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Turkeys - breeding, maintenance, home care, the main nuances of growing

In order for turkeys to grow strong and healthy, breeding, keeping, and home care must be carried out in accordance with certain rules. It is important to choose good breeds so that the birds grow up in a short time. It will not be superfluous to know about the main diseases.

Keeping turkeys at home for beginners

To prevent the birds from getting sick, when organizing a home for them, certain requirements should be taken into account:

  1. Features of growing turkeys require maintaining the temperature at a certain level, so it should not fall below 10 ° C. If it is cold, the livestock will start to get sick.
  2. In summer, the place where the birds are kept should not be very hot. If there is no good ventilation, the risk of disease will increase.
  3. For proper maintenance, please note that the humidity should not exceed 70% and be below 65%.
  4. Care includes adjusting artificial lighting to the life rhythm of the livestock. Lamps must be on for 14 hours.

Breeds of turkeys for breeding at home

It is important to choose the right type of bird, since the growth rate depends on it. Elite varieties have proven themselves best. Popular breeds of turkeys for home breeding:

  1. Bronze broad-breasted. Such a breed will not grow on pastures, since it was bred for cages and poultry houses. Females grow up to 7-9 kg, and males – 9-15 kg. The breed produces up to 120 eggs per year.
  2. breeds of turkeys for breeding at home

  3. North Caucasian bronze. Adapts well to green food. Females grow up to 7 kg, and males – up to 14 kg. For the period you can get up to 80 eggs.
  4. breeds of turkeys for breeding at home

  5. White broad-breasted. The breed for home conditions has good meat performance, so males can grow up to 25 kg, and females up to 10 kg. Keeping birds is not difficult, as they adapt well to different conditions. Up to 120 eggs are produced per year.
  6. breeds of turkeys for breeding at home

  7. Cross BIG-6. It grows quickly and produces a lot of high quality meat, so males grow up to 25 kg, and females up to 11 kg. Breeding is complicated by the fact that artificial insemination will have to be performed.
  8. breeds of turkeys for breeding at home

Where are turkeys raised?

For breeding, take care of organizing suitable conditions for keeping in advance. Conditions for breeding turkeys require the provision of space for physical activity. In most cases, enclosures are built for the summer for this. To prevent birds from flying away, they need to clip their wings. The poultry house or cages should be in a quiet place so that extraneous sounds do not interfere with the turkeys. When walking, it is important to take care of creating an artificial shade by installing a canopy.

Cellular maintenance of turkeys

Using cages for breeding helps to save money, since there is no need to lay a litter, in addition, this option increases the growth of meat and helps to make better use of the room. Growing turkeys in cages involves taking into account the following nuances:

  1. Males are kept in cages one at a time, as this will increase their fertility and reduce the risk of injury. Females are recommended to keep no more than two individuals in a cage.
  2. Birds should be kept in bunk structures, as they are convenient for maintenance.
  3. To prevent turkeys from getting sick, breeding, keeping, and home care involve the use of heating, lighting, feeding containers and water in cages. Microcup drinkers are the best option because they are the most convenient.
  4. Cage equipment for turkeys is practically not produced, so they are made independently.
  5. The most popular cage sizes are: length – 1 m, width – 50 cm and height – 45 cm.

Premises for keeping turkeys

The poultry house for breeding at home should be bright and spacious, so one bird should have at least 1.5-2 m2. The room for turkeys should be organized taking into account the following features:

premises for keeping turkeys

  1. To ensure sufficient lighting, there should be a power of 5 watts per square meter.
  2. The house must be warm and well ventilated.
  3. Perches are placed at a height of 50-70 cm from the floor. The length should be calculated from the livestock, so each head should have 50 cm.
  4. In order for turkeys to live well, breeding, keeping, and home care involve the use of a large layer of bedding. To do this, you can choose sawdust, straw or old hay.
  5. In dark places, place nests intended for laying hens. One nest should be designed for five birds.
  6. In addition, for care, you need to put a bathing bath in the house, filling it with ash and sand. Be sure to install feeders and drinkers.

How to care for turkeys?

The main difficulties in growing arise when looking after young animals:

  1. Keep the chicks in a dry and warm place. Lighting should be around the clock, and the temperature is close to 36 ° C.
  2. Caring for turkeys involves eating up to eight times a day. First, use dry grits mixed with a boiled egg. After a few days, you can add chopped greens to the menu.
  3. It is important for the mother hen to eat up to five times a day.

