What is a Tibetan mastiff, breed characteristics, basic rules regarding care and maintenance are important topics that need to be carefully studied before deciding to buy such a dog. A huge animal can become a good friend and guard.
Tibetan mastiff dog breed
If you want a non-aggressive and excellent watchdog, then choose this breed. Mastiffs get along well with children, protecting them from everything around. At the same time, the characteristics of the Tibetan mastiff breed indicate that animals are self-willed, therefore, for proper upbringing, it is important to deal with them. The pet will be wary of strangers, so that if necessary, stand up for his master. There are several varieties of these dogs, with their own characteristics, but they all have a few things in common: friendliness, vigilance and poise.
Tibetan mastiff – history of the breed
There are no clear facts explaining the origin of the breed, but there are several assumptions. According to one version, the ancestors of these animals are Tibetan wolves, and in another story of the emergence of the Tibetan Mastiff breed, it is said that it has roots from watchdogs of merchants traveling through Tibet. For the first time they are mentioned in the book of Shu King (1121 BC). It says that mastiffs were the guards of monks’ houses, monasteries and cattle.
Tibetan mastiff – description of the breed
Among others, this breed is distinguished by its huge size and muscular build. The main standards of the Tibetan Mastiff breed:
- An adult male weighs about 70 kg, but his height at the withers is about 70 cm, and as for females, their weight reaches 60-65 kg, and their height is about 60 cm.
- Mastiffs have a broad and heavy head and neck with well-developed muscles. The bite is powerful and the muzzle is moderately broad.
- The massive and muscular body has a straight topline and a chest that is deep set.
- To understand what the Tibetan mastiff looks like, the characteristics of the breed also indicate that the pet’s body is covered with long and harsh hair with a thick undercoat.
- Oval eyes are set wide apart and may be brown or dark. The ears of these animals are triangular and hanging. Their paws are strong and even, and the tail is long and lush.
- The characteristics of the breed indicate that there are three main colors: black, red and tan (black with brown spots). Standards allow for a small patch of white on the chest.
Tibetan mastiff – character
Animals of this breed are suitable for families with children, because they do not single out a single owner and treat everyone equally, showing love and affection. They are sensitive and get upset when their owners quarrel. The main character traits of the Tibetan mastiff dog:
- In the presence of family members, animals do not show aggression towards guests if they behave adequately. At the same time, they are distrustful of strangers.
- The characteristic of the breed indicates that the Tibetan mastiff has high intellectual abilities and is often stubborn.
- Animals have a calm and balanced character, and they do not show anger without a reason.
- Easily adapt in the family and love attention. They may not leave their master a single step.
Tibetan Mastiff – Lifespan
Animals of this breed have excellent health, so they rarely get sick. The lifespan of the Tibetan Mastiff depends on whether all the rules regarding keeping are observed or not. If everything is in order, then the pet will be able to live up to 10-14 years. Large dogs withstand heavy loads every day and their body wears out quickly, so carefully monitor the health of your pet. It is recommended to visit the veterinarian regularly and take x-rays once a year.
Tibetan mastiff – care and maintenance
In order for the pet not to get sick and feel good, it is necessary to properly care for it. Daily walks are of great importance for this breed, and it is better to walk with your pet twice a day for 40-50 minutes. It is recommended to go out with puppies up to four times a day. Attention should be paid to feeding and caring for the Tibetan Mastiff, which includes combing wool and hygiene procedures.
What to feed the Tibetan Mastiff?
Large breeds have an excellent appetite and a balanced and complete diet is important for them. Note that during maturation mastiffs eat much more than adults. When forming the diet of the Tibetan Mastiff, consider the following recommendations:
- The characteristics of the mastiff indicate that it is important not to overfeed the pet, but it is worth noting that the animal itself knows when to stop.
- When using dry food, do not pre-soak it in milk or water.
- It is not recommended to abruptly change the brand of feed, unless there is a good reason. It should be selected according to the age and size of the pet.
- If you are interested in what the Tibetan mastiff eats from natural products, the characteristics of the breed show that the menu should include protein products: meat, offal and fish, but only sea. In addition, add cereals to the diet and boiled eggs twice a week. Vegetables are useful raw and boiled, and fruits are a great treat.
Tibetan mastiff – care
The characteristic of the breed indicates that the dogs are not demanding, but there are a number of mandatory procedures for the health and well-being of the pet:
- Mastiffs have a thick coat and dense undercoat. At least twice a week, thorough combing should be carried out with a metal brush moistened with water or diluted conditioner. Abundant molting occurs in spring and autumn, so at this time the pet should be combed every day.
