Many people keep parrots. To avoid possible problems with a pet, you need to carefully study the features of each particular variety. This also applies, of course, to rosellas.
This type of bird stands out among other parrots with unusually looking bright plumage. It has a scaly structure. Rosella lives even in city parks, which clearly shows the level of adaptation of this parrot to difficult conditions. Connoisseurs of wildlife willingly start rosella. The popularity of this species is associated with:
- tenderness and loudness of voice;
- melody of whistles and flute echoes;
- ease of learning;
- outward beauty.
What is not less important, Rosella is also distinguished by a very docile character. It’s easy to get in touch with her. The bird does not impose special requirements for keeping. However, she doesn’t speak very well either. Even if you strictly follow the special recommendations for training, Rosella will be able to learn no more than 10 words.
With the usual neat content, the vocabulary will be half as much. But Rosella’s singing voice is very pleasant. The intellectual level of the parrot provides him with the opportunity to imitate other birds without any problems. Sometimes other sounds of nature are even reproduced.
It should be borne in mind that Rosella, with rare exceptions, behaves aggressively towards other poultry.
The size of the parrot is average (body length is 0.25-0.35 m). All species of this genus have a rather wide stepped tail of 4 feathers. The surface of the mandible at the very tip contains an original notch. Large spots form on the cheeks:
- milky white.
Determining the sex of rosella is very difficult. Sexual dimorphism is not very pronounced. Even quite experienced breeders mistakenly sometimes buy birds of the same sex. The color and size of the individuals are exactly the same. It is necessary to pay attention, first of all, to the size of the head and beak (in males they are larger).
The age of rosella can reach 15-20 years. In any case, if the usual conditions of home maintenance are observed. With a good combination of circumstances, you can expect that the parrot will live for more than 25 years. Of course, such a life expectancy is provided only with good nutrition.
The vast majority of rosellas have bluish wings covered with black spots. The wings themselves reach a maximum length of 0.1 m. The flight characteristics of the bird are low: they can fly only a short distance, often flapping their wings. According to the existing ornithological classification, 7 varieties of rosella are distinguished.
In the wild, the parrot eats a variety of food. The diet may contain:
- grains of cereals and other crops;
- field, forest and vegetable gardens.
The difference between the Rosella breeds is expressed mainly in the color of the feathers. Other main characteristics are more or less the same.
- The pale-headed type reaches 0.33 m in length. The top of the back is covered with black feather with a yellow border. The light yellow head is favorably shaded by white cheeks. On the back below, on the main part of the wing and above the tail, the feathers are blue (or blue with a greenish tint). The red undertail looks very attractive.
- Green rosellas can grow up to 0.36 m. The plumage is colored very differently, but in most cases the body of the bird is brown on top, surrounded by a blue border. The neck, breast and crown are yellow-green, while the throat is painted blue, and the forehead is red.
- Red (they are penant) rosellas grow up to 0.36 m, their color is very variegated. The head and chest are painted red, and the cheeks are bluish-white. From below, the rosella has a green color, while it has a black back, blue wings and a white-green tail.
- Black-headed rosellas are distinguished by a black and yellow feather covering:
- upper back;
- back of the head.
White cheeks with a blue border are clearly visible on the black head.
- The yellow-cheeked rosella is the smallest in size. She is valued for her amazingly beautiful plumage.
- The pale-headed rosella inhabits mainly the north-eastern part of Australia. The population of this species is quite large in Queensland and New South Wales, a number of individuals are found in Tasmania. Red rosella can be found in the southern and eastern parts of Australia, on the adjacent islands. The yellow-cheeked species has mastered the same regions.
- And black-headed parrots can be seen anywhere on the northern coast of Australia. There, optimal conditions are created for them (savannah, where you can eat seeds). Birds often visit sunflower and corn fields, they can forage even on vegetable plantations. The pale-headed parrot, along with such food, can also exterminate small insects.
Rosella uses tree hollows, empty areas inside thick branches and other shelters to make nests.
