All about breeding parrots

Keeping parrots at home is not difficult, because it represents a minimum of care and financial investment in various supplies. But the reproduction of parrots is not an easy process, and requires some effort on the part of the owners. This article will tell you more about the conditions necessary for the reproduction of parrots.

Popular types

Breeding parrots is an interesting and exciting business, but a lot depends on the breed of bird itself. Consider the best varieties of birds capable of simple and rapid reproduction.


Perhaps there are no people in the world who do not know or have not seen budgerigars. Representatives of this species of birds are cheap, moreover, their maintenance does not require special conditions. For breeding, it is best to choose a male and female of the same age, but not older than one year. It is noticed that the color of individuals does not affect their mutual sympathy or antipathy for each other. It is not uncommon for budgerigars to choose their own feathers to build their nest.

In their natural environment, budgerigars begin to breed in June. During the mating season, it is necessary to feed the birds with grated shells or chalk. This is the rare case when unfertilized eggs must be removed from the nest, as sometimes the female can lay a lot of eggs, most of which will not bring chicks.

40 days after hatching, the chicks are expelled from the nest by their mother.


Especially for them, as a nest, you need to install a house measuring 20×20 cm, and put several dozen branches there. The female will build her nest from branches, splitting them into fibers. On average, the period of incubation of eggs is a little more than three weeks. After 40 days, the chicks are driven out of the nest by the mother, but she continues to feed them for the next couple of weeks. Usually breeding seasons are from February to May or from August to October. These birds do not tolerate increased dryness of the air.


They are small in stature and weight, but can be aggressive. First of all, this is manifested in the killing of their offspring in the absence of proper conditions. Usually the male is engaged in the destruction of the chicks, so such a violent individual must be isolated in a separate dwelling in time. For the same reason, it is best to choose young parrots for breeding. The period of incubation of eggs is 20 days, after another 30-35 days the parents feed the chicks (not all males destroy the chicks). The chicks are later expelled by the mother, but she still feeds them for the next three weeks.

Conditions for breeding

One of the clear advantages of breeding and keeping parrots at home is a greater number of eggs laid, and therefore chicks. For example, if in the wild, parrots lay up to five eggs, then at home – from ten to twelve. It is worth noting that parrots breed from about the third or fourth year of life. It is by this time that you need to try to create good conditions for successful reproduction.

The first thing you need to equip a bird’s home is a nest. If a pair of feathered representatives lives in a cage, then it is necessary to install only one nest, but if there are several pairs, then the number corresponding to them. The egg-laying place may look like a regular nest, but it can also be built in the form of a small house, mink or mini-shed. The design can be chosen according to your taste. It is important to equip the nest with a removable cover.

The optimum temperature for breeding birds is from 20 to 24 degrees. Humidity should be high – 70%. To create such conditions, you must additionally purchase a lamp, put sponges with water around the cage, and, of course, purchase a thermometer with a hygrometer. Of course, the cage itself must be spacious for the birds. They must move freely along it, without the risk of injury to the wings on the bars.

The most important requirement for bird breeding to be met is the selection of a mate. Birds need to be settled together, and if after a while they began to clean each other’s feathers or “kiss”, then we can assume that they will soon lay eggs. If their relationship did not work out, then you need to settle them in different cells as soon as possible.

Parrots are monogamous, and with the chosen partner remain for life. Of course, it would be best if the parrot chooses a partner for itself. But if a breeder has chosen a partner, then there is nothing wrong with that – it will be enough to make sure that the individuals like each other.

An interesting fact: in the natural environment, parrots begin to breed only if there are suitable climatic conditions.

For them, as a rule, there are no specific months for breeding chicks. Sometimes pairs do not build nests for several years. In the wild, parrots nest in hollow trees.

mating season

As already mentioned, these birds can start breeding at the age of three or four years. But in some breeds, reproduction can begin at a year and a half. It is worth noting that the age of puberty in large breeds generally occurs later than in small parrots. Parrots usually start mating around mid-spring. This period can last until the end of summer.

The ideal conditions for the mating season are: 15-hour daylight hours, a temperature of about 25-26 degrees Celsius and an abundance of food rich in vitamins. It is necessary to gradually increase daylight hours for parrots. For these purposes, you need a lamp. The temperature must also be gradually brought to the desired temperature.

During the mating season, the male feeds the female while she may defiantly open her beak for food. This is a kind of courtship period. If the female squints her eyes and is always near the male, then we can assume that soon both individuals will prepare for laying eggs.

Usually, fertilization rarely occurs the first time, so the birds mate within a few days. After a few days, the female will lay her first egg.

Preparation for masonry

It is possible to understand that active preparation for laying is underway by a certain behavior of individuals. The male sings loudly, but quietly, and the female begins to drag material for building a nest and actively builds it. Usually the “material” for the nest is small sticks, dried grass. After about two weeks of the start of the mating season, the female is already able to lay her first egg.

