Hairless dogs appeared at the dawn of civilization. Even in ancient times, they were found on all continents with a tropical climate, with the exception of Australia. From the material of this article you will learn what are the features of these animals and what are the nuances of their content. We bring to your attention a brief overview of the representatives of each breed.
According to one of the well-known hypotheses, these dogs lost their hair due to uselessness, since they lived in a hot tropical climate. The proof of the hypothesis is the location of the sweat glands throughout the body, which is not found in their furry counterparts. Their skin is delicate and sensitive, which is why it needs special care. She has to be protected from the cold and the sun, she is the weak point of any bald dog.
Often the skin of these animals dries up, becomes weathered and can crack. They are not allowed to walk in the sun for a long time; by the winter season they have to buy special clothes and shoes. From excessive sun on the skin of naked dogs, burns can appear, which is why pets have to purchase special sunscreens. The need to purchase shoes is explained by slight injury to the paw pads.
Hairless dog wardrobe must be done from natural materials. They may develop an allergic reaction to the artificial fibers of clothing and footwear textiles. They can be allergic to literally everything: from the cream with which the master’s hands are smeared, to the dust particles hovering in the dwelling room.
Even detergents will have to be selected especially carefully, since the skin can be extremely picky about them.
Representatives of certain breeds of dogs without hair do not have multiple molars. This complicates oral care and feeding, because they have to not only chop food, but also divide it into small portions. In addition, special attention has to be paid to strengthening the jaw apparatus. Stroking these animals is pleasant, they always look neat, although somewhat unusual.
The skin of naked pets is an indicator of health. The better care the owner provides to his pet, the better and more elastic it is. Despite the tendency to allergies, most of these animals have excellent immunity. With timely vaccination and preventive examinations, these pets are not afraid of the disease.
To date, several breeds of dogs without hair are known. Each breed is unique in its own way, differs from others in appearance and character traits.
There are various legends about the origin of these dogs. Representatives of this breed have a graceful appearance. They are graceful, despite their small size, are very active and are characterized by light bones. Their body is smooth and hairless, but there is long hair on the head, paws and tail.
Looking at such a dog, one gets the feeling that it has been skillfully trimmed by a professional groomer. In this case, the type of wool, depending on the variety within the breed, can be veiled. The constitution of these animals is different: deer-shaped and stocky. The first type is characterized by greater elegance, individuals of the second are less mobile.
In general, miniature dogs with a tuft on their heads kind and unobtrusive. They willingly communicate with all family members, are unforgiving, obedient, but cannot stand loneliness. Curious is the fact that the coat color of puppies can change as they grow older. The height at the withers of the average representative of the breed is 32-33 cm, the weight usually does not exceed 5 kg.
From time to time, dogs with bangs participating in exhibitions need to shave their muzzle hair. They cut their claws, grind food, buy special clothes. Despite the fact that dogs are considered apartment dogs, they do not wither without daily walks. Of the minuses of the breed can be noted tendency to hereditary diseases and dislocations of the knee joints.
The disadvantage of ill-mannered Chinese is excessive curiosity. Due to the fact that dogs can afford to feast on their master’s lipstick and lick perfume bottles, cosmetics will have to be hidden. The bed of these beauties must certainly be soft.
Otherwise, they will look at the cozy master’s bed, trying by hook or by crook to get into it.
These pets are distinguished by a lean physique, they are slender and elegant, but at the same time frisky and strong. They are divided into 2 types: completely bald and with fluff on the forehead, end of the tail and limbs. Peruvians, who are called the Orchid of the Incas, kind but stubborn. Their dental formula is incomplete: some representatives of the breed lack from one to all premolars.
The dimensions of naked Peruvians can be small, medium and moderately large, the bones of these dogs are strong. Small individuals of the breed weigh no more than 8 kg with growth at the withers up to 40 cm. Medium-sized brethren are slightly larger: their weight reaches 12 kg with growth up to half a meter. A large dog can reach a height of 60 cm, it weighs an average of 22-23 kg.