- When describing how to care for a Tibetan mastiff, it is worth paying attention to washing the animal. The procedure should be carried out once a quarter or as it gets dirty. This is important in order to preserve the natural grease that protects the skin and promotes self-cleaning. In winter, wallowing in the snow will be enough for the mastiff to clean. Can be used to clean wool – a special dry shampoo.
- In order for the Tibetan Mastiff to feel good, the characteristics of the breed indicate that once a month you need to trim the claws. To make them softer and more pliable, it is important to hold the paws for several minutes in warm water. Smooth the sharp ends with a file so that there are no burrs.
- It is worth cutting the hair between the fingers, and lubricate the pads on the paws with vegetable oil to protect them from cracks.
- To maintain healthy teeth, it is recommended to clean them a couple of times a week with a special brush and paste for dogs.
- The characteristic of the breed indicates that it is necessary to inspect the ears every day and clean them once a week using a moistened cotton pad. They need to be examined and rubbed on the pet’s eyes.
To prevent infection with typhoid, plague and rabies, it is important to get vaccinated on time. It is important to know how the Tibetan mastiff can get sick, so the characteristics of the breed indicate the possibility of developing such diseases:
- Obesity. The problem lies in the dog’s genes and the heart can suffer from obesity. It is important to monitor his nutrition and not overfeed. If obesity begins to develop, then a diet is recommended.
- Parasites. Due to the special design of the auricles of the breed, fungal diseases can occur, so it is important to monitor and clean the ears. Fleas and lichen can easily pick up on fluffy wool.
- Bloating. Pets are prone to this problem because they swallow food very quickly. Because of this, vomiting is observed, salivation increases, and the pet may whine.
- Eye diseases. A common problem that makes it difficult for a dog to navigate the terrain. Check your eyes regularly and if in doubt, contact your veterinarian.
Tibetan mastiff – conditions of detention
Large breeds need space to run. A private house is best suited for them, and in the case of apartment maintenance, you will have to take your pet outside 3-4 times a day for at least 30-40 minutes. Features of the content of the Tibetan mastiff are associated with the huge size of the animal and the presence of thick wool. It should be borne in mind that the dog does not have sweat glands, therefore, in the heat, it is important for them to have a shade, and at best, coolness.
Tibetan mastiff – keeping in the apartment
If you want to become the owner of this large dog, then you can keep it in the apartment, although this is not considered ideal. The Tibetan Mastiff can live in an apartment if there is enough space.
- The dog should have a place so that he can sleep comfortably in a position that is comfortable for him.
- In addition, there should be a place for the pet in all rooms so that it can be placed next to the owner.
- In order to keep a Tibetan mastiff in an apartment, the characteristics of the breed show that in the kitchen or in another place there must be a place for food so that the animal stands upright and is comfortable.
Keeping a Tibetan Mastiff in a private home
Many people living outside the city choose large breeds, and if you plan to keep a pet on the street, you will have to build an aviary. If you are wondering if it is possible to keep a Tibetan Mastiff on a chain, then the answer is no, since the dog is territorial and must run around the site. When organizing an aviary, consider the following features:
- The size of the enclosure is at least 2×3 m and 2 m in height. It should be divided: 1/3 part – a booth and a couch, where the floor should be covered with boards, and there should be a canopy on top, and 2/3 parts should be sown with grass or covered with sand.
- The resting place should not be filled with concrete. A roof over the resting place should be mandatory to protect the animal from overheating and rain.
- Even when kept in an aviary, a pet needs daily walks.
Tibetan mastiff as a guard
Since the ancestors of this breed are shepherds and guards, the characteristics of the mastiff breed indicate that they are ideal watchmen. By their very appearance, they command respect from others, so many will be afraid to just approach the house. The main protective qualities of the Tibetan mastiff are: fearlessness, lack of unreasonable aggression, self-sufficiency and determination. In addition, dogs of this breed have such characteristics as endurance, strength, and they also have a good sense of their territory and warn of uninvited guests.
Nicknames for Tibetan Mastiffs
It is important for your pet to choose a suitable nickname that will appeal to both the dog and all family members. When figuring out how to name a Tibetan mastiff, it is worth noting that puppies remember simple and short names well, but they should not look like some kind of team so that the pet does not get confused. More often than not, animals of this breed are given Chinese names that have their own meaning, for example, for a male, Cheng is suitable – strong or Zian – a faithful guard, and for a bitch, you can choose Gunga – joy or Xiu – loving children.