When buying a pet rodent, each owner thinks about how long his new pet will live. It is generally accepted that hamsters do not live very long – a couple of years. In fact, everything is not so clear. This is just the minimum for these animals. Life expectancy is affected by genetics, conditions of detention, and even the type of hamster. Let’s try to figure out how long a Syrian hamster can live at home.
In the wild, the age of Syrian hamsters rarely reaches two years, but when kept at home, it is possible to observe long-lived hamsters. The maximum life expectancy at home is seven years. In order for a small pet to become a champion in longevity, you need to try very hard. The main factors that will increase the life of a rodent are the absence of stress, a healthy diet, vigorous activity.
As a rule, in nature, hamsters have a hard time. They are the prey of predatory animals, birds and reptiles, so they spend their whole lives in stress, burrowing deeper into the hole. And wild rodents cannot boast of a healthy diet. Therefore, their lifespan is very unenviable.
A hamster grown in a cage is used to getting ready-made food, he does not need to hide from anyone. The Syrian hamster is considered one of the most domesticated.
Some experts claim that they can even be trained. They respond well to the human voice and often demonstrate intelligence and quick wit.
Many individuals even like to communicate with a person, The main thing is not to raise your voice.
Prerequisites for keeping
Every owner wants his fluffy pet to live as long as possible, but rarely do owners manage to enjoy a four-legged friend for more than three years. To increase the life expectancy of the Syrian hamster, follow the necessary conditions for keeping.
It is very important that every day the hamster runs a long enough distance. Activity is a direct factor influencing life expectancy. Therefore, it is necessary to acquire a spacious cage before purchasing a pet. Some mistakenly believe that in a small cage the rodent will be comfortable and cozy, but this is not so, in a cramped home, the baby, on the contrary, will feel stiffness.
In order for the hamster to be able to throw out his energy somewhere, it is important to install various gaming complexes in his home. It can be multi-storey houses, swings, hammocks. Especially hamsters are attracted to running wheels. Often all the paraphernalia is already in the cage. By the way, it is desirable to choose the cell itself with several levels.
To diversify the life of a new pet, every day it is recommended to get it out of the cage and let it run around the room. Just do not forget to temporarily expel other four-legged family members who can hunt the hamster out of the door in advance, and warn household members to look under their feet and not open the door abruptly.
So that a fluffy pet does not get lost and does not become a victim of domestic predators, it can be put in a special walking ball. Before purchasing this attribute, first check how tightly it closes so that the hamster does not accidentally crawl out and get caught in the cat’s teeth.
Remember that Syrian hamsters are solitary animals, so don’t buy a pair of hamsters.
By the way, if you still got a married couple of rodents, then be prepared for their uncontrolled reproduction.. Little hamsters can become a victim of their own parents, they can die, or they can grow up and fill the entire cage. If the pair turned out to be same-sex individuals, then they are unlikely to become friends.
Most likely, daily “showdowns” await them, and soon one of them will be left without a tail. That’s why it is strongly recommended to take only one hamster, and if for some reason there are two of them, then seat both in different cages and not push each other.
Never make loud noises in the presence of a hamster. He can die of fear from just cotton. Dangerous sounds include house firecrackers, fireworks from the street, very loud music, and even just the screaming of people in the room. Regularly clean up the cage of the animal, change the filler, wash the drinkers and feeders, remove rotten food. Try not to touch his supplies, because he made a lot of effort to stock up on enough food for the winter.
To maintain healthy teeth in nature, hamsters gnaw on branches. To fill this gap at home, the feeder should be periodically equipped with twigs and dried roots. For the same purpose, it is recommended to put a chalk stone in a cage. By the way, this measure helps not only grind the hamster’s teeth, but also protects the owner’s fingers from his sharp teeth.
Do not smoke in the room where the hamster lives. Don’t keep the cage in the kitchen. Firstly, the vapors that are formed during cooking, like nicotine, can have a detrimental effect on the fragile lungs of a small pet, and secondly, it is not hygienic for any apartment.
Hamsters react rather badly to vitamin deficiency, especially animals need additional substances during stress, illness, during seasonal molting, when conditions and environment change. These animals are prone to gaining weight and developing diabetes, so it is important not to overfeed. It is recommended to feed the hamster with specialized food from the pet store, 2-3 teaspoons per day is enough.
The optimal menu for a pet consists of grains, fruits and vegetables. From fruits, give preference to apples, pears, peaches, bananas. From vegetables, zucchini, radishes, turnips, carrots are suitable. Try to avoid white cabbage and onions when feeding your hamster. Do not forget about nuts, especially Syrian hamsters love walnuts and peanuts, but it is better to exclude almonds from the diet of a petas it contains elements harmful to the health of the rodent in the peel.
Sometimes you can treat your hamster with protein foods. Boiled eggs, chicken breast and low-fat cottage cheese will benefit if you offer them to the animal no more than a couple of times a week. Check your hamster’s stocks and eliminate foods that spoil quickly, otherwise the rodent may be poisoned. It is believed that thanks to the cheek pouches, hamsters can live for a long time without food and water. In reality, this period is limited to a maximum of four days.
Some owners use hay as filler. In this case, do not be surprised if the pet began to chew it. You can buy a special chalk for grinding teeth from a hamster. As a treat, you can treat the animal with special grain sticks, But be sure to check expiration dates before buying..
Well-balanced food and additional vitamins will significantly increase the life of the pet.
The impact of diseases on the health of hamsters
Syrian hamsters do not have strong immunity and therefore quickly become a victim of various diseases. If the disease is noticed in time, then it can be cured. The main diseases of Syrian hamsters are presented below.
- Fractures, dislocations, bruises. The activity of these creatures often results in health problems for them. The animal can fall from the second floor of the cage, get stuck under the wheel or in the bars of the cage when trying to escape. All these actions lead to injuries, which the veterinarian will help to cure. To avoid serious fractures, keep a close eye on your hamster while he is on the run. Do not leave the animal on high objects.
- Cold. To prevent the animal from catching an infection, do not leave the cage in a draft. The disease is manifested by sneezing, chills, passivity of the pet. Do not self-medicate and do not look for advice on the Internet, show the animal to the veterinarian – he will not be mistaken with the choice of medicine and dosage.
- Stress. This condition can provoke any disease, as well as be an independent disease. Hamsters are rather cowardly animals and are highly prone to stress. For example, a sharp bang can lead not only to a panic attack, but also to the death of the animal. A change of scenery, the appearance of a cat or dog in the house, careless games of a person, and the cry of household members can cause stress in a pet.
- Problems with teeth. Long incisors or poor oral health cause discomfort, poor appetite and general malaise. The mineral stone must be constantly present in the cage, it will minimize the risk of dental problems.
Do not diagnose yourself or over the Internet. Contact your veterinarian in person if your Syrian hamster has the following symptoms:
- general weakness;
- liquid stool;
- poor appetite;
- falling hair.
See the next video for how long Syrian hamsters live.