Anyone who equally appreciates the charm of Persian cats and the splendor of Siamese cats will find a lot of pleasure if he becomes the owner of a Himalayan cat. This breed combines all the advantages of Siamese and Persians. In order for the life of the pet to be long, and he himself pleased with his appearance and affectionate disposition, you need to properly take care of him.
The Himalayan cat, despite its “geographical” affiliation, is of American origin by name. It was in the United States that in the middle of the last century they were engaged in crossing the Siamese cat and the Persian cat. In the US, the new breed was named Himalayan, and in the UK, Color Point. Both one and the other name has the right to exist.
In a cross between a Siamese and a Persian, the corresponding hereditary material was found, as in the Himalayan rabbit, which has light hair on the body with dark places on the ears and limbs. At the same time, the name color-point just suggests such features of the color of the cat.
The Siamese-Persian mestizo harmoniously combines the features of one and the other breed. Features of both ancestors are clearly visible in the cross. From the Siamese, the Himalayan cat got bright blue eyes and characteristic color features, and from the Persian – a beautiful fluffy coat and an upturned nose. The weight of a representative of this amazing breed fluctuates, as a rule, in the range of 4-6 kilograms, although some adults have a larger mass. The breed standard assumes the following features:
- the shape of the head is round;
- noticeable cheeks;
- the muzzle is wide and flattened;
- ears are small, widely spaced;
- blue eyes;
- snub-nosed, with open nostrils;
- a strong physique and a pleasant, slightly prominent belly;
- short paws;
- the fur is long with a thick undercoat;
- beautiful “collar” on the neck;
- the tail is lush;
- there is a dark “woolen mask” on the muzzle.
A mixture of Siamese and Persian cats in appearance is very bizarre, all the more attractive to connoisseurs of the Himalayan cat breed. On average, their life expectancy is about 12 years. Approximately so many owners will be able to enjoy the company of a furry friend.
The Himalayan cat is not a creature that will calmly endure the absence of human society. Unlike many of its counterparts, this animal is strongly attached to the owners, as well as to the house in which it lives. From time to time, the pet will attract attention in every possible way in order to get another portion of affection. He likes to sit on his hands, showing his friendly disposition. He really likes being stroked. If you need to remind a person of his needs, the cat will not only look into his eyes and rub against his legs, but also quietly meow.
The Himalayan cat patiently endures the amusements of children, without exposing its claws and without using its teeth. This happens only if she gets hurt. If the fluffy beauty does not like something, she will not take revenge, like a Siamese, but simply go to a secluded place where they will not get her. In order not to feel lonely, the pet can “tail” after the owner from room to room. But at other times, laziness attacks him, he can lie on the sofa or window sill for 20 hours, being immersed in a deep sleep. With this behavior, the “Himalayan” strongly resembles his Persian ancestor, although the representative of the “new breed” is still much more active.
A cat can play with a toy for a very long time, especially if a beloved owner is nearby. At the same time, this animal will never be naughty, raiding curtains and cabinets, as well as conquering other “tops”. Cats subtly feel the mood of the owners, listen with pleasure to what they are told. Sometimes it seems that animals really understand human speech.
However, they do not like noisy society. In a room where there are a lot of people, do not rush to enter. Walking outside is not for them. They are more comfortable in the house, among those whom they know well, than in the open.
Types of colors
Himalayan kittens do not have a pronounced color. Their “color” seems to be more uniform than that of adult cats. The final coloring appears only by two or three years. The spots on the paws, tail and muzzle are of different shades. There are Himalayan cats of the following colors:
- with cream spots on the coat;
- with purple;
- with redheads;
- chocolate colors;
Breed standards require a dark mask on a main light background, not extending beyond the “face”. Sometimes the dark parts of the color are with stripes or spots of a different shade. The most valuable is chocolate and lilac colors on a light background – cream or white.
How to choose?
Considering that Himalayan cats are a relatively new breed, it will not be possible to find such interesting kittens on the ad. And even more so you will not meet this animal on the street. The price of a purebred kitten is not less than 10 thousand rubles. So even if you come across a “fluffy specimen” with blue eyes and a thoroughbred mother, this does not mean that the characteristic features will be passed on to descendants. “Outbred” genes will “come out” anyway.
A pure representative of the breed is found only in the nursery or with breeders. In any case, when choosing, you need to focus on the following criteria:
- the prestige of the nursery (you can study online reviews);
- the type of animals that speaks about the conditions of detention (if they are full, well-fed and happy, everything is fine);
- the appearance of the kitten (how healthy it looks);
- passport and pedigree;
- fluffy age.
It is considered normal to take into the house a kitten that has reached the age of three months. By this time, the animals have already formed immunity, the necessary vaccinations have been carried out. In addition, the baby, in a certain sense, is already accustomed to everyday life, and you can also be sure that moving to a new place will not become a lot of stress for him. If a kitten, for example, is only 1.5 months old, it is taken to a new home only in case of unforeseen situations. For example, something happened to the mother cat.
When everything is in order, the baby needs to be near her before he gets stronger. And this happens, first of all, thanks to mother’s milk.
Important! An early break with the mother affects the character and habits of the cat when he grows up. Stress doesn’t go away.
It should be noted that in the passport for a kitten, which the breeder must present, marks are made about the pet’s vaccinations. A hologram is pasted into the document confirming the fact of vaccination, as well as the seal of the veterinary clinic and the doctor’s signature. There may also be a mark on sterilization or castration.
