Dogs have been around humans for a long time. There is one ancient breed whose devotion is legendary. No wonder the Karelian-Finnish Laika, or Finnish Spitz, has become a symbol of Finland. A hunting dog that has a very sonorous voice, kind to children and adults. An active and mischievous pet will not leave anyone indifferent.
Finnish Spitz – description of the breed
In 2006, the cynological associations of the Russian Federation and Finland combined the Karelian-Finnish Laika and Finnish Spitz breeds into one, since it was difficult to distinguish between breed dogs by the characteristics of the dogs. Today’s standard provides explanations for all the features of the body structure and character. The Finnish Spitz is similar in height to wolves, but the coat color makes them also look like foxes.
Finnish Spitz – breed standard
There are certain criteria for the appearance of the Finnish Spitz breed, a description of the features:
- The physique is strong and dense.
- Average height (from 42 to 47 cm).
- Almost square proportions: the height at the withers is almost equal to the length of the dog.
- The posture is proud.
- Weight is small (males up to 13 kg, females up to 10 kg).
- The muzzle is wide and short, wedge-shaped.
- Nose black or brown, mobile.
- The eyes are almond-shaped and small.
- Twisted long tail, thrown on the back.
- The skin fits tightly, does not hang down.
- The fingers are tightly closed, the paws are strong.
- The voice is clear and loud.
- Friendly, has a penchant for leadership.
Finnish Spitz – character
Karelka is incredibly active, creates a lot of noise. The Karelian-Finnish Spitz is a very active dog. She was chosen for hunting not only for her sonorous barking, but also for her endurance, courage and ability to be persistent. These dogs were created by nature for hunting, their instincts are very well developed. Such a pet is great for a family: Finnish Spitz get along well with children and adults. They will never go to strangers, because they are cautious and distrustful. They can live in peace with dogs, and are tolerant of other animals.
Finnish Spitz loves attention and care. If neither one nor the other is present, the karelka may be offended and stop obeying. Very independent, sometimes a dog can completely leave a negligent owner. These animals are smart and understanding, but they need a strict owner who knows how to raise this breed. They respond to love with sincere devotion.
Finnish Spitz – colors
A distinctive feature of the Karelian-Finnish Laika is its fluffy soft fur coat. The coat is long and dense with a dense undercoat. The fiery red color is the hallmark of this breed. It is not welcome if the Finnish Spitz has a white or other light shade on the chest, in the abdomen, on the inner surface of the limbs, tail and ears. On copper-red or brick shades of wool, dark hairs may occur.
Finnish Spitz – pros and cons
Karelian-Finnish Laika has many advantages:
- small size;
- simple care;
- friendly character;
- mind and ingenuity;
- exceptional endurance.
Many are interested in the moment of how much the Finnish Spitz costs. There are many dogs of this breed, so you can find a thoroughbred puppy for $400-500. If you take it with your hands, you can find an animal and cheaper. The price varies and depends on many factors: the pedigree, the awards of the puppy’s parents, the popularity of the breeder, and so on, so the cost can be high and reach up to $1500.
Finnish Spitz is a dog breed that has its drawbacks:
- barks and howls a lot;
- shows the ability to destroy space due to insufficient walking;
- dogs can dominate and lead if the owner does not show character;
- small domestic animals can become an object of hunting;
- leaving alone with children is not recommended.
The content of the Karelian-Finnish Laika
Unpretentiousness in content is the biggest plus of the Finnish Spitz. The small size of the dog allows you to keep it in apartments and private homes. Frequent and active walks are a must when keeping this dog. Putting such a dog on a chain is not worth it, because he can get sick. The presence of a personal place is required: bedding and a separate aviary or house. If a Finnish Spitz puppy will live on the street, breeders recommend keeping him in the house until the first molt, and only after that he is settled in an aviary or booth.
Karelian-Finnish Laika – content in an aviary
Although Karelians are adapted to the cold and withstand severe frosts, they need a warm enclosure where the dog can hide from the weather. Karelian-Finnish Laikas are very attached to a person, so you should take care of a separate place in the house, even if kept outside. The Finnish Spitz is not suitable for guarding the house; it can meet any noise with a loud bark. For protection in the forest, he has no equal. If possible, it is worth finding a company for the pet so that the dog can behave calmly in society.
