All pets require attention and care. There are animals that do not cause much trouble and, if handled correctly, will delight their owners for a long time, for example, hamsters. They come in different breeds, and white hamsters with red eyes can please exotic lovers.
Albino hamster – what kind of animal?
Wildlife is not very suitable for a snow-white hamster – an albino is vulnerable to predators. For breeders and breeders, this feature is of great interest. Wool and skin of albinos are devoid of coloring pigments. Due to the mutation, the color of the eyes of the animals is red: through the transparent iris (there is no melanin in it), a network of blood vessels is visible.
The mutation is not a disease, but it increases the susceptibility of albinos to stress. High-quality feeding, care and timely access to veterinarians are the key to a long life for a pet.
Albino hamsters are not a separate species, but they can belong to any breed. The most common of these are described below.
- Dzungarian hamster. His homeland is the steppes of the South-West of Russia. Unpretentious and friendly individuals are ideal for home keeping, they belong to the most popular breed for breeders with children. With careful handling, they do not show aggression, quickly get used to the owners, are able to recognize them. However, they can show aggression towards their cage neighbors. They are most active in the evening and at night.
They quickly explore the territory, stock up on food, willingly participate in entertainment (play and run a lot on the wheel). Monosaccharides are harmful to them because of the risk of diabetes. On average, they live about 3 years.
- Hamster “Campbell”. This is a pygmy hamster native to the steppes of East and Central Asia. Its life span can reach 2 years. Albinos “Campbell” are characterized by increased aggressiveness and often bite the owners, sometimes you can approach them only with leather gloves. The content is unpretentious, suitable for breeders without small children.
- Siberian (white Russian dwarf) hamster. Sociable representatives of the breed easily find a common language with children. Their body length reaches only 10 cm. These are silent animals that are easy to train.
Due to increased activity, this individual requires a spacious cage with entertainment devices. With good care, a domestic Siberian white hamster can live up to 4 years.
- Syrian hamster. Widespread companion animals of this breed live from 2 to 4 years, grow up to 15 cm. Obedient, easily tamed individuals. They only get along badly with each other: even if there are no signs of aggression, animals experience stress when they do not live separately. These are social albinos – they require daily communication and become completely tame.
- Another interesting but rare breed is hamster “Roborovsky”. These are incredibly fast moving individuals, social and very active. Their homeland is China and Mongolia. The smallest variety of albino hamsters is characterized by a body length of 5 cm. The breeder will need a cage with frequent rods and increased attention.
Hamsters “Roborovsky” get along well not only with the owners, but also with each other.
How to contain?
Mutations can make white hamsters with red eyes susceptible to skin disease. Scab, lichen, papillomas, dermatophytosis are common ailments, the course and treatment of which should be monitored by a veterinarian.
Unusual eyes can be a weak point – an albino cannot be kept in direct sunlight to avoid blindness, eye disease and retinal damage. The skin of white hamsters is also vulnerable – even fluffy individuals are not immune from light burns and must be able to hide from the sun and bright light. The hamster’s cage should be located away from heaters and in a place protected from drafts, but with good air circulation.
The snow-white coat of an albino requires special care. At the pet store, you can buy sand that is suitable for baths. Water and sand must be provided to the animal – it is not recommended to bathe them on their own, as a healthy animal is able to take care of its cleanliness.
Albinos need solid food to wear down their teeth, which grow throughout their lives. You can buy special mineral stones. If the owner is confident in his skills, he can cut the claws of hamsters on his own. They are also devoid of pigments and have a light color, so the procedure should be carried out with extreme caution.
What should be the house?
An albino’s cage is the place where he will spend most of his life. It, like a human dwelling, should be divided into sectors. In his home, an albino will eat, retire and rest, go to the toilet and be active.
A fairly common option using newspapers and other paper is undesirable. Albinos tend to try the surrounding objects “by the tooth”, and printing ink will not be useful to them.
At the same time, white hamsters with red eyes can be allergic to wood dust, so the option of clean and soft wipes without dyes can be a way out of the situation. For bedding, hay is well suited, which some hamsters even make as their delicacy.
A common and convenient option is sawdust (it is important to ensure that there are no sharp chips and debris in them). They are not only not harmful to albino, but also absorb moisture and odors. Cleanliness in the cage is important, first of all, for the pet itself. Wood filler is one of the most popular and environmentally friendly options – it holds odors for up to two weeks.
Comfortable, but expensive material – corn filler. It absorbs liquids as much as possible and maintains an excellent appearance.
Various fibrous bedding materials are contraindicated – most often these are cotton wool and fabrics. They can get into the cheek pouches of an albino, begin to rot and lead to inflammation. Threads are often wrapped around the paws of hamsters – this can result in the loss of limbs.
All litter is changed as it gets dirty. The restroom is cleaned daily.
Various containers for food and water
In order for the albino not to turn over the bowl of water, you can purchase a special drinker that is attached to the bars of the cage. The owner of the animal needs to carefully monitor its serviceability and filling.
It is necessary to clean containers for food and water without the use of chemicals – soda or tooth powder is suitable here.
Items for activity
These include all kinds of wheels for running, ladders and swings. Albinos lead an active life at night. The less the owner has the opportunity to often walk the hamster, the more conditions for the release of energy must be provided in the cage. At the same time, care must be taken to so that the albino’s paws do not get stuck between the bars or in the wheel.
It is necessary that the cage does not remain open when it is at a height. Hamsters are not all perfect with spatial thinking – the animal can attempt to escape, not feel the distance to the floor and fall from a height.
Place to rest
Pet stores sell special houses in which hamsters equip a sleeping place with the help of bedding. It is important to ensure that the hamster does not chew on the house and does not try to swallow pieces of plastic or metal. Many hamsters enjoy hanging out in hammocks.
What to feed?
The owner of an albino should not worry too much about his diet: a white hamster will eat the same as his relatives. Ready-made feeds based on wheat, oats and other cereals are well suited, as well as sunflower and pumpkin seeds, corn, nuts, dried and fresh vegetables and fruits (carrots, beets, pears, raspberries, strawberries, peas, zucchini, apples). We must not forget about protein foods – an albino will enjoy boiled (but not fried) chicken and fish, eggs and shrimp with pleasure.
Food is given twice a day in accordance with the weight and activity of the rodent. – this should be observed and overeating should be excluded in order to avoid obesity. Hamsters can and should be given vitamins, buy them stones with minerals.
Albinos should not be given citrus fruits, spicy and exotic foods, garlic, sweets. White cabbage is especially harmful for them, onions, salt, mushrooms are contraindicated.
Small sizes do not save animals from big problems. When they occur (lethargy, suspicion of infection, hair loss, refusal of food and water, inability to cope with the growth of teeth on their own) urgent need to contact the veterinarian.
If you treat the content of the hamster with full awareness of responsibility, he will keep the company for as long as possible, delighting with activity and good humor.
For information on how to care for a hamster, see the following video.