Representatives of the Spitz-like group are distinguished by a friendly and gentle character, complaisance, playfulness, and mobility. One of its brightest representatives is the Eurasian, which has gained popularity in European countries. These dogs are excellent companions, loyal and reliable friends. In the article, we will consider what is remarkable about the breed, and what a person planning to become the owner of a Eurasian should take into account.
The Eurasian is a breed of strong and hardy dogs bred in Germany in the second half of the 20th century. The main purpose of the breed is companion dogs, family dogs.
The Eurasians inherited the best qualities from their ancestors. Thus, Wolfspitz, Chow Chow, Samoyed Laikas were the initial breeds for breeding Eurasians. From them, the Eurasians got not only a noble and expressive appearance, but also a stable psyche, good disposition, endurance, energy, good intuition. They are easy to train and train, quickly memorize commands, master new skills.
Eurasians have protective qualities, but the natural lack of aggression towards people does not allow them to be used as watchmen.
The average height at the withers of adults varies between 50-60 centimeters, weight – within 20-30 kilograms. These animals are characterized by a strong and stocky physique, a proportional strong body with moderately long and muscular paws.
The structure and shape of the Eurasian muzzle are typical of Spitz (the features are not rough, but not sharp either). The presence of Samoyed blood in this breed causes a very bright, “smiling” expression of the muzzle. However, the presence of a skin fold on a low and flat forehead gives the general expression some seriousness and concentration.
A black edging is allowed around the mouth and eyes, making the muzzle of the Eurasian even more expressive. The ears are small, erect, triangular in shape, with slightly rounded tips. The upper part of the ears is turned forward.
The eyes are large, with slightly overhanging upper eyelids. The lower jaw is rounded in proportion to the upper jaw. Bite – scissor (possible also straight or pincer bite). Teeth – small, even, moderately wide.
The body of the Eurasian is strong and compact, with a pronounced withers, a strong and elongated back, and a wide chest. The line of the abdomen is raised and tightened. The tail is carried high, wrapped in a half ring.
The coat is dense and very dense, formed from guard hairs and undercoat. The traditional coat color is smoky gray, zoned gray, black, reddish-red. Almost any solid color is considered acceptable. However, according to the description proposed by the standard, white spots and white color are not allowed. On the muzzle, a mask of a darker color is possible compared to the main color.
On the neck of the dog, the coat forms a fluffy collar, on the hips – fluffy “pants”. On the tail, the hair should be longer and more lush than on the body.
The paws are muscular and straight. When examining the dog, both front and hind legs should look even and symmetrical, in proportion to the body.
Hanging ears, small and close-set eyes, sparse or curly hair, flat muzzle – these and other defects are usually referred to as disqualifying vices. BUT it is also customary to attribute cowardice or, conversely, the aggressiveness of animals to the shortcomings.
The average life expectancy of this breed of dog is about 11 years. With proper care, the animal can live for more than 13 years.
Pros and cons
One of the advantages of dogs of this breed is that they can be kept both in a country house and in a city apartment. However, when planning to adopt this cheerful and active creature in a city apartment, the potential owner should take into account that the dog will need regular and long walks. Being by nature a very energetic animal, the Eurasian will need not only walking, but also games and communication. However, an indomitable temperament is not characteristic of them, so the physical activity of the Eurasiers should be relatively moderate.
Eurasians are easy to learn and quickly memorize new commands. Cynologists claim that even an inexperienced breeder can handle their upbringing. Dogs of this breed are perfect for cynological sports – agility, obedience. These features of the Eurasians suggest an appropriate approach to animals on the part of their owners. A person planning to get a dog of this breed must understand that his pet will need attention, communication, movement.
Another indisputable plus of the Eurasians is their benevolence and non-conflict. They easily find a common language with children, which allows them to fearlessly keep dogs of this breed in large families with kids.
The natural lack of aggression towards strangers does not allow the use of Eurasians as guard dogs. However, if this dog senses a danger threatening its owner, it can show its protective qualities.
