Chinook belongs to one of the rarest dog breeds in the world, as there are very few of its representatives. These dogs are known only to a limited number of people related to cynology. Although there are quite a few similar animals, the true representatives of the breed are distinguished by special characteristics.
The breed is relatively new, it was bred in New Hampshire (USA) and is considered exclusively American. Nowhere else in the world these dogs are bred. It got its name from the nickname of the sled dog Chinook – the favorite of the founder of the breed, Arthur Walden. The emergence of such dogs was facilitated by the need for hardy sled dogs that would have high performance and good running speed. To create the breed, animals of different species were used, and for the first time the Chinook took part in a polar expedition led by General Byrd.
During the journey, they demonstrated their unusual abilities, transporting a heavy load over long distances, while showing a fairly high speed. When the need to use dogs in cargo transportation disappeared, the already small number of dogs was significantly reduced. The breed did not disappear only thanks to the efforts of the Chinook Club organized in the 50s of the last century.which still exists today. This organization is the only one in the world that breeds and controls the breed, which is still the smallest. Despite all the efforts of the members of the Club, the International Association of Cynologists has not yet officially recognized this breed.
Initially, the breed was intended exclusively for work in a team, but due to the fact that different types of dogs were used as progenitors, the animals have different qualities. They are mainly used as mounts to transport goods, but they are also great as companions. Representatives of the breed cannot take part in exhibitions and competitions, since they are not officially recognized, but they are good as pets, especially for people who lead an active lifestyle, like long walks and travels. In such events, the Chinook will become a faithful companion and assistant.
As such, there is no standard, but the main characteristics of the breed include:
- height – 55-68 cm;
- weight – 29-42 kg;
- strong physique with a deep lean chest and a strong back;
- well-developed musculature of the body, strong limbs;
- a small head with an elongated muzzle, a strong straight neck;
- hanging ears of medium size;
- dark eyes with black edging;
- close-lying coat with a soft undercoat that gives off a slight red tint;
- the color is predominantly golden fawn, but may be lighter in some places;
- males are larger than females.
Although the Chinook belongs to the “working” breeds, it has an extraordinary grace and plasticity, which significantly distinguishes it from other “northern” Laikas. The breed is also distinguished by its beauty: the coat of dogs sparkles with golden, warm shades.
Pros and cons of the breed
Like any other breed, the Chinook has its advantages, that make it stand out from the rest of the animals.
- He is considered a good friend, because he is characterized by special devotion and love for the owner. Dogs of this breed are very attached to a person and maintain this attitude for life.
- These animals are very hardy and strong, they easily endure cold.
- Chinook is able to navigate well in difficult conditions, assess the current situation and make the right decisions, which indicates his extraordinary sharp mind.
- The breed is characterized by the absence of aggression; an animal can use it only as a defense.
- Dogs are inherently kind and friendly. They easily bond with children and other pets.
- The dog is distinguished by courage, can protect itself and its owner.
The disadvantages of this breed include a rather late maturation. Fully mature dogs are able to fool around and chase cats like puppies.
The Chinook has a true Northern calm, it is very difficult to piss him off. Majesty and imposingness, as well as a proud posture, are characteristic of these dogs. Representatives of this breed are distinguished by extreme devotion to the owner, they are characterized by tenderness and sensitivity towards the owner. To achieve obedience, you need to let them know at a puppy age that a person is in charge. Pets are characterized by a team spirit, they cannot live without company and communication, and it doesn’t matter who it will be – people or other animals.
Chinooks suffer greatly from loneliness, they can even get sick because of it. The friendliness of the dog does not allow him to show aggression, and he barks extremely rarely, for this reason dogs are not used as watchdogs. However, they are not cowardly and may well protect themselves and the owner if a threat arises. Due to their courage and impressive size, the Chinook often becomes the winner in such clashes. The pet is very active and hardworking, he needs walks and energetic games, so the dog needs to be given enough time.
