Responsible and proper keeping of pets always comes with quite a lot of expenses, in particular when it comes to dogs. And if the deputies recently amended the laws, and now pet owners are legally responsible for the maintenance and behavior of pets, then a new bill is also under consideration. He has already managed to excite all dog owners and concerns the introduction of a tax on their maintenance.
Why is a tax needed?
Such fees for owning these pets should be introduced at the federal level, officials said. And it is by no means a form of punishment. In fact, just the opposite. Many dog breeders are well aware that the dog infrastructure in our country is very poorly developed, especially when it comes to small towns and villages. There are no special dog areas for walking, hairdressing salons and just parks most often.
Here is the introduction of a tax on the ownership of dogs and should correct this situation.
All funds raised will be earmarked and will be used to build and improve dog infrastructure, even in the most remote regions of our country.
The practice of just such taxation has long been quite popular abroad and is used in many countries. However, the majority of Russians protest against the approval of such a bill in our country. Moreover, most of them are against such taxation only because they do not quite understand the essence of the new bill, and also because not all dog owners are sure that the money will be spent where it should be.
In what countries does it exist?
In many countries of the world, such a tax has long been introduced. And it concerns the payment of funds once a year, not only for the ownership of dogs, but also for other pets. Moreover, this list includes not only cats, but even individuals such as hamsters and parrots.
All animals are either registered or chipped, and their data is entered into a single federal database of the country. Today, this practice is common in countries such as:
At the same time, it was in Germany and Sweden that the practice of such taxation appeared for the first time.
In some countries, there is both a progressive scale of taxation, and the ability to have a dog at home, but at the same time officially do not pay a penny for it. This applies, for example, to cases where the dog was adopted from a shelter and there are relevant documents confirming this fact.
In Spain, dog owners, regardless of their breed, pay 15 euros per animal once a year to the country’s treasury. But if the pet was taken from a shelter for homeless animals and there are documents confirming this information, then the owner of the dog is officially exempt from paying tax. At the same time, it does not matter at all whether he provided shelter for one animal or even several.
But in Holland this tax is progressive. For one pet, its owner pays 57 euros per year to the state treasury, and for each subsequent one already 85 euros annually. Residents of Sweden pay 100 euros per year for each dog, but the Swiss pay twice as much.
On average, the amount of such a tax cannot exceed 300 units of the national currency per animal per year.
If you carefully study the canine infrastructure in these countries, you can be sure that the money goes where it is needed. There are special parks, playgrounds, hairdressers, and even entire spas. At the same time, it is almost impossible to see dog excrement or stray animals on the streets. Residents of all these countries and a number of others have absolutely normal attitude to the pet tax they have. Here, for pets, they strive to create the most comfortable living conditions, including psychological ones.
It is noteworthy that even in Ukraine there is some semblance of such a bill.
Here, their owners do not pay fees for animals, but at the same time, strict state records are kept of all stray dogs that are registered and sterilized.
Will it be introduced in Russia?
Until now, this burning question for many Russians remains open. Initially, it was said that the exact decision would be made before the middle of this year.
However, consideration of this bill has been frozen for the time being.
There are several reasons for this. First, the pension reform and many other new bills that officials had to consider in the first place. And secondly, the total dissatisfaction of the owners of animals. And if the owners of 1-2 dogs still, perhaps, would agree to pay the tax, then things are much more complicated with the owners of entire kennels.
Firstly, not all owners of these animals generally agree with the introduction of such a tax. According to them, they already spend enough on the maintenance of their dogs – proper nutrition, accessories, regular visits to the veterinarian. Secondly, experts insist that even with all the desire, not all dog breeders will be able to pay this tax, which means that the number of animals that have become homeless can quickly increase significantly.
It is all these reasons in the aggregate that led to the fact that the consideration and final decision on the adoption or rejection of this bill is suspended today.
Many experts believe that there are enough amendments regarding a more attentive and responsible attitude towards pets, but there is no point in making amendments to the Tax Code of the Russian Federation. The cost of implementing such an idea will be many times higher than the potential income from its implementation.
So for the time being, there is no unequivocal decision on whether a law will be adopted to introduce taxation on dogs and other pets.
Experts say that the final situation will clear up no earlier than at the end of 2019. But with a greater degree of probability, this bill will either be rejected altogether, or the size of the tax itself and the procedure for its calculation will undergo significant changes.
Features of taxation
But even today, despite the fact that the bill is only at the stage of consideration, it highlights several key points.
- The amount of tax payments in the countryside and in the city will differ significantly even for dogs of the same breed.. The reason is simple – in villages and villages, animals are most often kept in enclosures and on a leash. In addition, rural residents do not need a developed canine infrastructure so much, which means they use it less. Urban pets are more active in public places and need specialized walking areas. Based on the needs of the animals themselves and the preferences of their owners, it is planned to create a special calculator that will help calculate the amount of tax on an animal of a particular breed.
- The size of the dog and its dimensions will also be taken into account when calculating the amount payable. Therefore, owners of large dogs, such as Alabai and Shepherd Dogs, will have to pay more than owners of Pekingese. The amount of tax on especially dangerous breeds of dogs will be two or three times higher than the standard.
- The tax will be federal, but its final amount will be determined by the subjects of the Federation independentlybut within established limits.
- The tax amount will be paid by dog owners once a year in full. Cattery owners and breeders will be able to split it into two payments of equal amounts of money.
But it is worth remembering that today all these features are only preliminary approved and it is still too early to say that all of them will be taken into account and included in the bill under consideration.
Despite the successful implementation of such a bill into everyday life in other states, independent experts in our country are still very skeptical.
And their mood is supported by many deputies, in particular, representatives of the LDPR party. In their opinion, ordinary citizens of Russia already have too many material worries and other taxes, and funds are limited. Therefore, the new tax is just bondage, which many will voluntarily get rid of by abandoning their pets.
In the next review, you will be able to observe a survey of dog owners on the topic of innovations in taxation.