Some breeders attribute the need for careful care for dog hair to the disadvantages of keeping Eurasiers. The coat of these dogs requires regular combing and washing, without which the dog quickly acquires an unpresentable appearance.
A separate minus is that Eurasians are considered a rather rare breed of dog. Outside of Europe, animals of this breed are rare. For this reason, purchasing a Eurasian puppy can come with certain risks. So, some unscrupulous sellers often sell puppies of more popular breeds (Wolfspitz, mestizo Samoyed Laikas) under the guise of Eurasians. Inexperienced buyers, poorly aware of the standards and rarity of this breed, may not suspect fraud when making such a transaction.
The rarity of the breed also determines the rather high price of puppies. Eurasier babies cannot be suspiciously cheap, so you should pay special attention to this nuance when buying an animal.
Dogs of this breed easily find a common language with children, easily get along with other pets. With the owner and members of his family, the Eurasians behave affectionately and complaisantly. They are able to experience immense affection for their owner, to show great respect and love towards him.
However, with all these qualities, the Eurasian is a rather independent and strong-willed dog. They can be fearlessly left alone for a short time, without fear that the pet, experiencing an attack of longing for the owner, will spoil things and furniture. Left alone, these dogs behave calmly. Not only country houses, but also ordinary city apartments are suitable for their maintenance.
Eurasians are a real find for people who prefer an active lifestyle. These dogs love to spend time in motion, games and walks. They are inquisitive, friendly, non-conflict, patient. In some cases, Eurasians can show stubbornness and willfulness, in connection with which they initially require a strong-willed and self-confident owner.
According to cynologists, Eurasians are able to subtly feel the mood of their master and keep a distance in cases where it is necessary. With a well-developed intuition, these animals can even become depressed if they feel that their owner is sad and sad.
Despite the fact that Eurasians feel comfortable when kept in apartment conditions, they cannot be called couch dogs. These animals need to expend energy during the day, so it is recommended to walk with your pet at least twice a day. In addition, it is advisable, while living in the city, to periodically take the dog out into the countryside, where she can run around and stretch herself to her heart’s content.
Eurasier hair care involves regular combing of dogs. This procedure should be carried out at least 1-2 times a week. Animals of this breed do not need frequent bathing. The dog should be washed as the coat gets dirty. Drying wool is best done with a hair dryer.
Like other representatives of the Spitz-like group, Eurasians do not tolerate hot weather. When the air temperature rises, they become lethargic. Their thick coat in the heat significantly increases the risk of heat stroke. However, these dogs tolerate cool and frosty weather very well.
What to feed?
The diet of Eurasians as a whole does not differ from the menu prescribed for Spitz and Laika. These can be special industrial feeds (preferably holistic and premium and super-premium categories), and natural food (“natural”).
When planning a dog diet from natural products, it is necessary to accurately maintain a balance between sources of proteins, carbohydrates and fats. All these components are required by the animal’s body for the full development and growth.
The list of acceptable products includes:
- lean meats (beef, lean minced meat, fat-free pork, horse meat, poultry);
- boiled offal;
- chicken eggs;
- buckwheat and rice porridge;
- dairy products;
- lean types of fish;
- boiled vegetables.
It is also recommended to introduce a little vegetable or olive oil into the dog’s daily menu. This will positively affect the condition of the coat and skin of the pet.
Eurasians are easy to train, so even an inexperienced owner can teach them basic commands. It is important to bear in mind that dogs of this breed do not tolerate rudeness, rigidity, and aggression on the part of a person. It is desirable to build the training process gradually, providing the animal with an adequate amount of load.
Training should be regular and constant. It is preferable that the owner of the animal carry out the training in accordance with the plan. Classes should be alternated with pauses during which the dog can relax and get a little distracted.
During training, it is important to ensure the complete absence of distracting and annoying third-party factors. While the dog masters the command, obeying the owner, there should not be other animals, strangers and children nearby.
Commands should be given in a clear and confident voice, without distorting the name of the animal. Whenever the dog will correctly carry out the command given to it, the animal must be rewarded with a treat. As a treat, you can use boiled pieces of lean meat or boiled chicken hearts.
See how the Eurasians look in the next video.