The Petersburg orchid is not a flower, but the original name of a small breed of dog. Such an elegant companion can be easily kept in an apartment or carried with you for a walk. Buying such a pet is not easy, which further fuels the interest of breeders.
There are breeds that have been known to man for a long time, and there are those that have recently appeared. The Petersburg orchid belongs to the second type, since it has been recognized only since 1997.
The breeding of this mini-dog was taken up in St. Petersburg, hence the name. To get a dog with an exceptional exterior, the breeder Nina Nasibova needed to use several breeds of dogs for crossing:
- toy poodle;
- Yorkshire Terrier;
Not immediately the woman managed to achieve the desired result, she had to spend a lot of time on the work. Only three years after the crossing, animals were born that were distinguished by their bright appearance and excellent character. The appearance of a new breed was timed to coincide with the 300th anniversary of St. Petersburg.
The hint in the name of an exotic flower is intended to emphasize how fragile and delicate the animal is.
Today there is a detailed description of this Neva breed, by which you can determine whether the puppy meets the selection requirements or has a marriage. Generally speaking, small-sized dogs have a stretched body, small muscle mass and medium bones.
Upon closer examination, it is difficult not to notice a pronounced sexual dimorphism, which is manifested both in the appearance of the animal and in its behavior. Among the advantages, the breeders especially singled out the appearance of the dog. The coat falls in waves down from the spine. The bangs flaunt in front of the muzzle, which are ideally complemented by long ears.
From the side it seems that the animal has some kind of unique hairstyle.
Individuals of the described breed do not grow more than 300 mm at the withers. Weight can vary from 2.5 to 4 kilograms. It is dangerous when a female St. Petersburg orchid weighs less than 1.5 kg. The lack of mass leads to the fact that she will not be able to give birth on her own.
Inside the finished standard, dogs are described in more detail. The head is small in size, characterized by rectangular lines. The muzzle is shorter than the head – on average, a third of its dimensions, slightly sharper towards the end.
The transition from the forehead is clearly visible, but not sharp. The nose is black or painted in a different shade to match the color of the dog’s coat. The lobe is small.
Representatives of the breed have small, oval-shaped eyes that are at a great distance from each other. The look is meaningful. The breed is not bug-eyed.
The ears are high, hanging down, but small. Fits well with the size of the head.
When examining the teeth, the bite must be correct, scissor-like. The jaw is formed by small, but rather sharp teeth.
The neck is dry, slightly elongated, characterized by a slight bend. A straight line is visible on the back. She is quite broad and muscular. You can easily see the withers, which smoothly flows into the lower back. The chest is deep, the stomach is retracted.
Paws are thin, located exactly, absolutely parallel to each other. The tail is below the back, it can be cut according to the breed until the animal has grown. With proper cupping, 2-3 vertebrae are left. If left long, it can stick out straight, or it can curl.
Special attention is paid to the description of the breed of wool. It is not only long, but also thick, sometimes falling slightly in waves. There is a separate subspecies – shorthair. This is the Neva orchid.
As for coloring, there is no clear definition. Any color is allowed, only white is missing according to the description. There are individuals with a single color, and there are multi-colored.
The most interesting option is the one where there is a mask on the muzzle.
Doggy and the following colors stand out from the crowd:
- black with tan.
Burn marks can also be of different colors. Most often there are red, cognac, smoky, gray and yellow.
The general tone of the coat can vary greatly. If these are dogs of a reddish hue, then it is not always the same, it varies from light wheaten to dark, as close as possible to cognac.
Has red fur. The palette is quite wide. You can see a representative of the breed with a hint of cream rose or dark burgundy with a little blackness.
Chocolate color is popular. It can be not only a light shade of cocoa, but also dark, rich, like a bar of dark chocolate.
You can meet representatives of the breed of silver or even blue. They look very interesting and unusual.
The creator of the breed continues to work on breeding dogs with other coat colors. The plans are to get bright representatives of the St. Petersburg orchid with spotted color, white with red or even black and white.
