Anyone who dreams of making a true friend and guardian should turn their attention to such a breed of dog as the East European Shepherd Dog. Natural skills and high intelligence will help, with the right upbringing, to get the perfect companion, with whom it will be fun and not scary.
East European Shepherd – breed description
Noble dogs are the brainchild of Soviet breeders. They are called VEO for short. The main idea of creation is to get a pet that can serve in the army, will be endowed with endurance, and at the same time feel comfortable in difficult climatic conditions. The description of the VEO dog breed includes the following main points:
- The lack of commercial breeding has saved the species from genetic diseases.
- The risk of misbehavior and attacks on humans can be eliminated by training the animal.
- The East European Shepherd Dog, gray or another shade, is an active breed.
- Adults normally tolerate low temperatures, health problems may appear due to dampness and drafts.
- Up to 3 years old, a dog from the side of the psyche is a puppy, which is important to consider when raising him.
- With an impressive size, dogs are very fond of children, protecting them as their puppies.
East European Shepherd Standard
The breed is classified as gigantic. Dogs are endowed with a strong and at the same time dry constitution, as well as a well-developed musculoskeletal system. The East European Shepherd dog breed standards are as follows:
- weight – 30-60 kg;
- height at the withers – 62-76 cm;
- the head is wedge-shaped, the forehead is moderately wide;
- erect ears, medium size, triangular shape,
- medium sized eyes, brown to black;
- dark lips;
- powerful jaws, straight teeth;
- the body body is elongated, the skeleton is strong;
- the chest is wide, oval-shaped;
- the back is strong and broad;
- limbs are straight with smooth hair, fingers are oval;
- the tail descends in a smooth arc, the length is up to the level of the hocks;
- the coat is thick, hard with a rich undercoat;
- color black, black or sable.
History of the East European Shepherd breed
The origin of the species began when German shepherds were brought to the territory of the USSR. The dogs quickly memorized commands, were obedient and balanced, which pleased the services, which lacked dexterity and scent. Then the animals began to be used to perform different task tasks. After a while, cynologists began work to improve performance, adapting the “Germans” to the Russian climate.
The official history of the East European Shepherd began in 1964, when the breed was approved as an independent breed. Until the 70s, long-term selection was carried out with constant competent mixing with other breeds. Today, this type of shepherd dog has gained great popularity due to its merits.
The nature of the East European Shepherd
The most important feature is the focus on the owner. The dog is distrustful of strangers, but strong nerves will help not to show obvious aggression without the need. In addition, the East European Shepherd Dog is a breed that has a rapid active-defensive reaction to danger. The dogs are ideal for training and show obedience easily.
Friendly to other small pets. The breed has an innate guardian instinct, so even with the slightest suspicion of a threat to the owner, a peaceful animal will turn into a “fighting machine”. However, it is important to remember that all the positive heritage of the species is manifested only with the right upbringing, otherwise the dog will be completely different from the guard and protector.
Colors of the East European Shepherd
The coat color of the breed is of three types:
- Zonar. The main tone is gray, the undercoat and base are lighter, and the tips are dark. The muzzle, tail and back area are colored more intensely, the color weakens towards the bottom of the body. The limbs are colored lighter.
- black-backed. The main color is directly related to the shade of tan. Black-grey, black-yellow and black-brown colors are known. The muzzle has a mask.
- East European Shepherd Black. The coat of the dog is a uniform glossy black shade. Even if there are white spots on the paws or chest, they refer it to this species.
East European Shepherd and German Shepherd – differences
In the presence of standards, the International Cynologists Federation does not recognize the breed as a separate one, considering it a variety of the German. However, despite the fact that they are ancestors, each has its own distinctive features. The East European Shepherd and the German Shepherd are endowed with differences:
- VEO is higher and larger;
- the back is less inclined;
- sweeping movements, with a strong push;
- breeds have differences in colors;
- Easterners are the best working dogs.
Pros and Cons of the East European Shepherd Dog
The breed has positive and negative qualities. Before making a choice, it is important to get to know them in more detail. The Eastern European breed has the following advantages:
- first-class watch qualities;
- observation and the ability to instantly navigate the situation;
- readiness to protect the owner;
- balance of character;
- high level of learning.
Disadvantages of the East European Shepherd Dog:
- alertness to new people;
- not suitable for people with a soft character;
- possible manifestation of aggression towards other animals;
- incredible perseverance.
East European Shepherd Care
The breed is not demanding in content, so all she needs is:
- carry out hygiene procedures;
- give constant physical activity;
- provide proper nutrition.
East European Shepherd puppies are very mobile and therefore it is important to ensure that they do not injure themselves and at the same time remain clean. Caring for adult dogs includes the following manipulations:
- Wool. Bathing of the Eastern European breed is carried out no more than twice a year and if necessary. Regular brushing will help your dog look groomed. In addition, it will be a useful massage.
- Ears and eyes are recommended to be examined daily. Once every 14 days, the treatment is carried out with cotton pads soaked in water.
- Periodically, it is important to carry out flea treatment and give anti-worm drugs.
What to feed an East European Shepherd Dog?
The breed needs to provide a well-balanced diet. The East European Shepherd Dog eats everything, but for a fulfilling life, it is important to follow the diet and give the dog only healthy foods. The number of times is no different from other breeds. A single dose of an adult dog is 650 g, a puppy is 70 g. You can feed it with industrial food or natural products. From dry it is better to use premium food, for example, Royal Canin, Hills, Josera. The predominant element in natural nutrition should be meat. However, in addition to this, you need to give other food:
- cereals (barley, millet, buckwheat);
- vegetables (carrots, beets, onions, cabbage);
- greens (parsley, dill and others);
- dairy products;
Studying the East European Shepherd breed, weight can quickly exceed the norm, in order to prevent this, you need to monitor the diet. The following should be prohibited:
East European Shepherd training
You need to start taking care of your pet from infancy. First, contact is established between the owner and the dog. The development of the initial skills of the East European Shepherd requires at least 15 minutes of training. in a day. The main stimulus is food. After the implementation of each command, you need to reward the pet with a piece of treat. Many representatives of the breed have all the knowledge and skills laid down by genetics, so the learning process is easy. Subsequent training looks like this:
- From 3 months learn how to behave and obey on the street. The dog must follow the commands against the background of all the noise.
- At the age of 4 months. the VEO dog must begin to overcome barriers and learn to look for hidden things.
- From 5 months develop performance qualities. The dog is taught basic commands, develops the ability to overcome various obstacles, not to take food from strangers, and so on.
Diseases of the East European Shepherd Dog
With full maintenance and care, young representatives of the species are endowed with good health. However, in some cases, the VEO breed may be subject to the following problems:
- Volvulus of the stomach. It is manifested by an increase in the size of the abdomen, prerequisites for vomiting and problems with movements. The reason is malnutrition. The problem is solved exclusively by surgical intervention.
- Arthritis or arthrosis. It appears in old age. The reason is being overweight. Symptoms: Change in gait or limping. Treatment is to relieve pain and support the condition.