A graceful and quick-witted bird, the necklace parrot, care and maintenance, feeding and breeding of which is not difficult, perfectly takes root in captivity, quickly gets used to the owners, becoming a family favorite. Communication with pets, caring for them, brings joy to the owners, parrots are funny, they can be taught human speech.
Necklace parrot – species
The main features in the description of the appearance of the necklace parrot are the following:
- bird length from 42 to 50 cm;
- the parrot weighs from 110 to 150 grams;
- plumage color – green (or yellow-green), with two bright blue feathers in the tail. There are also unusual colors bred by breeding: white, blue and even motley;
- the beak is red with a dark mandible. Feathers on the back of the head are slightly bluish, there are black feathers on the neck;
- the voice of birds of this species is unpleasant, somewhat harsh, reminiscent of a screech – this can be considered the main drawback of a feathered pet.
You can find a wide variety of species of necklace parrots, all of which are distinguished by exotic beauty, the ability to memorize words and sounds, quick wit, which has made them popular for home care and maintenance. The most famous types are:
Necklace parrot – colors
The main color of the plumage of a parrot belonging to the necklace breed is green, but often there are small color inclusions in the color. Males have, located around the circumference of the neck, a bright pink-red stripe or “tie”. In the tail of the necklace parrot are two bright blue feathers, which are the longest. You can meet birds with an unusual color, this happens as a result of breeding them by breeding, while the plumage color is white, blue and even mottled.
How many years does a necklace parrot live?
If a necklace parrot lives in your house, care and maintenance comply with the rules, then the life expectancy of a pet can be from 14 to 30 years or more, depending on the species. The long-liver among the necklace parrots can be called the Indian ringed. The shortest life span of the emerald ringed parrot, it does not exceed 14 years. When determining the age of the necklace parrot, pay attention to the fact that the chicks have paler plumage, darker eyes and a lighter beak than adult birds.
Necklace parrot – content
Keeping and caring for a necklace parrot requires providing him with physical and emotional comfort, cleanliness and hygiene – they are important aspects for maintaining the health and long life of a bird. A necklace parrot at home can be kept both in a cage and in an aviary. Aviary content is rational if you have the intention to breed parrots. In any case, the conditions of maintenance and care must be provided as follows:
- temperature regime, comfortable for pets, is provided at the level of 18-25 С˚;
- the air should have 60-70% humidity, no drafts;
- daylight hours are not more than 12 hours; it is necessary to foresee the possibility of creating a night mode for birds;
- providing free space for the ability to fly, it is unacceptable to keep pets in cramped conditions;
- the use of strong, metal rods for a cage or aviary that the bird will not spoil using a powerful beak;
- correctly dosed daily feed intake.
Necklace parrot – cage
A necklace parrot at home needs personal space, so a spacious cage is chosen, made of thick rods, in which you can equip a feeder, a playground with various perches, rope devices. The best arrangement of the rods is horizontal, so it is more convenient for the pet to climb the walls of the cage. At the bottom of the cage, install a tray that can be easily pulled out for care and cleaning, parrots do not like dirt, they are clean.
Necklace parrot – care
A kept necklace parrot at home requires constant care and hygiene measures. The main rules that are very important when caring for and keeping necklace parrots in captivity are the following:
- Regular care of the parrot’s home, thorough cleaning of the habitat at least once every 6-8 days.
- Daily washing of feeders and drinkers (to avoid the spread of rapidly multiplying infections and bacteria in them), the presence of fresh food and water.
- Bathing pets. You can spray the bird every day using a spray bottle or install a container with warm water in the cage two or three times in 7-10 days and let the pet clean the feathers in it and frolic.
- The correct combination of various feeds in the diet.
- Affectionate treatment of the bird, the inadmissibility of raising your voice – otherwise the parrot will be afraid of you and experience a state of stress.
Necklace parrot – what to feed?
Like most decorative feathered pets, even an adult necklace parrot requires a daily, as balanced diet as possible, which is based on grains:
- millet (40%);
- oats (20%);
- wheat (20%);
- canary or flaxseed (10%);
- sunflower seeds (10%).
Buy ready-made mixtures at pet stores, when mixing yourself, be sure to add trace elements and vitamins, their lack will adversely affect the well-being of pets. Determine the rate of food eaten by the bird per day, as a rule, it is one or two tablespoons, and give it in the morning, once a day. For a proper, balanced diet of necklace parrots, it is necessary to periodically feed them:
- hard-boiled eggs;
- fruits and vegetables;
- cottage cheese;
- boiled corn;
- greenery and grass.
Necklace parrot – breeding
When selecting pairs for future offspring, choose healthy, mobile individuals, at least 2-3 years old. Install a nest box (nesting house) in a cage or aviary, fill not the bottom with sawdust, and place a female on a clutch of eggs (from 2 to 6 pieces). The period of incubation of eggs is 3-3.5 weeks. Hatched chicks stay in the nest for another 6 weeks, then leave it, but for another 2-3 weeks their parents feed and care for them.
In most cases, people try to get males, they have a brighter color and are larger, so it is very important to know how to determine the sex of a necklace parrot. Before the age of three, it is difficult to distinguish a male from a female; this task is not always possible even for an ornithologist. In the fourth year of life, males show a bright stripe on the neck or ties, females are deprived of this feature.
Necklace parrot – diseases
A captive necklace parrot that is not properly cared for and kept can get sick, here are a few reasons that lead to health problems:
- non-compliance with hygiene requirements;
- limited space;
- irrational, unbalanced nutrition;
Often in necklace parrots diseases are observed:
- Respiratory Organs. They appear due to hypothermia, a draft, or are transmitted from already sick counterparts.
- Gastrointestinal. Frequent disturbances in the body occur due to poor food.
- Eye problems. Arise due to lack of vitamin A, poor content.
- Presence of parasites. They appear due to poor care, or are transmitted by feather-eaters (mites).
At the age of three, four months, the period of the first molt begins in necklace parrots and lasts 1.5-2 months, then it occurs twice a year. At this time, the bird is stressed, it needs improved care and nutrition, give it more minerals and nutrients, vitamins. For the period when the necklace parrot molts, pay special attention, if the process drags on – this is an alarming symptom, show your pet to an ornithologist.