After the female lays eggs, she incubates them for 17 to 30 days. All this time, the male is next to the female and brings her food. After this difficult period, blind chicks of fluffy parrots hatch. It is worth mentioning that the female lays one egg a day, and later the chicks also hatch in that order.

What to feed?

The main food of parrots should be green food. In addition to fresh fruits and vegetables, it is necessary to give them birch and linden leaves. It will be useful to diversify their menu with nettle and dandelion leaves. Some breeds are good at absorbing sprouted grains, and even boiled eggs. It is they who make up for the lack of vitamin D, and a small weekly dose of fish oil improves the general condition of the body of parrots.

Chalk and crushed shells help individuals with calcium and phosphorus deficiencies. Vitamin K, which birds need just before laying eggs, also needs to be added to the diet, having previously purchased it from a pharmacy or pet store.

As a rule, thin individuals do not feed their chicks, and often do not even hatch eggs. Therefore, before the start of the mating season, it is best to fatten the birds, but not bring them to the state of overweight individuals. Separately, it is worth noting that the male and female must be active and not have an untidy appearance. Constantly wet or disheveled feathers indicate poor bird health. In this case, you should not hope for healthy and viable chicks. You can sometimes restore the health of sick birds with proper nutrition.

The basic rule for feeding birds in captivity is always fresh food. It is necessary to remove the old food daily and provide the birds with new and fresh food.

Chick care

After 10 days of incubation, you can see which eggs are fertilized. To do this, it is enough to enlighten each egg with a flashlight. In fertilized eggs, the embryo will be clearly visible. Usually at that moment it is a cluster of pulsating vessels. If you find an unfertilized egg, then you do not need to throw it away. It is able to heat the rest of the eggs. Thus, you can find out the approximate number of future chicks. In large breeds, this is usually from two to four parrots, and in small breeds, from four to eight. Eggs heavily smeared with natural bird waste must be carefully rinsed under water.

The chicks begin to peck at the blunt end of the egg. It is quite rare, but it is possible that two chicks (twins) live in one egg. Parrots begin to feed their cubs 12 hours after the first hatching. Raising adult chicks at home is usually not difficult. The female regurgitates the absorbed food into the beaks of the chicks. There is a common misconception about the large appetite of chicks. In fact, they stop begging for food as soon as their crops fill up.

As already noted, the eggs are laid one at a time, and after that the chicks hatch in the same order that the eggs were laid. After hatching, the chicks are blind and have no feathers. A week later, they begin to see, after another 5-7 days, rudiments of feathers form on them. After half a month, the parrots are covered with fluff, and after another month – with feathers. All this time, individuals feed their chicks with goiter milk.

Usually, the average period of stay of chicks in the nest for small breeds is a month, and for large breeds – up to four months. 40 days after the chicks “left” the nest, they can be transplanted into a cage separate from their parents.

If you raise parrots in a purely domestic environment (small apartment), then in no case should you touch the nest with the chicks before they are at least 10 days old. In aviaries for professional breeding of parrots, this is allowed, but only in extreme cases.

During this period, it would be best to take special care of newly-made parents and their nutrition.

What else is worth knowing?

If you decide to breed parrots at home, you need to take into account a few more tips.

  • Some types of parrots can be quite prolific, and hatch chicks several times a year. This can bring both inconvenience and become a good source of income for the owner.
  • An interesting fact: if you remove the nest from the cage, then the reproduction of parrots can be reduced to nothing.
  • In some breeds of parrots, the male also incubates the eggs. He only replaces the female for a while.
  • The larger the parrots, the less often they breed. Usually the largest breeds breed chicks once every two years under suitable conditions, and sometimes even less often.
  • It is necessary to remember about the elementary hygiene of the habitat of birds. This includes regular water changes, cleaning water and feed tanks, collecting trash and waste, and replacing sawdust. Try to disinfect the cage or aviaries as often as parrot life will allow.
  • In most parrot species, males become sexually mature before females. For example, in budgerigars, the male is able to give offspring as early as 10 months of age, while the female is only 12 months old.
  • Almost all types of parrots do not tolerate drafts. This does not mean that the room in which the aviary or cage is located cannot be ventilated. You just need to make sure that the birds do not fall under the draft.
  • It is undesirable, as in other animals, the crossing of closely related individuals. And, on the contrary, the distant relationship of a male and a female is capable of producing healthier offspring.
  • Sometimes it happens that even under all conditions, the birds still do not breed. The reason for this may be loud sounds, noise and the presence of strangers or animals. The cage should be placed in the corner of the room and, preferably, in a quiet and secluded place, but in no case should the pets be deprived of light. Try to disturb the birds as little as possible.
  • If the number of eggs is too large for the female to be able to evenly heat them while hatching, or she abandoned her nest, then some breeders use specially equipped incubators that provide the necessary temperature and humidity around the clock. In this case, the chicks will also be artificially fed.

In conclusion, it should be noted that The key to a good offspring in every sense is healthy parents. Therefore, you also need to include in your life and regular checks at the veterinarian.

For information on how to breed parrots, see the following video.