This is an ideal travel partner who loves to explore everything new, and if necessary, can show outstanding search and rescue abilities. He also shows his friendliness towards children, so for them he will become an excellent protector, friend and faithful partner, especially in games that he loves at any age.
For such a dog as a chinook, the conditions of the apartment are completely unsuitable, but a private house with a spacious aviary and yard is just right. It is better for the animal to sleep in a dry and comfortable room. Since the dog needs communication with the owners, you need to give him the opportunity to go inside the house. Dogs of this breed belong to very clean, they themselves put their coat in order. The only thing you need is to comb out the shreds of wool with a brush. It is enough to do this once a week, and during the molting period – three times a week.
Dogs need to be bathed infrequently, as they are very neat: twice a year is enough. After bathing the dog, you need to dry it well with a towel or hair dryer, since the thick undercoat dries for a long time. In the cold season, it is better to exclude water procedures in order to avoid colds. Ears, eyes, teeth and nails also need cleaning.
- Ears need to be cleaned infrequently, since the sulfur layer creates a protective layer against dust and moisture entering the auditory canals. To determine when to perform the procedure, you need to lightly pass a cotton swab in the ear canal, and if pieces of sulfur appear on it, it’s time for cleaning. To do this, use cotton pads, they remove dirt well and cannot damage the channels. Sanitary napkins work well too. They contain a special agent that has dissolving properties and gently cleanses, besides it does not cause irritation.
There are also lotions for cleaning the ears, they are very easy to use: a few drops are instilled into the ear, after 2-3 minutes the dirt will dissolve and come out when the dog moves.
- The dog’s eyes are cleaned if necessary. Sometimes liquid accumulates in the corners, which must be removed with a cotton swab or gauze dipped in saline. For more serious problems (severe tearing, redness of the eyes, or a foreign object), it is worth taking your pet to the doctor.
- Chinook teeth, like any predator, need care. The yellow coating that appears on them can lead to tooth loss or diseases of other organs of the dog. To prevent this, you need to accustom the animal to brushing teeth from puppyhood. For small dogs, you can use a device that fits on your finger, and for large dogs, you can use a regular toothbrush. Paste must be bought specialized, in a veterinary pharmacy.
The procedure must be performed at least once a week. Some brands of dog food contain special minerals that clean the enamel just in the process of eating.
- claws in dogs due to an active lifestyle, they grind down naturally. The owner should only inspect them from time to time and, if necessary, correct their condition. It is better to entrust a haircut to a professional, although you can do it yourself at home.
Chinook needs long active walks for 2-3 hours a day, otherwise he will start to get sick. In nutrition, the dog is picky, both ordinary food and purchased food are suitable for it. The basis of the diet should include meat, vegetables, fruits, as well as cereals and dairy products. Feed should be chosen premium for large dogs. Clean water must be constantly present in the enclosure.
Dogs of this breed can sometimes have health problems, so it is necessary to have regular check-ups with a specialist and vaccinations.
After acquiring a puppy, it is socialized. Taking into account the intelligence and quick wits of the Chinook, this is not difficult. The dog quickly grasps new knowledge, does not need repetition and is not harmful. Since, by its nature, the animal is used to obeying the “leader”, you must immediately make it clear who is in charge. Otherwise, the dog may take over this role.
By nature, strong and active dogs need the same owner. The Chinook learns commands very quickly, thanks to the innate intelligence and intelligence. When purchasing a dog, you must remember that it was created to carry goods, so it just needs good physical activity and frequent training. An animal with ease and pleasure can ride a sled with children or run after a bicycle. Dogs have an extremely large supply of energy and need to be given the opportunity to use it.
The owner must be ready for active spending time, regular training and training. Dogs are very curious and eager to learn something new throughout their lives. It is very difficult to buy a puppy, but if such an opportunity presents itself, you must definitely choose by pedigree, and not by description. The owners of such a dog can only be envied – they have acquired a faithful and kind friend for life.
For information on how the behavior of a Chinook dog will be without a walk, see the following video.