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Turtles domestic species

Choosing a pet is quite a challenge, especially for people accustomed to a certain pace and lifestyle. Cats shed, dogs need to be walked, rodents can ruin furniture, and birds are too noisy. If all these features of animals are unacceptable, turtles will be the best choice as a pet – domestic species of these reptiles are relatively simple and unpretentious in terms of maintenance. In addition, they have a very long life and, contrary to popular beliefs, they are cute, funny and curious creatures.

Types of turtles for keeping at home

There are more than 300 varieties of those who like to lie in the sun, able to live in captivity and feel comfortable next to a person. Depending on their preferred habitat, they are divided into 2 large groups – land and aquatic turtles. Despite the name, the latter type of reptile needs periodic walks on land with obligatory sunbathing, otherwise the pet may get sick due to a lack of ultraviolet radiation.

Which turtle is better to choose? It depends on the temperament and characteristics of its future owner. Land reptiles are as sociable and calm as possible, they willingly make contact with humans. Aquatic species of reptiles are self-sufficient, but more graceful, it is a pleasure to watch them in an aquarium.

Popular types of terrestrial domestic turtles

In a pet store, you can most often find the following reptiles that prefer land:

one. Central Asian (steppe) tortoise:

Popular species of terrestrial domestic tortoises 1 (Central Asian tortoise 1)
Popular species of terrestrial domestic tortoises 2 (Central Asian tortoise 2)

  • feature: slowness and clumsiness;
  • dimensions: up to 25 cm;
  • food: lettuce, clover, dandelions, plantain and other grass, sometimes you can pamper your pet with juicy vegetables and fruits;
  • conditions of detention: a terrarium, an aviary with high sides (at least 30 cm) and a small pool for swimming, the presence of burrows, places for sheltering a turtle, the ability to dig is required;
  • life expectancy: more than 40 years.

2. Star (Indian) tortoise:

Popular species of terrestrial house tortoises 3 (Star tortoise 1)
Popular species of terrestrial house tortoises 4 (Star tortoise 2)

  • feature: a very beautiful dark-colored shell with yellow stripes in the form of stars;
  • dimensions: about 25 cm;
  • food: dandelions, alfalfa, lettuce and other plants, vegetables and fruits – carrots, apples, zucchini, pumpkin;
  • conditions of detention: large warm terrarium;
  • life expectancy: up to 80 years.

Species of aquatic domestic turtles

The choice of swimming reptiles is slightly larger, although they are less popular. The fact is that the maintenance of such pets requires capacious aquariums with continuous filtration and heating of water, special lighting, temperature and humidity control, and the purchase of the necessary devices will significantly “hit your pocket”. This is especially true for marine species of domestic turtles. They need to create conditions that are ideally similar to being in their natural habitat. So, even for a small reptile, you will need a huge aquarium of about 200-250 liters.

If the desire to have a waterfowl pet is strong, you can choose from the following types:

one. Pond slider:

Aquatic house turtle species 1 (Red-eared turtle 1)
Aquatic house turtle species 2 (Red-eared slider tortoise 2)

  • feature: a small elongated red spot next to the auricles;
  • dimensions: no more than 30 cm;
  • food: small fish, including fry, crustaceans and shrimps, sometimes the turtle does not mind diversifying the diet with greens and sea plants;
  • conditions of keeping: an aquarium of about 200 liters with an island of land occupying at least 25% of the area, turtles get along well together;
  • life expectancy: 20-40 years.

2. Chinese Trionics:

Species of aquatic domestic turtles 3 (Chinese trionyx 1)
Species of aquatic domestic turtles 4 (Chinese trionyx 2)

  • feature: softness, the Trionix shell is devoid of horny plates and covered with skin, easily injured;
  • dimensions: up to 40 cm;
  • food: fish, worms, bloodworms, snails, mussels, shrimps;
  • conditions of detention: a large aquarium (200-250 liters minimum) with a small shore or island, Trionics prefer loneliness.
  • life expectancy: approximately 45 years.

It is better to have very young turtles or tame them immediately after birth.

3. Swamp (American, European) turtle:

Species of aquatic house turtles 5 (bog turtle 1)
Species of aquatic house turtles 6 (bog turtle 2)

  • feature: smooth oval olive or black shell with many light small specks;
  • dimensions: up to 35 cm;
  • food: frogs, fish, shrimps, snails, crickets and other small animals, beef and chicken heart, liver are also suitable;
  • conditions of detention: a spacious aquaterrarium from 100 liters, a third of which is occupied by heated land islands;
  • life expectancy: from 20 years.



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