For a fluffy tenant, you need to purchase items such as:
- couch or cat house;
A lounger or a house is installed in a secluded corner (at least for a start), which will allow the mustachioed tail to avoid excessive nervousness while it gets used to the house and its residents. It is advisable to choose a small tray for the baby so that it is easy for him to climb into it. (When he grows up, you will need to buy another, more suitable size). You can leave the grate on the tray to start. If the pet does not like it, it is not difficult to remove it.
As for the filler, it is desirable to choose a material of coarse fraction, for example, wood filler or artificial stone. The advantage of wood is that it keeps the smell perfectly, although when wet it turns into sawdust that sticks to the cat’s fur. This does not happen with stone.
How a cat eats affects its appearance and health. You can use both ready-made store-bought food and natural ones. Store-bought ones are easier to use, because they already provide all the substances necessary for the cat’s body. Himalayans are given both dry food and wet canned food. It is important to choose the right product line. Information about whether a particular product is suitable for a pet can be found on the packaging. It indicates the composition, storage rules, expiration date and so on.
If ordinary products are used, the cat owner will have to independently calculate their calorie content and assess the presence of the necessary substances. You can not feed the animal with the same products all the time – it is very difficult to include all the necessary micro- and brand elements, vitamins in one dish. Moreover, if the cat gets tired of food, he will rest and wait for something new. Himalayan cats are fed foods such as:
- poultry meat and beef;
- cereals (rice, buckwheat, oatmeal and so on);
- vegetables and fruits;
- fish (bones removed);
- dairy products.
It is better to boil the meat before feeding, and if it is given raw, then the product is first frozen, and then the reverse process is carried out. This prevents the cat from becoming infected with parasites and harmful microbes. You can not give your pet meat in large pieces. If you do not cut it finely, the animal may choke. Fruits and vegetables are given raw or cooked. Fish and dairy products should appear in the diet infrequently so that there is no bust with the content of calcium and phosphorus in the body.
An adult cat should have two meals a day at a strictly allotted time. If you feed her in fits and starts, giving food from the table, she will learn to beg. So that the pet does not feel offended, it is advisable to give him food during his own breakfast or dinner. It is unpleasant for a furry friend to watch the owner’s food when his own bowl is empty. At the same time, it should be remembered that in the case of handouts from the table, which become an addition to the main meal, the cat may gain excess weight. It comes down to obesity. Therefore, such pampering should not be allowed.
Given that the cat has long hair, and instead of the usual undercoat, a downy base, such a fur coat requires constant attention. If you do not deal with it, it will “overgrow” with tangles, as the hairs on it quickly get tangled, becoming covered with fat released from the skin. It is ugly, and uncomfortable for the pet itself. If you do not comb your fur coat at least 3 times a week, instead of fluffy, there will be a sociable walking felt boot in the house.
A slicker is useful for combing. You can buy it at the pet store. An alternative is a fine-toothed comb. Some owners acquire a whole set of tools for putting the coat in order, including the following tools:
- comb with frequent teeth;
- comb with sparse teeth.
Important! If there is no time for combing procedures, you can use a furminator comb, which allows you to quickly comb out your pet’s coat even during the shedding period.
In order for the cat’s coat to always look beautiful, fluffy needs to be bathed from time to time. Water removes the secretions of the sebaceous glands from the skin, preventing mats from quickly forming. With the Himalayans, water procedures are carried out once a month, although if the pet manages to stain the light “clothes” faster, this can be done more often. In the case of this breed of cats, there are no problems in contact with water. Himalayans calmly perceive immersion in liquid.
For washing, you need to use special shampoos, and not those that people keep for themselves. After water procedures, the pet is wrapped in a towel so that moisture is absorbed into the fabric. Do not rub wool to dry. It is enough to let the liquid penetrate into the towel. Then you can wrap the cat in another – a dry towel. And when there is very little moisture left on the wool, you can dry it with a hair dryer.
Attention requires not only wool, but also the organs of vision of the Himalayan cat. Her eyes are big and her hair is long. At the same time, due to the flattening of the muzzle, the lacrimal canal is broken. In contact with the surface of the eyes, the wool causes lacrimation, pollution forms in the corners of the “cat’s eyes”. They need to be cleaned once a day with a wet cotton swab. This will avoid inflammation. As for the ears, they are cleaned 1 time in 7 days using petroleum jelly or special oil.
Keeping Himalayan cats comes with some problems. In addition to watery eyes, it could be snoring. But just such oddities cannot be fully attributed to diseases. What seems to be a breathing problem for a person is normal for such a cat, since snoring is associated with the peculiarities of the “device” of the respiratory system. (Although this does not negate the fact that a flattened nose constantly attracts respiratory diseases).
With regard to the health of Himalayan cats, symptoms such as:
- weight loss;
- loss of appetite;
- the cat is having difficulty breathing;
- skin problems such as peeling or swelling;
- strong discharge from the eyes, nose;
- painful change in the eyes such as dilated pupils or puffiness;
- urination with pain in a pet;
- diarrhea and vomiting.
Any of the suspicious manifestations is a reason to urgently contact a specialist. And you also need to take into account that “Persian heredity” is manifested in a predisposition to kidney diseases, in particular, to polycystic.
If the cat constantly drinks and hardly goes to the toilet in a small way, doing it suspiciously often and at the same time “missing” past the tray, you need to deal with his health.
The attitude towards the breed of Himalayan cats among their owners is often the opposite. Some are completely delighted with their pets, do not get enough of their high intelligence and beauty, while others find in them a constant source of problems associated with the peculiarities of their physiology and character. In particular, many are unhappy with the rapid weight gain and the fact that cats sleep too long. Others have to struggle with the problems of wet eyes and noses.
According to the observations of the owners of fluffies, they are very smart. Some learn to go to the toilet, get along well with other animals in the house, are very mobile.
On the features of the Himalayan cat breed, see below.