Alexandrian ringed parrots live in the countries of South and Southeast Asia. They group in large flocks, fly quickly, but not for long. They live in the trees of tropical forests, nest in hollows and almost never descend to the ground. Poachers catch and resell the birds to home collections. Parrots are smart, beautiful and trainable, they are in demand, which is why poaching flourishes.
According to legend, for the first time birds came to the European continent thanks to Alexander the Great, who brought them to Greece upon his return from another Asian campaign. Since then, the name of the Alexandrian parrots has stuck with them.
The Alexandrian parrot is a beautiful, portly bird that easily gets used to people, masters various tricks, and after training, it talks without problems.
The parrot has a fairly large size, the largest of all necklaces. From the tip of the beak to the tip of the tail, it reaches 60 centimeters. Birds have a large red beak, wonderful bright plumage, consisting of different variations of green. Beautiful red and burgundy accents on an emerald background add charm to the appearance of this amazing parrot.
Males are noticeably larger than females. In addition, their gender can be distinguished by a necklace that only males possess. A pink line above and a black line below clearly separates the head and body of the bird.
The nature of representatives of this species is friendly and quite adequate. If you behave with restraint, but confidently, you can always agree with them. Parrots respond well to people, but get used to one owner and will only obey him. In any case, the bird itself decides when it can be caressed.
While the parrot is not used to it, it can sit still, refuse food, startle at loud sounds and be wary of any movement outside the cage. In order for the pet to get used to it faster, it is necessary to communicate with him as often as possible.
When a parrot gets used to a person, he sits on his head, constantly talking, eating out of his hands and trying in every way to attract attention.
The parrot responds well to water. In the wild, escaping from lice, he is happy to wash his wings in the rain. At home, he will not mind taking a shower from a spray bottle.
Differences from the necklace
In the wild, there are a large number of parrots belonging to the necklace population. In addition to the Alexandrian or large ringed, there are also emerald, Mauritian, pink-breasted, Chinese, Himalayan, red-headed, plum-headed and others.
Different species of these birds live in Asia, Africa, Madagascar and Indochina. The large ringed (Alexandrian) parrot differs from the rest in its dimensions, it is larger, has a stepped tail, a spot of brown plumage on the back.
The small ringed necklace parrot is 50 cm long. It also has a necklace that distinguishes the male from the female. This species lives in India and Africa. Indian individuals (Kramer’s parrot) are considered the brightest and most attractive, they are found with colors from bright green to yellowish hues. Birds with blue plumage were artificially bred.
For comparison, yellow necklace parrots can be noted, this species is called lyutinos. They differ from the Alexandrian not only in the color of plumage, but also in the necklace, which has a white tint.
How to determine the age of a parrot?
The parrot attracts us not only with the beauty of its bright plumage, but also with the opportunity to talk. You need to learn to speak at a young age; it will be difficult to train an adult, and even more so an old bird. At the time of purchase, taking into account age talents, we ask you to sell a young specimen. And instead of a bright handsome man with a necklace, they bring us a pale green bird with big eyes. Do not worry – this is most likely a female or a very young male.
The first year and a half, gender is difficult to determine. The initial signs of a future necklace can be seen 14–15 months after hatching. A fully formed bright color will appear only by the age of three. During this period, all plumage of the male will be a rich green color.
The beak of young birds has a pinkish tint and only with age will acquire a juicy bright red color. The chick can also be distinguished from the adult by the eyes, which look large and black, and eventually become small, with an orange edging.
You can pay attention to the tail. The parrot, which is less than a year and a half, has not yet grown the two longest feathers, in the future they will create a “stepping” of the tail. When choosing a young parrot, one must rely on all of the listed signs, and not just on the presence of long tail feathers: sometimes an adult bird can break them off in a cramped cage. To grow new ones, you have to wait for molting.
Females, even in adulthood, have less expressive plumage than males.
If you have chosen a young necklace parrot, you should be prepared for the fact that he will live up to thirty years, and if this is an Alexandrine parrot, perhaps up to forty.
Necklace parrots get used to captivity. If you love them, take care of them, devote a lot of time, one owner is able to replace the entire flock with a pet. Who does not feel sorry for wallpaper, books and other things, the cage may not be closed. The parrot will always be next to the owner: ride on his head or shoulders, communicate and demand attention.
For a large ringed parrot, an ambient temperature of + 20–25 degrees is considered comfortable, but it calmly tolerates lower rates. It is important for him that there are no drafts. You should not install a cage near a radiator, working appliances, in a kitchen with gas stoves (especially under the ceiling). The most inappropriate places are the bedroom and the children’s room.
When deciding to purchase an Alexandrian parrot, you should remember that not only a friend and a beautiful pet are bought, but also a very noisy bird with a sharp voice.
