What can and cannot be fed to rabbits?

One of the first questions that worries breeders is how to feed rabbits, because good nutrition gives them energy and provides them with useful substances. The attractiveness of the skin for ornamental breeds, growth rate, health and fertility depend on the characteristics of the diet of animals.

What to feed rabbits at home?

When deciding how to feed a decorative rabbit at home, you need to know that these animals are herbivores. The basis of their diet is plant foods. Some of them should always be included in the menu as an obligatory part (for example, hay and vegetables), while others may sometimes be present as a treat (fruit). What to feed rabbits – four fundamental types of feed:

  1. Greens – fresh food: herbs, vegetable tops, fodder cabbage.
  2. Rough – feed that does not contain moisture, but they have a lot of fiber. They improve digestion and create a feeling of satiety. These include hay, young tree branches, preferably with foliage.
  3. juicy – feed, in which up to 80% moisture. These are silage, gourds, root crops (carrots, pumpkin, potatoes, beets).
  4. Concentrated – they have a lot of protein and little water, they have all the highly nutritious elements necessary for the animal. These include compound feed (except for poultry), cake, bran, cereals.

how to feed rabbits at home

What grass can be fed to rabbits?

Before you feed a decorative rabbit with herbs, you need to know which varieties he is allowed to eat. The following plants are suitable for green food for eared pets:

  • alfalfa;
  • clover;
  • burdock;
  • colza;
  • plantain;
  • yarrow;
  • shepherd’s bag;
  • blooming Sally;
  • young nettle;
  • dandelions;
  • leek;
  • garden sorrel;
  • tops of beets, carrots, Jerusalem artichoke, rutabaga;
  • cereals and legumes – tops of peas, beans, corn, oats, barley.

Before feeding the grass to the rabbit, it needs to be dried a little. From freshly cut greens in animals, the stomach can swell. Feeding pets with legumes and cereals should be mixed. It is better to dilute them with other vegetation to avoid flatulence in animals. Unknown greens should not be given to pets in any case. Rabbits should not be regaled with the same type of grass – they will begin to lag behind in growth, their health may deteriorate. It is better to alternate greens and prepare vegetable preparations.

What to feed rabbits in summer?

During the year, the diet of eared pets undergoes changes. In the spring-summer period, meadow herbs form the basis of their menu. Feeding rabbits in summer:

  1. All of the above dried herbs will be the most delicious treat for your pet;
  2. It would be nice to please the animals with branches of garden shrubs – raspberries, currants;
  3. It is useful to put them in the feeders leafy shoots of oak, maple, birch, willow, elm;
  4. A large part of the summer portion should be vegetables – carrots, beets, potatoes, their peels. Willingly rabbits eat pumpkin, cucumbers;
  5. To provide animals with protein, they need to put grain in a separate bowl:
  • oats – pre-soak for 20 hours;
  • barley – also soak or roast in the oven;
  • corn – it is better to crush in advance;
  • wheat – young individuals are given in small quantities to avoid indigestion.

In the normal state, for one adult in the summer per day, it is required:

  • green fodder – 600-700 gr;
  • coarse and concentrated – 30 gr;
  • salt – 1 gr.

What to feed rabbits in winter?

When deciding how to feed rabbits in the cold season, you need to know that the basis of their winter diet is coarse and concentrated food. During this period, animals have an increased need for energy to maintain optimal body temperature. Rabbits are fattened in winter, they should gain weight well. Therefore, the food should contain a lot of fiber and protein, be easy to digest and provide pets with powerful growth. What can you feed rabbits in winter:

  • hay;
  • branches harvested from the summer;
  • compound feed;
  • oats;
  • crushed cereal grains;
  • in addition, it is advisable to make a hodgepodge of boiled potatoes and vegetables with the addition of bran;
  • to provide animals with vitamins and minerals in the winter months, they can be fed with fresh spruce, pine, and juniper spruce branches;
  • bone meal, chalk will be a good addition.

In the normal state, for one adult in winter per day, it is required:

  • succulent feed – 150-200 gr;
  • hay – 120-150 gr;
  • coarse and concentrated – 40 gr;
  • salt – 1 gr.

what to feed rabbits in winter

Can rabbits be fed bread?

When deciding how to feed rabbits, you can pay attention to ordinary bread – any: black, white, with bran. The average calculation is 10 grams of the product per 1 kg of animal weight per day. But rabbits are fed exclusively with breadcrumbs, fresh pulp causes blockage of the intestines. Bakery products should be cut into pieces of 1-1.5 cm and dried in the open air. Different varieties of products can be mixed, like rabbits and oatmeal cookies. Moldy crackers should not be given, otherwise the animals will have colic, so it is important to ensure that the pieces in the cage do not roll anywhere.

Can rabbits be fed watermelon rinds?

At the end of summer, you can pamper your pets with watermelon rinds. They are useful – rich in vitamin B and E, carotene, ascorbic acid. You need to know how to properly feed rabbits with watermelons. After all, the wet face of an animal will instantly become dirty and attract harmful insects. Therefore, it is necessary to remove the bones and pulp from the watermelon, leaving it only a couple of centimeters, cut it into pieces and put the peels in a cage. The pet will gnaw them with pleasure and will not wet its face. Give this delicacy to animals once a week. Watermelon rinds can be dried and used for feeding in winter.