- The variegated rosella is divided into three subspecies, which can be found in Tasmania and southeast Australia. The size of the bird is relatively small (the length is no more than 0.32 m, the wing is up to 0.11 m). The bird has a graceful plumage. The feathers on the top of the back are black, but each has a yellow-green border. The same yellow-green coloration is characteristic of the lower part of the back as a whole. Bright red neck and chest look very attractive.
On the belly and above the tail, the feathers are painted in a light green tone. The wings have a lilac-blue tonality, diluted with black blotches. The tail feather is painted blue, its tips are slightly lighter than the main part.
- The motley parrot inhabits open areas of the area. It typically feeds on the seeds of both wild and artificially grown plants. At the same time, the bird fights against weeds and harmful insects. She can nest in:
- cavities of large branches;
- empty rabbit holes;
- nests of other birds;
- convenient places on a pole or fence.
Keeping a variegated rosella at home or in a zoological corner is very easy. The parrot quickly gets used to contact with people and does not scream too loudly. However, the manifestation of aggression towards birds of other species is likely.
- The ruby species is named for its elegant coloration. Feathers have yellowish areas. Such a rosella masters the imitation of human speech quite well. Life expectancy can reach 30 years.
- Pink rosella is not actually found in nature.. In any case, there is absolutely no mention of it in scientific sources.
One way or another, all types of rosella can only normally exist in conditions similar to conditions in Australia.
Home care for rosella is clearly more difficult than it might seem at first. Such a parrot is shy. Careless handling of it can cause irreparable mental damage.
It is strictly unacceptable to catch rosella with your hands. Usually, special soft nets are used for this. Another way is to lure food from the main cage into a carrying bag.
Already at home, you need to remove the perch from the carrier, then move the carrier to the open home cage. The bird will fly there. It is also important what this cell will be. In the wild, Rosella loves to fly from one branch to another, so she needs maximum space at home.
It is also desirable that inside the cell there is more perches. Already at the most tender age, the Australian parrot should fly actively. Constantly keeping it locked up, the owners only increase the likelihood of illness.
The only acceptable enclosure fillers are dry sand or freshly sawn sawdust. Fillers should be changed as often as possible.
Rosella differs from other parrots in that does not tolerate high humidity. Cages are placed in dry rooms, not ventilated by drafts. It is best if the room is equipped with air conditioning, set to 60% humidity. Rosellas just love to splash and swim in clear water. The tank with it should stand in the cage continuously.
Speaking about the care of these parrots, including food, one cannot ignore their characteristic feature – conservatism. Both a sudden change in location and a change in diet can cause great damage to a bird. Rosella is extremely sensitive to noises, especially music. In a family where there is constant scandal, the parrot will feel uncomfortable. It is undesirable to start it and lovers of noisy feasts.
You need to feed the bird only with fresh products. For this use:
- grain mixtures for medium sized parrots.
Rosella willingly eat bananas. But only if they were originally accustomed to such food. From everything else, the bird will stubbornly turn its beak away. Rosella eats any greens. With the help of green salad from moistened leaves, you can not only feed your pet, but also give him water.
In the wild, rosellas prey on worms, insects, and various larvae. There is no need to provide them with such food in captivity. Moreover, it is impossible to obtain exactly the species necessary for birds in our country. Boiled eggs and fat-free cottage cheese are a good substitute. It is not worth experimenting with the rest of the food.
How to tame a parrot?
It is quite possible to teach a Rosella parrot to sit on your hand. The main thing is to take into account the natural conservatism of these birds and not force the process. They will spend about a month on mastering the house. Then every morning you should carefully approach the cage and start feeding. You will have to devote a lot of time to rosellas every day, otherwise they will not be tamed.
Usually in 1-2 months you can achieve a calm, fearless landing on your shoulders. In this case, you must definitely trust the bird. If he wants to take off from his shoulder and flutter around the house – so be it.
