The Brazilian cat population is one of those rare cases when the breed was created by nature itself without the slightest human intervention. In appearance, these are ordinary animals with very beautiful eyes and a peaceful character. Consider their origin, appearance and character in order to understand what their individuality is.
For a long time, cats lived in the cities of Brazil, without attracting the attention of either the townspeople or felinologists, because their appearance is the most unremarkable: average volume and weight, moderate paw length, tail and ears, and an ordinary body. The color of animals can be any, there are no restrictions. This is how Brazilian cats would walk to this day on their own, if breeders did not pay attention to the persistent individual characteristics of the entire population that distinguish them from other cat breeds.
Interestingly, the signs were developed without the participation of people in the process of natural selection.
In the 80s of the last century, animals began to be studied, bred, choosing kittens with dominant breed characteristics. After a rather serious amount of work, in 1985, Brazilian felinologists filed an application for registration of a new breed of cats. By this year, the standards for the Brazilian Shorthair line had been developed.
Recognition did not come immediately, only in 1994 the world-famous organization WCF introduced the developed standards into the collection.
But at that time, the independence of the breed was denied. Brazilian cats were combined with European cats, forming the Celtic Shorthair breed. The country’s felinology continued to point to the unique characteristics of the street population, and in 1999 the WCF organization proposed that the Brazilian Shorthair be a separate cat species.
The appearance of the animals is not outstanding, but quite cute.
- The body is of medium length with a wide chest, with well-developed muscles.
- The limbs are strong, of standard size, with rounded pads on the paws.
- The head is slightly elongated, wedge-shaped. The muzzle has a pleasant outline.
- Standard wide-set triangular ears, rounded at the ends.
- Beautiful almond-shaped eyes with a smart piercing look, the color of which can be absolutely any.
- Coat without undercoat, short, lying close to the body, silky to the touch. The variety of colors is not limited.
- The tail is wide at the base and narrowed at the tip.
- Strong strong neck of normal length.
According to the standards, weight is allowed up to 4 kg, the cat looks noticeably larger than the cat.
Until the end of the last century, when Brazilian cats were noted as a breed, they were considered ordinary yard animals. Long life on the street left its mark on their character. Cats are free-spirited. Despite the good nature, they can stand up for themselves. They are unsurpassed hunters and getters for their kittens.
Brazilian shorthair cats are social animals. They feel good in a large and noisy human family, while not singling out anyone, but loving everyone, young and old. For them, attention is an important aspect of family life. A cat forgotten by all households may seem aggressive and irritable, but the behavior is easily corrected by attention and care.
The breed is endowed with good intelligence, easy to train. Kittens and young individuals are active, playful, prefer long walks in the fresh air. These are accommodating, affectionate and loyal pets, good companions in fun for children. With responsible care, they can live up to 20 years, delighting their owners with the positive.
The animal requires minimal care, as:
- unpretentious in food;
- he has short hair;
- has a peaceful nature.
Pedigree cats are very clean, they do not need to be bathed. But due to the frequent licking of the skin, wool can accumulate in the stomach. In such cases, the cat is given a special paste, grass or food to help get rid of accumulations.
It is recommended to comb the hair with a special brush 2-3 times a month.
For the purpose of hygiene and disease prevention, the eyes, ears and paws of the animal should be periodically examined. Sometimes they are wiped or cleaned using cotton swabs dipped in herbal decoction. Cats can have their teeth brushed once or twice a week. All accessories for this are purchased at the pet store. Once a quarter they give drugs for helminths. The cat should have a scratching post and several toys to satisfy the activity of a mobile animal.
Representatives of this breed are picky in nutrition, they eat everything that they are given. But you should not, taking advantage of the cat’s good appetite, offer her everything indiscriminately: such a diet can harm even good health. Special feeds enriched with vitamins and minerals have been developed for animals. They are designed for different age groups. When choosing feed, the characteristics of the state of animals are taken into account:
- kitten feeding period.
In addition to industrial feed, natural products should be present in the diet: meat, poultry, fish. The cat’s stomach does not tolerate fatty foods and some vegetables.
It is necessary to monitor the freshness and quality of the water daily, as well as the cleanliness of the feeding areas.
Former street animals have earned excellent immunity over the years of wandering. But even they sometimes suffer from diseases of the skin and digestive system. Most often, problems are associated with malnutrition.
If anxiety symptoms or uncharacteristic behavior are noticed in a pet, it is better not to delay the visit to the veterinarian.
It is noted that representatives of the Brazilian Shorthair breed easily pick up helminths, can become infected with 82 types of worms and 32 of them can be transmitted to humans. Therefore, for their diet, fish and meat are pre-boiled. Every 3 months they give tablets for worms, even if the animal is not on the street.
Good immunity, of course, is important, but no one has yet canceled the prevention of diseases. This means that vaccinations must be done, especially if the animal walks outside the home. For cats, vaccines have been developed against 7 diseases caused by pathogens (viruses and bacteria):
- infectious peritonitis;
Complex vaccines are created and, as a rule, a cat is vaccinated with multicomponent preparations once a year with the help of 2 injections.
Unlike street animals, in Brazilian cats, in addition to the spring mating season, there is a surge in sexual activity in the summer. The estrus lasts about a week. Kittens can appear several times a year. During estrus, a peaceful and gentle animal can become irritable and even bite or scratch. Since cats during this period are characterized by noisy behavior, many prefer to keep cats. But they have their own characteristics, provoked by instincts: cats during sexual activity mark the territory with an unpleasant pungent odor.
Therefore, if it is not planned to continue the population, it is better to castrate the animal.
The reproductive period in females begins at the age of 1 year, in some individuals – from 8 months. Pregnancy lasts 62–68 days. Before giving birth, the owners must prepare a place: for example, a box with bedding. Kittens are born at intervals of approximately 30 minutes to an hour. The cat gnaws the umbilical cord and licks the cubs. In Brazilian shorthairs, childbirth usually goes without complications, the cat is able to take care of itself and the babies.
Newborn kittens are blind and deaf, they begin to see after 15–20 twenty days, and hear a little earlier. At the age of 3 weeks, babies can be fed. In addition to cereals in milk, it is gradually allowed to introduce boiled finely chopped meat and vegetables into the diet.
By 1.5 months, fully formed teeth allow kittens to take on more solid foods.
An animal with beautiful intelligent eyes and a good-natured character can become a wonderful pet, but, unfortunately, a thoroughbred shorthair cat can only be found in Brazil, domestic breeders do not breed it. Those who wish to purchase a kitten of this breed can contact the clubs, where they will tell you how to organize the delivery of a pet from overseas.
For a detailed description of the Brazilian Shorthair cat, see the following video.