Hairless cats have long won the love of people around the world, but hairless dogs are still a curiosity. However, one of the most interesting breeds – hairless Peruvian dog, which is also called the Inca orchid or Peruvian crested dog, is already quite well known. Those who met her note her cute and extravagant appearance. In addition, these dogs are very smart, attached to their owners and become great friends for humans.
Information about the time of appearance of the hairless Peruvian dog is ambiguous. Someone believes that this happened in the 3rd century BC, according to other sources, the event dates back to the 14th century AD. It was during this period that the first mention of the breed is found, presented in the form of frescoes and rock paintings, which, as you know, appeared before the Incas became known.
There is no definite information about the appearance of this dog in Peru either. According to some reports, bald dogs were brought by immigrant Chinese. According to others, we are talking about Asian settlers who crossed the Bering Strait on their way to the country. Someone believes that the breed originates from Africa, justifying this by the fact that due to the unusual appearance of the “Peruvian” they were considered sacred animals there, along with several other breeds, could take part in rituals and became a symbol of worship.
Another common name for these funny animals is the Peruvian moon dog. At the very beginning of the 16th century, they began to be found exclusively in rural areas. This is due to the coming of the conquistadors. There they crossed with ordinary dogs that have a full hairline. By the end of the 19th century, the breed was almost on the verge of extinction, so the Peruvian authorities became interested in it. Since then, the data is much more accurate, and the history of the breed has official confirmation.
The Peruvian authorities have been restoring the breed for almost a century. Officially, the International Cynological Federation recognized it in 1981. The standard was adopted 13 years later. And already in 2001, dogs became widespread and famous in their homeland. However, even now the breed is considered quite rare.
Dog breeders note the incredible talent of these dogs to feel sore spots. In such cases, they gently lie on top and treat with the warmth of their body, relieving discomfort.
Now representatives of the breed are considered excellent friends and companions, and also have admirers around the world.
Speaking about the appearance of the “Peruvians”, first of all, it is necessary to note the absence of wool. Dogs are very harmoniously built, graceful and at the same time very fast and have sufficient strength. Their physique is very gentle and elegant, absolutely not massive.
Males have an almost square body format. Representatives of the female breed are more stretched in length. Their complexion can be called average, the back is straight or slightly convex, the stomach is tucked up. The breed standard assumes not only naked representatives of the Inca orchid, but also those who have the usual hairline.
These dogs come in three sizes: large, medium and small. The largest of them grow from 51 to 65 centimeters and weigh from 12 to 30 kilograms. The average representatives of the breed have a height of 41 to 50 centimeters and a weight of 8 to 12 kilograms. And finally, the smallest individuals reach a maximum of 40 centimeters in height, while their body weight is from 4 to 8 kilograms.
According to the standards, the head of the animal is somewhat reminiscent of a wolf. The length of the muzzle and skull are approximately the same, there is no pronounced occiput. The neck of the “Peruvians” is thin, fragile and rather long. The muzzle is slightly narrowed, the nose repeats the color of the skin or coat.
As for representatives of the breed with wool, they have a complete dentition. Naked individuals are distinguished by the absence of teeth, partial or complete. This feature is influenced by the hairless gene.
Dogs have small almond-shaped eyes, they look at the world carefully and slightly wary. Eye color depends on the color and can vary from yellow to black. The pointed ears are medium in size, medium set, do not hang, and sometimes stand. The tail is set low, tapering towards the tip. The paws are hare-like, straight and not too long.
When the hairless Peruvian dog moves, it feels like it minces. This is because her step is rather short. However, in general, dogs move quite quickly.
As for the color of the skin, there can be many different variations. On a plain body there may be spots of a pink or white hue, however, according to the standard, there are no more than a third of them, this is very impressive and looks unusual.
In hairless dogs, small patches of hair on the body are acceptable. They can be located in the head, paws or tail. Single hairs may be observed on the back. The wool cover can be varied both in type (curly or straight) and in color. Most valued among them are short-haired smooth dogs.
Character and habits
The first thing that dog breeders note in the character of the Peruvian crested is equanimity. They have a strong sense of self-worth and are a bit skeptical about the world around them. Dogs are a little moody and spoiled, but they are undoubtedly smart and can easily adapt to a new lifestyle. They can take part in any activities, walk with pleasure, go on a trip or lie on the couch with their beloved owner. You can take them with you to public places.
It is impossible not to note the loyalty of the dogs and their exceptional affection for the owner. They try to never let their owner out of their sight and stay close to him. They are very wary of unfamiliar people and do not tolerate other people’s touches. Even if a stranger manages to stroke the “Peruvian”, she will definitely make it clear that she does not like it.
Such dogs do not differ in aggressive behavior, however, in some cases they can growl or even bite. Touch dislike is a hallmark of the breed.
These bald dogs are considered excellent guards and have a very developed hunting instinct, so they immediately try to catch up with cats or other small animals that appear in their field of vision. However, they may well get along in the same apartment with a variety of pets.
It is better not to have naked dogs in a family with small children. They do not like babies too much and do not allow them to squeeze themselves. Best of all, these dogs feel in the circle of people leading a moderately active lifestyle, and among children, they are most tolerant of teenagers.
These dogs can be very different in character. For example, the smaller the dog, the softer and more attached it will be. Large ones most often behave more calmly and tolerate solitude well. Representatives of the breed with wool are less capricious and more accommodating.
How to choose a puppy?
