Very often, choosing a pet for themselves, people opt for such interesting animals as hamsters. Among them, the most popular is dzhungarik. He does not require special care, besides this, he does not need to be walked, and unlike his relatives, he does not stock, so his cage always looks neat.
If we talk about his real natural place of residence, then these are most often deserts and steppes. Such an interesting name as dzhungariki, they received from the place where they were first discovered. This is the province of Dzungaria, which is located in Northwest China.
By nature, these animals are loners. They dig holes for themselves, which can reach up to 1.5 meters deep. In addition, their home always has many exits and entrances. Their active life begins from the time when the sun sets. After that, they start building holes, looking for food, as well as preparing supplies for the winter.
Their diet most often includes berries or grass, but if they find it, it can be any grain that is available in the area. In addition, they can also eat insects. Very often, in order to find food for themselves, they run several kilometers a day. If the Djungarian hamster runs along an unprotected plain, then any predator can catch it. But most often they hide or disguise themselves, as they have a color that blends with the area. Therefore, predators have to try hard to catch them.
Hamsters look pretty cute. They have a small muzzle and small ears. In addition, the body length does not exceed 12 centimeters, while their weight reaches 60 grams. Their coat is short and thick. On the back, the color is most often dark, and on the abdomen it is lighter. However, they differ from others by a strip that runs along the entire ridge. In addition, near the ears and paws, their hair is almost white.
If we compare domestic hamsters with them, then they differ only in a variety of colors. They live no more than three years, and even then – with good care. In addition, this type of hamster is not very sociable, so it will be quite difficult to tame them.
To do this, you need to give him a little of your attention every day, talk to him, give him various sweets. However, it will not be possible to accustom to hands forever. If a person does not communicate with him for more than a week, the animal will again become wild. In this case, taming will have to start over.
We must also remember that Djungarian hamsters are nocturnal animals. Accordingly, their activity begins precisely at this time. Therefore, it is best not to place them next to your bedroom, otherwise the animal simply will not let you sleep.
However, we must remember that they really do not like bright lights, as well as loud sounds. In addition, they are afraid of the cold.
How to arrange a cell?
It is necessary to keep such an animal in a cage, since it will be very difficult to care for them in cardboard boxes. You can buy a cage in a special store or make it yourself. It must have a sharpener, a place for a toilet, as well as a bowl for food and water. Don’t rush into accommodation. The animal itself must determine the place of the toilet, and only after that it is already possible to install everything.
It will be very difficult to do without it, since the teeth of the Dzungarian hamster grow in the same way as human nails. To do this, you can simply stock up on small branches of trees or buy them in a store if not nearby.
In addition, you can purchase mineral stones that will also help grind their teeth. If there is nothing to sharpen them, then the hamsters will start with the cage, and then with everything else that is in it.
It is best to buy special granular litters in pet stores. They come in a variety and will please the hamster. However, they can also be made from improvised materials, for example, from cut napkins or paper. In addition, very small sawdust is also suitable. The main thing is that the litter should not be flavored.
But you don’t need to use cotton wool, as the hamster can simply get entangled in it and not get out because of its small stature.
Since the jungarik is a very small pet, and it does not require a lot of space to keep it, then the toys should correspond to the size of his house. You can diversify his life with the help of small tunnels that you can buy in a store or do it yourself. In them, the pet will be able to run for pleasure.
In addition, a running wheel is considered an excellent toy. With it, the animal will get rid of excess weight, and will also be able to run for pleasure. And also the owners at this time will be able to watch their favorite hamster.
In addition, you can build a small maze, which can be made from pipes. It also serves as great entertainment not only for the animal, but for the whole family.
If we talk about the natural habitat of the dzungaria, then the main part of the diet consists of various seeds, as well as cereals. At home, you also need to adhere to the same diet. You can buy ready-made mixtures that are sold in pet stores. In addition to all this, vitamins and minerals are also added to them. If the menu is compiled independently, then you can select a number of necessary products.
The diet of jungariks should consist of the following grains, each of which benefits his body:
- wheat – it can be both whole grains and bran;
- cereals or ordinary oats;
- pearl barley or whole barley;
- some cornbecause it is harmful to hamsters.
They should be given in limited quantities, since any seeds contain a large amount of fat. The most useful for hamsters are the following:
- sunflower seeds.
Since hamsters are prone to obesity, you need to be as careful as possible with such products. After all, any of them are quite high in calories. Jungars are very fond of:
However, it is necessary to protect them from almonds and pine nuts.
Vegetables, fruits and berries
Of the vegetables, cucumbers and cabbage, peppers and broccoli are considered the most useful. But it is better to refuse potatoes and carrots, as this can also lead to obesity.
Berries and fruits should also be included in the pet’s diet. However, they should not be sweet. For example, it is a strawberry or a cherry.
Although hamsters like more plant foods, their diet must also contain proteins. These can be simple insects that are easy to get in pet stores, or you can give boiled egg white or boiled chicken meat. However, these products should be in a minimum quantity.