If you provide proper care and nutrition for the dog, then he lives in a house with the owners for about 14 years, which is quite a long time. It is important to ensure that the dog does not jump from a great height, since the skeleton of the animal is very fragile, such a fall can cause dislocation or fracture, and bruising of internal organs is often observed. As a result, the life span of the pet is reduced.
Pros and cons
The creators of the described decorative breed can talk for a long time about the advantages of small dogs. They have a playful disposition, flexible, friendly. It is advised to have such pets in those families where there are not enough positive emotions, since the St. Petersburg orchid can guarantee them. Communication with an animal allows you to get rid of stress, socialize the child.
Of the advantages of the breed, it is worth highlighting:
- attractive appearance;
- small size;
- good-natured character.
If you want to devote yourself to exhibitions, then this breed is best suited. Dogs have a special exterior, ideal for the role of champions.
With all this, they are unpretentious in food, although you need to follow the diet, since the condition of the coat and teeth depends on the quality of nutrition.
The small size makes it possible to keep a pet even in a small apartment, where it will not interfere. These dogs normally relate to the absence of the owner, do not play naughty and dutifully wait for his arrival at home. Breeders appreciate the St. Petersburg orchid for its complaisance and good breeding. It is difficult to resist the charm of the representatives of the breed.
The animal gets along well with children, loves active games, but it should be handled very carefully. Any wrong move can harm the pet. Of the negative qualities:
- not a guard;
- may get sick often.
Such a dog is not able to protect the owner, but this is not required by the breed. Petersburg orchid is a decorative animal that requires care and love. Be sure to get vaccinated in a timely manner.
Every time the dog is around, you need to be careful not to accidentally crush it. The same goes for playing with children. It is better to allow a child to an animal at a conscious age, otherwise it may cause injury.
Do not think that decorative dog breeds are stupid – this statement is not true. The Petersburg orchid is distinguished by its intelligence, quick wits, which is why it has such a meaningful look. These dogs love their owner, react sharply to his mood and are not intrusive.
The breed is perfect for those who want to see an affectionate, gentle pet. Animals do not have friendliness, they do not show aggression even to strangers, they are not jealous. The dog greets each guest on the doorstep with great joy.
A dog can make friends with any other pet, be it a cat or a parrot. She will not take away the palm and will dutifully accept the allotted place. The breed is good because it has a naturally developed craving for new acquaintances.
On a walk behind the St. Petersburg orchid, you don’t have to blush, the animal is curious, but moderate in its impulses.
If possible, the dog will be next to the owner 24 hours a day, while it can not always be seen, because it will not get in the way underfoot. She knows how to feel the mood and keep her distance. The animal has an aristocratic character, so it does not fuss in vain.
The pet will be infinitely happy if everyone around pays attention to it. Feeling love, he will respond in the same way, only in a threefold amount. These animals have a loving heart, so people with the same character are advised to start them.
If the dog is unloved in the house where he lives, then, most likely, the animal will become depressed, start to get sick. The owner should always have time to caress the dog, play with him. These pets cannot live with a feeling of abandonment, loneliness. But sometimes they also like to be alone, so they go to a quiet corner. At such moments, you need to allow the dog to rest.
What to feed?
A balanced diet affects not only the appearance of the dog, but also the behavior. If there are enough minerals, vitamins and nutrients in the body, then the animal will be active, cheerful and playful.
You can cook a complete balanced diet yourself or buy ready-made dog food designed for small breeds. In the first case, the owner independently regulates the consumption of certain products, draws up a menu, taking into account the individual characteristics of the animal. This is especially important if the pet has health problems, such as diabetes.
As for commercial feeds, they are easy to use and affordable. Quality foods provide your dog with the necessary amount of minerals, vitamins, protein and carbohydrates that are required per day, taking into account the activity and age of the pet.
If we talk specifically about the St. Petersburg orchid, then the breeders initially laid in the breed the use of commercial food for raising puppies in the future. It was assumed that this would greatly simplify the process of caring for the animal.
Dosing of food is calculated by the feed manufacturer, the owner should only follow the requirements indicated on the packaging.
