Pet tax in Russia

The topic of taxes on pets is of interest to every Russian who has a pet at home. To date, there is a tax in many foreign countries, but we are still at the development stage. In this article, you will learn whether a pet tax law will be introduced and what the consequences of the bill may be.

Features of the tax

The first rumors about the introduction of a tax on pets in Russia appeared in 2017, whent law on compulsory registration of pets. Animals were implanted with microchips that stored information about vaccinations and the owner. The owners paid for the chipping, these expenses were one-time, not providing for additional regular payments.

The introduction of the tax this year is intended to prevent irresponsible treatment of pets. The list includes not only cats and dogs, but also hamsters, chinchillas and rats. It will be easy to find out how many animals live in the house.

Each animal will have to be registered, the data will be entered in the veterinary book, which will indicate the vaccinations carried out and the diseases suffered.

According to the deputies, taxation will solve a number of problems. For example, if suddenly a dog bites a person, the owner will not be able to avoid responsibility. However, this is not so easy to prove in practice, because the owner can say that the animal was at home all the time. In addition, this explanation cannot be applied to cats and hamsters that do not leave the dwelling.

Deputies are confident that regular payments will have to be increased over time. This is explained by rising inflation. In addition to chipping and regular maintenance fees, the owner of the animal must pay for the registration and maintenance of the veterinary passport. The deputies are counting on the fact that the Russians will not be able to give up their pets, and therefore will regularly pay taxes for each of them.

The idea of ​​the law was taken from the example of foreign countries, where today each owner pays taxes for a pet. The deputies propose to spend the collected money on the construction of nurseries, places for walking, as well as on the payment of specialists in trapping stray animals.

Regardless of how many animals live in a house or apartment, everyone will be microchipped. A microchip with a fifteen-digit number will be injected under the skin. To date, thought out and ways to inform the authorities. It will be easy to find out how many pets live in a particular house. They want to fine deceivers, but they expect to find out the exact data from neighbors, acquaintances, work colleagues.

Will it be accepted?

It is planned that the new draft law will be introduced this year. The initiative group is going to complete its work in the 3rd quarter of 2019. The public is categorically against the adoption of the new law. Today, opinions are openly heard that most of the animals will be on the street after the introduction of the bill.

The authorities calculated that about 30 million cats and 20 million dogs live in Russians at home today. For each pet, according to the opinions of the deputies, at least 2000-4000 rubles are spent per month (including the purchase of food, a visit to the veterinarian and maintenance). However, they don’t think about many people feed their pets with food from their table, and not all animals visit the veterinarian.

No matter how the authorities refer to the current situation in the country’s economy, as well as the need to replenish the budget, the problem with the adoption of the law will not be eliminated. Ordinary people do not have money, and therefore it will not work to cover expenditure items that cannot be cut.

However, the authorities do not intend to postpone the introduction of the bill, as early as this autumn it will be considered in the Duma.

In 2018, there were already attempts to introduce a new fee law, but this initiative faced fierce resistance. Therefore, they abandoned it for a while. A year earlier, the State Duma committee insisted that animal registration be free. Identification could be carried out in different ways (by means of a veterinary passport, tags, collars, barcode). Today, in most cases, this will be implanting a chip under the skin.

However, the law not fully developed. The deputies do not yet know how to force people not to throw animals in droves into the street if the bill is adopted. But the adopted law may affect those who have already microchipped their pets. They will not be able to avoid paying tax, since all the data on them is available. They will not be able to throw out the animals, because the found animal will be returned to the owners. And if, for example, a dog bit someone at that time, you will have to pay for treatment and pay a fine.

From the point of view of citizenship, such an introduction is overkill. People are already taxed from all sides, which grow regardless of the economic situation in the country. In addition, they pay for food and veterinarians from their salary. No funds are allocated for this, and therefore people do not understand what they have to pay for. Animals are not a service provided by the state.

What pets will need to be registered?

You will have to register cats and dogs of any breed without exception. In addition to them, the State Duma proposes to impose a tax on the maintenance of small rodents and even parrots. If the owner has not microchipped the pet before, now it will have to be done, also for his own money (2000 rubles for 1 pet). Avoid registration of aquarium fish, as well as farm animals. Will not affect the taxation of domestic ducks, chickens, pigs, cows, horses. Deputies want to tax exactly those animals that live in city apartments and private houses.

The amounts can be as follows:

  • you will have to pay up to 15,000 rubles a year for keeping a dog. (if a toy terrier lives at home, you will have to pay 1200 rubles a year for it, a large breed dog may cost more than the established tariff);
  • The authorities will allow keeping a cat in the house for 5000-7000 rubles. in year;
  • the situation is more democratic with hamsters: the owner of one individual per year is proposed to be taxed in the amount of 120 rubles;
  • chinchilla or guinea pig will cost more – 800 rubles each. for an individual;
  • budgerigar was valued at 600 rubles. for 12 months.