If he has to live in an apartment, the daily screams will be heard by the neighbors of several floors. In a large private house, you can probably find a corner for relaxation, located diametrically opposite from the parrot’s home.
A large parrot needs a large cage in which to move around. Dimensions must be at least one and a half meters in length and height. The cage must be equipped with perches with a corrugated surface so that the bird’s paws do not slip, as well as natural twigs.
The cage must have feeders and a drinker, necessarily fixed – this will insure them from turning over during feeding. A parrot is often given a bathing suit. So that the bird always has something to do, the cage is equipped with various toys: mirror, ladders, swings. Bored items are periodically changed. Each toy that gets into the cage becomes a new object of study for the parrot.
The pet should always have a clean and dry habitat – this is the main requirement for care. A neglected bird will suffer from lice and other diseases.
Even an ideal cage will not save a parrot of this size from obesity and muscle atrophy if you do not let him fly around the apartment at least an hour a day. The bird’s wingspan is 20 cm, she can’t unfold them in a cage
For a parrot to feel healthy, its water must be fresh and its food varied. Feed your pet with special grain mixtures that are purchased at the pet store, or develop a diet yourself. For self-feeding you will need the following.
- Peas, barley, corn. They should be pre-soaked. The same is true with wheat.
- The parrot can easily cope with dry sunflower seeds. In dry form, you can offer oats and millet. The daily dose of grain feed should not exceed 60 g for an adult bird.
- Fruits, vegetables, herbs, nuts for a parrot they will be both a delicacy and vitamins. In winter, he can soak dried fruits.
- During the period when the birds sit in the nests, they add to the general diet eggs, cottage cheese and white bread dipped in skim milk.
- During the molting period, a little sesame. The parrot molts about twice a year, the first time – at the fifth or sixth month of life. During this period, he can cook porridge on water without salt and other additives. For cereals, corn, rice, oatmeal, buckwheat are used. Two tablespoons of a warm product per day is enough for a shedding pet.
If it is important to teach a parrot to speak, you should acquire a very young pet and start learning from the age of three months. By this period, the bird must be fully adapted to the new conditions, it needs to get used to the owner and feel comfortable. If the bird takes food from the hands and sits on the head of the owner, it can be considered ready for long and exciting activities. Only a trusting relationship will arouse interest in the pet and give results.
During training, there should be no extraneous sounds and other family members, the bird should not be distracted. You need to patiently and for a long time, in the same tone, pronounce the same words or phrases.
You should not wait for the bird to speak during the lesson – this can happen in a week or a month, it all depends on the abilities of the pet. And he will say his first words not in the classroom, but in everyday life, which will surprise the household very much.
After the first successful experience, things will go easier. The parrot itself will catch the words that are most often used by family members and will periodically repeat them. Then he will begin to parody laughter, the barking of a dog, the cry of a baby, if any in the family. And, in the end, there will be a feeling that not a bird lives in the house, but a family member with whom you can play, laugh, chat.
Alexandrine parrots are difficult to breed in captivity. In the wild, from hundreds of birds, they themselves find a mate. At home, one of the partners may not like the proposed candidate. Then they will have to be seated urgently, as they turn from good-natured birds into fighters. Moreover, the female provokes scandals.
If the matchmaking went well, and the birds liked each other, then courtship is expected by January. Nesting occurs from January to March, during this period the artificial nest should be in a cage. For him, choose a box about half a meter in diameter, which is smeared with a peat mixture mixed with sawdust. In a comfortably arranged nest, the female incubates eggs for twenty-five days. The male during this period takes care of her and feeds his girlfriend.
A pair may incubate two, three or four eggs. After the appearance of the chicks, the parents feed them for almost two months, then the kids become independent. So, it’s time to transplant the young to another cage.
Young parrots do not yet have a necklace, their color is faded, lighter than the plumage of the female. During this period, even an experienced specialist will not be able to determine the sex of the bird. By the age of one and a half, when the neck decoration begins to form, the gender of the pets also becomes clear.
Many positive reviews can be found on the Internet about communicating with Alexandrian parrots. Also a lot of advice left about their content. It is recommended to choose a cage of such sizes, so that the bird can spread its wings, and it should not be a round product.
It is better to place the cage at the level of the eyes of the household or slightly higher. Toys should be chosen harmless, from natural materials, as they will be gnawed by a bird. You need to purchase special products for large parrots, they can last a little longer than the rest.
Before releasing a bird, windows and mirrors should be hung, otherwise it may hit them during the flight. You can’t leave a parrot unattended, he gnaws literally everything: books, paintings, wallpapers, a mobile phone – everything that they didn’t have time to take away from him.
In general, the bird is interesting, and if you are not afraid of difficulties, you need a good friend and companion, then you should choose this particular breed of parrots.
You can take a closer look at the Alexandrian parrot in the next video.