The dog has long and firmly taken its place next to the man. She is an incorruptible “guard”, a devoted friend, a reliable assistant and a caring companion. The life of a four-legged friend is surrounded by many tales. Some of them contain real information, others are more like fairy tales that surprise knowledgeable people with their unreality.
Top Amazing Facts
Let’s get acquainted with the most amazing facts about the life of pets, known to the general public, as well as those that you did not know about.
- The tallest dog in the world is the Great Dane. The height of an adult animal at the withers is more than 80 cm. One of the representatives of the breed, a dog named Gibson, is listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the highest. Its body length from nose to tail is 2 m 15 cm.
- George the Blue Great Dane is the largest dog in the world today.whose height at the withers is 1.1 m, body length – 2.21 m, weight – 110 kg.
- Chihuahuas are the smallest dogs with great courage. The name of the breed comes from the name of the state in Mexico, where the dogs come from. Chihuahua named Millie is recognized as the smallest dog in the world. Her height does not exceed 9 cm, and her weight at the age of 2 was only 400 g.
- St. Bernards are the heaviest representatives of dogs in the world.
- The most muscular dog, Big Wendy, comes from the Whippet hound breed. Her voluminous muscles were formed due to defective genes. Despite her stern appearance, she is very kind and loves to lie on the laps of her owners.
- Greyhound hounds – the fastest runners in the short distance. The maximum recorded speed shown by the dog named Star was 67 km / h.
- If you want to get the smartest dog, pay attention to the representatives of the breed poodle, doberman, german shepherd, labrador or husky.
- Hardest to train afghan hound.
- The most rare and little-known breed of dog is the Chinook. In 1981, when they decided to resume the breed, there were only 12 individuals among its representatives. Even today, the breed is teetering on the brink of extinction. Eskimo dogs are in the same position.
- Official dog breeds in the world there are 703.
- Dogs can laughemitting a kind of snort, and they can recognize such a “laughter” even in the recording and respond to it accordingly.
- Domestic dogs are subject to stress on a par with their owners. In a third of dogs, stress causes stomach upset.
- The family in which the four-legged friend lives is his flockwhere the owner will be the leader, who is respected for his strength and authority. The dog will be happy to follow commands and be responsible for protecting the family and territory. For the same reason, in half the cases, a domestic dog will sleep in the same bed with the owners, even if it is forbidden to her. Instinct, you can’t argue with it.
- If you want to have a silent dog, that won’t bother you with barking, get a basenji puppy. Representatives of this breed do not bark, but purr melodiously, but even this is very rare to hear from them.
Interesting scientific information
In addition to various information about dog breeds and their behavior, there is scientific evidence that is documented.
Everyone knows that the dog is the first wild animal tamed by man. In 1975, archaeologists found the oldest remains of domestic dogs in the world in Siberia in the Altai Mountains, in the Razboynichya cave. The age of the bones was estimated at 33.5-34 thousand years.
There are two versions of domestication. First: people specially tamed a wild animal, which at first was used to help in hunting, and only then the dog became not only an assistant, but also a companion. According to another version, no one tamed the dogs on purpose, the whole process happened naturally. Wolves began to settle closer to human settlements because of the opportunity to feast on the remains of carcasses of hunted animals, as a result of which gradual domestication took place. Findings of wolf bones speak in favor of this. The remains of ancient wolves found near human settlements are over 100 thousand years old.
The exact ancestors of pets are unknown. There are suggestions that dogs are descended from wolves or jackals, since modern species of these animals easily interbreed with dogs. There is also an assumption that there was an intermediate species – the wolfjackal, which later became a domestic dog.
Forty million years ago, there was a beast on the planet that looked like a modern weasel. These creatures lived in trees and in burrows. In the process of evolution, these animals became the progenitors of wolves, jackals and dogs. In addition, due to the wide variety of breeds that differ in appearance and size, it is possible that dogs descend from different ancestors.
A dog and a wolf have about 80 similar chromosomes in their DNA, and the composition of their teeth allows them to eat more than just meat. But some species of hounds, whose set of chromosomes differs from the wolf by more than half, have a jaw structure designed to consume only meat. The genetic code of dogs is divided into four groups. The first, the most ancient, is similar to the wolf, while the next three are obtained and fixed by selection. More “modern” sets of genes are responsible for what the dog will be able to do best: hunt, guard or herd cattle. Of the modern dog breeds, the Shar-Pei, Pekingese and Siberian Huskies have the longest history.
It has long been known that dogs are color blind due to the fact that they do not have cones on the retina that are responsible for the perception of the red and orange spectrum. But dogs are better than us to distinguish all shades of gray. The structure of the dog’s eye is such that it perceives moving objects better. Scientists conducted an experiment and found that a dog can see a stationary person at a distance of no more than 250 meters, while waving his arms he can see for 1.5 km. The viewing angle for most dogs is about 250°, and for beagles it is 270°. Dogs, unlike humans, have a third eyelid to protect their eyes. It is located in the inner corner of the eyes and serves to clean the surface.
Hearing in dogs is much more subtle than in humans. A pet is able to distinguish sounds with a frequency of up to 40 kHz (ultrasound), while a person has a limit of 20 kHz. Thanks to the subtle hearing, the dog distinguishes music well and sensitively picks up the slightest dissonance. In 1/600 of a second, a dog is able to determine the source of a sound at a distance 4 times the available human limit.