Feeding turkeys at home

The diet for birds should be selected depending on the purpose of growing, for example, if turkeys go to slaughter, then give them more grain and especially wheat. To make the meat juicy, the menu should include vegetables and herbs. If you need eggs, then the diet should include a lot of vitamins and minerals. The composition of feed for turkeys includes:

  • compound feed with vitamins, proteins and proteins;
  • germinated oats;
  • boiled turnips, carrots and potatoes;
  • wheat;
  • nettles, dandelions, clover and other greens;
  • hay, salted cabbage and brooms from branches – in winter.

What to feed turkeys for rapid growth?

The rules of care indicate that for active weight gain, feeding is carried out at least four times a day. The menu should consist of wet mash and green plants. The diet for turkeys should include such foods that give a good increase in live weight: dairy products, eggs, curd masses, yeast feed and wheat or oatmeal. On the day the bird eats about 80 g of combined feed.

Ration of turkeys, grams per head per day
Feed

(bird age)

Egg production per month, pcs.
0 – 3 months
6 months
9 months
15 months
18 months
Grain and grain waste
90
96
105
115
120
Wheat bran
thirty
thirty
thirty
thirty
thirty
Cottage cheese
3
5
5
ten
ten
Meat or fish waste
one
5
7
fourteen
16
Hay (grass meal)
thirty
thirty
thirty
40
fifty
boiled potatoes
150
150
150
130
120
Carrots, fresh herbs
40
fifty
fifty
60
80
Shell, chalk
3
four
5
6
7
Bone flour
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
Salt
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
Total
351
374
386
409
437

Conditions for keeping turkeys in winter

For proper breeding in the cold season, the following requirements must be taken into account:

  1. Birds do not like dampness and drafts, so in winter make sure that they are not.
  2. The winter maintenance of turkeys requires compliance with a suitable light regime, so for young animals it is important that at least 5 hours is light, and for adults it takes 14 hours.
  3. According to existing information, turkeys can survive minor frosts (indoors down to -5 ° C), but not for long.
  4. Keep in mind that birds can get frostbite on their feet when kept on the floor, so be sure to use bedding. Peat, straw or shavings are suitable for floor insulation. The bedding should be changed at least once every two weeks.
  5. Feeding in winter must be increased so that the livestock receives the necessary energy. You can add dried nettle, rowan and steamed needles to the mixers. Add some chalk, crushed shells and other additives to the feeder.
  6. Turkeys need vitamin D to stay healthy, so either let them go outside on frost-free days or give them fish oil.

Diseases of turkeys

If you want to breed birds, then you need to know about turkey diseases, symptoms, treatment and prevention. The most dangerous diseases of young animals include:

  1. Cholera is an acute infection that is life threatening. Proper maintenance and observance of sanitary standards, as well as regular disinfection, are important for prevention.
  2. Paratyphoid in the first months of life can affect chicks, and symptoms include increased water intake, lack of appetite and minimal activity. For prevention, “Furazolidone” or “Biomycin” is added to the drink.
  3. Infectious sinusitis. The disease is manifested by swelling and redness of the eye and nasal sinuses. For the treatment of turkeys, breeding, maintenance and care at home involves the use of Furazolidone.
  4. Coccidum. When breeding turkeys, the following symptoms are observed: sagging wings, refusal to eat, lethargy and loose stools with blood. For treatment, “Coccidiovitis” and “Amprolium” are suitable.
  5. Conjunctivitis. Determine the disease by redness of the eyes. For prevention, protect birds from drafts, observe the temperature regime, cleanliness and other rules of care when keeping them.

turkey diseases

How to drink turkeys?

Thanks to the soldering, it is possible to increase the survival rate of chicks by 60-65%, strengthen immunity, increase growth, appetite and activity of the bird. Auxiliary drugs are administered from the first days of life. It is important to know how to solder turkeys:

  1. Mineral and vitamin complexes. They are essential for growth and immunity. The course of admission is about a week.
  2. Antibiotics resist the development of pathogenic microflora. They reduce the risk of developing serious diseases. It is necessary to give antibiotics according to a certain scheme so as not to cause bacteriosis.
  3. Immunomodulators. The body’s defenses increase and help to grow a strong livestock.
  4. Probiotics. Preparations are needed so that antibiotics do not cause dysbacteriosis. They improve digestion.



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