True love for cats makes many of their owners put up with shreds of wool in the house and forces them to do frequent cleaning. However, today there are breeds of cats called non-shedding. Is this possible, and do pets have any deviations due to this feature?
Features, pros and cons
Before talking about the features of non-shedding cats, you should understand what the process of molting an animal is. This is the death of the old fur and, accordingly, its loss. It is logical that all animals with fur are subject to the process of molting. In long-haired and pets with a thick undercoat, this process is more intense. Separately, it is worth mentioning about animals of the second type – the hair of the undercoat is thin, falling out, they literally fly all over the house.
In the wild, this process occurs twice a year – with the beginning of the spring and autumn periods, which is associated with the need to replace the coat with a warmer or, on the contrary, lighter one.
However, in apartment pets, due to less dependence on time cycles, this process may be disrupted. In this case, molting lasts all year round. Not much shedding are animals with a short undercoat and a minimum amount of guard hairs, bald cats, cats with curly or wavy fur.
The advantage of non-shedding cats in the first place is the minimum amount of fur in the house, hypoallergenicity. It is important to understand that it is not the wool itself that causes allergies, but a specific protein in the saliva of the animal. Licking his fur coat, the pet inevitably leaves this protein on the coat. It also causes allergies. Some individuals give a greater allergic reaction, others less. In addition, allergies can also occur to the secretion of the sebaceous glands of seals.
Allergy is also affected by the age of the animal – the older it is, the more allergies it gives. At the same time, it should be understood that some short-haired individuals require special care for their skin, sweat, and can leave greasy stains on furniture and things. In addition, if we are talking about “naked” cats, then it is important to take care of their thermoregulation – make sure that the pet does not freeze or overheat.
List of breeds
The obvious answer to the question of which cats are not subject to molting will be sphinxes. First of all, these are St. Petersburg, Canadian and Don varieties of the breed. When crossed with them, breeds that do not shed fur were also obtained. These include elf, Ukrainian Levkoy, dwelf, bambino. Representatives of this breed do not have a thick fur coat. Only a few individual hairs, the length of which is not more than 2 mm. As a rule, even they fall out in adults (after 2 years).
There are many subspecies of sphinxes, however, they all belong to one group or another:
- naked-born. Such individuals are born without fur and undercoat. They may not even have vibrissae (mustache, eyebrows). In winter, such cats often acquire sparse fur of medium length.
- Flock, velour.Such individuals have a small, pleasant to the touch undercoat. By name, it is easy to guess that it resembles velor fabric. Some individuals have fluff throughout the body, while others – only on the muzzle and certain parts of the body. The absence of fur for some owners is an advantage, but at the same time it is associated with additional care requirements. These animals are cold, their skin is easily dried out (especially during the heating of apartments), in addition, brown sweat appears on the skin, which must be removed with soft napkins.
If this rule is not followed (as well as errors in nutrition), irritation, acne appears on the skin. Once a week, sphinxes are shown water procedures, for which they do not have much love.
In addition, sphinxes can leave sweat stains on furniture. Sphynxes are characterized by a specific smell (albeit subtle). Some people do not notice it or are neutral about its appearance, for others it is unbearable.
Rex are the owners of a short and slightly wavy coat. Due to the fact that it fits snugly to the skin and does not have an undercoat, the cat does not shed. The breed has varieties, the most popular are:
- Devonian – it is considered hypoallergenic, almost does not smell, however, it needs frequent bathing, since the fur becomes greasy from skin secretions;
- Cornish – has a rare undercoat, rather resembling fluff, they are also called alien cats for their large eyes and elongated muzzle;
- laperm, ural, german, selkirs – there are both long-haired and short-haired individuals, they are united by the fact that the fur curls and resembles sheep’s wool.
Rex cats are small and graceful cats of neat size, their weight rarely exceeds 4-4.5 kg. To the touch, the wool resembles noble suede.
Animals are distinguished by a calm and kind disposition. Almost to old age, they retain curiosity and playfulness. Unlike sphinxes, rexes are less whimsical in care – they do not need to be bathed and insulated so often. Cats almost do not smell, do not require combing. But it is extremely important to follow the pet’s diet – if it is disturbed, dark discharge appears on the back and sides.
Siamese Oriental group
This group united pets that do not have an undercoat. The homeland of cats of the Siamese-oriental group are warm countries. In other words, what makes them non-shedding is that the ancestors who lived in a warm climate did not need to change their fur. This genetic feature has been preserved in modern caudates of this group. As a rule, these cats have a graceful elongated body, muscular and agile. Outwardly, they resemble their ancestors – wild cats. This group includes:
- Siamese cats;
- abyssinian cat;
- Thai cat;
- mekong bobtail;
- Scythian tai don;
Representatives of all these breeds, with the exception of the Siamese, are distinguished by an inquisitive and friendly character, activity. Siamese cats cannot be called angry or aggressive, however, due to the anatomical features of the skeleton (“defects” of the spine and tail), the pet can often be irritable and vengeful. The outer hair falls out imperceptibly, and due to the lack of undercoat behind the fur, minimal care is needed. It doesn’t roll into tangles.