Sudden movements and even just raising your voice are unacceptable. They will only irritate Rosella.
A nesting house measuring 0.25×0.25×0.4 m is built for birds in the spring. Peat and sawdust fall asleep inside. This is the most favorable basis for incubation. Important: birds can build their own nest. There would be material for such construction.
To regulate the reproduction of parrots, you can intentionally deprive them of the opportunity to build a nest. But even with strict adherence to the basic rules, you can not wait for the appearance of chicks. The main reasons for their death are:
- oxygen deficiency;
- low humidity;
- contamination of the shell surface.
Rosella leaves the nest during incubation only for eating. Feed, as well as water, should be placed closer to the bird. Hatched chicks are blind, but already have thick down. Feeding actually falls on the owners. Rosella can feed on its own only at the age of one month.
The air temperature with the content of roselles should be kept at around 20-25 degrees. It is required to take care of a constant supply of fresh air. Light day should be at least 18 hours. In winter, the lack of light is compensated artificially.
Important: when giving the bird the opportunity to fly around the apartment, it is necessary to close all the windows to prevent escape.
Despite the resistance of the body as a whole and immunity in particular, rosella can still get sick. The main danger is stress. If the bird has been exposed to it, then the threat of manifestation of the pathogenic properties of any microorganism is very high. If injuries are caused due to stress, treatment is impossible in principle. The only way to fight is to maintain optimal rest.
It is possible to exclude infection with respiratory mycoplasmosis if:
- systematically clean the cage;
- give only clean water;
- take care of the quality of the feed;
- periodically treat the cage with quicklime.
Rosella delivered from European countries are often infected with circovirus. In the EU, veterinary control is much stricter when importing animals, so our country is systematically “dumped with illiquid assets”. Due to the disease, the plumage of the bird is disturbed, the shape of the beak is distorted. Even worse, the immunity and nervous tissue of the feathered suffer.
When buying, you need to carefully find out the country of origin of the rosella. It is useful to take an interest in the sanitary accompanying documents. You can reduce the risk of infection if:
- carefully remove scales and droppings;
- give only proven high quality food;
- prevent contact between sick and healthy birds.
Since the rosella is curious and very mobile, it can be severely injured. There are no ways to prevent injury. Only an ornithologist-veterinarian can help. Methods for the prevention of beriberi and parasitic diseases are the same as in other parrots. Periodic veterinary examinations are highly recommended.
Maintaining normal conditions for the existence of a bird is possible thanks to air humidifiers and ionizers. To strengthen the body of Rosella parrots, conventional vitamin preparations are used. They must be stored in the refrigerator. In order to start treatment in a timely manner, it is necessary to carefully monitor the changing behavior of rosella.
To prevent intoxication, it is necessary to remove parrots from the room during any coloring and disinfection, during deratization, during repairs and cleaning using toxic substances. Rosella can be poisoned by a wide variety of house and garden plants. Therefore, it is necessary to keep the parrot away from all vegetation that is not known to be safe for this species.
The biggest threats are yew, dope, acacia and golden rain.
Wild-growing dope, henbane, nightshade, belladonna and raven are also toxic. Of indoor crops, it is advised to beware of:
- crow’s eye;
- any type of Dieffenbachia.
Despite all the difficulties in caring for a rosella, a parrot can become a real decoration of any home. It must be taken into account that even with many years of maintenance, this bird will not become tame until the end. Contacts with the outside world are rather painful for her. If the bird hears an extraneous, unfamiliar voice, then it tries to consider the speaker, turning its head around. Some say that even when household members appear in atypical clothes, Rosella will freeze and wait for the consequences of an unusual situation.
She won’t sing too often, mostly when no one else is in the room. Tense cries gradually emerge from melodic singing.
Important: this type of parrot gnaws everything. This should be taken into account when choosing cages and toys, any accessories. Sometimes Rosella will “deal” with a recalcitrant object for several days in a row until it bites off.
See the following video for taming a rosella parrot.