Animals are distinguished by devotion to their owners, they are affectionate, express their emotions with sonorous and loud barking. Despite the seeming caution and suspicion, they are devoid of aggression. The color of the representatives of the breed can be black, black-blue, dark chestnut, black-slate, gray and light.
Dark-colored dogs do not suffer as much from sunbathing as their light-colored counterparts.
The Peruvian will demonstrate his affection for a person in all possible ways. Possessing a lightning-fast reaction, if necessary, he will rush to the defense without a shadow of a doubt. When caring for a dog, you need to consider: he sweats, which is why his skin will have to be constantly wiped with a damp cloth to avoid clogging the pores. The skin of Peruvians is especially sensitive, not only pimples, but even blackheads can appear on it.
Dogs of this breed are moderately active, and therefore walks with them should be of medium duration. Their skin is smooth and does not have deep wrinkles. When it comes to nutrition, Peruvians are extremely sensitive to modified supplements. Therefore, it is necessary to approach the preparation of their diet very carefully. They should definitely include boiled meat and vegetables in their food.
American Hairless Terrier
These dogs appeared among the bald brothers relatively recently – in 1972 as a result of a genetic mutation. Their dimensions average 40 cm and weigh up to 7 kg. Dogs are considered long-livers: their life resource often reaches 15-16 years. They have a developed chest and a powerful shoulder girdle, as well as a graceful posture.
The skin of Americans is often white with a black muzzle and spots located on the body, it is soft in comparison with other dogs. In this case, the color of animals can be varied. In nurseries, you can purchase such animals with a monochromatic and contrasting color in the form of spots.
In our country, these dogs are quite in demand, and therefore the price for them is high.
By nature, these dogs are cheerful, they are extremely inquisitive and sociable, although outwardly they do not show it. Unlike the Peruvians, who prefer to be nocturnal and sleep during the day, these creatures are able to adapt to the rhythm of their owners. They prefer owners with a strong core, to whom they are ready to obey unquestioningly. American hairless dogs have self-esteem, they have developed intelligence, and therefore they do not growl unnecessarily and do not rush to the attack.
By the degree of activity they are often compared with children: These pets have more than enough energy, and some owners consider their dogs to be real bullies. Someone considers them tame, because they get along well with all household members and love to mess around with children. With seeming carelessness, dogs are very responsible, and therefore great for babysitting. However, representatives of the breed also have disadvantages.
For example, in addition to the often tormenting gastritis, these dogs know firsthand what frostbite and sunburn are. Their skin is very delicate, it sweats a lot, which leads to irritation and itching. The nails of these dogs grow slowly: they need to be cut no more than once every 3-4 months. The eyes, on the other hand, are characterized by a large release of moisture, which is why they are regularly wiped with a cotton swab.
The peculiarity of this type is the fact that it includes dogs of two types: completely naked and covered with hair. However, they do not have any physiological differences. The dogs have a fairly proportional and harmonious physique, a developed chest, high-standing large ears, long limbs and a tail. The homeland of these dogs is Mexico, so they are called Mexicans.
The skin of these animals has its own peculiarity: dogs sweat through the paw pads and interdigital membranes, they do not suffocate. At one time, these animals were eaten, they were bred as an alternative to meat. Fortunately, thanks to the efforts of the colonialists, these times are in the past: today, Xolos are among the most popular dog breeds among breeders. They are stocky, somewhat well-fed, have a balanced disposition and a strong psyche.
Despite the fact that they get along well with other pets, only the owner is the authority for them in the family. The vigor of the Mexicans can only be envied: they manage not only to splash out excess energy on their own, but also involve all household members in the games. The guards are bad, which is explained by excessive friendliness.
Even while wary of strangers, they do not allow themselves to show their teeth and throw themselves at people.
Conventionally, representatives of the breed can be divided into 3 groups: large, small and moderate in size. The growth of large dogs ranges from 45 to 60 cm, the average ones do not exceed 40-45 cm at the withers. Small dogs grow up to 35 cm in height. The smallest hand dogs weigh only 2 kg, larger ones weigh about 7 kg.