Pellets are much better than canned food. It is more balanced, more nutritious. It is enough to give a portion in the morning and in the evening, but it is imperative to provide access to clean water around the clock. It is best to establish a clear feeding regimen at strictly set hours.
It happens that even when feeding with natural products, the pet needs to be additionally given vitamin supplements. The use of commercial feed eliminates unnecessary costs. The additional inclusion of vitamins in the diet can lead to the appearance of hypervitaminosis.
Like any other dog, the St. Petersburg orchid loves to feast on tasty, but not very healthy food from the table. The owner needs to be extremely careful, some types of food familiar to humans only harm the animal. An example is chocolate.
The use of baked, sweet, sausage products leads to disruption in the digestive system. But it is allowed to give vegetables and fruits, this breed loves them very much, except for garlic and onions. The total amount of fiber should be no more than 15% of the dog’s daily diet.
As for the amount of food, the portion should be such that nothing remains in the bowl. It is impossible to provide a pet with round-the-clock, uncontrolled access to food. This threatens with obesity, although this breed is not predisposed to it.
If you want to encourage the dog, it is better to use a piece of cheese or a boiled cow’s heart.
It is useful to give the animal olive oil and fish oil, they are often added to natural food. Thanks to these products and the microelements contained in them, the condition of the pet’s coat improves.
Olive oil can be given even with a spoon, a few drops a day.
Rules for maintenance and care
Puppies and adult dogs require care, only then the animal will look beautiful. The Petersburg orchid belongs to decorative breeds, so ordinary hygiene procedures are not enough. Grooming is an integral part of keeping a dog.
In a month, the hair of the St. Petersburg orchid grows by 1 centimeter. After a month, this is not so noticeable, but after two or even three it becomes clear that it is time to remove the length. Do not touch the bangs, mustache and beard. You should not cut off the ears either, because the hair grows evenly on them, lays down well.
As for the tail, it is completely cut off. On the limbs, hair needs to be trimmed. Cleans the space between the fingers and on the paws.
Once a week, the owner should inspect the ears of the animal. Appearing dirt is removed with a special veterinary solution, which is applied to a regular cotton pad. If there are signs of a more serious problem, seek professional help.
The eyes have a feature to flow. For washing, special products or plain boiled water are used.
The oral cavity also requires special attention. Although the animal does not need to brush its teeth as often as a person, it is necessary to carry out sonation every five days. From time to time you will have to visit a veterinarian who knows how to properly remove tartar. At home, sometimes it is very difficult to do this.
Most of all, you have to take care of the coat, since the St. Petersburg orchid has a long and thick coat. Among the advantages of the breed in question, one can single out the absence of a molting period, so the house is kept clean. However, this has its drawbacks, because due to the fact that the wool does not fall out from time to time, tangles form. This happens when the owner does not have enough time to regularly use the comb.
The breed needs frequent combing of the coat, if this is not done, dirt and bacteria collect under the tangles that gather near the skin. Often there are bedsores, they cause infection of the animal.
For combing wool, there are many different options for special slickers, combs and brushes on sale.
Every few months the dog is groomed. Some breeders prefer to go to specialized salons, others remove hair on their own in accordance with the scheme. Buying special equipment for trimming is also not a problem today, it is available in pet stores and on the Internet. Machines remove the woolen cover on the neck and in other areas.
The anal glands are considered the most vulnerable area in a dog. They also need regular handling. If the owner starts grooming the dog, inflammation will occur. As a preventive measure, it is recommended to strictly monitor the dog’s nutrition and carry out special treatment every few months. To do this, press on the glands and wipe them with a cotton swab, which is pre-moistened with a solution of manganese. No need to make it concentrated, just add the powder on the tip of the knife.
Finding out about the quality of pet care is very simple. If a “dog” smell emanates from an animal, it means that they rarely bathe it, do not brush their teeth. From the St. Petersburg orchid, which is loved and watched, it will never smell like a dog.
This is one of the few breeds that can be potty trained at home. This is very important for those breeders who have to be away from home most of the day. The animal should have an option in which he can relieve himself and at the same time not ruin the owner’s carpet.
