Not so long ago, a special variety of parrots appeared on the market – kakariki. Feather lovers as pets are increasingly preferring these birds. New Zealand kakariki parrots are distinguished by their energy and great curiosity about the world around them. Before purchasing them, it is recommended to learn about all the features of birds and the nuances of their content.
- These birds differ in that they have rather strong paws and a powerful beak.
- The maximum length of the case is 30 cm. Their weight usually does not exceed 90 g.
- The maximum age of parrots can vary from 10 to 20 years – they rarely live longer.
- Mostly birds have a green color, but the color of plumage depends on the breed of kakariks. Most often you can find green, yellow and red New Zealand birds.
- Birds are distinguished by their hyperactivity, which is of great interest to parrot lovers.
- Kakariki live in New Zealand and on nearby islands.
- Due to the fact that birds rarely use their wings, they spend most of their time on the ground. They only need wings in extremely life-threatening situations.
- New Zealand parrots are very inquisitive and almost never sit idle.
- The bird’s dwelling is made for itself not high from the ground: usually these are tree hollows or the roots of various shrubs.
- Like many representatives of the parrot family, kakariki can talk.
The number of these wonderful New Zealand birds is getting smaller every year, so the species is considered endangered. The reason for this is large-scale deforestation. To preserve the population, people create special nurseries for the life and reproduction of kakariks. The conditions in them are close to the wild, so the birds do not even feel the difference.
How to distinguish a female from a male?
Those who have ever kept parrots at home know that it is much more difficult to distinguish them by gender than our usual pets, such as cats or dogs.
There is an opinion that determining the sex of kakariks is quite simple. Male birds differ in size from females. The same can be said about weight: on average, a kakarik boy is 20 g larger. The beak and head of the male are more massive than those of females.
Owners of this species of birds emphasize that males are very noisy and overly active, which cannot be said about females. Usually the latter are more balanced and less mobile.
If you want to buy a parrot that can talk well, then it is recommended to give preference to male kakariks. Females are not able to show successful results in the conversational skill, as they do not have the necessary perseverance and are less inquisitive than males.
New Zealand parrots learn much faster than many representatives of this species.
If it is difficult to determine the gender, it is best to find out from a specialist. Feathered kakariki differ not only externally, but also internally, and this must be taken into account when buying them. There are several basic principles for distinguishing the sex of parrots. They will be discussed below.
- As mentioned earlier, you can determine the sex of birds by comparing their sizes. For this reason, it is not recommended to buy a bird if it is in a single copy in the store, since the floor is very difficult to install in such conditions. Thanks to the comparison, it is possible to establish the gender of the birds.
- When choosing a parrot, you can also resort to weighing them. In this case, you need to know that the minimum weight of males is 80 g, and females – 60.
- Gender is determined by the size of the head. In males, it is several times larger.
- The male and female are distinguished by the size of the beak. Male kakariki have a much wider and larger beak. Females have an oblong spot above the beak, which can reach the back of the head.
- The sex of birds is determined by their behavior: males outnumber females in their activity.
- The color of the cornea of the eye. In the female birds, it has a flesh color, and in the male half of the kakariki it is dark blue.
If we take into account all the factors that distinguish females from males, then it is possible to determine the sex of feathered birds with the naked eye.
New Zealand parrots are divided into four main varieties, each of which has individual characteristics, therefore, outwardly such parrots are very easy to distinguish.
- Red-faced kakarik. This species of New Zealand bird is characterized by the presence of green plumage. The undertail of the parrot has a rich blue tint. Also, the bird has a border on large feathers. Such individuals got their name due to the presence of a red strip between the eyes, which has a horizontal orientation.
Also, the top of the bird is painted crimson. The beak of a parrot has a gray color, the tip of which is much darker than the main part. Many representatives of this species have not only a bright green color – one of the main variations is also considered to be yellow plumage, covered with saturated small red spots.
- Yellow-browed kakarik. The plumage of this species is green. The frontal part is often painted red, and the forehead is yellow. There are also small red spots above the tail on the back of the body. The beak of yellowfins has a pale blue tint, its tip is painted black.
- Mountain kakarik. This type of flightless parrot from New Zealand has a rich green plumage. The ventral part of the body is painted in light green color. The frontal part has a characteristic red tint. The beak of mountain parrots is gray, with bluish tints.
- Antipodean kakarik. The main plumage of representatives of this species of New Zealand birds is green, with yellowish tints in the abdominal region. The wing part is colored purple. The beak of antipodean birds has a characteristic gray color, smoothly turning to black at the tip. The legs of birds are also painted in gray.
Like any pet, a kakarik needs in certain care.
- Increased humidity.
- The average temperature is about 17 degrees Celsius. Birds are extremely negative about heat. Temperature fluctuations also have a bad effect on the well-being of the bird.
- New Zealand birds should be protected from drafts.
- It is necessary to devote a lot of time to birds, play with them and indulge in toys.
With knowledge of the basic recommendations, you can engage in arranging a place for a bird. In the wild, birds live in nests or hollows of trees, but at home it is recommended to keep the kakarika in a cage, and you need to regularly care for the birds.
The cage for keeping a parrot should be large. This applies to both the height of the structure and the floor area. Such criteria must be taken into account, because the bird spends most of its time on the ground.