Despite the fact that the breed has long been recognized by the International Cynologists Federation, it has not yet become widespread in Russia. However, this does not mean that it is impossible to acquire such a dog.
On the territory of our country there are several kennels that breed Peruvian hairless dogs at a professional level.
Experts do not recommend buying such dogs through ads. They are considered exclusive, so unscrupulous sellers can pass off a similar dog without a breed or a cross for a “Peruvian”.
Keep in mind that outwardly puppies often bear little resemblance to their parents. They are quite difficult to distinguish from dogs of other breeds. At a tender age, they have short legs, wrinkled skin and small sizes. However, sometimes it can be noted that their face is very much like a wolf. Other breeds do not have such a feature, which suggests that it is the “Peruvian” in front of you.
An interesting fact: in one litter, parents can have both naked and woolly babies. Moreover, the hair can come off during the first molt, leaving only a small forelock and a tassel on the tail on the dog’s body. Puppies can have a wide variety of colors. Most of them are missing some or all of their teeth, which is also a feature of the breed.
The best age to buy a hairless dog is between 6 and 8 weeks. These dogs are distinguished by the need for the earliest possible socialization. You also need to start educating them as early as possible.
Be sure to check the metric and veterinary passport of the dog, which should contain complete information about the vaccination. The metric indicates the full name of the animal, information about its parents, breeder data. A family brand or identification chip is a prerequisite for this breed, this should also be reflected in the documents.
Compliance with standards is another requirement that is mandatory when buying a puppy. It should be borne in mind that there may be more milk teeth than there will subsequently be molars. You need to examine the baby and pay attention to his appearance. The skin should be clean and dry, without scratches and abscesses. The puppy should be inquisitive and actively interested in the outside world.
Discharge from the eyes and nose, plaque on the ears are unacceptable, this indicates a health problem.
Despite the fact that there are few nurseries in our country, it is not difficult to find a healthy and affectionate pet if you wish. However, it must be remembered that such a dog cannot be cheap, so you can’t chase a low price, in the vast majority of cases this is a deception of unscrupulous sellers.
Dogs of the Inca Orchid breed can only live at home. They feel uncomfortable on the street, because due to the lack of wool in cold weather they will freeze, and in hot weather they will burn under the rays of the scorching sun. However, this problem is solvable. Before you go for a walk, the “Peruvian” must be dressed. In summer it should be a T-shirt, and in winter it should be a warm jacket. You will also need shoes so that the dog does not freeze its paws.
Hairless dogs require warm clothing even when the air temperature drops below +5 degrees. Clothing saves them from general hypothermia of the body. “Peruvians” will need their own wardrobe, including clothes that are comfortable in size and appropriate for the weather outside. When the cold comes, you need to think about a headdress. The cap will help protect the thin auricle of the animal from frostbite.
These dogs are quite active, so they need regular walks. They love to run and socialize with other dogs. The main thing is to be careful and prevent a threat to the life and health of your pet.
There are no particular difficulties in caring for naked “Peruvians”. Water procedures are required to be carried out as needed. Usually the animal is washed approximately 1 time in 2 months. Special shampoos will be needed, as their delicate skin is very sensitive and allergic reactions can occur if the wrong products are used on it.
Once every 2-3 days, a bald dog should be wiped with a damp soft cloth to remove possible contamination. Eyes and ears will need to be cleaned weekly.
You should also have your mouth checked once a week. Nails are trimmed every 1.5-2 weeks. This procedure cannot be neglected, since they grow very quickly in representatives of this breed.
What to feed?
Dogs of the Inca Orchid breed are demanding in nutrition. Experts recommend feeding them with special dry and wet food of at least super-premium class. It is best to consult with a veterinarian, he will prescribe the diet according to the needs of the pet. Another feature of these dogs is the loss of teeth with age. When this happens, it is necessary to reconsider the diet and completely switch to wet food, or start soaking dry food.
Natural nutrition can be difficult. The fact is that bald dogs are extremely picky. In addition, they are characterized by a tendency to be overweight and the presence of allergic reactions.
In any case, if a natural diet is chosen, the owner will have to take care of its necessary components. “Peruvians” need boiled meat, and it must be necessarily lean. You will also need cottage cheese and fat-free kefir. Be sure to give the dog porridge, raw vegetables, among which there are carrots and pumpkin. Sea fish is also useful to them, from which all bones must first be removed.
By the way, any bones are unacceptable in the diet of naked dogs. They are also prohibited from pork, spicy, salty, smoked and fatty foods. Be sure to supplement their diet with vitamin and mineral supplements.
Puppies are fed 6 times a day. With age, this frequency is reduced to 2 times a day.
Features of education
The Peruvian hairless dog is very capricious, so its upbringing and socialization should be started already at a tender age. The puppy can learn to perform the simplest commands as early as 2 months. This will help avoid a lot of behavioral problems later on.
You can conduct a training course with a professional dog handler, but this is not a prerequisite. The main thing is that the dog unquestioningly listened to his master. In this case, you need to be patient, as the process will require softness and perseverance. Smart dogs remember the simplest commands very easily and perform them with pleasure.
Do not conduct long sessions, as the dogs will cease to be interested in them after a short amount of time.
However, regularity and constant repetition of commands is important. Proper performance should be rewarded with a treat. In no case should you behave rudely and cruelly towards your pet, otherwise he will withdraw into himself, be offended and stop trusting his master.
About what features of keeping a Peruvian hairless dog, see the following video.