Keeping animals like hamsters at home requires some attention and time. First of all, this is the frequent replacement of bedding and the removal of all uneaten food debris. In addition, every day you need to wash all the dishes, as well as do a general wet cleaning. The cage is best placed away from the bedroom. In addition, the sun’s rays should not fall on it, and there should be no drafts anywhere so that your beloved pet does not catch a cold.
During cleaning in the cage, the beloved pet must be transplanted to another place, for example, in a box or a jar, as he absolutely does not like strangers in his house. It is not necessary to throw away all the half-eaten food, it is necessary to remove only the one that spoils very quickly.
If the cage is very dirty, it is necessary to wash it with detergent, but it must be hypoallergenic and odorless, otherwise the hamster will not want to return to it.
General cleaning should be carried out daily. This is necessary so that the smell of the hamster is not heard throughout the apartment. But it is correct to change the toilet once a week. However, the filler does not need to be completely removed, otherwise the dzhungarik will immediately lose its landmark.
You also need to take care of the hamster itself. They need to be looked after with special diligence. To do this, you need to put a deep container with clean and sifted sand in the cage. In it, he will be able to tumble with pleasure. Hamsters themselves should not be bathed in water, as this will be a real shock for the animal. They can clean up on their own.
It must be remembered that dzhungars are loners by nature. Therefore, having decided to add a neighbor of any gender to them, you must first think about everything well. After all, this can lead to a manifestation of aggression or even a small skirmish. In addition, the hamster can become depressed and even die from it. P
Therefore, when buying a second hamster, you need to think carefully about it. In this case, it will be best to buy a second cage.
If it is impossible to settle hamsters together, then the question arises of how they will reproduce while sitting in separate cages. However, animals should be planted together only for the time of mating, when the female begins estrus. The mating itself should take place either on neutral territory or in the cage of the male.
Sexual maturity in hamsters occurs as early as three months of age. However, the first mating is best done only after 5 months, so that the young “mother” can get stronger and endure her future generation. After mating, both animals must be placed in their original places.
You can check how the mating happened by feeling the female with your hands. Small balls should be felt on the abdomen – these are future hamsters. In addition, over time, the pregnant animal becomes thicker and looks a bit like a pear. The nipples of the female also increase.
The animal becomes very aggressive and also seeks more secluded places. The female has an increased appetite and is also thirsty. Pregnancy lasts from 18 to 21 days. The number of babies does not exceed 6 pieces. However, in rare cases there may be more.
And also, a few days before the onset of childbirth, it is necessary to stop cleaning the cage so as not to disturb the animal. It is necessary to increase the amount of protein in her diet, as well as give more water.
Childbirth takes place very quickly, almost imperceptibly, most often it happens at night. After the female has given birth, she needs to be given a little rest, two months will be enough. And only after that you can again let her go to the male. This is necessary so that she can gain strength before a future pregnancy.
After two weeks, you need to put another drinker with water in the cage, as well as a bowl for food, which should be a little lower. They will be needed for babies who will find it difficult to eat from large dishes. But after 30 days they will need to be seated in separate cells.
These small animals are prone to various diseases. Most often they appear as a result of poor care for them.
For example, if cells are accidentally moved or their regimen changed, animals may become stressed. As a result, hamsters may become aggressive, breathing a little faster. In some cases, it can even lead to hair loss. In this case, it is necessary to contact specialists so that they can help to cope with these diseases.
If pets develop a cold, as a result of which they begin to cough and sneeze, then it is necessary to introduce more vegetables and fruits into the diet. In addition, you need to drink them with warm milk. And it is also necessary to remove the cage from the draft and put it in a warmer place.
Too mobile hamsters can be injured. As a result, their limbs may suffer. In this case, it is necessary to fix the damaged paw of the animal well, if possible. If, nevertheless, this does not help, then we must try to make him behave more calmly. In addition, it is necessary to introduce more calcium into the diet, it can be nuts or seeds.
Be sure to remove all toys that can injure the hamster. After 2 weeks, the bones should definitely grow together.
If the animal does not tolerate any product, then it may have diarrhea. In this case, sticky rice should be introduced into the diet, and if, on the contrary, the hamster becomes constipated, then you need to give a little vegetable oil, just a few drops. You can do this with a pipette. You need to act carefully so as not to scare him.
Sometimes the eyelids stick together in a jungar – this indicates conjunctivitis. In this case, the eyes of your pet should be washed with saline or strong brewed black tea.
Those animals that have very long incisors may lose their appetite, and they completely refuse to eat. To help them, you need to carefully trim the incisors. This can be done with ordinary nail clippers. However, it is best to consult a veterinarian in this case. A professional will definitely do everything carefully and not harm the animal.
It often happens that either fleas or ticks appear in jungars, which leave wounds all over the body of small pets. In this case, you need to treat them with special lotions or aerosols.
Very often, hamsters also have a skin disease, such as eczema. Their fur immediately falls out, and the skin also begins to exfoliate.
Those who decide to have such an interesting animal at home should definitely familiarize themselves with all the rules for keeping it in order to be prepared for all the difficulties. It must be remembered that any living being in the first place requires attention. It consists not only in playing with your beloved pet, but also in caring for him.
For information on how to keep a Djungarian hamster, see the following video.