Until the 50s of the last century, rabbit breeders in Europe almost did not know what myxomatosis was. But after a pair of infected rabbits were released near Paris in 1952, this infection began to victoriously march across our continent. At the beginning of the 80s, she began to massively mow down eared pets in the USSR.
What is myxomatosis rabbit disease?
The epidemic of this infectious disease is caused by the Poxviridae virus. Mortality in the household among rabbits often reaches 90%, and this disease must be taken extremely seriously. It spreads through the respiratory route, through contact, inventory, hands. It is carried by ticks, mosquitoes, flies, lice or fleas. It is almost impossible to isolate a sick animal, and in insects the infection persists for almost seven months.
Rabbit myxomatosis – symptoms
Already 5 or 7 days after the bite of an infected insect, the first signs of the disease appear. Serous-purulent conjunctivitis causes swelling of the eyelids, often a runny nose and difficulty breathing. Tumors form in the genital area and on the head, males begin to suffer from inflammation of the testes. With the rapid course of the disease, animals almost always die and cannot be treated. With another form, characteristic nodules appear on the head, ears and around the eyes, which then turn into edema, the eyes begin to fester. The bumps practically turn the head into a small ball. Sometimes these changes become reversible and after suffering the rabbit survives.
How to treat myxomatosis in rabbits?
The edematous form is almost impossible to cure, especially if the disease is already running. Patients are usually culled, and the carcasses are burned, declaring quarantine in the area. In small private farms, they try to treat animals with antibiotics in combination with immunostimulants, but on large farms such pleasure is not cost-effective. Apply injections of Gamavit (2 ml), subcutaneously Fosprenil (1 ml), drinking Baytril (1 ml per 10 kg twice a day). Treat wounds with tincture of iodine and keep sick rabbits in quarantine for at least 3 months.
Vaccination of rabbits against myxomatosis
Prevention of myxomatosis in rabbits includes proper care and hygiene measures, but this, like limiting contact with other people’s animals or people, does not always help. The main means of avoiding a dangerous scourge is now only timely vaccination against rabbit myxomatosis. Vaccination with the B-82 strain creates stable immunity in animals for about 8-9 months. It must be carried out twice, the first time at the age of 28 days, and again at 45 days. Revaccination is carried out after three months. Already on the seventh day, the drug begins to work, forming immunity. It is best to start the annual vaccination in your household as early as March.