Comparison of dog breeds

Since ancient times, the dog has been a permanent companion of man. However, over 26 thousand years, animals not only domesticated, but also began to vary greatly in their characteristics. Over time, changes in dogs began to be regulated by breeders who determined the specific features of new breeds. Today, each person can choose a faithful four-legged companion who will share the lifestyle and habits of the owner.

Features of choice

For any dog ​​breeder, it is important to familiarize yourself with the characteristics of a particular breed, since the choice of housing for the animal, the features of its nutrition, walking and training depend on this. From a harmless puppy, a large and dangerous beast can grow up, the obedience of which is not easy to achieve. Therefore, it is better for amateurs and beginners not to take animals with a skittish character – only professionals can handle their taming. Comparison of dog breeds will be conducted according to a number of criteria: level of intelligence, complexity of care and training.

Intelligence level

At the end of the last century, psychology professor Stanley Coren conducted a large-scale survey of dog breeders and show judges. Koren later rated canine intelligence according to three criteria.


The professor believed that the genes of each animal determine its behavior and skills. Therefore, the difference between shepherd, guard, service and other breeds is so important. The guards are more suspicious of people, so they will not let a stranger into the territory. Hunting breeds are more freedom-loving and independent, therefore they are less amenable to training.

It is instincts that determine the abilities of dogs: one should not expect from an animal what it is not capable of at the genetic level.

Degree of adaptation

This includes basic reactions to the environment, the ability to adapt to different conditions. Therefore, not all dogs will be tolerant of overly active children, as well as other pets. Companion dogs are less adaptable to new environmentsbut, they are the most devoted companions of man.

obedience level

The most ambiguous criterion. Not every smart dog will unquestioningly follow the commands of the owner, as some breeds are prone to dominance. When buying a dominant dog, you should acquire patience. However, such dogs can be smarter and more cunning than more passive, but smart pets.

It is important to note that all Stanley Coren criteria are relative and based on statistical, not exclusive, data.

Here is the relative rating of breeds by intelligence.

  1. 40-45%: Prague Krysarik, Banhar, Continental Toy Spaniel, Azerbaijani Gurdbasar, Chinese Crested, Beauceron, Dolmatian, Basset, Pug, Affenpinscher, Chihuahua, Chow Chow, Shih Tzu.
  2. 50-55%: Bullmastiff, Russian Hound, Bobtail, Pointer, Dingo, Irish Terrier, Blue Picardy Espanyol, Irish Wolfhound, Italian Greyhound, English Setter, Irish Setter, Drever, Hotosho, Estonian Hound, Dogo Argentino, African Boerboel, Central Asian Shepherd Dog, Brazilian Fila.
  3. 60-65%: Russian-European Husky, German Wirehaired Hound, English Bulldog, Maltese, Chinese Shar Pei, Fox Terrier, Barbet, American Pit Bull Terrier, Japanese Spitz, Afghan Hound, Bloodhound, Briard, Australian Kettle, Afghan Hound, Giant Schnauzer, Great Dane, German Spitz, Welsh Terrier, beagle.
  4. 70-75%: Rhodesian Ridgeback, American Bulldog, Pharaoh Hound, American Toy Fox Terrier, Alaskan Malamute, South Russian Shepherd Dog, German Pinscher, Tibetan Spaniel, Whippet, Wetterhoon, Dachshund, Pekingese, Anatolian Shepherd Dog, French Bulldog, Belgian Griffon, Norwegian Gray Elkhund, Japanese Chin, mexican hairless dog
  5. 80-85%: American Staffordshire Terrier, Ainu, Siba Inu, Collie, Keeshond, St. Bernard, Bulgarian Shepherd Dog, Akita, Bergamo Shepherd Dog, Black Russian Terrier, Shorthaired Pointer, Portuguese Water Dog, Scottish Setter, Bolonka, Czech Cattle Dog, Siberian Husky, Pomeranian, bull terrier, sharpei, spanish mastiff, standard schnauzer, caucasian shepherd dog.
  6. 90-95%: sheltie, rottweiler, doberman, labrador, miniature schnauzer, australian shepherd, welsh corgi, east european shepherd.
  7. 100%: Nova Scotia Retriever, Poodle, German Shepherd, Golden Retriever, Alaskan Klee Kai, Australian Silky Terrier, Border Collie.

Complexity of care

When comparing dog breeds, it is very important to take into account the complexity of care. The dog of the hunting breed will need regular active walks, it should not be kept in an apartment or a small aviary. Short-haired dogs of small breeds cannot be kept in a booth. To understand how to care for a pet, think about the purpose for which its breed was bred. The main groups of breeds:

  • hunting;
  • official;
  • decorative.

Difficulty of training

If you are not ready to devote enough time to a pet that requires complex training, do not take it. Small dogs like the Pekingese do not need training. Poodles, golden retrievers, shelties, labradors, papillons and some other breeds are easily trained. The most difficult thing will be with the chow-chow, bulldog, Afghan and Russian borzoi, bloodhound.

Comparison table of 20 common breeds on a three-point scale

When choosing a pet, you need to not only compare the characteristics of the breeds, but also look at the puppy itself. It is not easy to meet two identical dogs even in the same litter.

You will learn how to choose the perfect dog for yourself in the following video.