Not only plastic trays are popular, but also special disposable napkins. They perfectly absorb moisture and do not retain smell. If possible, it is better to provide the dog with regular walks in the fresh air. This is an opportunity not only to be with the animal, but also to find new friends.
Maintaining an attractive appearance of the dog is required not only by regular haircuts, but also by water procedures. Even inexperienced dog lovers know that you can’t use the usual shampoo with which we are used to washing our hair.
For dogs, there is a special cosmetics, it includes other components.
It is necessary to accustom the animal to the procedure from a young age, then the dog ceases to be afraid, will not break out and even enjoys it. After the procedure, be sure to wipe the pet with a towel. It should not be allowed to hypothermia, the wool is dried with a hairdryer.
Water procedures should be carried out no more than once a decade. If you put a rubber mat on the bottom of the bath, the dog will not scratch the enamel and slide on it.
Balms help make the coat soft and shiny. Most manufacturers supply them with shampoo. Dirty wool is not combed, however, as well as wet. This leads to the appearance of split ends, the shine disappears, the external exterior becomes faded, inexpressive.
If the animal does not want to get used to water procedures, there is another way out of this situation – dry shampoos in the form of sprays. They are easy to apply and do not require rinsing. The effect is no worse than if the dog were bathed in a bowl of foam.
Pet care is not only external care, but also the health of the dog. Each breed has diseases that are called breed. In the mono-nursery, where the St. Petersburg orchid is bred today, individuals with genetic abnormalities are rejected. They do not give offspring in the future, thanks to which in recent years it has been possible to achieve excellent health among representatives of the described breed. Among the most common problems that breeders have to face are:
- tartar and other dental diseases;
- fractures, sprains, dislocations, especially in puppies, the skeleton of which is poorly formed and not yet strong enough;
Petersburg orchid is very susceptible to temperature changes. In winter, these dogs are prone to hypothermia and colds.
Even windy weather is dangerous for them, so it is advised to use additional clothing during walks.
Sometimes representatives of the breed are sensitive to certain products. There may be problems with the intestines, so it is very important to monitor the diet.
The pet needs to be on walks. If the owner deprives him of this pleasure, then thereby worsens his conditions of detention. Dogs are active and sociable, they must be socialized. For a walk in the fresh air, you only need a collar and a tape measure leash.
It is very important to choose the right collar size, there should still be free space for two fingers between it and the neck.
Education and training
Decorative breeds are not given for training simply because this is not necessary. But sometimes it is better to correct some of the instincts that the dog is endowed with by nature in order to improve the atmosphere of the pet’s stay in the house.
Education allows you to explain to the dog where the boundaries of what is permitted are. If the St. Petersburg orchid grows too spoiled, then it begins to test the patience of the owner.
The animal must clearly understand for itself what kind of hierarchy is in the house, who is in charge and why it is impossible to bite the child. The dog is pointed to its place, but you need to understand that this miniature animal also has its own sense of pride and dignity.
These dogs are much smarter and smarter than one might imagine. They do not need to explain for a long time what is required of them. The most important thing is to accustom to the toilet and it is worth starting from childhood.
This is pretty easy to do if you put in some time and patience. When a puppy appears in the apartment, his movements should be limited to a small space. One room is enough. Floors should not be carpeted, but a bench, bowls of food and water, and a napkin are required. If the dog is taken from a breeder, then it is better to take a napkin from him, since it has a smell familiar to the animal.
When a pet descends on her, he is sure to be encouraged for this. You can give a small treat. It also happens that for the first time the dog went to the toilet in the wrong place. It’s not yet the time to scold her for it, just a napkin needs to be laid there.
When the owner notices that the dog has shat again in an unspecified place, it’s time to punish him, but not beat him. It is quite enough to take him by the withers and poke his nose into a puddle, but you can’t put him on a napkin.
If you do the opposite, then the pet will perceive the toilet as an object that has been banned.
Gradually, when the dog learns to walk in a strictly defined place, the tray can be moved to the place where it was planned to keep it, that is, outside the room.
See below for details.