Aquatic newts in the aquarium, which can be a real hobby to keep at home, are close relatives of salamanders. These amphibians, being amphibians, live on land and in water. Therefore, the aquaterrarium for them should include not only the water part, but also a land area where they can go out to breathe.
Tritons in the aquarium – types
In nature, there are many species of this amphibian. Aquarists are mainly engaged in breeding three varieties:
- Triton ordinary. Its abdomen is yellow with speckles, the back is light brown. There are dark longitudinal stripes on the head. The length of such a newt reaches 8-11 cm.
- Comb. These newts in the aquarium reach a size of 18 cm. Their color varies from dark brown to black on the upper body. The belly is bright orange. Males are always slightly brighter than females, during the breeding season they have a dorsal crest on their back and a separate comb on the tail. Hence the name of this species. Females do not have such crests.
- spiny newt. It got its name for the tips of the ribs that sharpen on the sides of the body, hidden in leather tubercles. This is their defense mechanism. If you try to grab such a newt, he will release his “needles”. The color of the representatives of this species is dark green, the abdomen is yellow with small specks. Its size reaches 30 cm.
How long does a newt live in an aquarium?
As the experience of breeders shows, a newt at home in an aquarium lives much longer than in its natural environment. The fact is that in wildlife these not very large amphibians have many enemies – birds, larger amphibians, fish and other animals. The deteriorating ecology of water bodies also has a negative impact. Their average life expectancy in the wild is a maximum of 10 years. But newts in an aquarium, the maintenance of which is accompanied by competent care, live up to 20-30 years.
Triton – content at home
This is not to say that keeping an aquarium newt is a completely simple matter. They need attention and a competent approach. Care, feeding and breeding them in a home aquarium requires certain knowledge and skills. But, having surrounded your pets with due care, you will be able to enjoy their grace, briskness, beauty for many years, watching them through the walls of the aquarium. Speaking of an aquarium: what should it be in terms of size and content so that the life of a newt in it is comfortable?
In what aquarium to keep a newt?
First of all, it must be a horizontal aquarium. The minimum volume of water per newt is 10-20 liters. Basic conditions for keeping a newt:
- Water temperature. Being a cold-blooded animal, the newt reacts very sharply to violations of the temperature regime. The optimum temperature for them is + 18-22 ° С. Approximately such conditions surround them in natural reservoirs.
- Hardness and acidity. Water should be soft or medium – 5-15 dGH. The acidity index should be at the level of 5.5-7.8 ph.
- Lighting. It is better to choose fluorescent lamps that do not heat water.
- Priming. Its fractions should be noticeably larger than the newt’s head so that it cannot accidentally swallow it.
- Plants. Instead of artificial, it is better to choose live ones. In them, the female will be able to lay eggs during the breeding season.
- Filter. A standard internal filter without aeration can be used. Tritons themselves come to land to breathe oxygen.
- Land. This condition is mandatory. Tritons are very fond of sitting on the island, they spend a lot of time on land.
With whom can a newt live in an aquarium?
Being closed and isolated animals, newts in an aquarium, the maintenance of which requires the presence of neighbors, need many shelters. More or less well, the newt gets along in an aquarium with fish such as guppies, cardinals, goldfish and neons. So that the newt does not open the hunt for them, it is necessary to feed it on time. You can also put several large snails in the aquarium – the newt will not swallow them even with a strong desire.
How to care for a newt at home?
One of the features of newts is their need to hibernate. The wintering period for these amphibians falls in October. Starting this month, you should gradually reduce daylight hours and lower the water temperature to + 15-17ºС. Animals themselves move to a shaded place, where they are in a state of complete rest for 2 months. Caring for newts at home outside of their hibernation period includes periodic partial water changes, proper and timely feeding.
How to feed a newt in an aquarium?
We gradually approached the main question – what do newts eat at home. The main component of their diet is protein. Its source is small fish, tadpoles, worms, tubifex, shrimps, slugs. If you do not have the opportunity to often feed newts live food, you can replace it with thawed fish and squid. With pleasure they will eat offal, liver and raw chicken meat. Everything should be finely chopped so that the animal does not have problems swallowing food.
When there are other inhabitants in the aquarium in addition to newts, feeding should be done separately. Food is served to them with tweezers, after moving the clamped piece in front of their nose. Feeding regimen is especially important for adults. They are fed once a day. Elderly newts are fed less often – every other day. Every month it is important for all of them to take a break from food for 3-4 days.
Reproduction of newts in an aquarium
Reproduction of newts does not cause great difficulties. By nature they are very fertile. Their breeding season is in the spring. Coming out of hibernation, the male gradually becomes brighter, which signals his readiness for mating. At this time, you can transplant a female to him. The water temperature must be lowered to + 18ºС and below. Animals reproduce by internal fertilization.
A pregnant female must be planted in a separate terrarium, where there are many plants. She will spawn in their leaves, twisting the tips along the way. The larvae will hatch in 20-30 days. At first they will hide in dense greenery. After 3 months, they will become similar to ordinary adults.
Diseases of aquarium newts
Newts can be affected by various diseases. Most diseases of newts are caused by fluctuations in the habitat. Some of them are related to the digestive system. It can be anorexia, when they stop eating due to severe stress, intestinal obstruction due to ingestion of soil, parasites. Often, newts are affected by fungal diseases, and not only external tissues, but also internal organs are affected.
One of the most common ailments of newts is sepsis (“red leg”). The disease is infectious, it is very poorly tolerated. It is caused by toxins and microbes that have entered the bloodstream. Another serious disease is dropsy. They are affected by newts in the aquarium if they are kept incorrectly. If you find any health problems, you should immediately contact a specialist for help.