A dog’s wet nose is a primary tool for finding food, mates, and social behavior. The dog is able to divide the general flow of smells into components in order to isolate the necessary one. The sensitivity of the scent is such that the dog can pick up billionths of the desired substance. Moisture on the nose helps to better capture and navigate odors. A dog’s nose print is unique to each individual and can be used as an identifier, just like human fingerprints.
Dogs regulate body temperature through their tongue. Therefore, tight muzzles that do not allow the tongue to stick out can lead to the death of the dog from overheating. An interesting way a dog uses to quench its thirst is by drinking water with its tongue rolled up in the form of an inverted spoon. In our opinion, this is inconvenient, but everything suits her.
Dogs sweat through the pads of their paws, which is why microorganisms accumulate there, whose vital activity creates a smell similar to the aroma of chips. If you smell a characteristic amber, then do not scold the pet, but simply wash its paws.
Sensitive hearing and a delicate sense of smell allow the dog to feel the slightest fluctuations in the atmosphere, so our four-legged friends can predict the weather. Dogs have two sets of teeth. The first set, puppy, contains only 28 teeth, and is completely replaced by five months. An adult dog has 42 teeth, 22 of which are located in the lower jaw.
A dog uses 18 types of muscles to move its ears. Dogs of the Lundehund breed have 6 fingers, while other species have 4, and the fifth, profitable finger, can be located at different heights, and often does not have any effect on the movement of the dog. Some breeds require the removal of profitable fingers by standards. Chihuahua puppies at birth have a soft “fontanelle” on the crown, like a human baby.
Chocolate and raisins can cause great harm to a dog’s body, even in small quantities. These two products cause severe diseases, as they are not broken down by the dog’s body.
Dogs can count to at least five and perform simple mathematical operations within these limits, their mental development corresponds to the intelligence of a child aged 2-5 years. Therefore, you should not demand logical actions from your pet, but no one has canceled the ingenuity and life experience that our four-legged friends often use.
Dogs know how to cross the road correctly. They just don’t use traffic signals for this, although they look in that direction. The signal to start moving is the behavior of people at the crossing, the actions of drivers slowing down, and the distance to the car. City stray dogs can not only cross the road correctly, but also use the metro, moving from one city district to another in search of food.
Humans and dogs are genetically linked. This is expressed not only in the fact that we have a lot of common genes, but also in the perception by dogs of verbal signals given by people. Scientists conducted an experiment in which puppies of a dog and a wolf were involved. Two closed containers were placed in front of the kids, one of which contained food. The experimenter showed by body movements in which of them the delicacy was stored. The cubs lost out to the puppies, because for them understanding a person is not an important skill for survival.
Dogs, like many pets, enjoy classical music. They perceive rock negatively, but four-legged music lovers do not perceive pop music as music. Although there are exceptions to every rule.
Funny and unusual pet skills
A dog driving is no longer a miracle. In New Zealand, three dogs were taught not only to drive a car in a straight line, but also to turn.
It has long been noted that over time, dogs and their owners become similar not only in character, but also acquire an external resemblance. Dogs experience emotions similar to humans. They know how to be sad, rejoice, get angry, love and much more, and their expressive “pugs” convey the whole gamut of feelings to people. Dogs, like people, understand what they are being pointed at. No other animal on Earth perceives this gesture correctly.
Don’t overlook the fact that your pet may feel a negative emotion directed at you, even if it’s not obvious.
Take a closer look at the reaction of a domestic dog to visiting friends. After all, it is not in vain that they say that a dog does not rush to a good person. Dogs are able to determine when the owner will come home, and in advance rejoice at his appearance, even if it happens at different times.
The devotion of the dog is indescribable. Think of the films “White Bim, Black Ear” or “Hachiko”, based on real stories. The dog can detect cancer in the owner at an early stage, most importantly, in time to understand the signals given by a true friend. If you had a hard day or it was ruined, then stroke your pet, and all the bad things will go away, the burden of worries will be removed, and the mood will rise. A dog in the house is the best psychotherapist. He will listen, caress, support and will not annoy with advice and moralizing.
Dogs ask for the same food that people eat because they trust the owner’s opinion. If you enjoy any dish, your dog will definitely ask for a piece.
Little known information about dogs
Let’s get acquainted with some quite interesting facts about dogs that few people know.
- Paul McCartney at the end of the song A day in the Life recorded an ultrasonic combination especially for his beloved dog.
- German Shepherd Rin-Tin-Tin is the first dog actor to appear in 22 films. The dog signed all contracts with the film studio on his own, leaving a paw print on the document.
- In ancient China, the emperor wore a Pekingese dog in his sleeve, which he could unexpectedly throw in the face of the attacker as a last resort.
- In the 11th century, the Norwegian kingdom was ruled for three years by a dog named Saur.
- Spiked collars were invented by the ancient Greeks to protect a dog’s neck from a wolf’s grip.
- Dog owners in India can use a special dating service created for four-legged pets. The services of “Internet matchmaker” for dogs turned out to be in great demand.
- In Hong Kong, a pet shop has allowed dogs to be taken on a trial basis so that future owners can make the right decision. As a result, puppy sales increased fivefold, and only about 10% of the rented animals returned.
- Friendship happens not only between a man and a dog, but also among dogs and other animals. The most famous representatives of this friendship are the blind dog Bucks and his guide goose Buttons. For several years now, this couple has been coexisting together. Buttons helps his disabled friend on a walk, indicating the direction of movement and protecting him from obstacles.
You can list various interesting facts from the life of a person’s first friend indefinitely, but it’s best to watch your pet. You can make a lot of new discoveries and add your notes to the list.
For interesting facts about dogs, see the following video.