You will have to pay for rare animals living at home. For example, for a hedgehog, a rabbit, and other fur-bearing animals. The possibility of a subsequent replacement of the chip is not ruled out. For example, over time, deputies may find that a pet needs to be microchipped with a newer device.

Where it leads?

Animal rights activists were the first to oppose the pet tax. The consequences of the bill can be very deplorable. The scale of disasters may be greater than MPs imagine. The amount they propose to pay once for chipping and annually for maintenance will become sensitive for many Russians.

From the point of view of the authorities, the amount is negligible, but many people today are in a difficult financial situation. The salary level of most residents of the Russian Federation living in the regions does not reach 15,000 rubles, pensioners receive much less. This is not enough to support the family, since most of the salary goes to taxes, food, getting to work and back. Many will have to go to extreme measures to get rid of the animal.

To date, the statistics are disappointing. The law on the maintenance of pets has not yet been adopted, and the number of animals thrown into the street is increasing every month. The tax should apply to every able-bodied person in whose home a pet lives. If the animal is given to a child, the parents will pay.

Monthly receipts for payment will come, they must be paid at the bank, along with other payments. Medical examination should be regular. On the one hand, this is good, but vaccination and admission cost money, as does the transport in which you need to take your pet to a specialist.

A veterinary passport will become something like a beacon: if the owner does not bring the pet to the reception on time, he may be fined.

The law wants to approach everything from the standpoint of a tax. Even the death of an animal will have to be recorded for a fee. Not only to put, but also to remove from the register will also have to be paid. In addition, the bill should save those who have dozens of pets and do not follow them from the nightmarish living conditions of their neighbors. However, not everything is so great.

Not everyone today can feed pets with professional feed. Those who bought food earlier, due to monthly deductions in favor of the state, will transfer the animal to ordinary food. The decline in incomes of the population is a serious sign of the failure of the law in question.

Pets will become a bargaining chip. If a person before the adoption of the law does not plead guilty for the fact that his pet, for example, bit a passerby, no law will help. The owner will continue to refuse responsibility, blaming the victim for what happened. People who lead an asocial lifestyle simply will not obey the law.

It will not work to achieve something from them: they have no money, and no one needs their animals.

Only veterinary clinics will be able to benefit from the adoption of the law. They will have a flow of patients, and, consequently, a stable income. But only those who, after weighing all the pros and cons, will be able to afford to leave the animal at home will go there. Poor pensioners will not be able to stay afloat. Eventually, packs of stray dogs will appear in every settlement. Furious with hunger, they will begin to attack people. Cats, parrots, hamsters, rats and even exotic animals will be thrown out into the street. And given that some exotic lovers today keep predatory animals at home, the situation will require tough measures.

The solution of the problem will fall on the shoulders of the common people. Someone will simply shoot the animals, trying to ensure safety. People will be afraid to go outside. A large number of animals on the streets of cities and small towns will lead to outbreaks of diseases.

In this way, calls for responsibility with the simultaneous introduction of a tax will turn into a series of new problems. The forced callousness of not only adults, but also children will become a terrible problem.

In fact, people will be forced to throw defenseless animals on the street in order to somehow make ends meet.

Law in other countries

If in our country an attempt to introduce taxation on the maintenance of animals is still being actively discussed, residents of European countries are already paying taxes for their pets. On average, an animal costs its owner 300 euros. However, if this is not a cute cat or a small dog, but, say, a fighting dog, the amount of the analogue is doubled. The EU countries have their own standards. For example, the owner of a pet in Switzerland has to pay 100 euros, in Sweden – 50 euros. Spaniards pay 15 euros, but there is an exception here. The tax is not imposed on the owners of animals taken from the shelter, as well as guide dogs.

The Dutch are forced to pay 57 euros for a dog. If there is more than one animal in the house, an additional 85 euros has to be paid for each other. In Germany, for the convenience of accounting, there is a common base of animals. As soon as a baby or an adult animal is bought, information about the purchase is immediately displayed. Documents on animals are also in China. Abroad, the money collected from pet owners is spent on the development of infrastructure for animals. In many countries there is no such accumulation of stray animals. Americans do not pay tax collection: the deductions fall on the shoulders of manufacturers of industrial feed and other animal products. But here you have to purchase a license that proves ownership.

Animal taxes have been introduced in Belarus. There is no such bill in Ukraine. However, veterinary control requires that every stray dog ​​be marked. But if we have not initially worked out a scheme for controlling stray animals, there is no need to talk about order.

In the next edition of the TV show “Personal Opinion” will discuss the tax on pets in Russia.