Karelian-Finnish Laika content in the apartment
The Karelian-Finnish Laika dog creates the greatest difficulty in keeping in an apartment with its sonorous voice and active behavior. The presence of such a pet obliges the owners to long and frequent walks. If a dog is kept locked up for a long time, then it can develop depression. The recommended minimum of active walks with free range is 2-3 hours a day. On a walk, you should constantly monitor your active pet. Finnish Spitz can provoke a fight with another dog. The apartment must have toys for the dog.
Caring for the Karelian-Finnish Laika
It is worth paying attention to the following points:
- Wool. Most of the time will have to be spent on caring for the coat, which is the main indicator of the health and condition of the dog. Parasite treatment is required, so any anti-flea remedy is suitable: shampoo (Doctor Zoo, Beaphar), drops (Lawyer, Bars Forte), aerosols (Frontline, Hartz) or folk remedies (wormwood, tar soap). Frequent brushing is necessary to avoid matting.
- Purity. After a walk, the dog’s paws are washed with water and wiped dry. If the wool is slightly dirty, then simply wipe the dust. If it is strong, use a dog shampoo (Simple Shed Shampoo, Bio Groom).
- Nail care. When the dog’s physical activity is high, the claws wear down and there is no need to trim them. Karelian-Finnish Laika puppies quickly get used to trimming with a nail cutter.
- Eye and ear health. They are washed constantly, if necessary, they use an additional cleaning lotion (Otifree, Ear cleaner) and eye wash (Opti Soothe Eye Wash).
- Teeth. The teeth of the Karelian-Finnish Laika need care. Additionally, cleaning products that can be chewed are used (Pedigree Denta Stiks, Mnyams or Biff Dent sticks).
- Vaccinations and medicines. Vaccination of dogs is carried out in accordance with a personal schedule, which is drawn up when visiting a veterinarian. Be sure to give antiparasitic prescribed by a doctor.
- paddock. A dog of this breed needs a lot of physical activity, active games and a lot of running.
What to feed the Karelian-Finnish Laika
With high activity, the Karelian-Finnish Laika needs plenty of food. Do not be afraid of gaining excess weight if the dog runs a lot. If the load is not enough, which happens when kept in an apartment, the portion size should be controlled. Finnish Spitz must receive natural food. The basis of the diet should be raw meat (not minced meat). Other products required:
- boiled eggs;
- cereals (buckwheat, rice, others);
- unsweetened fruits;
- vegetables (carrots, pumpkin, zucchini, potatoes);
- sea fish,
- dairy products (kefir, cottage cheese).
Porridges are boiled in broths, adding pieces of meat and greens with vegetables. They also put soft cartilage in them. The dog’s diet should not contain salt, pepper, spices, chocolate, sweets, fatty and smoked foods, bones (especially tubular). An adult dog is fed twice a day. Puppies are fed more often (according to age: at 2-3 months – 5-6 times, at 3-7 months – 4 times, at 8-10 months – 3 times a day). The Finnish Spitz can also eat industrial feed, but here you should rely on the recommendations of the veterinarian, the preferences of the dog and his condition.
Education of the Karelian-Finnish Laika
The Finnish Spitz is difficult to train, but absolutely necessary. Active energy and a lively mind are best directed in the right direction. Training lessons are made short (25 minutes each) in the form of a game so that the dog does not lose interest. If the dog gets tired, it will become naughty. Delicious rewards are a must during the workout. The Karelian-Finnish Laika breed is smart, because in half the cases these dogs repeat the task the first time. Training is needed daily.
It is very important for puppies to be toilet trained. At first, it is easy to determine by the dog that is spinning and looking for a place that he needs to recover. Then the puppy is planted in a pre-prepared place or taken out into the street. If you do not accustom to defecate in the yard or in a special toilet, then the karelka can dirty the house or apartment. So that the Finnish Spitz does not learn to sleep in the apartment on the owner’s bed and does not climb on sofas and armchairs, you need to cover the forbidden places with newspapers.
What is the name of the Karelian-Finnish Laika?
The name of the puppy is given at an early age. For Karelians, it is better to choose short one- or two-syllable names. It is advised to use the names given by Finnish hosts. For example, Alo Lika, Koira, Maire, Ukko, Piku and others. Nicknames of this type emphasize the origin of the dog. A dog of the Finnish Spitz breed can be named after a northern river or an animal that is being hunted: Sable, Valdai, Ural, Hawk, Volga, Bear. The name can also reflect the nature of the animal: Courageous, Rogue, Ardent, Leader, Wake.