Remarkable is the fact that the Mexicans do not smell like a dog at all. In addition, they rarely provoke allergies in owners, which is why they are suitable even for allergy sufferers. The skin of Mexican hairless dogs is distinguished by elasticity and density in comparison with other brethren. The basis of the nutritional diet of these animals is protein food.
Pets get along well with everyone, can live in apartments and private houses. However, without soft and warm bedding, they can get sick. In addition, they are afraid of drafts. Another disadvantage of the breed are weak teeth.
In addition to the fact that dogs have an incomplete dental formula, their teeth begin to fall out earlier than representatives of other breeds.
In addition to common breeds, there are several varieties of hairless dogs, which have not yet earned the recognition of cynologists.
- Manchu nude very similar to its Chinese counterpart. In Manchuria, it is called “tai tai”, its character and habits are almost the same as those of the Chinese hairless dog. It does not smell and is anti-allergic, not afraid of fleas.
- Ecuadorian considered one of the rarest hairless dogs. You can meet such an animal in villages located in the African tropics. Its average life expectancy is 12 years, while the dog remains energetic and mobile for most of its life span.
- african bald Today it is considered an endangered species and the progenitor of Chinese hairless dogs. This animal has a similar skin coloration, but it does not have such long hair on the head and limbs. In addition, he does not have hanging, but erect ears, the skin is quite strong, and the physique is not as graceful as that of the Chinese.
In addition to these types, someone classifies Egyptian and Scottish as hairless dogs. However, both pharaohs and Scots have short hair. In an animal of the Egyptian breed, it is smooth, while the Scot is distinguished by the presence of a baldness gene, which can appear after the puppy is 1 month old. Dog handlers do not consider these dogs naked, although balding pets have equally sensitive and weak skin.
How to choose a puppy?
Sometimes choosing a hairless puppy is difficult due to the fact that in the same litter there are puppies both hairless and covered with hair. This fact should not scare a potential buyer, because each breed has its own nuances. For example, Americans are born with short hair, but after a few months they become completely bald.
When choosing a Mexican, you need to consider that the best puppy is the one with short legs, a blunt muzzle and wrinkled skin. Over time, the baby will turn into an elegant dog with a graceful posture and a confident look. A purebred puppy of this breed costs about 60,000 rubles. At the same time, he has a package of necessary documents, which includes a veterinary passport and a pedigree.
A colleague without documents will cost about 25,000 rubles. However, you should not count on the fact that he will be a thoroughbred, everything will depend on the decency of the seller. In the nursery, you need to choose the kid who is active, moderately curious and sociable.
The lethargy of an individual may indicate her poor health or illness.
Buying a weak puppy is not worth it, because he may have diseases, including hereditary ones. A Peruvian purchased for breeding costs about 2000-2300 dollars. The one with no paperwork will cost roughly $1,000-$1,200. You need to buy a puppy in a kennel with a proven reputation. Wherein it is important to pay attention to the appearance of the litter: the puppies and the mother must be clean and well-groomed, as well as the place where they are kept.
It is necessary to take the baby from the mother only after acquiring the skills of primary socialization and carrying out the necessary vaccination. Usually a baby is bought when he is about 3 months old. At the time of purchase, you need to carefully examine the baby: he must have the right bite, but albinism or other defects indicate the inadmissibility of the acquisition.
These dogs are subject to disqualification, they are not allowed to breed and participate in exhibitions.
How to care?
With a philistine look at naked dogs, it sometimes seems that keeping them is much easier than shaggy brethren. It would seem that the absence of wool eliminates many problems: wool will not roll here, fall out during molting, settling all over the house, on furniture and clothes. However, there are still some nuances in caring for them.
Far from any oil or cream is suitable for treating their skin. For example, do not try to lubricate the skin with sunflower or olive oil. This can lead to severe sunburn. The cream for them should be nutritious and hypoallergenic.. Let’s say it can be a baby cream, which is purchased for babies.
Despite the lack of hair, Washing too much of hairless dogs is not recommended. Frequent washing leads to drying out of the skin. In view of this, the skin begins not only to peel off, but also to itch, giving the dog tremendous discomfort. You need to bathe the animal no more than once a month, because with more frequent water procedures, the pores will begin to work more actively.