The considered cats practically do not shed, however, if this occurs, you should contact your veterinarian. This can signal a pet’s stress (often its consequences do not manifest themselves immediately, but after a few months), hormonal failure, or another pet disease.
This cat breed is one of the most sought after. And all thanks to the fantastic appearance and incredible character. The animal has a natural origin, an unusual color and is distinguished by devotion to the owner, kindness, paternal attitude towards the younger members of the family. Despite the presence of a thick undercoat, the Russian Blue is not subject to shedding. Besides, the animal cleanly and independently copes with the task of caring for its fur coat.
Cat hair is considered hypoallergenic. Due to the structure of the hair, it is not subject to destruction, and bacteria do not settle on it. Due to the reduced fragility of the hair, the cat sheds throughout the year, but imperceptibly. Longer hairs fall out, the undercoat remains almost unchanged.
You can save the beauty of fur by avoiding frequent washing and combing your pet. Grooming chemicals are also banned.
Rare for our country breed of cats. Outwardly, it is similar to the Russian Blue, but is not a shorthair. The Nibelung has semi-long fur, otherwise the structure of the hair is no different from the structure of the blue. Knowing this, it is understandable why the Nibelung is also a non-shedding cat.
Amazing beauty, intelligence and dexterity cat. And this is not surprising, because the progenitor of Bengals are Asian leopard cats. Bengals are the result of crossing domestic and wild cats. A feature of Bengals is that phasing begins a week after birth. This process involves increasing the length of the undercoat hair. The undercoat becomes longer than the guard hair, so the bright spotted color seems to be covered with a darker veil.
In nature, Asian cats practically merge with nature, and phasing is necessary so that defenseless cubs are safe and do not become prey to predators. In domestic Bengals, the phasing process may not be so pronounced, their fur usually simply becomes unattractive (excessively fluffy, dense, the “signature” color is lost). The kitten grows, becomes more and more independent, strong, fearless.
During this period (usually 4–9 months), the Bengal’s undercoat falls out, it becomes smooth, shiny, and an exquisite pattern appears. The undercoat of the pet does not grow anymore, and from now on it can be considered a non-shedding cat.
How to take care of them?
It is difficult to single out any general principles of care, since each breed has specific requirements. For example, Rex and Sphynx have large ears that need to be cleaned regularly. Many short-haired animals and naked-born sphinxes spend a lot of energy on heating, therefore they especially need a balanced diet. Moreover, cats do not have a feeling of satiety, they can beg for tidbits for a long time already at the end of the meal.
With regular overeating, pets face obesity, problems with the heart, liver. Naked sphinxes freeze even at a temperature of + 22–23 C. In this case, they need to purchase special clothes. The bed should also be insulated. Cats of this breed love to bask in the sun, it is good for the animal – the only thing that the owner needs to make sure that the pet does not get heat stroke.
It is not necessary to comb the sphinxes. During the molting of velor varieties, you can run a slightly damp hand over the animal’s fur coat.
Rex need to be combed, but infrequently. On average, once every one and a half to two weeks. For these purposes, a soft natural brush is suitable. You can also purchase special wet wipes. Ordinary ones cannot be used, because the animal will begin to lick itself and get poisoned. During molting, the number of combing should be increased – once a week will be enough. Rex are bathed every two months, and it is important to choose a delicate shampoo, since the skin of animals is prone to irritation.
Experienced breeders suggest using shampoos for hairless animals. You should not dry your pet with a hairdryer after bathing – this is fraught with excessive dryness of the skin and its further irritation.
Rex have small paws, so excessively long claws give them a lot of inconvenience. Sometimes they do not even completely hide in the pillow, so as the claws grow, you need to cut them with a special nail cutter. An important point is that you need to cut off only the transparent part of the claw so as not to damage the blood vessels and nerve endings passing through it. You can reduce the amount of hair falling out during molting if, a month before the start of this process, give the cat a course to drink B vitamins and fatty acids.
It is important that the cat’s diet is balanced, the necessary amount of animal protein is present.. It is useful to grow oats or special grass for a cat. Greens will help maintain the required amount of trace elements in the pet’s body.
It is important to choose the right comb for pet care. Ideally, this should be a brush with natural bristles. A special glove will also work. But combs with sharp teeth should be discarded – they injure the skin of the animal, which contributes to even greater hair loss.
For information on how to properly care for cats that do not shed, see the following video.