Given these parameters, we can conclude that kakariki need to install an aviary. It is necessary that the room is well lit and warm. There should be enough space in this type of cage, as New Zealand parrots are active and restless birds.
Birds rest only at night.
Do not forget about placing a feeder and drinker in the cage. For high humidity in the aviary, you can install a small container of water. During the heating season, you need to monitor the humidity of the air, since during this period the air in the house is dry.
Grooming consists of carefully looking after the birds. They should be protected from traumatic objects in the house, since, unlike many representatives of parrots, kakariki lack the instinct of self-preservation.
This feature was influenced by their excessive curiosity for the world around them.
The aviary in which the feathered bird lives should be cleaned at least once a week. From time to time it is necessary to clean the parrot feeders.
For a New Zealand parrot, it is recommended to make the right diet. There is nothing difficult in this process. You need to feed the bird with soft food in its structure. They make up 1/3 of the feathered diet.
Birds also eat millet or oats. Portions should not be large. Kakariki need vitamins and minerals to saturate the body, so food supplements should be used from time to time during feeding. Sepia or chalk can be used as such vitamins. Sand is also sometimes added.
Juicy food implies the inclusion of various fruits and vegetables in the diet. It is also recommended to give preference to greenery and various berry crops. Among the variety, we can distinguish the optimal components for the diet of poultry:
- Chinese cabbage;
How to tame a parrot?
If you need to get a kakarika, you need to understand that it is almost impossible to get a smart and obedient pet right away. To do this, the bird needs to be taught a lot.
Another difficulty when buying a tropical pet is that it is not intended for keeping at home. Kakariki live in packs in the jungle. For this reason, the period of adaptation to new conditions can last a long time. In this case, the bird needs the support of a new owner.
To accustom the feathered to the hands, you should gradually perform the necessary actions.
- It is recommended to periodically spend a little time near the cage. At first, this must be done daily. Thus, the parrot will no longer be afraid of new owners, and the level of trust will increase. The main thing is to show the bird that a person is a friend for him and in no case an enemy.
- The second stage consists in getting used to the hands of the kakarikov. To do this, you should spend some time near the aviary, but additionally stick your hands to the parrot and keep them close – so the bird can quickly get used to the hands of its owner.
- The third stage includes a repetition of the actions of the previous stages. and appeasing the parrot with various delicacies. After a while, the feathered one will get used to the hands and will not be afraid of them at all.
- After the parrot got used to the person, you can add different games. Kakariki are very fond of toys – it is not necessary to buy them, because you can make simple designs for the entertainment of the bird yourself. The usual tickling will already cause a huge amount of positive emotions in a feathered pet.
- At the last stage, the parrot is taught to sit on the owner’s finger.
The learning process does not require a complicated approach – just put your finger at the level of the parrot’s abdomen right above the bird’s paws.
Kakariki are subject to the process of reproduction already at the age of one. It is strongly not recommended to cross varieties such as yellow-fronted and red-fronted New Zealand parrots.
Breeding kakariks at home is not very difficult, with the exception of some nuances. For example, these birds are very picky in choosing a partner.. After placing a female and a male in a cage, sympathy does not arise immediately – this process can take several days. After some time, sympathy may not even arise. In this case, you need to pick up another parrot.
When sympathy arises, parrots in a rather cute form look after each other and show signs of attention. In this case, the birds give each other water from their beaks and help clean their wings.
After sympathy has been shown, it is necessary to start preparing a birdhouse. The female lays eggs for several days, and in total this process does not take more than three days. The average incubation period is about 3 weeks.
While the female kakarika incubates the eggs, the male takes full care of her. After three days, the eggs hatch into chicks. Newborn parrots do not have plumage. They are also born blind, and they get the opportunity to see only after ten days.
A month later, the chicks appear plumage. They feed on mealy worms and egg feed. Food is obtained from the mother’s beak.
After forty days after birth, the chicks can already eat on their own and live without parents, but adult parrots look after them for about 14 more days. After two months, the chicks become completely independent.
During this period of time, parrots should be carefully looked after, as adult birds may later be aggressive towards their offspring. At the first urge, it is best to seat them in different enclosures.
The maximum life span of kakariks can reach 20 years. But only in a favorable environment can such a result be achieved.
On the Internet you can find many reviews about this species of birds. Many say that it is better to keep ornamental plants away from parrots, as for kakariki it is a tasty morsel. Because of the excessive love for ornamental plants, it is better for tropical bird owners to get rid of plants that have poisonous substances in their structure, otherwise this can greatly harm their feathered friend.
Internet users also point out that parrot food products should never be heat treated – this has a bad effect on the New Zealand bird. Their diet is recommended to be saturated with greens and cereals. Also, kakariki give special preference to nuts.
New Zealand parrots do well in tropical climates, so they may not adapt well to home conditions.
In this case, you can maintain the health of your pet by including various biological additives and vitamins in the diet.
Due to the restlessness of parrots, the water in the drinking bowl is often contaminated, so it is recommended to change it at least twice a day.
There are many positive reviews about kakarikas. The main difficulties of the content are manifested in their restlessness. For this reason, in the initial stages, you need to be patient.
Also, many owners of feathered pets say that you need to purchase New Zealand birds from breeders.
It is better that they are ringed, since in this case they will not be wild, and it will be possible to tame them much faster.
The story of kakariki – see the next video.