However, if the pet returned from a walk after the rain, having pretty much rolled on the wet and dirty grass, then bathing is indispensable. Paws will have to be washed after each walk, inspecting them for microcracks or scratches. When they are found, they must be processed so as not to infect the infection. The skin after walking is inspected necessarily: hairless dogs are expanse for ticks.
For bathing use hypoallergenic detergents. Those that people use are not suitable for them. Using a large amount of shampoo or gel is undesirable, as this dries out the dog’s skin. The cream should be applied to it with soft massage movements, and in moderation and not daily, as this clogs the pores.
Take your dog for a walk at least twice a day. In this case, it is better to walk the animal at the same hours in the morning and in the evening. In the heat, this is especially true, since the midday sun is especially detrimental to the skin of naked dogs. In the winter season, the duration of walks must be reduced so as not to freeze the pet.
Clothing should be of high quality and natural also because synthetics do not warm the body.
As for the diet, its type will depend on the preferences of the owner. It can be both ready-made industrial feed and natural food. However, regardless of what exactly is chosen as the basis, it is impossible to give rough food to these dogs. This is where portion size matters. For example, if it is meat, it must be chopped in a meat grinder. It is better to soak the granules so that the dog’s teeth do not fall out ahead of time.
If you choose to feed your dog with pellets, it is important to choose the right size of the granules, since the larger ones are harder for canine teeth. You need to buy one or another type, taking into account the age of the pet, its degree of activity and size, because products for dogs are not universal. In addition, you need food for dogs without hair premium or holistic.
However, in order for the load on the jaw to still be, some dogs of the breeds in question it is necessary to give veins. Also in their nutritious diet should certainly be cereals and vegetables. If dogs are fed “natural food”, vitamin complexes must be added to it.
It is important to consider that food should not be monotonous: it is harmful to the digestive system.
With regards to vegetables, it is worth noting that often hairless dogs like them more than meat, which seems surprising. Pets need to be fed more often than ordinary brethren, but in smaller portions. They eat longer, chewing food with their teeth. Bones should not be in their diet.
The dosage of dry food can be found on the packaging. For the convenience of feeding, you can purchase a special electronic-type bowl with several compartments that open at a given time. Such bowls are especially convenient for puppies and dogs who do not know the measure in food. In order not to go astray with time, after eating, the bowl with leftovers must be removed. A puppy is fed more often, and in small portions, an adult dog is fed no more than twice a day.
The amount of feed is calculated based on the age and weight of the pet. If it is “drying”, it is concentrated, which is why its volume should be less than “natural”. Regardless of the number of feedings, the dog should always have a bowl of fresh water available. This is especially important when she is fed pelleted food.
You can’t mix dry food and natural food: you need to choose one thing.
Any hairless dog should have its own bedding. At the same time, taking into account the absence of wool, it can be soft and thick, with or without sides. It could also be a house option. You can not use oilcloths instead of bedding, because lying on them, an animal without wool can catch a cold. Bedding helps dogs understand their place and get rid of attempts to win back the owner’s furniture.
You need to walk your dog every day. Clothes for the animal must be bought according to the season, so that it is not too hot or, conversely, cold. It can be overalls and sweaters. Shoes are an essential element of equipment, they also differ in the degree of density and are designed for walking at different times of the year.
It is also necessary as protection for paws from reagents that are sprinkled on sidewalks to get rid of snow. If, after a walk, cracks or damage are noticed on the paws, the paws are wiped, and then treated with an antiseptic. No cosmetics can be applied to wounds; if necessary, dogs are taken to an appointment with a veterinarian.
Active walks contribute to strengthening the dog’s immunity. Without them, the dog is noticeably weaker. As for protecting the skin from the cold, you need to apply cream on it long before you plan to walk.
On a walk, it is necessary to allow the pet not only to walk alongside, but also to run, splashing out unspent energy. You can run with your pet, play with it, train it in a playful way.
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