Among the numerous breeds of dogs there are decorative ones. At the beginning of selection, they were intended for other purposes (for example, to catch rats). Today they are brought out to brighten up a person’s life. The Russian Toy breed belongs to this category of dogs. One glance at this animal is enough to evoke a feeling of tenderness in a person.
Description of the Russian Toy breed
There is a short-haired and long-haired toy terrier. To begin with, it is worth finding out how much a Russian toy costs, for example, in nurseries the price is $ 300-800. The main characteristics of the Russian breed include the following:
- the dog is well built and looks graceful;
- moves freely and confidently;
- has good watchdog skills, although not aggressive;
- loves affection and does not tolerate dictatorship over himself;
- has low resistance to stress (barks for any reason);
- amenable to training, but sometimes stubborn;
- easily remembers the characteristics of the owner’s character and uses it;
- Russian toy is small, it is convenient to keep a pet in small apartments;
- there are representatives of a variety of colors (for example, a white Russian toy terrier) and size (there is a mini).
History of the Russian Toy breed
Among the aristocrats of Russia in the mid-19th century, English toy terriers were popular. After the October Revolution, purebred dogs from England were no longer supplied. Representatives of this breed began to degenerate, mixing with mongrels. In the middle of the century, Soviet breeders bred a new smooth-haired dog from the remnants of English toy terriers. Animals in a number of ways differed from the English ancestors. This was the basis for considering the creation of a new breed. The Russian Toy Longhair was bred from smooth-haired parents in 1958.
Russian Toy breed standard
This concept includes the following items:
- An adult Russian Toy has dimensions: the height of the female at the withers is 21-28 cm, the male is 20-30 cm.
- The weight of the animal reaches 3 kg.
- The Russian Toy has thin, straight leg bones. On oval paws are tightly pressed fingers.
- The body is lean, oval in shape with pronounced withers.
- Both docked and undocked tails are allowed.
- The deep-set chest is of moderate width.
- A convex forehead stands out on the skull. The transition to the nose is pronounced.
- The muzzle smoothly extends into a pointed shape.
- A small neat nose contains pigmentation, depending on the color.
- Oval dark eyes are slightly protruding and large in size.
- The large, triangular, erect ears are set high. In puppies of the Russian toy terrier, they are sagging. Long-haired representatives have tassels at the ends of the ears.
- Jaws in a free state are compressed tightly. Lips adhere to teeth without sagging.
- The neck is of medium length, gently curved.
- The abdomen is drawn in.
- The pile should be thick, well growing.
- The color is clean and rich.li>
Russian toy – character
This is an active dog that can play, run and jump for hours on end. Has a friendly and sociable personality. She easily converges with all the creatures around her (humans and animals). The owner is devoted, loves affectionate treatment. The increased excitability of temperament allows you to keep it in the role of a “call”. At the slightest provocation, the dog begins to bark. Needs a constant response (response) from the owner. He skillfully uses this for his own purposes (manipulates). Representatives of this breed, especially Russian toy terrier mini, become universal favorites in families.
Russian Toy – colors
Initially, representatives of this breed were born black or chocolate (dark brown) with tan color. Further selection made it possible to obtain a different color of the animal. As a result, the following options appeared:
- Russian toy terrier red;
- blue with tan.
Color defects are:
- pure white (if it is not a separate breed variety);
- plain black;
- the presence of white spots.
Russian toy – pros and cons
Animal benefits include:
- A companion dog will become a good friend and can brighten up loneliness. The restless nature of the dog will not let the owner get bored for a minute.
- Her energy will allow you to escape from everyday affairs and amuse anyone. She loves affection very much.
- Having such a pet in the house, you can be sure that no one will enter the room unnoticed. The dog will announce the penetration with its bark.
- Caring for an animal is not difficult, which is also a plus of the breed.
The main disadvantages of the breed are:
- Loud and boisterous sonorous barking for any reason. You can learn by ignoring. Another way is with the help of the “Fu” command, said in a firm voice.
- The hyperexcitability of dogs is the reason that they are able to bite their owners from an excess of feelings. In these cases, you need to express your negative attitude to the dog. You should stop the game (if it was) and leave the animal alone.
- For the same reason, it is not recommended to leave a dog with small children. She can scare them with her barking.
- The long-haired toy, like the smooth-haired one, is difficult to train. Feeling pressure on itself, the animal closes, begins to cheat or withdraws into itself.
Russian Toy and Chihuahua – differences
They are distinguished by appearance and character:
- Chihuahuas have thicker and shorter legs. The dog looks stockier than even the Russian Toy Mini.
- The tail is arched and thickened at the base. The sharp end looks up.
- The head differs from that in its spherical shape.
- The snub nose is shorter and has a characteristic sharp transition.
- The bones of this breed are more fragile.
- Chihuahuas come in a variety of colors, from purple to cream.
- Unlike Toy, they show jealousy towards neighboring animals.
- They have no concept of fear. Because of this, they often find themselves in dangerous situations.
Russian toy – care and maintenance
Specificity depends on the characteristics of the breed. Care and maintenance consist of the following items:
- For walks in the cold season, the Russian Toy should be dressed in warm clothes. However, it should not hamper the movements of the animal.
- Inspection of the ears for cracks, scratches or dirt is done monthly. The auricles should be treated with a damp cotton swab from the outside.
- It is recommended to brush your teeth and mouth with a special paste (Gimdog Dental Care, Beeztees, Hartz) once a week. To facilitate the procedure, it is necessary to accustom the dog to this action from childhood.
- Due to the peculiarities of the skin, bathing is done no more than once every 5-7 months. The procedure is carried out using special shampoos (Bio-Groom, Pro vitamin universal, Tropiclean Oxy Med Medicated) in warm water.
- The frequency of combing depends on the length of the coat. Short-haired dogs should be brushed weekly with a rubber mitt. The Russian Toy Terrier Longhair is brushed daily with a comb.
- Paw care consists of trimming the nails and thinning the fur between the toes.
Russian toy – what to feed?
This breed is very picky about the selection of food. The Russian Toy is a dog with a sensitive digestive system. She needs natural premium products. Otherwise, due to an excess of toxins, the kidneys and peristalsis of the gastrointestinal tract will suffer. A ration consisting of dry food of the highest quality of the following companies is allowed:
It is recommended to feed 2 times a day. A portion is issued at the rate of 80 g per kilo of weight and from one third of meat and two thirds of cereal products. Percentage composition of the diet:
- Meat (lean beef preferably), fish (better hake), offal up to 40%.
- Cereals (buckwheat, hercules, rice) up to 30%.
- Vegetables (beets, sweet peppers, carrots, zucchini, cucumbers) – 20%.
- Fruits (apricots, bananas, pears, peaches, apples) – 10%.
- In limited quantities, feeding with sour-milk products (fat content up to 3%) is allowed.
- Three times a month it is useful to give the yolk of an egg and fish fillet.
Russian toy – diseases
The main risk areas are excessive activity with fragile bones and a sensitive digestive system. In this regard, the Russian Toy dog breed has a number of characteristic diseases:
- Problems of the musculoskeletal system (dislocation of the knee joints).
- Necrosis of the heads of bones.
- Pancreatitis, as a result of feeding poor-quality food.
- Retinal atrophy.