made house will be is determined depending on the size of the rodent itself, and what functions the structure should perform. Alternatively, a wooden house for a small hamster requires side walls measuring 10 by 10 centimeters, and the front and back should be at least 15 by 10 centimeters. For the top, a piece of wood is taken with sides 17×12 centimeters.
In principle, the shape of the house under construction can be anything. However, there are several requirements for the design itself:
- it is important that the owner has the opportunity to get inside and clean;
- in the building for small hamsters there should not be large gaps through which they can escape;
- if the rodent, on the contrary, is large, it can get stuck in a passage that is too narrow, so these should also be avoided.
Having decided to assemble a house for a hamster at home, it is important to make sure that the material chosen is environmentally friendly, and if the animal tries it “by the teeth”, there will be no horrific consequences for its health.
If plastic is taken for construction, then it must be food grade.
It is easy and simple to make a cardboard house, but it will not be able to differ in particular durability and longevity. You can print the template on thin paper, and then transfer it to cardboard and cut it out with a clerical knife. Then all the parts are bent in the right places and glued together. At the last stage, an inlet for the rodent is cut.
However, it is much easier to take a cardboard box left over from paper napkins and design a home based on it.
From plastic bottles
To create a plastic structure, you will need a one and a half liter bottle, a clerical knife, a marker, scissors and a lighter, which, if not available, can be easily replaced with matches. From the bottom of the container, the required height of the house is measured and marked with a marker with a solid line around the entire circumference. With the help of a clerical knife, this part is cut off, and the edges are melted under the action of a lighter.
Further, an arch-shaped passage is cut out in the house, the edges of which are also treated with fire.
If you ignore this step, the animal may be injured on a sharp surface. The finished house is placed inside the cage.
There is a variation in the manufacture of a more complex design of three or four five-liter bottles. Her drawing is best studied on the Internet, but the main point of the design is that the bottles are connected by inserting one into the other, forming tunnels. A bedroom is made in one of the containers, the feeding process is organized in the second, the hamster can go to the toilet in the third, and in the fourth, if there is one, have fun on the wheel. Between themselves, the components of the house are additionally strengthened with glue and adhesive tape.
Another plastic dwelling for a rodent is construction from a conventional container in which useful little things are stored. The size of the box used should be large enough so that the hamster does not feel uncomfortable while being inside. For example, it could be a container dimensions 640x460x300 millimeters.
A felt-tip pen and a ruler, a construction mesh, a pencil and a knife, a lighter or matches, as well as plastic clamps are also useful for manufacturing. A hole is cut in the lid with a heated knife blade, which is then tightened with a mesh fixed with clamps. Holes for the latter are again created with a hot knife.
Having obtained a ready-made plywood parcel box, you can transform it into a hamster house. An inlet is drilled or cut on the side of the structure. If desired, you can cut through several windows. Such a house should be painted with colorless paint for an attractive appearance.
The most eco-friendly and stylish will be a house made of coconut. The main thing to do is to cut a hole, the diameter of which will be at least 5 centimeters. After draining the milk, it is also necessary to remove all the pulp from the inside with a chisel.
If you first hold the coconut in the freezer, it will be cleaned much easier. An empty coconut is well washed, and the entrance is additionally sanded with sandpaper. Such a house is placed in an animal cage.
The easiest way to create a home for a hamster is to use two cardboard tubes left over from toilet paper or paper towels. Both are alternately flattened, after which semicircular holes are cut into them on both sides. After straightening, one tube is inserted into the other, forming a cross. This design is placed in a cage.
Another unusual paper house can be made from toilet paper itself. Although it will most likely live no more than a couple of days, making it is so simple and economical that you can create the design as many times as you like for the entertainment of a pet. In addition to toilet paper, a balloon and a basin filled with water will come in handy. First of all, the balloon is inflated to the size of a large apple. Next, the paper is torn into separate pieces and soaked in water.
Each sheet is immediately glued to the ball. It is necessary to act until eight layers are formed on the structure, and it is completely covered. Then the future house is removed to dry on the battery. The hardened structure must be removed from the ball, for which it is pierced with a needle or simply untied. At the end, a neat arch-shaped entrance is cut in the hemisphere.
Quite a long, but interesting, wooden house is created from ice cream sticks. In addition to 80-120 parts, wood glue, a ruler and a knife will come in handy. To create a house, a drawing is first drawn up. Such a structure has two side walls, a floor, a ceiling and two parts of the roof. All of them are created by connecting sticks in parallel. The finished floor, ceiling and walls are glued together.
To make the roof rafters, it will be necessary to place the sticks lengthwise and then across to ensure greater strength. Until the glue dries, you can further strengthen everything with rubber bands.
If the house is planned to be two-story, then you will need to consider a system for getting to the second level, for example, thanks to a ladder made from the same sticks.
The most successful solution, of course, is considered a full-fledged wooden house. The wood used must be coated with an antiseptic and stain. If desired, a varnish layer can also be provided, this will simplify the process of cleaning the structure. For construction, a board 4 centimeters thick is required, ideally – from a deciduous tree. In addition, a drill, sandpaper, a hammer, a set of nails, wood glue, a jigsaw and a drill will come in handy.
The first step is preparing blanks according to the drawings. Then holes are cut for entry and ventilation. For convenient fastening, narrow rails used at connection points are useful. Each detail is worked out with sandpaper, and its edges are cleaned with sandpaper.
After that, the walls are connected with a hammer and nails or self-tapping screws. It is not necessary to fix the roof, as this will deprive the owners of the opportunity to clean.
At the end, all the tips of the studs are checked so that they do not have the opportunity to injure the rodent.
From the box
It is very easy to create a house for a rodent from an ordinary box left over from paper napkins. In this case, you will also need cardboard tubes from toilet paper, scissors and PVA glue. The box is installed so that the hole is in front, and a pair of rolls is fixed crosswise.
The resulting figure is inserted into the hole, forming the entrance to the house. Similarly, fixing a few more rolls, you can make a labyrinth. All parts are reinforced with glue for reliability.
Knowing the technique of weaving from a vine or having a basket of a suitable shape and size, you can make a very unusual and stylish home. As a bottom, a round plywood is usually used, on which a wicker “yurt” is fixed. In this case, there is no need to additionally cut a hole.
Craftsmen working with clay can make a house for a hamster from this material. In this case, it is better to make the cover removable in order to be able to tidy up inside. You can decorate such a design with voluminous clay elements.
By analogy with a birdhouse, you can make a house for rodents from a stump of a suitable shape and size. In this case, you will have to work hard, cleaning out the “insides”, but the resulting design will look very natural and will not bring any harm to the hamster.
How to make a house for a hamster with your own hands, see the following video.