coccidiosis in rabbits

Many people began to consider rabbits as the basis of their household. The dietary meat of these eared animals is always in good demand in the market. But one of the problems that often stops beginner rabbit breeders is the susceptibility of their pets to certain diseases. One of the most common infections is coccidiosis, which in its advanced form leads to the death of animals. It is necessary to know the symptoms of this dangerous disease and its causes in order to take preventive measures or start treatment of coccidiosis in rabbits in time.

What is coccidiosis in rabbits?

The causative agents of this disease are the simplest microorganisms – coccidia. They parasitize in the intestines and liver of animals. Your pets can get sick at any time of the year, but it is especially common in the spring and summer. There are several types of parasites. Nine of them live in the intestines of the patient, and one species in the liver. The incubation period lasts an average of about two to three days, and infection occurs through the digestive tract. Mature oocysts can easily be passed into water or feed in the feces of sick rabbits or other rodents.

Coccidiosis in rabbits – the first symptoms of the disease

In the acute stage, the course of the disease is accompanied by diarrhea, constipation and bloating. The belly increases in size, the animals lose their appetite and do not gain weight. Seizures are possible, after which the rabbits throw back their heads, fall on their backs and die. An autopsy shows the presence of characteristic nodules in the small intestine, in which there are many oocysts. In the hepatic form, pea-sized nodules can be found on this organ, and yellowing is observed on the mucous membranes of the eyelids and oral cavity.

It happens that coccidiosis does not lead to the death of the entire livestock, but recovered individuals can continue to be carriers of the infection even up to 4 weeks. In two weeks, the peak of the death of animals with an acute intestinal form may occur, and with a hepatic one, this period may occur 50 days after infection. Quite often, both forms are found in rabbit farms at the same time.

How to treat coccidiosis in rabbits?

For treatment, ftalazole is used in combination with norsulfazole. It is necessary to take 0.1 grams of the first and 0.3-0.4 grams of the second drug per kilogram of live weight. Sulfadimethoxine also helps – 0.2 g per 1 kg of body weight orally on the first day, and 0.1 g per day four more times. After a five-day break, it is necessary to repeat the treatment for prevention. You can give furazolidone for a week, the dose of the drug is 30 milligrams per kilogram of animal weight.

Prevention of coccidiosis in rabbits

First of all, it is necessary to keep the cages clean, wash and disinfect them regularly, clean the feeders from feces. The floor is best done in mesh cells. Acidic marsh grasses contribute to the development of infection, it is desirable to limit them in the diet. When the first signs of the disease appear, you need to start treating the sick animal, separate it from the rest, and let other rabbits take the same drugs. Cages, drinkers and feeders should be treated with boiling water with the addition of caustic sodium or potassium (1-2%). You can also use a blowtorch for processing, high temperature kills coccidia.

The risk of coccidiosis in rabbits can be reduced by using iodine treatment. The potion is prepared before the animals are fed. It is impossible to use metal utensils for these purposes, it is better to use glass or ceramic. It is easy to prepare a 0.01% preparation by dissolving 1 ml of a 10% tincture or 2 ml of a 20% tincture in 1 liter of water.

Dosage of the drug:

  • baby rabbits – 100 ml of a 0.01% solution from the 25th day of pregnancy to the 54th day of lactation;
  • lactating females – 200 ml of a 0.02% solution from the 10th day of lactation for 25, the same is taken by babies after leaving their nest;
  • Coccidiosis in rabbits1

  • young animals – 50 ml of 0.01% of the drug from the 30th day of life for 10 days, and then take a break for five days and resume the procedure again. But now the dosage will be 70 ml of a 0.02% solution per day until the age of 60, and after a week the daily rate can already be increased to 100 ml.

Some rabbit breeders add lactic acid to the feed to prevent coccidiosis in rabbits. But it is necessary to exclude this additive from the diet of females 12 days before the expected birth. At 25 days of lactation, lactic acid can be added again, calculating the dosage of this supplement to approximately 0.5% of the total feed.