Miniature dogs have always been popular with wealthy ladies. One of the brightest representatives is the Prague rat (Liben chamois, ratlik). The name comes from the tasks for which the breed was bred. With a long history, the number of representatives is so small that it makes babies unique and very expensive pets.
Prague Krysarik – description of the breed
Anyone who wants to get a dog, but do not have the opportunity to keep it due to lack of free space or the ability to constantly walk it, a miniature breed will do. The description of the Prague Krysarik highlights the main points:
- The breed during the standardization procedure in many countries has not yet been recognized by the FCI.
- A large number of dogs still retained the instinct of hunters inherited from their ancestors.
- With miniature sizes, animals bark very loudly, protecting the owner.
- Ratliks are very thrifty, this applies not only to food, but also to various small trinkets that can be found in their house.
- Toddlers love to be the center of attention. Forced loneliness negatively affects behavior.
Those who want to become the owner of a miniature dog are wondering how much the Prague rat is worth. The cost may surprise, because the small number of the species and the difficulty in breeding make the representatives of the breed unique. In the kennel, a puppy with minor defects, which is then not allowed for breeding, will cost $500. A show-class kid is much more expensive, its price is $1300-1500.
History of the Prague Krysarik breed
The homeland of this species is the Czech Republic, the history of appearance begins in the Middle Ages, at that time cats needed helpers to cope with the invasion of rodents. By order of the king, the Prague Krysarik breed was created, which has a small size and the qualities of a real hunter.
In the 14th century, the king of the Czech Republic gave dogs to noble people from different countries. In the 18th century, due to the crisis, ordinary people could also buy them, so the breed became popular. As a result of the Second World War, the Prague rats were almost completely destroyed. Restoration took place in the 70s in the Czech Republic by the breeder Findeis, but there are still very few purebred representatives.
Prague Krysarik – standard
Specialists involved in breeding this breed make a significant bias on the correct proportions of the body. For ideal representatives, the ratio of parameters should be as follows:
- growth to body length – 1:1.05;
- height at the withers to the depth of the chest – 2: 1;
- forehead width to its length – 1:1.
The Prague Krysarik dog has appearance standards:
- pear-shaped head;
- ears are strong and widely set;
- nose of the same shade as the coat;
- eyes bulging, rounded, dark in color;
- jaws strong, bite “scissors”;
- the compact body has an almost square shape;
- the limbs are parallel, the legs are rounded;
- the tail reaches to the hocks;
- the coat is short or semi-long.
The character of the Prague rat
Small dogs are strongly attached to the owner and easily create good “weather in the house”. The Liben chamois stands out for its intelligence, thanks to which it does not bother with constant barking. The dog is suspicious of strangers, showing hostility. Relationships with cats are warm, but vice versa with dogs. The difference between the Prague rat is that he does not pay attention to the physical superiority of the opponent, if someone provokes him, he will immediately begin to fight for justice.
Prague rats have a special relationship with rodents or other animals that are at least a little like them. They will immediately attack them. In addition, dogs are selfish, but in moderation. A serious personality lives in a miniature body, demanding respect. The kid does not like to share his toys and other property – this must be taken into account by all residents of the apartment.
Prague Krysarik – colors
In total, there are 5 main standard shades in the breed:
The presence of tan marks is acceptable, but they must be a bright shade. They are found on the muzzle, throat, hind legs, chest and tail. Everything else is a marriage and such individuals are not allowed for breeding. In addition, the ratlik can be black or brindle – this is a genetic culling.
Prague Krysarik – pros and cons
Before buying, you need to get acquainted with its strong and weak characteristics. The Prague Krysarik dog breed is endowed with the following virtues:
- tenacious mind and ingenuity;
- high level of devotion;
- courage that exceeds size;
- the baby is a reliable watchman.
Many are interested in how long the Prague rats live, with such small parameters and low immunity. On average, the figure reaches the mark of 14 years. The disadvantages of the Prague Krysarik include:
- the tendency to make a variety of stash;
- high probability of obesity;
- not good health.
Prague rat and toy terrier – differences
There is a lot in common between these breeds at first glance, although professional breeders will not agree with this. Consider the difference between that terrier and the Prague rat:
- The body height of the terrier is several centimeters lower.
- The mass is a little more.
- The life expectancy of a terrier is a couple of years shorter.
- By nature, they are less conflicting.
- The Terrier was originally bred as a decorative pet.
- The body of the rat is much more harmonious and fit;
- The Prague baby is more restrained and confident in character.
Caring for the Prague Rat
With an aristocratic origin, dogs do not require any serious maintenance. Care includes a series of manipulations:
- During the molt, which occurs twice a year, combing is carried out a couple of times a week.
- The Prague rat ratlik does not need frequent bathing, they do it out of necessity. It is important to use a quality shampoo specially designed for these manipulations, such as Argan Oil Shampoo or PhytoElite.
- Ears do not cause trouble, but once a week it is recommended to remove excess sulfur and dust. If problems are found, contact your veterinarian immediately.
- Eye care is minimal. In the morning, lumps are removed from the corners.
- Teeth are cleaned of calculus three times a week with special brushes and toothpaste such as Trixie or Tropicline Gel.
- Nails are trimmed and polished every month.
What to feed the Prague rat?
The small size and decorativeness of the breed require careful selection of the diet. Prague rat puppies up to 2 months old. should eat every 3.5 hours. After reaching 4 months. the amount should be reduced by 2 times, this is achieved gradually. The daily dose of food for an adult pet is 50 g. There are three types of food:
- artificial food. The easiest way, the diet will be completely balanced, the main thing is to choose a premium line of food. Among the most popular brands are ProNature Holistic, Orijen Original, Ontario Mini Weight Control.
- natural food. The basis of the diet is lean meat, with the exception of lamb. In addition, boiled fish, fresh vegetables and fruits are added.
- mixed food. The most popular option. Correct proportion: 80% artificial nutrition, 20% natural.
Prague rat – diseases
Unfortunately, representatives of this breed cannot boast of strong immunity. Pets are very fragile, not only externally, so the owner must constantly monitor them. The Prague chamois is prone to health problems:
- Paw fractures. May occur when falling from a great height or a rash jump.
- Obesity, gastrointestinal problems. Kids do not know the measure in food and, in the absence of control from the owner, overeat, which leads to weight gain. Due to the rapid absorption of food, intestinal volvulus may occur, which is treated only by surgery.
- Cold. In sub-zero temperatures, it is important to walk your pet up to 20 minutes. And only in special clothes. Otherwise, the Prague rat can catch a cold.
- hypoglycemia – a disease that occurs in 10% of Prague rats. Appears with malnutrition, when there is a sharp jump in blood sugar. In this case, a change in diet and additional consumption of sugar is required.