Can rabbits be fed wheat?

When deciding how best to feed rabbits, you need to make a diverse diet for them. Saturated with protein, proteins, carbohydrates, wheat is nutritious and healthy for animals, it serves as a good addition to the menu in winter and summer. It is impossible to give wheat in the form of independent food – it contains a lot of gluten and will cause flatulence. It is better to include it in the composition of grain mixtures in a proportion of up to 30% or add it to a wet mix of vegetables. Wheat can be fed to rabbits in a raw, steamed, sprouted form, in the form of bran. The grains must be ground and thoroughly mixed with other ingredients.

Can rabbits eat apples?

Feeding rabbits at home with apples is allowed. They are one of the varieties of a juicy diet and are useful for animals. The fruits are used at the end of summer or autumn, cut into pieces and given to pets. It is necessary to introduce apples into the diet little by little – first in a small piece, then you can increase the volume. Fruits can be given every other day, alternating with other juicy ingredients, combined with grass. Rabbits also like the cake left after juicing. It is better to cut off the peel from winter store apples; it can be processed with compounds for long-term storage.

can rabbits eat apples

Can rabbits be fed quinoa?

When asked what grass to feed rabbits in summer, many breeders advise using quinoa. This green grows everywhere and is saturated with vegetable protein, salts of iron, calcium, vitamin C and PP. You can give quinoa to eared pets in a proportion of no more than 15% of the total green diet, mixed with other vegetation. Grass should be collected away from roads and industrial enterprises, giving preference to a non-flowering, young juicy shoot. The shoots must be washed, dried for four hours, given at first in doses, observing the reaction of the animal’s body.

Can rabbits be fed zucchini?

You can give rabbits zucchini for food, because vegetables help diversify their portion and fill it with various vitamins and mineral elements. It is better to use greens unripe and raw. Before feeding domestic rabbits with zucchini, they need to be cut into pieces. In late vegetables, it is better to peel the crust and remove the seeds. You should not completely transfer pets to the squash menu – it is better to mix greens with other juicy vegetables, the norm of which per day should not exceed 200 grams per individual.

Can rabbits be fed dill?

Spicy herbs from the garden have a number of useful properties – dill is saturated with vitamins A, C, B2, B6, calcium, iron, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium. Rich in nutritious ingredients and parsley. So to the question of whether it is possible to feed rabbits with dill, the answer is simple – you need to. It is better to give fragrant greens dried, mixed with other herbs, for example, with tops of radishes, carrots, nettles, dandelions. But dill is rich in essential oils, so it should not dominate the feeder. So that the animal does not have an upset stomach, it is necessary to give the spice in food in moderation.

What to feed small rabbits?

The question of what to feed newborn rabbits is very important, because with the wrong diet, you can lose offspring. The baby food plan is as follows:

  • up to 2-3 weeks exclusively mother’s milk;
  • 3-4 weeks – milk and some feed with hay;
  • 4-8 weeks – breastfeeding and an increased dose of complementary foods.

Young animals are planted at the age of one month to 45 days. At this time, their stomach is poorly developed, food should be easily digested and nutritious. Good for kids:

  • vitamin hay of legumes and cereals;
  • young dried grass (chicory, yarrow, chamomile);
  • oats;
  • bran;
  • you can give babies bone and fish meal;
  • sour milk has a good effect on the intestines.

After jigging, feed with the same ingredients as before. New types of food are best introduced gradually, in small portions. The critical time after jigging is the first couple of weeks. At this stage, often there is a case due to stress or digestive failures. Vitamin B can be poured into the drinker – 50 ml / l to relieve nervous tension. From 12 weeks, vegetables are gradually introduced into the diet of young animals. After the critical period, you can use any food.

what to feed baby rabbits

How many times a day do you feed rabbits?

When deciding how many times a day to feed rabbits, you need to know the features of their digestive system. The stomach of eared pets has weak muscles and must be constantly filled with food and enough water. From there, food moves into the small intestine, where it is broken down into amino acids and sugars. This explains the frequent approach of rabbits to the feeder – a day they make 30-60 meals in small portions.

Feeding animals need a varied, fresh water should always be in the drinker. Concentrated vitamins – A, D, which are especially needed by animals at the end of winter, are poured into it. They eat more than 60% of their food at night, so the feeders must be filled in the evening. Feeding regimen – in adults, the daily measure of food should be divided into 2-3 times, for rabbits and young animals – enhanced nutrition 4 times.

What should not be fed to rabbits?

Before feeding domestic rabbits, it is important to make sure that the food is safe for them. When collecting grass for pets, you need to look closely so that dangerous plants do not get into it. They can harbor poison that will kill the animal. What grass should not be fed to rabbits:

  • dope;
  • buttercups;
  • hellebore;
  • celandine;
  • lumbago;
  • milestone poisonous;
  • tobacco;
  • belladonna;
  • spurge;
  • larkspur;
  • black root.

There are several other foods that should be excluded from the portion:

  • wild herbs;
  • sweet cookies;
  • branches of wild trees;
  • moldy vegetables;
  • table beets;
  • red cabbage;
  • moldy or rotten grass;
  • frozen or dirty root crops;
  • moldy silo.